Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA

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Population

655,409

1.47% growth

Median Age

36.1


Median Household Income

$71,352

3.94% growth

Poverty Rate

10.3%


Number of Employees

354,083

1.44% growth

Median Property Value

$195,300

4.16% growth

About

In 2018, Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA had a population of 655k people with a median age of 36.1 and a median household income of $71,352. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA grew from 645,911 to 655,409, a 1.47% increase and its median household income grew from $68,649 to $71,352, a 3.94% increase.

The population of Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA is 80.2% White Alone, 7.52% Hispanic or Latino, and 5.22% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA speak a non-English language, and 94.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA are Des Moines Area Community College (4,398 degrees awarded in 2017), Drake University (1,554 degrees), and Grand View University (646 degrees).

The median property value in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA is $195,300, and the homeownership rate is 69.6%. Most people in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20 minutes. The average car ownership in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA is 2 cars per household.

Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA borders Ames, IA, Newton, IA, Pella, IA, Boone, IA, and Carroll, IA.

About the photo: Des Moines skyline shot from East Fort Des Moines

Economy

The economy of Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA employs 354k people. The largest industries in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA are Finance & Insurance (48,753 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (47,312 people), and Retail Trade (41,201 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($73,718), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($65,720), and Utilities ($64,637).

Median household income in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA is $71,352. Males in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,872. The income inequality in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.44, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$71,352

2018 value

± $1,720

3.94%

1 Year Growth

± 3.81%

Households in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA have a median annual income of $71,352, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $68,649 in 2017, which represents a 3.94% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

$61,560

Average Male Salary

± $1,647

$45,872

Average Female Salary

± $1,352

In 2018, full-time male employees in Iowa made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $54,930 ± $25,954

  2. White

    $47,771 ± $1,043

  3. Asian

    $43,191 ± $4,474

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Iowa workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.15 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA is from Iowa.

0.44

2018 Wage GINI

0.434

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Iowa was 0.44 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.35% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Iowa was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Iowa in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Iowa across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA was Dallas County, IA with a value of $83,990, followed by Polk County, IA and Linn County, IA, with respective values of $68,291 and $64,103.

The following map shows all of the counties in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA (63k out of 611k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    44,891 ± 1,496

  2. Hispanic

    9,834 ± 720

  3. Black

    9,118 ± 704

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

354k

2018 Value

± 10,074

1.44%

1 Year growth

± 3.93%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA grew at a rate of 1.44%, from 349k employees to 354k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (40,856 people), Sales & Related Occupations (38,184 people), and Management Occupations (35,514 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (40,856 people), Sales & Related Occupations (38,184 people), and Management Occupations (35,514 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA has an unusually high number of residents working as Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.52 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.51 times), and Legal Occupations (1.36 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($107,257), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($77,298), and Management Occupations ($71,437).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

354k

2018 Value

± 10,074

1.44%

1 Year growth

± 3.93%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA grew at a rate of 1.44%, from 349k employees to 354k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA, are Finance & Insurance (48,753 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (47,312 people), and Retail Trade (41,201 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA, though some of these residents may live in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA, by number of employees, are Finance & Insurance (48,753 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (47,312 people), and Retail Trade (41,201 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA has an unusually high number of Finance & Insurance (2.97 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.26 times), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.15 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($73,718), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($65,720), and Utilities ($64,637).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.8B

  2. $20.9B

  3. $18.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $24.8B, followed by Machinery ($20.9B) and Other ag prods. ($18.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Iowa products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Iowa state.

$265B

2020 Value

$363B

Projected 2045 Value

36.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Iowa trade was $265B. This is expected to increase 36.7% to $363B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Iowa trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $28.9B

  2. $17.7B

  3. $12.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $28.9B, followed by Minnesota with $17.7B and Nebraska and $12.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Iowa shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.6% of the population of Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA has health coverage, with 60.3% on employee plans, 12% on Medicaid, 9.91% on Medicare, 12.6% on non-group plans, and 0.759% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA was $8,200 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,806).

Primary care physicians in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA see 1363 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.04% increase from the previous year (1349 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1561 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 756 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.3%). Additionally, Union County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

1,363 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Iowa see an average of 1,363 patients per year. This represents a 1.04% increase from the previous year (1,349 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Iowa in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

$8,200

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,076

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,702

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,317

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Iowa (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,806 to $8,200.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.41%

Uninsured

60.3%

Employer Coverage

12%

Medicaid

9.91%

Medicare

12.6%

Non-Group

0.759%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA grew by 8.02% from 4.09% to 4.41%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.3% prevalence

  2. 12.6% prevalence

  3. 12.1% prevalence

Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Iowa, at 13.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Iowa by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA is home to a population of 655k people, from which 94.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.55% of Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA residents were born outside of the country (48.8k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA is composed of 526k White Alone residents (80.2%), 49.3k Hispanic or Latino residents (7.52%), 34.2k Black or African American Alone residents (5.22%), 27.8k Asian Alone residents (4.25%), 16.6k Two or More Races residents (2.54%), 960 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.146%), 418 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0638%), and 416 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0635%).

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA was 36.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.55%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

48.8k people

7.37%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

46.8k people

As of 2017, 7.55% of Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA residents (48.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA was 7.37%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    47,025 ± 5,284 people

  2. India

    11,319 ± 2,607 people

  3. Vietnam

    8,255 ± 2,228 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Iowa was Mexico, the natal country of 47,025 Iowa residents, followed by India with 11,319 and Vietnam with 8,255.

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Citizenship

94.7%

2018 Citizenship

95.8%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 94.7% of Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA was 95.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    526k ± 399

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    49.3k ± 4.16k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    34.2k ± 2.53k

In 2018, there were 10.7 times more White Alone residents (526k people) in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 49.3k Hispanic or Latino and 34.2k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    10,262 ± 1,465

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    6,185 ± 1,330

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    5,499 ± 1,234

Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.66 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA awarded 8,563 degrees. The student population of Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA is skewed towards women, with 15,050 male students and 19,932 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA are White (6,907 and 82%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (360 and 4.28%), Unknown (332 and 3.94%), and Black or African American (328 and 3.9%).

The largest universities in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA by number of degrees awarded are Des Moines Area Community College (4,398 and 51.4%), Drake University (1,554 and 18.1%), and Grand View University (646 and 7.54%).

The most popular majors in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,346 and 15.7%), General Studies (666 and 7.78%), and Registered Nursing (442 and 5.16%).

The median tuition costs in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA are $25,836 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 241 degrees awarded

  2. 1,276 degrees awarded

  3. 666 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA was Registered Nursing with 241 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,398 degrees awarded

  2. 1,554 degrees awarded

  3. 646 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$25,836

Median Private

In 2017, the Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Des Moines Area Community College with 4,398 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,658

Degrees Awarded to Men

4,905

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 3,658 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA, which is 0.746 times less than the 4,905 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    6,907 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    360 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    332 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA were to White students. These 6,907 degrees mean that there were 19.2 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 360 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA was $195,300 in 2018, which is 0.85 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $187,500 to $195,300, a 4.16% increase. The homeownership rate in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA is 69.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA have an average commute time of 20 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$195,300

2018 Median

± $5,051

$187,500

2017 Median

± $4,910

In 2018, the median property value in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA grew to to $195,300 from the previous year's value of $187,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$71,352

Median Household Income

± $1,720

255k

Number of Households

± 8,160

In 2018, the median household income of the 255k households in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA grew to $71,352 from the previous year's value of $68,649.

The following chart displays the households in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

69.6%

2018 Homeownership

70.6%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 69.6% of the housing units in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 70.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA have a shorter commute time (20 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.17% of the workforce in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.7%

  2. Carpooled

    7.71%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.28%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA was Drove Alone (83.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.71%) and those who Worked At Home (5.28%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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