Desha County, AR

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Population

12,094

1.14% decline

Median Age

40.2


Median Household Income

$27,036

1.95% growth

Poverty Rate

32.6%


Number of Employees

4,440

0.316% growth

Median Property Value

$56,700

3.57% decline

About

In 2017, Desha County, AR had a population of 12.1k people with a median age of 40.2 and a median household income of $27,036. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Desha County, AR declined from 12,234 to 12,094, a -1.14% decrease and its median household income grew from $26,519 to $27,036, a 1.95% increase.

The population of Desha County, AR is 47.5% Black or African American Alone, 45.7% White Alone, and 5.79% Hispanic or Latino. 4.78% of the people in Desha County, AR speak a non-English language, and 97.5% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Desha County, AR is $56,700, and the homeownership rate is 58.1%. Most people in Desha County, AR commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19 minutes. The average car ownership in Desha County, AR is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Desha County, AR employs 4.44k people. The largest industries in Desha County, AR are Retail Trade (697 people), Educational Services (600 people), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (563 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($103,056), Utilities ($86,458), and Finance & Insurance ($43,125).

Median household income in Desha County, AR is $27,036. Males in Desha County, AR have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $38,953. The income inequality in Desha County, AR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.453, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$27,036

2017 value

± $2,882

1.95%

1 Year Growth

± 13.2%

Households in Desha County, AR have a median annual income of $27,036, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $26,519 in 2016, which represents a 1.95% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Desha County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

$53,721

Average Male Salary

± $1,816

$38,953

Average Female Salary

± $1,246

In 2017, full-time male employees in Desha County, AR made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Desha County, AR by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Arkansas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,861 ± $11,571

  2. White

    $43,596 ± $1,206

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $38,912 ± $29,718

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Desha County, AR workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Desha County, AR by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Desha County, AR is from Arkansas.

0.453

2017 Wage GINI

0.453

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Arkansas was 0.453 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0272% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Arkansas was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arkansas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arkansas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9505

  2. Census Tract 9501

  3. Census Tract 9502

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Desha County, AR was Census Tract 9505 with a value of $38,625, followed by Census Tract 9501 and Census Tract 9502, with respective values of $37,500 and $28,491.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Desha County, AR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

32.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Desha County, AR (3.89k out of 11.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    2,791 ± 252

  2. White

    937 ± 177

  3. Hispanic

    414 ± 151

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Desha County, AR is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

4.44k

2017 Value

± 390

0.316%

1 Year growth

± 12.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Desha County, AR grew at a rate of 0.316%, from 4.43k employees to 4.44k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Desha County, AR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (660 people), Management Occupations (460 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (374 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Desha County, AR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Desha County, AR, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (660 people), Management Occupations (460 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (374 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Desha County, AR has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (11.9 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.84 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.83 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Desha County, AR, by median earnings, are Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($83,056), Business & Financial Operations Occupations ($43,056), and Education, Training, & Library Occupations ($40,833).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

4.44k

2017 Value

± 390

0.316%

1 Year growth

± 12.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Desha County, AR grew at a rate of 0.316%, from 4.43k employees to 4.44k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Desha County, AR, are Retail Trade (697 people), Educational Services (600 people), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (563 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Desha County, AR, though some of these residents may live in Desha County, AR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Desha County, AR, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (697 people), Educational Services (600 people), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (563 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Desha County, AR has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (10.7 times higher than expected), Public Administration (2.28 times), and Educational Services (1.46 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Desha County, AR, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($103,056), Utilities ($86,458), and Finance & Insurance ($43,125).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Arkansas to other states, or from other states to Arkansas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.5B

  2. $17.5B

  3. $8.54B

In 2015, the top outbound Arkansas product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $24.5B, followed by Meat/seafood with $17.5B and Mixed freight and $8.54B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Arkansas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Arkansas state.

$150B

2015 Value

$228B

Projected 2045 Value

52.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Arkansas trade was $150B. This is expected to increase 52.4% to $228B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Arkansas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Arkansas to other states, or from other states to Arkansas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $12.4B

  2. $11.4B

  3. $7.98B

In 2015, the top outbound Arkansas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Mississippi with $12.4B, followed by Texas with $11.4B and Missouri and $7.98B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Arkansas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.9% of the population of Desha County, AR has health coverage, with 25% on employee plans, 36.5% on Medicaid, 12.4% on Medicare, 14.3% on non-group plans, and 1.69% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Desha County, AR was $7,408 in 2014. This is a 6.91% increase from the previous year ($6,929).

Primary care physicians in Desha County, AR see 1994 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.45% decrease from the previous year (2044 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3959 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1697 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.2%). Additionally, St. Francis County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,994 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Desha County, AR see an average of 1,994 patients per year. This represents a 2.45% decrease from the previous year (2,044 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Desha County, AR in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arkansas.

$7,408

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,906

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,108

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,479

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Arkansas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.91%, from $6,929 to $7,408.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.1%

Uninsured

25%

Employer Coverage

36.5%

Medicaid

12.4%

Medicare

14.3%

Non-Group

1.69%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Desha County, AR declined by 12% from 11.5% to 10.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Desha County, AR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.2% prevalence

  2. 17.1% prevalence

  3. 16.6% prevalence

Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Arkansas, at 17.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Arkansas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Desha County, AR is home to a population of 12.1k people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.37% of Desha County, AR residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Desha County, AR is composed of 5.74k Black or African American Alone residents (47.5%), 5.53k White Alone residents (45.7%), 700 Hispanic or Latino residents (5.79%), 73 Two or More Races residents (0.604%), 18 Asian Alone residents (0.149%), 15 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.124%), 13 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.107%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Desha County, AR are Spanish or Spanish Creole (483 speakers), Chinese (19 speakers), and French Creole (13 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.4

36

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 6.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Desha County, AR was 40.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in Desha County, AR are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Desha County, AR residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.37%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.67%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 3.37% of Desha County, AR residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Desha County, AR was 2.67%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Desha County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    62,950 ± 6,094 people

  2. El Salvador

    12,524 ± 2,742 people

  3. India

    8,219 ± 2,223 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Desha County, AR was Mexico, the natal country of 62,950 Desha County, AR residents, followed by El Salvador with 12,524 and India with 8,219.

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Citizenship

97.5%

2017 Citizenship

97.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.5% of Desha County, AR residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Desha County, AR was 97.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Desha County, AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    5.74k ± 52

  2. White Alone

    5.53k ± 18

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    700 ± 305

In 2017, there were 1.04 times more Black or African American Alone residents (5.74k people) in Desha County, AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.53k White Alone and 700 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Desha County, AR as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    483 speakers (4.2%)

  2. Chinese

    19 speakers (0.165%)

  3. French Creole

    13 speakers (0.113%)

4.78% of Desha County, AR citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Desha County, AR was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 4.2% of the overall population of Desha County, AR are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.165% speak Chinese and 0.113% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    256 ± 71

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    83 ± 55

  3. World War II

    73 ± 37

Desha County, AR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.08 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Desha County, AR was $56,700 in 2017, which is 0.261 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $58,800 to $56,700, a 3.57% decrease. The homeownership rate in Desha County, AR is 58.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Desha County, AR have an average commute time of 19 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Desha County, AR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$27,036

Median Household Income

± $2,882

5.23k

Number of Households

± 394

In 2017, the median household income of the 5.23k households in Desha County, AR grew to $27,036 from the previous year's value of $26,519.

The following chart displays the households in Desha County, AR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $10k - $15k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$56,700

2017 Median

± $5,240

$58,800

2016 Median

± $5,216

In 2017, the median property value in Desha County, AR declined from to $56,700 from the previous year's value of $58,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Desha County, AR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Desha County, AR the largest share of households have a property value in the $40k - $50k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Desha County, AR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Desha County, AR the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

58.1%

2017 Homeownership

56%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 58.1% of the housing units in Desha County, AR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 56%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Desha County, AR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Desha County, AR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Desha County, AR have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

19 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Desha County, AR have a shorter commute time (19 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.7% of the workforce in Desha County, AR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Desha County, AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85.4%

  2. Carpooled

    9.33%

  3. Other

    1.73%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Desha County, AR was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Other.

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