Doña Ana County, NM

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Population

213,849

0.0112% growth

Median Age

32.9


Median Household Income

$39,114

1.24% growth

Poverty Rate

27.9%


Number of Employees

88,633

0.711% decline

Median Property Value

$140,700

2.48% growth

About

In 2017, Doña Ana County, NM had a population of 214k people with a median age of 32.9 and a median household income of $39,114. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Doña Ana County, NM grew from 213,825 to 213,849, a 0.0112% increase and its median household income grew from $38,636 to $39,114, a 1.24% increase.

The population of Doña Ana County, NM is 67.7% Hispanic or Latino, 28% White Alone, and 1.6% Black or African American Alone. 51.1% of the people in Doña Ana County, NM speak a non-English language, and 88.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Doña Ana County, NM are New Mexico State University-Main Campus (3,680 degrees awarded in 2016), New Mexico State University-Dona Ana (1,878 degrees), and Massage Therapy Trainining Institute (45 degrees).

The median property value in Doña Ana County, NM is $140,700, and the homeownership rate is 62.7%. Most people in Doña Ana County, NM commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Doña Ana County, NM is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Bell Top Mountain (right) and two nameless mountains in the Sierra de las Uvas.

Economy

The economy of Doña Ana County, NM employs 88.6k people. The largest industries in Doña Ana County, NM are Health Care & Social Assistance (13,445 people), Educational Services (12,015 people), and Retail Trade (9,384 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($49,467), Utilities ($45,750), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($40,135).

Median household income in Doña Ana County, NM is $39,114. Males in Doña Ana County, NM have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,925. The income inequality in Doña Ana County, NM (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$39,114

2017 value

± $1,347

1.24%

1 Year Growth

± 5.09%

Households in Doña Ana County, NM have a median annual income of $39,114, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $38,636 in 2016, which represents a 1.24% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Doña Ana County, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

$54,854

Average Male Salary

± $2,038

$41,925

Average Female Salary

± $1,598

In 2017, full-time male employees in Doña Ana County, NM made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Doña Ana County, NM by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $52,566 ± $11,622

  2. White

    $43,679 ± $1,381

  3. Black

    $41,055 ± $8,510

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Doña Ana County, NM workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Doña Ana County, NM by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Doña Ana County, NM is from New Mexico.

0.462

2017 Wage GINI

0.463

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New Mexico was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.278% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for New Mexico was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in New Mexico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Mexico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 12.04

  2. Census Tract 13.03

  3. Census Tract 15

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Doña Ana County, NM was Census Tract 12.04 with a value of $105,375, followed by Census Tract 13.03 and Census Tract 15, with respective values of $68,859 and $67,445.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Doña Ana County, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

27.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Doña Ana County, NM (58.1k out of 208k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    50,336 ± 1,768

  2. Hispanic

    47,200 ± 1,709

  3. Other

    5,203 ± 918

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Doña Ana County, NM is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

88.6k

2017 Value

± 2,520

-0.711%

1 Year decline

± 4.05%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Doña Ana County, NM declined at a rate of -0.711%, from 89.3k employees to 88.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Doña Ana County, NM, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,574 people), Sales & Related Occupations (9,043 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (7,198 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Doña Ana County, NM.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Doña Ana County, NM, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,574 people), Sales & Related Occupations (9,043 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (7,198 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Doña Ana County, NM has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.07 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.86 times), and Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.5 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Doña Ana County, NM, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($83,196), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($61,502), and Legal Occupations ($59,621).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

88.6k

2017 Value

± 2,520

-0.711%

1 Year decline

± 4.05%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Doña Ana County, NM declined at a rate of -0.711%, from 89.3k employees to 88.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Doña Ana County, NM, are Health Care & Social Assistance (13,445 people), Educational Services (12,015 people), and Retail Trade (9,384 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Doña Ana County, NM, though some of these residents may live in Doña Ana County, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Doña Ana County, NM, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (13,445 people), Educational Services (12,015 people), and Retail Trade (9,384 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Doña Ana County, NM has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.22 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.79 times), and Educational Services (1.46 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Doña Ana County, NM, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($49,467), Utilities ($45,750), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($40,135).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $12.9B

  2. $12.8B

  3. $7.72B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $12.9B, followed by Crude petroleum with $12.8B and Electronics and $7.72B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Mexico products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Mexico state.

$69.2B

2015 Value

$110B

Projected 2045 Value

59.8% growth

In 2015, total outbound New Mexico trade was $69.2B. This is expected to increase 59.8% to $110B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Mexico trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $9.94B

  2. $8.59B

  3. $5.67B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $9.94B, followed by Arizona with $8.59B and Oregon and $5.67B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Mexico shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.7% of the population of Doña Ana County, NM has health coverage, with 30.9% on employee plans, 32.1% on Medicaid, 9.84% on Medicare, 11.9% on non-group plans, and 1.94% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Doña Ana County, NM was $7,214 in 2014. This is a 5.16% increase from the previous year ($6,860).

Primary care physicians in Doña Ana County, NM see 1468 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.49% decrease from the previous year (1537 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1648 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 368 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.7%). Additionally, McKinley County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,468 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Doña Ana County, NM see an average of 1,468 patients per year. This represents a 4.49% decrease from the previous year (1,537 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Doña Ana County, NM in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

$7,214

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,155

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,445

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,663

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Mexico (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.16%, from $6,860 to $7,214.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.3%

Uninsured

30.9%

Employer Coverage

32.1%

Medicaid

9.84%

Medicare

11.9%

Non-Group

1.94%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Doña Ana County, NM declined by 14.3% from 15.5% to 13.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Doña Ana County, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.7% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 10.9% prevalence

Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico, at 13.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Doña Ana County, NM is home to a population of 214k people, from which 88.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 17.2% of Doña Ana County, NM residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Doña Ana County, NM is composed of 145k Hispanic or Latino residents (67.7%), 59.8k White Alone residents (28%), 3.41k Black or African American Alone residents (1.6%), 2.1k Two or More Races residents (0.981%), 2.06k Asian Alone residents (0.963%), 1.47k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.688%), 147 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0687%), and 45 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.021%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Doña Ana County, NM are Spanish or Spanish Creole (97,490 speakers), German (698 speakers), and Chinese (595 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

29

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Doña Ana County, NM was 32.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 29, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Doña Ana County, NM are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Doña Ana County, NM residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

17.2%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

16.7%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 17.2% of Doña Ana County, NM residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Doña Ana County, NM was 16.7%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Doña Ana County, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    145,710 ± 9,038 people

  2. Germany

    5,026 ± 1,738 people

  3. Philippines

    3,772 ± 1,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Doña Ana County, NM was Mexico, the natal country of 145,710 Doña Ana County, NM residents, followed by Germany with 5,026 and Philippines with 3,772.

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Citizenship

88.9%

2017 Citizenship

89%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 88.9% of Doña Ana County, NM residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Doña Ana County, NM was 89%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Doña Ana County, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    145k ± 3.25k

  2. White Alone

    59.8k ± 107

  3. Black or African American Alone

    3.41k ± 180

In 2017, there were 2.42 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (145k people) in Doña Ana County, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 59.8k White Alone and 3.41k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Doña Ana County, NM as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    97,490 speakers (49.2%)

  2. German

    698 speakers (0.352%)

  3. Chinese

    595 speakers (0.3%)

51.1% of Doña Ana County, NM citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Doña Ana County, NM was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 49.2% of the overall population of Doña Ana County, NM are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.352% speak German and 0.3% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,783 ± 473

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,511 ± 537

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,459 ± 292

Doña Ana County, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.36 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Doña Ana County, NM awarded 5,603 degrees. The student population of Doña Ana County, NM is skewed towards women, with 10,280 male students and 12,963 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Doña Ana County, NM are Hispanic or Latino (3,025 and 58.1%), followed by White (1,634 and 31.4%), Unknown (150 and 2.88%), and Black or African American (137 and 2.63%).

The largest universities in Doña Ana County, NM by number of degrees awarded are New Mexico State University-Main Campus (3,680 and 65.7%), New Mexico State University-Dona Ana (1,878 and 33.5%), and Massage Therapy Trainining Institute (45 and 0.803%).

The most popular majors in Doña Ana County, NM are General Studies (798 and 14.2%), Criminal Justice - Safety Studies (334 and 5.96%), and General Business (189 and 3.37%).

The median tuition costs in Doña Ana County, NM are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $4,956 and $18,514 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 161 degrees awarded

  2. 118 degrees awarded

  3. 222 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Doña Ana County, NM was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 161 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Doña Ana County, NM according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,680 degrees awarded

  2. 1,878 degrees awarded

  3. 45 degrees awarded

$4,956

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Doña Ana County, NM institution with the largest number of graduating students was New Mexico State University-Main Campus with 3,680 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,403

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,200

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,403 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Doña Ana County, NM, which is 0.751 times less than the 3,200 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Doña Ana County, NM by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    3,025 degrees awarded

  2. White

    1,634 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    150 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Doña Ana County, NM were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 3,025 degrees mean that there were 1.85 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 1,634 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Doña Ana County, NM was $140,700 in 2017, which is 0.647 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $137,300 to $140,700, a 2.48% increase. The homeownership rate in Doña Ana County, NM is 62.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Doña Ana County, NM have an average commute time of 19.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Doña Ana County, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$39,114

Median Household Income

± $1,347

76.7k

Number of Households

± 2,302

In 2017, the median household income of the 76.7k households in Doña Ana County, NM grew to $39,114 from the previous year's value of $38,636.

The following chart displays the households in Doña Ana County, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$140,700

2017 Median

± $4,440

$137,300

2016 Median

± $4,488

In 2017, the median property value in Doña Ana County, NM grew to to $140,700 from the previous year's value of $137,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Doña Ana County, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Doña Ana County, NM the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Doña Ana County, NM distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Doña Ana County, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

62.7%

2017 Homeownership

63.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 62.7% of the housing units in Doña Ana County, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 63.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Doña Ana County, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Doña Ana County, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Doña Ana County, NM have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

19.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Doña Ana County, NM have a shorter commute time (19.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.22% of the workforce in Doña Ana County, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Doña Ana County, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.1%

  2. Carpooled

    10.4%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.19%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Doña Ana County, NM was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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