Effingham County, GA

County

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2019 Population
60,477
3.05% 1-year growth
US Senator
Jon Ossoff
Democratic Party
US Senator
Raphael Warnock
Democratic Party
2019 Median Age
36
0.277% 1-year decrease
2019 Poverty Rate
8.48%
0.972% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$66,822
2.56% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$163,600
2.83% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
28,887
2.86% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Effingham County, GA had a population of 60.5k people with a median age of 36 and a median household income of $66,822. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Effingham County, GA grew from 58,689 to 60,477, a 3.05% increase and its median household income grew from $65,153 to $66,822, a 2.56% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Effingham County, GA are White (Non-Hispanic) (78.3%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (13.2%), White (Hispanic) (3.34%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.45%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.883%). 0% of the households in Effingham County, GA speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

98.3% of the residents in Effingham County, GA are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Effingham County, GA was $163,600, and the homeownership rate was 75.9%. Most people in Effingham County, GA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 30.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Effingham County, GA was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Ebenezer Creek near Rincon, Georgia

Diversity

Effingham County, GA is home to a population of 60.5k people, from which 98.3% are citizens. As of 2019, 3.19% of Effingham County, GA residents were born outside of the country (1.93k people).

In 2019, there were 5.95 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (47.3k people) in Effingham County, GA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7.96k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 2.02k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Effingham County, GA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    47.3k ± 240
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    7.96k ± 304
  3. White (Hispanic)
    2.02k ± 275
4.44%
Hispanic Population
2.69k people

In 2019, there were 5.95 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (47.3k people) in Effingham County, GA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7.96k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 2.02k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

4.44% of the people in Effingham County, GA are hispanic (2.69k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Effingham County, GA as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.19%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
1.93k people
2.93%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
1.72k people

As of 2019, 3.19% of Effingham County, GA residents (1.93k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Effingham County, GA was 2.93%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Effingham County, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

36
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.3
45
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 5.5

In 2019, the median age of all people in Effingham County, GA was 36. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Effingham County, GA are getting getting younger. In 2018, the average age of all Effingham County, GA residents was 36.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Georgia.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    246,708 ± 12,049 people
  2. India
    94,981 ± 7,532 people
  3. Korea
    42,867 ± 5,073 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Georgia was Mexico, the natal country of 246,708 Georgia residents, followed by India with 94,981 and Korea with 42,867.

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Citizenship

98.3%
2019 Citizenship
98.4%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 98.3% of Effingham County, GA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Effingham County, GA was 98.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Effingham County, GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,933 ± 347
  2. Vietnam
    1,108 ± 200
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,063 ± 266

Effingham County, GA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.74 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Georgia. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Georgia, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Georgia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Georgia. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Georgia.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Georgia across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Effingham County, GA is $66,822. In 2019, the tract with the highest median household income in Effingham County, GA was Census Tract 303.01 with a value of $100,782, followed by Census Tract 303.03 and Census Tract 304.02, with respective values of $75,085 and $73,138.

Males in Georgia have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,410. The income inequality in Georgia (measured using the Gini index) is 0.477, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Effingham County, GA employs 28.9k people. The largest industries in Effingham County, GA are Manufacturing (5,250 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,020 people), and Retail Trade (2,935 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($77,969), Manufacturing ($68,155), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($54,421).

Wages

Median Household Income

$66,822
2019 value
± $3,071
2.56%
1 Year Growth
± 6.4%

Households in Effingham County, GA have a median annual income of $66,822, which is more than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $65,153 in 2018, which represents a 2.56% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Effingham County, GA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Georgia.
$67,215
Average Male Salary in Georgia
± $1,246
$49,410
Average Female Salary in Georgia
± $863

In 2019, full-time male employees in Georgia made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Georgia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Georgia.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Georgia
  1. Asian
    $64,371 ± $3,992
  2. White
    $58,053 ± $1,010
  3. Two or More Races
    $45,559 ± $4,644

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Georgia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.11 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Georgia.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Georgia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Effingham County, GA is from Georgia.
0.477
2019 Wage GINI in Georgia
0.478
2018 Wage GINI in Georgia

In 2019, the income inequality in Georgia was 0.477 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.199% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Georgia was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Georgia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Georgia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 303.01
  2. Census Tract 303.03
  3. Census Tract 304.02

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Effingham County, GA was Census Tract 303.01 with a value of $100,782, followed by Census Tract 303.03 and Census Tract 304.02, with respective values of $75,085 and $73,138.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Effingham County, GA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 55 - 64
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

8.48% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Effingham County, GA (5.07k out of 59.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    3,625 ± 494
  2. Black
    1,030 ± 247
  3. Hispanic
    331 ± 180

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Effingham County, GA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

28.9k
2019 Value
± 1,288
2.86%
1 Year growth
± 6.06%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Effingham County, GA grew at a rate of 2.86%, from 28.1k employees to 28.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Effingham County, GA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,413 people), Management Occupations (2,674 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,599 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Effingham County, GA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Effingham County, GA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,413 people), Management Occupations (2,674 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,599 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Effingham County, GA has an unusually high number of residents working as Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (2.47 times higher than expected), Transportation Occupations (1.74 times), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.69 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Effingham County, GA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($94,525), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($92,589), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($76,080).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

28.9k
2019 Value
± 1,288
2.86%
1 Year growth
± 6.06%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Effingham County, GA grew at a rate of 2.86%, from 28.1k employees to 28.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Effingham County, GA, are Manufacturing (5,250 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,020 people), and Retail Trade (2,935 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Effingham County, GA, though some of these residents may live in Effingham County, GA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Effingham County, GA, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (5,250 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,020 people), and Retail Trade (2,935 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Effingham County, GA has an unusually high number of Transportation & Warehousing (2.14 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.82 times), and Utilities (1.59 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Effingham County, GA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($77,969), Manufacturing ($68,155), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($54,421).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $64B
  2. $52.9B
  3. $50.2B

In 2018, the top outbound Georgia product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $64B, followed by Mixed freight ($52.9B) and Electronics ($50.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Georgia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Georgia.
$573B
2018 Value in Georgia
$1.16T
Projected 2045 Value in Georgia
103% growth

In 2018, total outbound Georgia trade was $573B. This is expected to increase 103% to $1.16T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Georgia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $44.2B
  2. $27.4B
  3. $27.4B

In 2018, the top outbound Georgia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Florida with $44.2B, followed by South Carolina with $27.4B and Alabama and $27.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Georgia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Effingham County, GA went to Donald J. Trump with 76.2% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (20.7%), followed by Other (3.12%). The most partisan county was Glascock County, GA with 88.8% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Jon Ossoff and Raphael Warnock are the senators currently representing the state of Georgia. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Georgia is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Georgia.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Effingham County, GA
76.2% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Georgia
  1. 88.8% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 88.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 87.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Georgia was Glascock County, GA with 88.8% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Georgia colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Georgia

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.
Jon Ossoff
Senator from Georgia2
Assumed office on January 20, 2021
Raphael Warnock
Senator from Georgia3
Assumed office on January 20, 2021
Elected to the seat to succeed Kelly Loeffler, who had been appointed to the seat following Johnny Isakson's resignation.

Jon Ossoff and Raphael Warnock are the senators currently representing Georgia.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Georgia over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Georgia

Georgia is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Georgia have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Effingham County, GA was $163,600 in 2019, which is 0.68 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $159,100 to $163,600, a 2.83% increase. The homeownership rate in Effingham County, GA is 75.9%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Effingham County, GA have an average commute time of 30.2 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Effingham County, GA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$163,600
2019 Median
± $4,364
$159,100
2018 Median
± $4,407

In 2019, the median property value in Effingham County, GA grew to to $163,600 from the previous year's value of $159,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Effingham County, GA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Effingham County, GA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$66,822
Median Household Income
± $3,071
21.2k
Number of Households
± 1,025

In 2019, the median household income of the 21.2k households in Effingham County, GA grew to $66,822 from the previous year's value of $65,153.

The following chart displays the households in Effingham County, GA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Effingham County, GA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Effingham County, GA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

75.9%
2019 Homeownership
75.8%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 75.9% of the housing units in Effingham County, GA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 75.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Effingham County, GA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

30.2 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Effingham County, GA have a longer commute time (30.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.34% of the workforce in Effingham County, GA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Effingham County, GA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (87.4%)
  2. Carpooled (7.12%)
  3. Worked At Home (2.88%)

In 2019, 87.4% of workers in Effingham County, GA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.12%) and those who worked at home (2.88%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Effingham County, GA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Effingham County, GA have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

91.1% of the population of Effingham County, GA has health coverage, with 57.2% on employee plans, 9.35% on Medicaid, 8.7% on Medicare, 11.7% on non-group plans, and 4.25% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Georgia was $6,587 in 2014. This is a 5.41% increase from the previous year ($6,249).

Primary care physicians in Effingham County, GA see 4442 patients per year on average, which represents a 11.1% increase from the previous year (3999 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 7144 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2296 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Telfair County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (25.8%). Additionally, Candler County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (53.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

4,442 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Effingham County, GA

Primary care physicians in Effingham County, GA see an average of 4,442 patients per year. This represents a 11.1% increase from the previous year (3,999 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Effingham County, GA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.
$6,587
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Georgia
$4,406
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,199
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,429
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Georgia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.41%, from $6,249 to $6,587.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.89%
Uninsured
57.2%
Employer Coverage
9.35%
Medicaid
8.7%
Medicare
11.7%
Non-Group
4.25%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Effingham County, GA declined by 9.19% from 9.79% to 8.89%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Effingham County, GA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 25.8% prevalence
  2. 25.5% prevalence
  3. 24.2% prevalence

Telfair County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Georgia, at 25.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Georgia by county over multiple years.

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