Effingham, IL

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2019 Population
34,137
0.108% 1-year decline
US Senator
Dick Durbin
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tammy Duckworth
Democratic Party
2019 Median Age
39.4
0.767% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
10.6%
8.58% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$56,685
0.696% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$143,600
2.35% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
17,279
0.375% 1-year decline

About

In 2019, Effingham, IL had a population of 34.1k people with a median age of 39.4 and a median household income of $56,685. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Effingham, IL declined from 34,174 to 34,137, a −0.108% decrease and its median household income grew from $56,293 to $56,685, a 0.696% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Effingham, IL are White (Non-Hispanic) (95.8%), White (Hispanic) (1.2%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (0.929%), Other (Hispanic) (0.735%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.527%). 0% of the households in Effingham, IL speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

98.6% of the residents in Effingham, IL are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Effingham, IL was $143,600, and the homeownership rate was 75.4%. Most people in Effingham, IL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 17.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Effingham, IL was 2 cars per household.

Effingham, IL borders Charleston-Mattoon, IL.

Diversity

Effingham, IL is home to a population of 34.1k people, from which 98.6% are citizens. As of 2019, 5.62% of Effingham, IL residents were born outside of the country (1.92k people).

In 2019, there were 80.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (32.7k people) in Effingham, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 408 White (Hispanic) and 317 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Effingham, IL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    32.7k ± 24
  2. White (Hispanic)
    408 ± 159
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    317 ± 99.9
2.11%
Hispanic Population
719 people

In 2019, there were 80.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (32.7k people) in Effingham, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 408 White (Hispanic) and 317 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.11% of the people in Effingham, IL are hispanic (719 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Effingham, IL as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.62%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
1.92k people
2.05%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
700 people

As of 2019, 5.62% of Effingham, IL residents (1.92k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Effingham, IL was 2.05%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Effingham, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

39
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.5
41
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 6.3

In 2019, the median age of all people in Effingham, IL was 39.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Effingham, IL are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Effingham, IL residents was 39.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Illinois.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    644,788 ± 19,210 people
  2. India
    156,084 ± 9,640 people
  3. Poland
    130,079 ± 8,810 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 644,788 Illinois residents, followed by India with 156,084 and Poland with 130,079.

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Citizenship

98.6%
2019 Citizenship
98.7%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 98.6% of Effingham, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Effingham, IL was 98.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Effingham, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    662 ± 132
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    430 ± 113
  3. Korea
    214 ± 84

Effingham, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.54 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Illinois. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Illinois, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Illinois (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Illinois. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Illinois.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Illinois across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Effingham, IL is $56,685. In 2019, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Effingham, IL was Kendall County, IL with a value of $104,858, followed by DuPage County, IL and Lake County, IL, with respective values of $96,403 and $92,511.

Males in Illinois have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $56,164. The income inequality in Illinois (measured using the Gini index) is 0.482, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Effingham, IL employs 17.3k people. The largest industries in Effingham, IL are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,775 people), Manufacturing (2,614 people), and Retail Trade (2,296 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($70,250), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($55,408), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($55,000).

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,685
2019 value
± $2,748
0.696%
1 Year Growth
± 7.33%

Households in Effingham, IL have a median annual income of $56,685, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $56,293 in 2018, which represents a 0.696% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Effingham, IL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Illinois.
$75,849
Average Male Salary in Illinois
± $1,220
$56,164
Average Female Salary in Illinois
± $916

In 2019, full-time male employees in Illinois made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Illinois.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Illinois
  1. Asian
    $71,781 ± $3,365
  2. White
    $60,455 ± $832
  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $58,312 ± $36,766

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Illinois workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Illinois.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Effingham, IL is from Illinois.
0.482
2019 Wage GINI in Illinois
0.482
2018 Wage GINI in Illinois

In 2019, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.482 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0501% growth from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2019, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Effingham, IL was Kendall County, IL with a value of $104,858, followed by DuPage County, IL and Lake County, IL, with respective values of $96,403 and $92,511.

The following map shows all of the counties in Effingham, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Effingham, IL (3.57k out of 33.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Males 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    3,391 ± 349
  2. Hispanic
    141 ± 125
  3. Two Or More
    126 ± 108

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Effingham, IL is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

17.3k
2019 Value
± 703
−0.375%
1 Year decline
± 5.85%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Effingham, IL declined at a rate of −0.375%, from 17.3k employees to 17.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Effingham, IL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,935 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,894 people), and Production Occupations (1,583 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Effingham, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Effingham, IL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,935 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,894 people), and Production Occupations (1,583 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other MSAs, Effingham, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.14 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.62 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.38 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Effingham, IL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($73,906), Legal Occupations ($66,200), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($64,432).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

17.3k
2019 Value
± 703
−0.375%
1 Year decline
± 5.85%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Effingham, IL declined at a rate of −0.375%, from 17.3k employees to 17.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Effingham, IL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,775 people), Manufacturing (2,614 people), and Retail Trade (2,296 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Effingham, IL, though some of these residents may live in Effingham, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Effingham, IL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,775 people), Manufacturing (2,614 people), and Retail Trade (2,296 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other MSAs, Effingham, IL has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.11 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.51 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.49 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Effingham, IL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($70,250), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($55,408), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($55,000).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $122B
  2. $88.6B
  3. $84.5B

In 2018, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Electronics with $122B, followed by Gasoline ($88.6B) and Pharmaceuticals ($84.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois.
$1.07T
2018 Value in Illinois
$2.16T
Projected 2045 Value in Illinois
101% growth

In 2018, total outbound Illinois trade was $1.07T. This is expected to increase 101% to $2.16T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $75.5B
  2. $51.8B
  3. $48B

In 2018, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $75.5B, followed by Wisconsin with $51.8B and Michigan and $48B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Illinois went to Hillary Rodham Clinton with 55.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (38.8%), followed by Gary Johnson (3.79%). The most partisan county was Wayne County, IL with 84.3% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth are the senators currently representing the state of Illinois. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Illinois is currently represented by 18 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Illinois.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Popular Vote for Illinois
55.8% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in Illinois
  1. 84.3% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 83% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 79.1% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Illinois was Wayne County, IL with 84.3% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Illinois colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Illinois

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Dick Durbin
Senator from Illinois2
Assumed office on January 3, 1997
Tammy Duckworth
Senator from Illinois3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth are the senators currently representing Illinois.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Illinois over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Illinois

Illinois is currently represented by 18 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Illinois have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Effingham, IL was $143,600 in 2019, which is 0.597 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $140,300 to $143,600, a 2.35% increase. The homeownership rate in Effingham, IL is 75.4%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Effingham, IL have an average commute time of 17.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Effingham, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$143,600
2019 Median
± $5,440
$140,300
2018 Median
± $5,215

In 2019, the median property value in Effingham, IL grew to to $143,600 from the previous year's value of $140,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Effingham, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Effingham, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $125k - $150k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$56,685
Median Household Income
± $2,748
13.9k
Number of Households
± 635

In 2019, the median household income of the 13.9k households in Effingham, IL grew to $56,685 from the previous year's value of $56,293.

The following chart displays the households in Effingham, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Effingham, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Effingham, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

75.4%
2019 Homeownership
77.7%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 75.4% of the housing units in Effingham, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 77.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Effingham, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

17.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Effingham, IL have a shorter commute time (17.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.94% of the workforce in Effingham, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Effingham, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (84.6%)
  2. Carpooled (7.05%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.63%)

In 2019, 84.6% of workers in Effingham, IL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.05%) and those who worked at home (3.63%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Effingham, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Effingham, IL have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

95.3% of the population of Effingham, IL has health coverage, with 49.1% on employee plans, 17.7% on Medicaid, 13.3% on Medicare, 14.5% on non-group plans, and 0.771% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Illinois was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Illinois see 1241 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.72% decrease from the previous year (1250 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1242 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 408 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Wayne County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (19.9%). Additionally, Vermilion County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
1,241 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Illinois

Primary care physicians in Illinois see an average of 1,241 patients per year. This represents a 0.72% decrease from the previous year (1,250 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Illinois in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
$8,262
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Illinois
$4,875
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$4,959
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,116
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.65%
Uninsured
49.1%
Employer Coverage
17.7%
Medicaid
13.3%
Medicare
14.5%
Non-Group
0.771%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Effingham, IL declined by 14.4% from 5.44% to 4.65%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Effingham, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 19.9% prevalence
  2. 18.5% prevalence
  3. 18.3% prevalence

Wayne County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 19.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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