Dallas, TX

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Population

1.35M

0.296% growth

Median Age

33.3


Median Household Income

$52,210

3.13% growth

Poverty Rate

21.8%


Number of Employees

681,537

0.174% growth

Median Property Value

$209,700

10% growth

About

In 2018, Dallas, TX had a population of 1.35M people with a median age of 33.3 and a median household income of $52,210. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Dallas, TX grew from 1.34M to 1.35M, a 0.296% increase and its median household income grew from $50,627 to $52,210, a 3.13% increase.

The population of Dallas, TX is 40.7% Hispanic or Latino, 29.3% White Alone, and 24.8% Black or African American Alone. 43.3% of the people in Dallas, TX speak a non-English language, and 81.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Dallas, TX are Richland College (2,315 degrees awarded in 2017), El Centro College (1,402 degrees), and Cedar Valley College (1,323 degrees).

The median property value in Dallas, TX is $209,700, and the homeownership rate is 40.2%. Most people in Dallas, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Dallas, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Dallas skyline, shot from Reunion Tower.

Economy

The economy of Dallas, TX employs 682k people. The largest industries in Dallas, TX are Construction (76,784 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (73,923 people), and Retail Trade (69,713 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($71,870), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($71,856), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($62,221).

Median household income in Dallas, TX is $52,210. Males in Dallas, TX have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,835. The income inequality in Dallas, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,210

2018 value

± $914

3.13%

1 Year Growth

± 2.44%

Households in Dallas, TX have a median annual income of $52,210, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,627 in 2017, which represents a 3.13% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Dallas, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Texas.

$67,436

Average Male Salary

± $718

$48,835

Average Female Salary

± $539

In 2018, full-time male employees in Texas made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,902 ± $2,105

  2. White

    $54,641 ± $518

  3. Two or More Races

    $47,698 ± $2,518

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Texas by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Dallas, TX is from Texas.

0.479

2018 Wage GINI

0.479

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Texas was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0209% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Texas was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 133

  2. Census Tract 76.04

  3. Census Tract 317.06

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Dallas, TX was Census Tract 133 with a value of $249,219, followed by Census Tract 76.04 and Census Tract 317.06, with respective values of $242,031 and $223,333.

The following map shows all of the places in Dallas, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Dallas, TX (281k out of 1.28M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    146,455 ± 3,150

  2. Hispanic

    139,318 ± 3,006

  3. Black

    93,206 ± 2,445

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Dallas, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

682k

2018 Value

± 15,706

0.174%

1 Year growth

± 3.23%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Dallas, TX grew at a rate of 0.174%, from 680k employees to 682k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Dallas, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (73,502 people), Sales & Related Occupations (70,572 people), and Management Occupations (66,394 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Dallas, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Dallas, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (73,502 people), Sales & Related Occupations (70,572 people), and Management Occupations (66,394 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Dallas, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.89 times higher than expected), Legal Occupations (1.55 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.39 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Dallas, TX, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($113,640), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($75,721), and Management Occupations ($75,207).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

682k

2018 Value

± 15,706

0.174%

1 Year growth

± 3.23%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Dallas, TX grew at a rate of 0.174%, from 680k employees to 682k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Dallas, TX, are Construction (76,784 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (73,923 people), and Retail Trade (69,713 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Dallas, TX, though some of these residents may live in Dallas, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Dallas, TX, by number of employees, are Construction (76,784 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (73,923 people), and Retail Trade (69,713 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Dallas, TX has an unusually high number of Construction (1.7 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.53 times), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.51 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Dallas, TX, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($71,870), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($71,856), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($62,221).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $290B

  2. $217B

  3. $175B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $290B, followed by Gasoline ($217B) and Mixed freight ($175B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$2.15T

2020 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

30.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Texas trade was $2.15T. This is expected to increase 30.2% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $97.1B

  2. $59.6B

  3. $38.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $97.1B, followed by Oklahoma with $59.6B and California and $38.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

76% of the population of Dallas, TX has health coverage, with 39.4% on employee plans, 19.6% on Medicaid, 7.85% on Medicare, 8.27% on non-group plans, and 0.857% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Dallas, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Dallas, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1,670 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

24%

Uninsured

39.4%

Employer Coverage

19.6%

Medicaid

7.85%

Medicare

8.27%

Non-Group

0.857%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Dallas, TX grew by 7.76% from 22.2% to 24%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Dallas, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Dallas, TX is home to a population of 1.35M people, from which 81.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 23.7% of Dallas, TX residents were born outside of the country (318k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Dallas, TX is composed of 548k Hispanic or Latino residents (40.7%), 394k White Alone residents (29.3%), 334k Black or African American Alone residents (24.8%), 45.4k Asian Alone residents (3.37%), 19.6k Two or More Races residents (1.46%), 2.88k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.214%), 1.9k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.141%), and 412 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0306%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Dallas, TX are Spanish (468,719 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (6,632 speakers), and Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages (6,201 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

30

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.7

In 2018, the median age of all people in Dallas, TX was 33.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 30, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Dallas, TX are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Dallas, TX residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

23.7%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

318k people

23.5%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

310k people

As of 2017, 23.7% of Dallas, TX residents (318k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Dallas, TX was 23.5%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Dallas, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Texas.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,516,437 ± 37,200 people

  2. India

    285,714 ± 13,058 people

  3. El Salvador

    228,916 ± 11,700 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,516,437 Texas residents, followed by India with 285,714 and El Salvador with 228,916.

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Citizenship

81.6%

2018 Citizenship

80.9%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 81.6% of Dallas, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Dallas, TX was 80.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Dallas, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    548k ± 17.9k

  2. White Alone

    394k ± 9.63k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    334k ± 12.7k

In 2018, there were 1.39 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (548k people) in Dallas, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 394k White Alone and 334k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Dallas, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    468,719 speakers (37.6%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    6,632 speakers (0.533%)

  3. Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages

    6,201 speakers (0.498%)

43.3% of Dallas, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Dallas, TX was Spanish. 37.6% of the overall population of Dallas, TX are native Spanish speakers. 0.533% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 0.498% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    13,508 ± 3,109

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    12,264 ± 2,500

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    4,709 ± 1,202

Dallas, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.1 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Dallas, TX awarded 12,208 degrees. The student population of Dallas, TX is skewed towards women, with 27,360 male students and 39,455 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Dallas, TX are White (3,714 and 31.1%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (3,576 and 30%), Black or African American (2,997 and 25.1%), and Asian (881 and 7.38%).

The largest universities in Dallas, TX by number of degrees awarded are Richland College (2,315 and 19%), El Centro College (1,402 and 11.5%), and Cedar Valley College (1,323 and 10.8%).

The most popular majors in Dallas, TX are General Studies (2,832 and 23.2%), General Business Administration & Management (791 and 6.48%), and Medical Assistant (680 and 5.57%).

The median tuition costs in Dallas, TX are $17,124 for private four year colleges, and $7,249 and $17,209 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 2,832 degrees awarded

  2. 349 degrees awarded

  3. 229 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Dallas, TX was General Studies with 2,832 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Dallas, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,315 degrees awarded

  2. 1,402 degrees awarded

  3. 1,323 degrees awarded

$7,249

Median In-State Public

$17,124

Median Private

In 2017, the Dallas, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Richland College with 2,315 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

4,456

Degrees Awarded to Men

7,752

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 4,456 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Dallas, TX, which is 0.575 times less than the 7,752 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Dallas, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,714 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    3,576 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    2,997 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Dallas, TX were to White students. These 3,714 degrees mean that there were 1.04 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 3,576 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Dallas, TX was $209,700 in 2018, which is 0.913 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $190,600 to $209,700, a 10% increase. The homeownership rate in Dallas, TX is 40.2%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Dallas, TX have an average commute time of 25.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Dallas, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$209,700

2018 Median

± $11,023

$190,600

2017 Median

± $7,741

In 2018, the median property value in Dallas, TX grew to to $209,700 from the previous year's value of $190,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Dallas, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dallas, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$52,210

Median Household Income

± $914

521k

Number of Households

± 12,205

In 2018, the median household income of the 521k households in Dallas, TX grew to $52,210 from the previous year's value of $50,627.

The following chart displays the households in Dallas, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Dallas, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dallas, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

40.2%

2018 Homeownership

39.4%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 40.2% of the housing units in Dallas, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 39.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Dallas, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Dallas, TX have a longer commute time (25.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.13% of the workforce in Dallas, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Dallas, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.7%

  2. Carpooled

    11.1%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.05%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Dallas, TX was Drove Alone (76.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.1%) and those who Worked At Home (5.05%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Dallas, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Dallas, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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