Detroit, MI

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Population

673,103

0.0407% growth

Median Age

34.6


Median Household Income

$30,344

7.99% growth

Poverty Rate

37.9%


Number of Employees

234,102

2.06% decline

Median Property Value

$50,200

15.4% growth

About

In 2017, Detroit, MI had a population of 673k people with a median age of 34.6 and a median household income of $30,344. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Detroit, MI grew from 672,829 to 673,103, a 0.0407% increase and its median household income grew from $28,099 to $30,344, a 7.99% increase.

The population of Detroit, MI is 78.7% Black or African American Alone, 10.5% White Alone, and 7.18% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Detroit, MI speak a non-English language, and 96.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Detroit, MI are Wayne State University (6,162 degrees awarded in 2016), Wayne County Community College District (2,202 degrees), and University of Detroit Mercy (1,558 degrees).

The median property value in Detroit, MI is $50,200, and the homeownership rate is 46.9%. Most people in Detroit, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Detroit, MI is 1 car per household.

Economy

The economy of Detroit, MI employs 234k people. The largest industries in Detroit, MI are Health Care & Social Assistance (39,064 people), Manufacturing (37,262 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (25,078 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($49,307), Utilities ($48,215), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($41,518).

Median household income in Detroit, MI is $30,344. Males in Detroit, MI have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,042. The income inequality in Detroit, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$30,344

2017 value

± $1,041

7.99%

1 Year Growth

± 4.87%

Households in Detroit, MI have a median annual income of $30,344, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $28,099 in 2016, which represents a 7.99% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Detroit, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$66,184

Average Male Salary

± $1,151

$48,042

Average Female Salary

± $879

In 2017, full-time male employees in Michigan made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,268 ± $4,166

  2. Alaska Native

    $50,705 ± $51,364

  3. White

    $50,410 ± $738

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Michigan workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than Alaska Native workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Detroit, MI is from Michigan.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.74% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 5382

  2. Census Tract 5323

  3. Census Tract 5384

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Detroit, MI was Census Tract 5382 with a value of $116,071, followed by Census Tract 5323 and Census Tract 5384, with respective values of $86,071 and $84,063.

The following map shows all of the places in Detroit, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

37.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Detroit, MI (253k out of 668k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    199,990 ± 2,805

  2. White

    35,058 ± 1,337

  3. Hispanic

    19,991 ± 932

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Detroit, MI is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

234k

2017 Value

± 8,124

-2.06%

1 Year decline

± 4.86%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Detroit, MI declined at a rate of -2.06%, from 239k employees to 234k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Detroit, MI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (30,797 people), Production Occupations (27,089 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (21,600 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Detroit, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Detroit, MI, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (30,797 people), Production Occupations (27,089 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (21,600 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Detroit, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.14 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (2.11 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.87 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Detroit, MI, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($65,041), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($65,007), and Legal Occupations ($61,546).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

234k

2017 Value

± 8,124

-2.06%

1 Year decline

± 4.86%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Detroit, MI declined at a rate of -2.06%, from 239k employees to 234k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Detroit, MI, are Health Care & Social Assistance (39,064 people), Manufacturing (37,262 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (25,078 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Detroit, MI, though some of these residents may live in Detroit, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Detroit, MI, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (39,064 people), Manufacturing (37,262 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (25,078 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Detroit, MI has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.65 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.61 times), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.49 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Detroit, MI, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($49,307), Utilities ($48,215), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($41,518).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight ($35.4B) and Machinery ($31.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92% of the population of Detroit, MI has health coverage, with 28.4% on employee plans, 45.1% on Medicaid, 9.87% on Medicare, 7.68% on non-group plans, and 0.93% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Detroit, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Detroit, MI see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1385 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 431 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

1,254 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8%

Uninsured

28.4%

Employer Coverage

45.1%

Medicaid

9.87%

Medicare

7.68%

Non-Group

0.93%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Detroit, MI declined by 1.92% from 8.15% to 8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Detroit, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Detroit, MI is home to a population of 673k people, from which 96.4% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Detroit, MI residents were born outside of the country (39.1k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Detroit, MI is composed of 530k Black or African American Alone residents (78.7%), 70.9k White Alone residents (10.5%), 48.3k Hispanic or Latino residents (7.18%), 11.8k Asian Alone residents (1.75%), 9.32k Two or More Races residents (1.38%), 2.05k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.304%), 1.05k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.156%), and 47 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00698%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Detroit, MI are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

34

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Detroit, MI was 34.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Detroit, MI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Detroit, MI residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    39.1k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Detroit, MI residents (39.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Detroit, MI was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Detroit, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    78,610 ± 6,856 people

  2. Mexico

    76,973 ± 6,785 people

  3. Iraq

    56,485 ± 5,818 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was India, the natal country of 78,610 Michigan residents, followed by Mexico with 76,973 and Iraq with 56,485.

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Citizenship

96.4%

2017 Citizenship

96.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.4% of Detroit, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Detroit, MI was 96.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Detroit, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    530k ± 6.76k

  2. White Alone

    70.9k ± 5.32k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    48.3k ± 6.3k

In 2017, there were 7.47 times more Black or African American Alone residents (530k people) in Detroit, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 70.9k White Alone and 48.3k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Detroit, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Detroit, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Detroit, MI was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Detroit, MI are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    8,944 ± 1,328

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,272 ± 822

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,085 ± 1,026

Detroit, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.73 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Detroit, MI awarded 11,443 degrees. The student population of Detroit, MI is skewed towards women, with 21,672 male students and 31,019 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Detroit, MI are White (5,506 and 52.3%), followed by Black or African American (3,276 and 31.1%), Asian (544 and 5.17%), and Unknown (515 and 4.89%).

The largest universities in Detroit, MI by number of degrees awarded are Wayne State University (6,162 and 53.8%), Wayne County Community College District (2,202 and 19.2%), and University of Detroit Mercy (1,558 and 13.6%).

The most popular majors in Detroit, MI are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,480 and 12.9%), Registered Nursing (544 and 4.75%), and Social Work (506 and 4.42%).

The median tuition costs in Detroit, MI are $30,488 for private four year colleges, and $11,821 and $27,133 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 434 degrees awarded

  2. 398 degrees awarded

  3. 330 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Detroit, MI was Registered Nursing with 434 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Detroit, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 6,162 degrees awarded

  2. 2,202 degrees awarded

  3. 1,558 degrees awarded

$11,821

Median In-State Public

$30,488

Median Private

In 2016, the Detroit, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Wayne State University with 6,162 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

4,477

Degrees Awarded to Men

6,966

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 4,477 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Detroit, MI, which is 0.643 times less than the 6,966 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Detroit, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    5,506 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    3,276 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    544 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Detroit, MI were to White students. These 5,506 degrees mean that there were 1.68 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3,276 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Detroit, MI was $50,200 in 2017, which is 0.231 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $43,500 to $50,200, a 15.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Detroit, MI is 46.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Detroit, MI have an average commute time of 24.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Detroit, MI is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$30,344

Median Household Income

± $1,041

264k

Number of Households

± 7,805

In 2017, the median household income of the 264k households in Detroit, MI grew to $30,344 from the previous year's value of $28,099.

The following chart displays the households in Detroit, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$50,200

2017 Median

± $2,020

$43,500

2016 Median

± $1,935

In 2017, the median property value in Detroit, MI grew to to $50,200 from the previous year's value of $43,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Detroit, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Detroit, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $40k - $50k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Detroit, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Detroit, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

46.9%

2017 Homeownership

46%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 46.9% of the housing units in Detroit, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 46%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Detroit, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Detroit, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Detroit, MI have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

24.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Detroit, MI have a shorter commute time (24.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.27% of the workforce in Detroit, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Detroit, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    71%

  2. Carpooled

    12%

  3. Public Transit

    6.79%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Detroit, MI was Drove Alone (71%), followed by those who Carpooled (12%) and those who Public Transit (6.79%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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