Detroit, MI

Census Place

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Population
672,681
0.0627% 1-year decline
US Senator
Debbie Stabenow
Democratic Party
US Senator
Gary Peters
Democratic Party
Median Age
35

Median Household Income
$31,283
3.09% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$51,600
2.79% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
N/A

About

In 2018, Detroit, MI had a population of 673k people with a median age of 35 and a median household income of $31,283. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Detroit, MI declined from 673,103 to 672,681, a -0.0627% decrease and its median household income grew from $30,344 to $31,283, a 3.09% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Detroit, MI are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (77.3%), White (Non-Hispanic) (10.8%), White (Hispanic) (4.58%), Other (Hispanic) (2.63%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.7%). NaNk% of the people in Detroit, MI speak a non-English language, and 95.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Detroit, MI are Wayne State University (6,809 degrees awarded in 2017), Wayne County Community College District (2,232 degrees), and University of Detroit Mercy (1,472 degrees).

The median property value in Detroit, MI is $51,600, and the homeownership rate is 46.8%. Most people in Detroit, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Detroit, MI is 1 car per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Michigan. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Michigan, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Michigan (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Michigan across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Michigan went to Hillary Rodham Clinton with 66.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (29.4%), followed by Other (3.78%). The most partisan county was Missaukee County, MI with 73.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing the state of Michigan. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Detroit, MI is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Michigan.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Popular Vote for Michigan
66.8% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in Michigan
  1. 73.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 70.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 69.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Michigan was Missaukee County, MI with 73.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Michigan colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Michigan

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Debbie Stabenow
Senator from Michigan1
Assumed office on January 3, 2001
Gary Peters
Senator from Michigan2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing Michigan.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Michigan over time, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Michigan

Michigan is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Detroit, MI have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Detroit, MI is home to a population of 673k people, from which 95.2% are citizens. As of N/A, N/A% of Detroit, MI residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

In 2018, there were 7.13 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (520k people) in Detroit, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 73k White (Non-Hispanic) and 30.8k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Detroit, MI
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    520k ± 5.75k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    73k ± 5.61k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    30.8k ± 4.75k
7.84%
Hispanic Population
52.7k people

In 2018, there were 7.13 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (520k people) in Detroit, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 73k White (Non-Hispanic) and 30.8k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

7.84% of the people in Detroit, MI are hispanic (52.7k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Detroit, MI as a share of the total population.

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Age by Nativity

34
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.7
39
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in Detroit, MI was 35. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Detroit, MI are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Detroit, MI residents was 35.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    89,142 ± 7,297 people
  2. India
    75,308 ± 6,712 people
  3. Iraq
    66,449 ± 6,308 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 89,142 Michigan residents, followed by India with 75,308 and Iraq with 66,449.

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Citizenship

95.2%
2018 Citizenship
96.4%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 95.2% of Detroit, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Detroit, MI was 96.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Detroit, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    9,076 ± 1,525
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    3,616 ± 1,078
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    2,821 ± 869

Detroit, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.51 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Detroit, MI is $31,283. In 2018, the place with the highest Median Household Income in Detroit, MI was N/A with a value of N/A, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

Males in Michigan have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,599. The income inequality in Michigan (measured using the Gini index) is 0.472, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Detroit, MI employs N/A people. The largest industries in Detroit, MI are Manufacturing (42,449 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (42,373 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (23,428 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($50,567), Public Administration ($44,872), and Utilities ($42,957).

Wages

Median Household Income

$31,283
2018 value
± $779
3.09%
1 Year Growth
± 4.11%

Households in Detroit, MI have a median annual income of $31,283, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $30,344 in 2017, which represents a 3.09% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Detroit, MI compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.
$66,961
Average Male Salary in Michigan
± $1,155
$48,599
Average Female Salary in Michigan
± $853

In 2018, full-time male employees in Michigan made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Michigan.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Michigan
  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $88,578 ± $80,802
  2. Asian
    $69,562 ± $4,799
  3. White
    $51,075 ± $730

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Michigan workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.27 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Michigan.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Detroit, MI is from Michigan.
0.472
2018 Wage GINI in Michigan
0.473
2017 Wage GINI in Michigan

In 2018, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.472 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.175% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. N/A
  2. N/A
  3. N/A

In 2018, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Detroit, MI was N/A with a value of N/A, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

The following map shows all of the places in Detroit, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

N/A N/A
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

N/A% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Detroit, MI (N/A out of N/A people) live below the poverty line, a number that is approximately the same as the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are N/A N/A, followed by N/A N/A and then N/A N/A.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Detroit, MI is N/A, followed by N/A and N/A.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

N/A
N/A Value
± N/A

From N/A to N/A, employment in Detroit, MI stayed at a rate of NaNk%, from N/A employees to N/A employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Detroit, MI, are N/A. This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Detroit, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Detroit, MI, by number of employees, are N/A.

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Detroit, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as N/A.

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Detroit, MI, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($71,373), Legal Occupations ($57,443), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($54,548).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

N/A
N/A Value
± N/A

From N/A to N/A, employment in Detroit, MI stayed at a rate of NaNk%, from N/A employees to N/A employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Detroit, MI, are Manufacturing (42,449 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (42,373 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (23,428 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Detroit, MI, though some of these residents may live in Detroit, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Detroit, MI, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (42,449 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (42,373 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (23,428 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Detroit, MI has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.75 times higher than expected), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.58 times), and Transportation & Warehousing (1.36 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Detroit, MI, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($50,567), Public Administration ($44,872), and Utilities ($42,957).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $135B
  2. $35.4B
  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight ($35.4B) and Machinery ($31.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan.
$448B
2015 Value in Michigan
$623B
Projected 2045 Value in Michigan
39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $35.1B
  2. $25.1B
  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Education

In 2017, universities in Detroit, MI awarded 11,564 degrees. The student population of Detroit, MI is skewed towards women, with 20,894 male students and 29,706 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Detroit, MI are White (5,601 and 53.7%), followed by Black or African American (3,044 and 29.2%), Asian (597 and 5.73%), and Unknown (492 and 4.72%).

The largest universities in Detroit, MI by number of degrees awarded are Wayne State University (6,809 and 58.9%), Wayne County Community College District (2,232 and 19.3%), and University of Detroit Mercy (1,472 and 12.7%).

The most popular majors in Detroit, MI are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,192 and 10.3%), Registered Nursing (553 and 4.78%), and Social Work (540 and 4.67%).

The median tuition costs in Detroit, MI are $31,620 for private four year colleges, and $12,264 and $28,151 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 463 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 420 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 297 degree-majorss awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Detroit, MI was Registered Nursing with 463 degree-majorss awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Detroit, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 6,809 degrees awarded
  2. 2,232 degrees awarded
  3. 1,472 degrees awarded
$12,264
Median In-State Public
$31,620
Median Private

In 2017, the Detroit, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Wayne State University with 6,809 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

4,705
Degrees Awarded to Men
6,859
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 4,705 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Detroit, MI, which is 0.686 times less than the 6,859 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Detroit, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    5,601 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    3,044 degrees awarded
  3. Asian
    597 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Detroit, MI were to White students. These 5,601 degrees mean that there were 1.84 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3,044 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Detroit, MI was $51,600 in 2018, which is 0.225 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $50,200 to $51,600, a 2.79% increase. The homeownership rate in Detroit, MI is 46.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Detroit, MI have an average commute time of 24.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Detroit, MI is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Housing

Property Value

$51,600
2018 Median
± $2,045
$50,200
2017 Median
± $2,020

In 2018, the median property value in Detroit, MI grew to to $51,600 from the previous year's value of $50,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Detroit, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Detroit, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $40k - $50k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$31,283
Median Household Income
± $779
266k
Number of Households
± 8,368

In 2018, the median household income of the 266k households in Detroit, MI grew to $31,283 from the previous year's value of $30,344.

The following chart displays the households in Detroit, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Detroit, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Detroit, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

46.8%
2018 Homeownership
46.9%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 46.8% of the housing units in Detroit, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 46.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Detroit, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

24.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Detroit, MI have a shorter commute time (24.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.76% of the workforce in Detroit, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Detroit, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    69%
  2. Carpooled
    14.8%
  3. Public Transit
    5.88%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Detroit, MI was Drove Alone (69%), followed by those who Carpooled (14.8%) and those who Public Transit (5.88%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Detroit, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Detroit, MI have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Health

N/A% of the population of Detroit, MI has health coverage, with N/A% on employee plans, N/A% on Medicaid, N/A% on Medicare, N/A% on non-group plans, and N/A% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Michigan was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Wayne County, MI see 1470 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.03% decrease from the previous year (1516 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1489 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 388 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Wayne County, MI.
1,470 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Wayne County, MI

Primary care physicians in Wayne County, MI see an average of 1,470 patients per year. This represents a 3.03% decrease from the previous year (1,516 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Wayne County, MI in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
$8,055
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Michigan
$3,950
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,915
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,318
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

N/A%
Uninsured
N/A%
Employer Coverage
N/A%
Medicaid
N/A%
Medicare
N/A%
Non-Group
N/A%
Military or VA

Between N/A and N/A, the percent of uninsured citizens in Detroit, MI N/A by N/A from N/A% to N/A%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Detroit, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 14.5% prevalence
  2. 14.1% prevalence
  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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