Downey, CA

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Population

113,358

0.119% growth

Median Age

34.6


Median Household Income

$68,162

4.33% growth

Poverty Rate

10.7%


Number of Employees

54,938

1.17% growth

Median Property Value

$479,500

6.58% growth

About

In 2017, Downey, CA had a population of 113k people with a median age of 34.6 and a median household income of $68,162. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Downey, CA grew from 113,223 to 113,358, a 0.119% increase and its median household income grew from $65,332 to $68,162, a 4.33% increase.

The population of Downey, CA is 74% Hispanic or Latino, 13.8% White Alone, and 7.13% Asian Alone. 69.6% of the people in Downey, CA speak a non-English language, and 85.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Downey, CA are Downey Adult School (817 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Downey, CA is $479,500, and the homeownership rate is 50.8%. Most people in Downey, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 29.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Downey, CA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Downey, CA employs 54.9k people. The largest industries in Downey, CA are Health Care & Social Assistance (7,232 people), Manufacturing (7,011 people), and Retail Trade (6,641 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($69,680), Public Administration ($65,491), and Educational Services ($47,271).

Median household income in Downey, CA is $68,162. Males in Downey, CA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $57,252. The income inequality in Downey, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.5, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$68,162

2017 value

± $1,577

4.33%

1 Year Growth

± 5%

Households in Downey, CA have a median annual income of $68,162, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $65,332 in 2016, which represents a 4.33% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Downey, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the California.

$72,235

Average Male Salary

± $699

$57,252

Average Female Salary

± $582

In 2017, full-time male employees in Downey, CA made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Downey, CA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the place level, so we are showing data for the California.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,946 ± $1,081

  2. White

    $59,925 ± $556

  3. Two or More Races

    $49,289 ± $1,826

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Downey, CA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.1 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Downey, CA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Downey, CA is from California.

0.5

2017 Wage GINI

0.5

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in California was 0.5 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.16% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 5507

  2. Census Tract 5505

  3. Census Tract 5506.02

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Downey, CA was Census Tract 5507 with a value of $88,837, followed by Census Tract 5505 and Census Tract 5506.02, with respective values of $77,030 and $76,795.

The following map shows all of the places in Downey, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Downey, CA (12k out of 112k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    9,183 ± 759

  2. White

    6,898 ± 671

  3. Other

    3,204 ± 425

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Downey, CA is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

54.9k

2017 Value

± 1,888

1.17%

1 Year growth

± 4.71%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Downey, CA grew at a rate of 1.17%, from 54.3k employees to 54.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Downey, CA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,417 people), Sales & Related Occupations (7,220 people), and Management Occupations (4,765 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Downey, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Downey, CA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,417 people), Sales & Related Occupations (7,220 people), and Management Occupations (4,765 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Downey, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (1.36 times higher than expected), Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.26 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.24 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Downey, CA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($95,196), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($85,179), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($83,041).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

54.9k

2017 Value

± 1,888

1.17%

1 Year growth

± 4.71%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Downey, CA grew at a rate of 1.17%, from 54.3k employees to 54.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Downey, CA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (7,232 people), Manufacturing (7,011 people), and Retail Trade (6,641 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Downey, CA, though some of these residents may live in Downey, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Downey, CA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (7,232 people), Manufacturing (7,011 people), and Retail Trade (6,641 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Downey, CA has an unusually high number of Wholesale Trade (1.91 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.48 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.43 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Downey, CA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($69,680), Public Administration ($65,491), and Educational Services ($47,271).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $196B

  2. $157B

  3. $127B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $196B, followed by Mixed freight with $157B and Gasoline and $127B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California state.

$1.54T

2015 Value

$2.48T

Projected 2045 Value

61.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound California trade was $1.54T. This is expected to increase 61.2% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.1B

  2. $42.2B

  3. $31.2B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $63.1B, followed by Arizona with $42.2B and Washington and $31.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

85.6% of the population of Downey, CA has health coverage, with 46.3% on employee plans, 21.9% on Medicaid, 7.23% on Medicare, 9.59% on non-group plans, and 0.603% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Downey, CA was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in Downey, CA see 1281 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1281 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1214 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 324 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

1281 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1281 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1281 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

$7,549

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,735

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,368

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,833

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

14.4%

Uninsured

46.3%

Employer Coverage

21.9%

Medicaid

7.23%

Medicare

9.59%

Non-Group

0.603%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Downey, CA declined by 12% from 16.4% to 14.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Downey, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.6% prevalence

  2. 10.5% prevalence

  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Downey, CA is home to a population of 113k people, from which 85.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 33.6% of Downey, CA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Downey, CA is composed of 83.9k Hispanic or Latino residents (74%), 15.6k White Alone residents (13.8%), 8.08k Asian Alone residents (7.13%), 3.91k Black or African American Alone residents (3.45%), 906 Two or More Races residents (0.799%), 513 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.453%), 270 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.238%), and 103 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0909%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Downey, CA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (64,747 speakers), Tagalog (1,916 speakers), and Korean (1,726 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

25

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

50

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Downey, CA was 34.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 25, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 50. But people in Downey, CA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Downey, CA residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

33.6%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

34%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 33.6% of Downey, CA residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Downey, CA was 34%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Downey, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    4,212,695 ± 47,591 people

  2. Philippines

    836,199 ± 22,209 people

  3. China

    612,429 ± 19,062 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Downey, CA was Mexico, the natal country of 4,212,695 Downey, CA residents, followed by Philippines with 836,199 and China with 612,429.

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Citizenship

85.5%

2017 Citizenship

84.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 85.5% of Downey, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Downey, CA was 84.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Downey, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    83.9k ± 3.21k

  2. White Alone

    15.6k ± 969

  3. Asian Alone

    8.08k ± 988

In 2017, there were 5.37 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (83.9k people) in Downey, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 15.6k White Alone and 8.08k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Downey, CA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    64,747 speakers (61.3%)

  2. Tagalog

    1,916 speakers (1.81%)

  3. Korean

    1,726 speakers (1.63%)

69.6% of Downey, CA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Downey, CA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 61.3% of the overall population of Downey, CA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.81% speak Tagalog and 1.63% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    853 ± 194

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    456 ± 168

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    425 ± 167

Downey, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.87 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Downey, CA awarded 817 degrees. The student population of Downey, CA is skewed towards women, with 144 male students and 720 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Downey, CA are Hispanic or Latino (485 and 59.4%), followed by Unknown (168 and 20.6%), White (77 and 9.42%), and Black or African American (44 and 5.39%).

The largest universities in Downey, CA by number of degrees awarded are Downey Adult School (817 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Downey, CA are Medical Assistant (264 and 32.3%), Court Reporting (109 and 13.3%), and Pharmacy Technician (100 and 12.2%).

The median tuition costs in Downey, CA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 100 degrees awarded

  2. 97 degrees awarded

  3. 264 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Downey, CA was Pharmacy Technician with 100 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a < 1 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Downey, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

817 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Downey, CA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Downey Adult School with 817 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

126

Degrees Awarded to Men

691

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 126 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Downey, CA, which is 0.182 times less than the 691 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Downey, CA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    485 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    168 degrees awarded

  3. White

    77 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Downey, CA were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 485 degrees mean that there were 2.89 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 168 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Downey, CA was $479,500 in 2017, which is 2.2 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $449,900 to $479,500, a 6.58% increase. The homeownership rate in Downey, CA is 50.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Downey, CA have an average commute time of 29.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Downey, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$68,162

Median Household Income

± $1,577

32.7k

Number of Households

± 1,211

In 2017, the median household income of the 32.7k households in Downey, CA grew to $68,162 from the previous year's value of $65,332.

The following chart displays the households in Downey, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$479,500

2017 Median

± $9,644

$449,900

2016 Median

± $8,388

In 2017, the median property value in Downey, CA grew to to $479,500 from the previous year's value of $449,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Downey, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Downey, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Downey, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Downey, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

50.8%

2017 Homeownership

49.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 50.8% of the housing units in Downey, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 49.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Downey, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Downey, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Downey, CA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

29.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Downey, CA have a longer commute time (29.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.38% of the workforce in Downey, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Downey, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.1%

  2. Carpooled

    11.2%

  3. Public Transit

    3.56%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Downey, CA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Public Transit.

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