Duluth, MN-WI

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Population

278,782

0.159% decline

Median Age

40.9


Median Household Income

$54,162

5.59% growth

Poverty Rate

14.8%


Number of Employees

134,826

1.37% decline

Median Property Value

$158,000

1.15% growth

About

In 2017, Duluth, MN-WI had a population of 279k people with a median age of 40.9 and a median household income of $54,162. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Duluth, MN-WI declined from 279,227 to 278,782, a -0.159% decrease and its median household income grew from $51,294 to $54,162, a 5.59% increase.

The population of Duluth, MN-WI is 90.8% White Alone, 2.69% Two or More Races, and 2.28% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone. N/A% of the people in Duluth, MN-WI speak a non-English language, and 98.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Duluth, MN-WI are University of Minnesota-Duluth (2,179 degrees awarded in 2016), The College of Saint Scholastica (1,475 degrees), and Lake Superior College (1,087 degrees).

The median property value in Duluth, MN-WI is $158,000, and the homeownership rate is 70.8%. Most people in Duluth, MN-WI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Duluth, MN-WI is 2 cars per household.

Duluth, MN-WI borders Grand Rapids, MN.

About the photo: Duluth, MN, from Observation Hill

Economy

The economy of Duluth, MN-WI employs 135k people. The largest industries in Duluth, MN-WI are Health Care & Social Assistance (28,085 people), Retail Trade (14,510 people), and Educational Services (13,561 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($91,083), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($75,978), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($70,299).

Median household income in Duluth, MN-WI is $54,162. Males in Duluth, MN-WI have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $54,055. The income inequality in Duluth, MN-WI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.468, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$54,162

2017 value

± $2,193

5.59%

1 Year Growth

± 5.16%

Households in Duluth, MN-WI have a median annual income of $54,162, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $51,294 in 2016, which represents a 5.59% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Duluth, MN-WI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

$71,464

Average Male Salary

± $1,636

$54,055

Average Female Salary

± $1,216

In 2017, full-time male employees in Minnesota made 1.32 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,108 ± $4,838

  2. White

    $55,058 ± $978

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $49,227 ± $36,727

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Minnesota workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Duluth, MN-WI is from Minnesota.

0.468

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Minnesota was 0.468 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.28% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Minnesota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Minnesota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Minnesota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Duluth, MN-WI was Carver County, MN with a value of $101,271, followed by Scott County, MN and Washington County, MN, with respective values of $98,538 and $91,866.

The following map shows all of the counties in Duluth, MN-WI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Duluth, MN-WI (39.7k out of 269k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    32,315 ± 1,077

  2. Native American

    2,389 ± 259

  3. Two Or More

    2,144 ± 278

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Duluth, MN-WI is White, followed by Native American and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

135k

2017 Value

± 4,703

-1.37%

1 Year decline

± 4.91%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Duluth, MN-WI declined at a rate of -1.37%, from 137k employees to 135k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Duluth, MN-WI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (17,437 people), Sales & Related Occupations (12,340 people), and Management Occupations (10,523 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Duluth, MN-WI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Duluth, MN-WI, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (17,437 people), Sales & Related Occupations (12,340 people), and Management Occupations (10,523 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Duluth, MN-WI has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (1.76 times higher than expected), Community & Social Service Occupations (1.47 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.4 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Duluth, MN-WI, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($86,296), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($67,778), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($65,965).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

135k

2017 Value

± 4,703

-1.37%

1 Year decline

± 4.91%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Duluth, MN-WI declined at a rate of -1.37%, from 137k employees to 135k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Duluth, MN-WI, are Health Care & Social Assistance (28,085 people), Retail Trade (14,510 people), and Educational Services (13,561 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Duluth, MN-WI, though some of these residents may live in Duluth, MN-WI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Duluth, MN-WI, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (28,085 people), Retail Trade (14,510 people), and Educational Services (13,561 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Duluth, MN-WI has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (4.08 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.49 times), and Utilities (1.46 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Duluth, MN-WI, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($91,083), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($75,978), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($70,299).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $23.9B

  2. $22.1B

  3. $19.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota product (by dollars) was Electronics with $23.9B, followed by Cereal grains ($22.1B) and Nonmetal min. prods. ($19.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Minnesota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Minnesota state.

$316B

2015 Value

$484B

Projected 2045 Value

53.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Minnesota trade was $316B. This is expected to increase 53.4% to $484B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Minnesota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.5B

  2. $24.3B

  3. $13.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wisconsin with $25.5B, followed by Iowa with $24.3B and Illinois and $13.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Minnesota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.5% of the population of Duluth, MN-WI has health coverage, with 51.3% on employee plans, 15.1% on Medicaid, 13.1% on Medicare, 14.3% on non-group plans, and 1.64% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Duluth, MN-WI was $8,871 in 2014. This is a 4.8% increase from the previous year ($8,465).

Primary care physicians in Duluth, MN-WI see 1111 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.634% increase from the previous year (1104 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1441 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 468 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.5%). Additionally, Pine County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (37.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.

1,111 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Minnesota see an average of 1,111 patients per year. This represents a 0.634% increase from the previous year (1,104 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Minnesota in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.

$8,871

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,603

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,176

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,917

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Minnesota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.8%, from $8,465 to $8,871.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.55%

Uninsured

51.3%

Employer Coverage

15.1%

Medicaid

13.1%

Medicare

14.3%

Non-Group

1.64%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Duluth, MN-WI grew by 44.8% from 3.14% to 4.55%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Duluth, MN-WI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.5% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota, at 12.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Duluth, MN-WI is home to a population of 279k people, from which 98.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.15% of Duluth, MN-WI residents were born outside of the country (6k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Duluth, MN-WI is composed of 253k White Alone residents (90.8%), 7.5k Two or More Races residents (2.69%), 6.36k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (2.28%), 4.72k Hispanic or Latino residents (1.69%), 4.23k Black or African American Alone residents (1.52%), 2.78k Asian Alone residents (0.996%), 88 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0316%), and 27 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.00968%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Duluth, MN-WI are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 6.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Duluth, MN-WI was 40.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Duluth, MN-WI are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Duluth, MN-WI residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.15%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

6k people

1.96%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

5.48k people

As of 2017, 2.15% of Duluth, MN-WI residents (6k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Duluth, MN-WI was 1.96%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Duluth, MN-WI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    61,530 ± 6,056 people

  2. Somalia

    39,194 ± 4,843 people

  3. India

    31,358 ± 4,335 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Minnesota was Mexico, the natal country of 61,530 Minnesota residents, followed by Somalia with 39,194 and India with 31,358.

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Citizenship

98.9%

2017 Citizenship

99.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.9% of Duluth, MN-WI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Duluth, MN-WI was 99.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Duluth, MN-WI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    253k ± 96

  2. Two or More Races

    7.5k ± 1.28k

  3. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    6.36k ± 846

In 2017, there were 33.8 times more White Alone residents (253k people) in Duluth, MN-WI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 7.5k Two or More Races and 6.36k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Duluth, MN-WI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Duluth, MN-WI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Duluth, MN-WI was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Duluth, MN-WI are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    7,721 ± 839

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,766 ± 913

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,548 ± 520

Duluth, MN-WI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.05 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Duluth, MN-WI awarded 6,427 degrees. The student population of Duluth, MN-WI is skewed towards women, with 12,727 male students and 15,370 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Duluth, MN-WI are White (5,499 and 87.2%), followed by Black or African American (176 and 2.79%), Two or More Races (172 and 2.73%), and Hispanic or Latino (123 and 1.95%).

The largest universities in Duluth, MN-WI by number of degrees awarded are University of Minnesota-Duluth (2,179 and 33.9%), The College of Saint Scholastica (1,475 and 23%), and Lake Superior College (1,087 and 16.9%).

The most popular majors in Duluth, MN-WI are Liberal Arts & Sciences (703 and 10.9%), Registered Nursing (521 and 8.11%), and General Business Administration & Management (268 and 4.17%).

The median tuition costs in Duluth, MN-WI are $34,764 for private four year colleges, and $9,216 and $15,175 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 201 degrees awarded

  2. 340 degrees awarded

  3. 202 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Duluth, MN-WI was General Psychology with 201 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Duluth, MN-WI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,179 degrees awarded

  2. 1,475 degrees awarded

  3. 1,087 degrees awarded

$9,216

Median In-State Public

$34,764

Median Private

In 2016, the Duluth, MN-WI institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Minnesota-Duluth with 2,179 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,645

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,782

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,645 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Duluth, MN-WI, which is 0.699 times less than the 3,782 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Duluth, MN-WI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    5,499 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    176 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    172 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Duluth, MN-WI were to White students. These 5,499 degrees mean that there were 31.2 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 176 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Duluth, MN-WI was $158,000 in 2017, which is 0.726 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $156,200 to $158,000, a 1.15% increase. The homeownership rate in Duluth, MN-WI is 70.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Duluth, MN-WI have an average commute time of 20.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Duluth, MN-WI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$54,162

Median Household Income

± $2,193

118k

Number of Households

± 4,211

In 2017, the median household income of the 118k households in Duluth, MN-WI grew to $54,162 from the previous year's value of $51,294.

The following chart displays the households in Duluth, MN-WI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$158,000

2017 Median

± $3,439

$156,200

2016 Median

± $3,686

In 2017, the median property value in Duluth, MN-WI grew to to $158,000 from the previous year's value of $156,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Duluth, MN-WI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Duluth, MN-WI the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Duluth, MN-WI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Duluth, MN-WI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

70.8%

2017 Homeownership

70.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70.8% of the housing units in Duluth, MN-WI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 70.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Duluth, MN-WI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Duluth, MN-WI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Duluth, MN-WI have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

20.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Duluth, MN-WI have a shorter commute time (20.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.62% of the workforce in Duluth, MN-WI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Duluth, MN-WI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.1%

  2. Carpooled

    7.15%

  3. Walked

    5.15%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Duluth, MN-WI was Drove Alone (80.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.15%) and those who Walked (5.15%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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