Dayton, OH

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Population

803,416

0.341% growth

Median Age

39.3


Median Household Income

$52,745

2.56% growth

Poverty Rate

15.7%


Number of Employees

373,900

1.08% growth

Median Property Value

$133,400

2.85% growth

About

In 2017, Dayton, OH had a population of 803k people with a median age of 39.3 and a median household income of $52,745. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Dayton, OH grew from 800,683 to 803,416, a 0.341% increase and its median household income grew from $51,427 to $52,745, a 2.56% increase.

The population of Dayton, OH is 76.2% White Alone, 15.1% Black or African American Alone, and 3.22% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Dayton, OH speak a non-English language, and 97.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Dayton, OH are Sinclair Community College (4,777 degrees awarded in 2016), Wright State University-Main Campus (3,879 degrees), and University of Dayton (3,016 degrees).

The median property value in Dayton, OH is $133,400, and the homeownership rate is 62.4%. Most people in Dayton, OH commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Dayton, OH is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Dayton, OH

Economy

The economy of Dayton, OH employs 374k people. The largest industries in Dayton, OH are Health Care & Social Assistance (63,061 people), Manufacturing (50,458 people), and Retail Trade (37,016 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($71,589), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($68,417), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,693).

Median household income in Dayton, OH is $52,745. Males in Dayton, OH have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,904. The income inequality in Dayton, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.457, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,745

2017 value

± $1,255

2.56%

1 Year Growth

± 3.44%

Households in Dayton, OH have a median annual income of $52,745, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $51,427 in 2016, which represents a 2.56% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Dayton, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

$62,297

Average Male Salary

± $959

$46,904

Average Female Salary

± $740

In 2017, full-time male employees in Dayton, OH made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Dayton, OH by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $73,640 ± $48,775

  2. Asian

    $63,304 ± $4,969

  3. American Indian

    $53,849 ± $24,595

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Dayton, OH workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Dayton, OH by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Dayton, OH is from Ohio.

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

0.462

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.19% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Dayton, OH was Delaware County, OH with a value of $106,933, followed by Warren County, OH and Geauga County, OH, with respective values of $84,130 and $82,741.

The following map shows all of the counties in Dayton, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Dayton, OH (121k out of 774k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    73,870 ± 1,867

  2. Black

    37,951 ± 1,339

  3. Two Or More

    6,034 ± 579

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Dayton, OH is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

374k

2017 Value

± 9,595

1.08%

1 Year growth

± 3.55%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Dayton, OH grew at a rate of 1.08%, from 370k employees to 374k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Dayton, OH, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (20,579 people), Cooks & Food Preparation Workers (11,054 people), and Health Technologists & Technicians (10,281 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Dayton, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Dayton, OH, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (20,579 people), Cooks & Food Preparation Workers (11,054 people), and Health Technologists & Technicians (10,281 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Dayton, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Metal Workers & Plastic Workers (2.28 times higher than expected), Religious Workers (1.97 times), and Occupational & Physical Therapist Assistants & Aides (1.9 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Dayton, OH, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($82,858), Legal Occupations ($75,721), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($72,326).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

374k

2017 Value

± 9,595

1.08%

1 Year growth

± 3.55%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Dayton, OH grew at a rate of 1.08%, from 370k employees to 374k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Dayton, OH, are Health Care & Social Assistance (63,061 people), Manufacturing (50,458 people), and Retail Trade (37,016 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Dayton, OH, though some of these residents may live in Dayton, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Dayton, OH, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (63,061 people), Manufacturing (50,458 people), and Retail Trade (37,016 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Dayton, OH has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.4 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.23 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.21 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Dayton, OH, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($71,589), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($68,417), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,693).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $65.2B

  2. $64.2B

  3. $45.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $65.2B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $64.2B and Machinery and $45.1B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio state.

$614B

2015 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

55% growth

In 2015, total outbound Ohio trade was $614B. This is expected to increase 55% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $44.3B

  2. $34.5B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $44.3B, followed by Indiana with $34.5B and Pennsylvania and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.4% of the population of Dayton, OH has health coverage, with 47.7% on employee plans, 18.8% on Medicaid, 13.5% on Medicare, 11.8% on non-group plans, and 2.74% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Dayton, OH was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Dayton, OH see 1307 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1300 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1656 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 561 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

1,307 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Ohio see an average of 1,307 patients per year. This represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1,300 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ohio in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.56%

Uninsured

47.7%

Employer Coverage

18.8%

Medicaid

13.5%

Medicare

11.8%

Non-Group

2.74%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Dayton, OH grew by 0.00607% from 5.56% to 5.56%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Dayton, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Dayton, OH is home to a population of 803k people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.33% of Dayton, OH residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Dayton, OH is composed of 612k White Alone residents (76.2%), 121k Black or African American Alone residents (15.1%), 25.9k Two or More Races residents (3.22%), 22.1k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.75%), 18.6k Asian Alone residents (2.31%), 2.43k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.302%), 1.13k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.141%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Dayton, OH are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Dayton, OH was 39.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Dayton, OH are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Dayton, OH residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.33%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.07%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 4.33% of Dayton, OH residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Dayton, OH was 4.07%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Dayton, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    63,926 ± 6,190 people

  2. Mexico

    49,870 ± 5,471 people

  3. China

    31,441 ± 4,347 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Dayton, OH was India, the natal country of 63,926 Dayton, OH residents, followed by Mexico with 49,870 and China with 31,441.

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Citizenship

97.5%

2017 Citizenship

98%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.5% of Dayton, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Dayton, OH was 98%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Dayton, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    612k ± 1.32k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    121k ± 2.82k

  3. Two or More Races

    25.9k ± 3.31k

In 2017, there were 5.05 times more White Alone residents (612k people) in Dayton, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 121k Black or African American Alone and 25.9k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Dayton, OH as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Dayton, OH citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Dayton, OH was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Dayton, OH are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    19,248 ± 1,806

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    12,791 ± 2,085

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    7,842 ± 1,371

Dayton, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.5 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Dayton, OH awarded 16,572 degrees. The student population of Dayton, OH is skewed towards women, with 28,445 male students and 33,606 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Dayton, OH are White (11,087 and 72.6%), followed by Black or African American (1,923 and 12.6%), Unknown (1,269 and 8.31%), and Hispanic or Latino (352 and 2.31%).

The largest universities in Dayton, OH by number of degrees awarded are Sinclair Community College (4,777 and 28.8%), Wright State University-Main Campus (3,879 and 23.4%), and University of Dayton (3,016 and 18.2%).

The most popular majors in Dayton, OH are Registered Nursing (813 and 4.91%), General Business Administration & Management (748 and 4.51%), and Criminal Justice - Police Science (653 and 3.94%).

The median tuition costs in Dayton, OH are $18,972 for private four year colleges, and $6,328 and $11,563 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 350 degrees awarded

  2. 344 degrees awarded

  3. 282 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Dayton, OH was General Psychology with 350 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Dayton, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,777 degrees awarded

  2. 3,879 degrees awarded

  3. 3,016 degrees awarded

$6,328

Median In-State Public

$18,972

Median Private

In 2016, the Dayton, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was Sinclair Community College with 4,777 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

7,606

Degrees Awarded to Men

8,966

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 7,606 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Dayton, OH, which is 0.848 times less than the 8,966 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Dayton, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    11,087 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,923 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    1,269 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Dayton, OH were to White students. These 11,087 degrees mean that there were 5.77 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,923 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Dayton, OH was $133,400 in 2017, which is 0.613 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $129,700 to $133,400, a 2.85% increase. The homeownership rate in Dayton, OH is 62.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Dayton, OH have an average commute time of 20.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Dayton, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$52,745

Median Household Income

± $1,255

329k

Number of Households

± 8,442

In 2017, the median household income of the 329k households in Dayton, OH grew to $52,745 from the previous year's value of $51,427.

The following chart displays the households in Dayton, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$133,400

2017 Median

± $3,224

$129,700

2016 Median

± $3,275

In 2017, the median property value in Dayton, OH grew to to $133,400 from the previous year's value of $129,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Dayton, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dayton, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Dayton, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dayton, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

62.4%

2017 Homeownership

62.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 62.4% of the housing units in Dayton, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 62.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Dayton, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Dayton, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Dayton, OH have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

20.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Dayton, OH have a shorter commute time (20.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.41% of the workforce in Dayton, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Dayton, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84%

  2. Carpooled

    7.52%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.57%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Dayton, OH was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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