Decatur, AL

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Population

152,445

0.355% decline

Median Age

40.5


Median Household Income

$46,725

2.01% growth

Poverty Rate

16.6%


Number of Employees

63,087

0.242% decline

Median Property Value

$121,000

2.63% growth

About

In 2017, Decatur, AL had a population of 152k people with a median age of 40.5 and a median household income of $46,725. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Decatur, AL declined from 152,988 to 152,445, a -0.355% decrease and its median household income grew from $45,804 to $46,725, a 2.01% increase.

The population of Decatur, AL is 76.4% White Alone, 12.1% Black or African American Alone, and 6.68% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Decatur, AL speak a non-English language, and 97.4% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Decatur, AL is $121,000, and the homeownership rate is 73.4%. Most people in Decatur, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Decatur, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Ingalls Harbor, Entrance to the 2014 Riverfest

Economy

The economy of Decatur, AL employs 63.1k people. The largest industries in Decatur, AL are Manufacturing (13,405 people), Retail Trade (8,309 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (7,340 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($64,724), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($58,563), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($51,984).

Median household income in Decatur, AL is $46,725. Males in Decatur, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Decatur, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$46,725

2017 value

± $1,364

2.01%

1 Year Growth

± 4.37%

Households in Decatur, AL have a median annual income of $46,725, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,804 in 2016, which represents a 2.01% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Decatur, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Decatur, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Decatur, AL was Shelby County, AL with a value of $73,031, followed by Madison County, AL and Elmore County, AL, with respective values of $62,312 and $60,558.

The following map shows all of the counties in Decatur, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Decatur, AL (24.9k out of 150k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    16,086 ± 951

  2. Black

    5,689 ± 558

  3. Hispanic

    4,150 ± 483

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Decatur, AL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

63.1k

2017 Value

± 1,813

-0.242%

1 Year decline

± 4%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Decatur, AL declined at a rate of -0.242%, from 63.2k employees to 63.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Decatur, AL, are Production Occupations (8,266 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,349 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (6,837 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Decatur, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Decatur, AL, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (8,266 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,349 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (6,837 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Decatur, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.26 times higher than expected), Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.53 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.45 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Decatur, AL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($86,671), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($75,150), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($63,594).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

63.1k

2017 Value

± 1,813

-0.242%

1 Year decline

± 4%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Decatur, AL declined at a rate of -0.242%, from 63.2k employees to 63.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Decatur, AL, are Manufacturing (13,405 people), Retail Trade (8,309 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (7,340 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Decatur, AL, though some of these residents may live in Decatur, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Decatur, AL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (13,405 people), Retail Trade (8,309 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (7,340 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Decatur, AL has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (2.1 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.91 times), and Construction (1.39 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Decatur, AL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($64,724), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($58,563), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($51,984).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.1% of the population of Decatur, AL has health coverage, with 46.4% on employee plans, 15.5% on Medicaid, 13% on Medicare, 13.1% on non-group plans, and 1.08% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Decatur, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Decatur, AL see 1535 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1552 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2139 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

1,535 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,535 patients per year. This represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1,552 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.9%

Uninsured

46.4%

Employer Coverage

15.5%

Medicaid

13%

Medicare

13.1%

Non-Group

1.08%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Decatur, AL declined by 11.3% from 12.3% to 10.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Decatur, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Decatur, AL is home to a population of 152k people, from which 97.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.5% of Decatur, AL residents were born outside of the country (5.33k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Decatur, AL is composed of 116k White Alone residents (76.4%), 18.5k Black or African American Alone residents (12.1%), 10.2k Hispanic or Latino residents (6.68%), 3.96k Two or More Races residents (2.6%), 2.37k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.56%), 797 Asian Alone residents (0.523%), 87 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0571%), and 55 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0361%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Decatur, AL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Decatur, AL was 40.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Decatur, AL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Decatur, AL residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.5%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

5.33k people

3.53%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

5.41k people

As of 2017, 3.5% of Decatur, AL residents (5.33k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Decatur, AL was 3.53%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Decatur, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

97.4%

2017 Citizenship

97.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.4% of Decatur, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Decatur, AL was 97.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Decatur, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    116k ± 118

  2. Black or African American Alone

    18.5k ± 358

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    10.2k ± 1.18k

In 2017, there were 6.3 times more White Alone residents (116k people) in Decatur, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 18.5k Black or African American Alone and 10.2k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Decatur, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Decatur, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Decatur, AL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Decatur, AL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,373 ± 327

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,614 ± 331

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,421 ± 347

Decatur, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.09 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Decatur, AL was $121,000 in 2017, which is 0.556 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $117,900 to $121,000, a 2.63% increase. The homeownership rate in Decatur, AL is 73.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Decatur, AL have an average commute time of 24.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Decatur, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$46,725

Median Household Income

± $1,364

59k

Number of Households

± 1,577

In 2017, the median household income of the 59k households in Decatur, AL grew to $46,725 from the previous year's value of $45,804.

The following chart displays the households in Decatur, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$121,000

2017 Median

± $3,455

$117,900

2016 Median

± $2,833

In 2017, the median property value in Decatur, AL grew to to $121,000 from the previous year's value of $117,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Decatur, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Decatur, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Decatur, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Decatur, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

73.4%

2017 Homeownership

72.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73.4% of the housing units in Decatur, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 72.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Decatur, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Decatur, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Decatur, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

24.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Decatur, AL have a shorter commute time (24.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.5% of the workforce in Decatur, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Decatur, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    89.1%

  2. Carpooled

    7.54%

  3. Worked At Home

    1.68%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Decatur, AL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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