Effingham County, GA

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Population

57,087

2.21% growth

Median Age

36.2


Median Household Income

$64,279

2.32% growth

Poverty Rate

9.56%


Number of Employees

26,904

3.64% growth

Median Property Value

$155,500

2.1% growth

About

In 2017, Effingham County, GA had a population of 57.1k people with a median age of 36.2 and a median household income of $64,279. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Effingham County, GA grew from 55,852 to 57,087, a 2.21% increase and its median household income grew from $62,820 to $64,279, a 2.32% increase.

The population of Effingham County, GA is 79.3% White Alone, 13.2% Black or African American Alone, and 3.9% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Effingham County, GA speak a non-English language, and 98.1% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Effingham County, GA is $155,500, and the homeownership rate is 76.7%. Most people in Effingham County, GA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 30.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Effingham County, GA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Ebenezer Creek near Rincon, Georgia

Economy

The economy of Effingham County, GA employs 26.9k people. The largest industries in Effingham County, GA are Manufacturing (4,696 people), Transportation & Warehousing (2,699 people), and Retail Trade (2,553 people), and the highest paying industries are Manufacturing ($61,964), Utilities ($60,236), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($51,413).

Median household income in Effingham County, GA is $64,279. Males in Effingham County, GA have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,261. The income inequality in Effingham County, GA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$64,279

2017 value

± $3,102

2.32%

1 Year Growth

± 5.89%

Households in Effingham County, GA have a median annual income of $64,279, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $62,820 in 2016, which represents a 2.32% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Effingham County, GA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Georgia.

$62,744

Average Male Salary

± $1,190

$46,261

Average Female Salary

± $830

In 2017, full-time male employees in Georgia made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Georgia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Georgia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,486 ± $3,787

  2. White

    $53,819 ± $950

  3. Two or More Races

    $43,415 ± $4,855

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Georgia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Georgia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Effingham County, GA is from Georgia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Georgia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.233% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Georgia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Georgia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Georgia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 303.01

  2. Census Tract 303.03

  3. Census Tract 304.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Effingham County, GA was Census Tract 303.01 with a value of $98,542, followed by Census Tract 303.03 and Census Tract 304.01, with respective values of $74,152 and $68,910.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Effingham County, GA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

9.56% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Effingham County, GA (5.41k out of 56.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    3,855 ± 471

  2. Black

    1,207 ± 240

  3. Hispanic

    214 ± 142

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Effingham County, GA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

26.9k

2017 Value

± 1,205

3.64%

1 Year growth

± 6.12%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Effingham County, GA grew at a rate of 3.64%, from 26k employees to 26.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Effingham County, GA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,612 people), Management Occupations (3,033 people), and Production Occupations (2,144 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Effingham County, GA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Effingham County, GA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,612 people), Management Occupations (3,033 people), and Production Occupations (2,144 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Effingham County, GA has an unusually high number of residents working as Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (2.44 times higher than expected), Transportation Occupations (1.71 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.7 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Effingham County, GA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($91,630), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($83,158), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($79,615).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

26.9k

2017 Value

± 1,205

3.64%

1 Year growth

± 6.12%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Effingham County, GA grew at a rate of 3.64%, from 26k employees to 26.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Effingham County, GA, are Manufacturing (4,696 people), Transportation & Warehousing (2,699 people), and Retail Trade (2,553 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Effingham County, GA, though some of these residents may live in Effingham County, GA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Effingham County, GA, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (4,696 people), Transportation & Warehousing (2,699 people), and Retail Trade (2,553 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Effingham County, GA has an unusually high number of Transportation & Warehousing (2.35 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.83 times), and Manufacturing (1.72 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Effingham County, GA, by median earnings, are Manufacturing ($61,964), Utilities ($60,236), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($51,413).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $48.1B

  2. $38B

  3. $30.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Georgia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $48.1B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($38B) and Electronics ($30.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Georgia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Georgia state.

$430B

2015 Value

$628B

Projected 2045 Value

46.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Georgia trade was $430B. This is expected to increase 46.1% to $628B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Georgia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $39.4B

  2. $25.3B

  3. $20.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Georgia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Florida with $39.4B, followed by South Carolina with $25.3B and North Carolina and $20.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Georgia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89% of the population of Effingham County, GA has health coverage, with 54.2% on employee plans, 10.3% on Medicaid, 8.49% on Medicare, 11.6% on non-group plans, and 4.42% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Effingham County, GA was $6,587 in 2014. This is a 5.41% increase from the previous year ($6,249).

Primary care physicians in Effingham County, GA see 4759 patients per year on average, which represents a 11.6% increase from the previous year (4263 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 8387 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2669 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Quitman County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.2%). Additionally, Rockdale County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (38.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

4,759 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Effingham County, GA see an average of 4,759 patients per year. This represents a 11.6% increase from the previous year (4,263 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Effingham County, GA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.

$6,587

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,406

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,199

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,429

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Georgia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.41%, from $6,249 to $6,587.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11%

Uninsured

54.2%

Employer Coverage

10.3%

Medicaid

8.49%

Medicare

11.6%

Non-Group

4.42%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Effingham County, GA declined by 6.47% from 11.7% to 11%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Effingham County, GA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18.2% prevalence

  2. 17.3% prevalence

  3. 16.9% prevalence

Quitman County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Georgia, at 18.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Georgia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Effingham County, GA is home to a population of 57.1k people, from which 98.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.94% of Effingham County, GA residents were born outside of the country (1.68k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Effingham County, GA is composed of 45.2k White Alone residents (79.3%), 7.54k Black or African American Alone residents (13.2%), 2.23k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.9%), 1.09k Two or More Races residents (1.91%), 571 Asian Alone residents (1%), 300 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.526%), 72 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.126%), and 35 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0613%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Effingham County, GA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Effingham County, GA was 36.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Effingham County, GA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Effingham County, GA residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.94%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.68k people

2.71%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.51k people

As of 2017, 2.94% of Effingham County, GA residents (1.68k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Effingham County, GA was 2.71%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Effingham County, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Georgia.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    264,376 ± 12,459 people

  2. India

    85,239 ± 7,138 people

  3. Korea

    45,011 ± 5,197 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Georgia was Mexico, the natal country of 264,376 Georgia residents, followed by India with 85,239 and Korea with 45,011.

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Citizenship

98.1%

2017 Citizenship

98%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.1% of Effingham County, GA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Effingham County, GA was 98%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Effingham County, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    45.2k ± 215

  2. Black or African American Alone

    7.54k ± 333

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    2.23k ± 275

In 2017, there were 6 times more White Alone residents (45.2k people) in Effingham County, GA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7.54k Black or African American Alone and 2.23k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Effingham County, GA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Effingham County, GA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Effingham County, GA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Effingham County, GA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,557 ± 308

  2. Vietnam

    1,277 ± 196

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,179 ± 216

Effingham County, GA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.22 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Effingham County, GA was $155,500 in 2017, which is 0.715 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $152,300 to $155,500, a 2.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Effingham County, GA is 76.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Effingham County, GA have an average commute time of 30.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Effingham County, GA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$64,279

Median Household Income

± $3,102

19.6k

Number of Households

± 927

In 2017, the median household income of the 19.6k households in Effingham County, GA grew to $64,279 from the previous year's value of $62,820.

The following chart displays the households in Effingham County, GA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$155,500

2017 Median

± $3,708

$152,300

2016 Median

± $3,869

In 2017, the median property value in Effingham County, GA grew to to $155,500 from the previous year's value of $152,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Effingham County, GA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Effingham County, GA the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Effingham County, GA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Effingham County, GA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

76.7%

2017 Homeownership

77%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 76.7% of the housing units in Effingham County, GA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 77%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Effingham County, GA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Effingham County, GA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Effingham County, GA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

30.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Effingham County, GA have a longer commute time (30.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.17% of the workforce in Effingham County, GA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Effingham County, GA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.7%

  2. Carpooled

    8.64%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.08%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Effingham County, GA was Drove Alone (86.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.64%) and those who Worked At Home (2.08%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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