Custer County, SD

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Population

8,519

0.852% growth

Median Age

53.8


Median Household Income

$56,449

6.73% growth

Poverty Rate

13.2%


Number of Employees

3,961

0.814% growth

Median Property Value

$202,600

0.297% growth

About

In 2017, Custer County, SD had a population of 8.52k people with a median age of 53.8 and a median household income of $56,449. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Custer County, SD grew from 8,447 to 8,519, a 0.852% increase and its median household income grew from $52,891 to $56,449, a 6.73% increase.

The population of Custer County, SD is 90.6% White Alone, 3.56% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone, and 3.04% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Custer County, SD speak a non-English language, and 98.4% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Custer County, SD is $202,600, and the homeownership rate is 82.8%. Most people in Custer County, SD commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24 minutes. The average car ownership in Custer County, SD is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Custer County, SD employs 3.96k people. The largest industries in Custer County, SD are Health Care & Social Assistance (706 people), Accommodation & Food Services (413 people), and Construction (398 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($80,938), Transportation & Warehousing ($62,050), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($61,810).

Median household income in Custer County, SD is $56,449. Males in Custer County, SD have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,572. The income inequality in Custer County, SD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.435, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,449

2017 value

± $5,055

6.73%

1 Year Growth

± 12.4%

Households in Custer County, SD have a median annual income of $56,449, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $52,891 in 2016, which represents a 6.73% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Custer County, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

$53,488

Average Male Salary

± $2,938

$39,572

Average Female Salary

± $2,295

In 2017, full-time male employees in South Dakota made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,150 ± $1,819

  2. Asian

    $33,786 ± $14,642

  3. Black

    $29,266 ± $9,870

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of South Dakota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Custer County, SD is from South Dakota.

0.435

2017 Wage GINI

0.433

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in South Dakota was 0.435 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.439% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for South Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9651

  2. Census Tract 9652

  3. N/A

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Custer County, SD was Census Tract 9651 with a value of $56,926, followed by Census Tract 9652 and N/A, with respective values of $54,479 and N/A.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Custer County, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 55 - 64

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Custer County, SD (1.08k out of 8.18k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    937 ± 182

  2. Hispanic

    169 ± 92

  3. Native American

    89 ± 98

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Custer County, SD is White, followed by Hispanic and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

3.96k

2017 Value

± 394

0.814%

1 Year growth

± 14.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Custer County, SD grew at a rate of 0.814%, from 3.93k employees to 3.96k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Custer County, SD, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (549 people), Management Occupations (489 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (386 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Custer County, SD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Custer County, SD, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (549 people), Management Occupations (489 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (386 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Custer County, SD has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.39 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (2.16 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.86 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Custer County, SD, by median earnings, are Material Moving Occupations ($81,458), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($80,313), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($78,375).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

3.96k

2017 Value

± 394

0.814%

1 Year growth

± 14.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Custer County, SD grew at a rate of 0.814%, from 3.93k employees to 3.96k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Custer County, SD, are Health Care & Social Assistance (706 people), Accommodation & Food Services (413 people), and Construction (398 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Custer County, SD, though some of these residents may live in Custer County, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Custer County, SD, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (706 people), Accommodation & Food Services (413 people), and Construction (398 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Custer County, SD has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (5.53 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (4.16 times), and Utilities (1.64 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Custer County, SD, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($80,938), Transportation & Warehousing ($62,050), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($61,810).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $11.7B

  2. $4.44B

  3. $4.29B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $11.7B, followed by Other ag prods. ($4.44B) and Live animals/fish ($4.29B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Dakota state.

$60.8B

2015 Value

$92.2B

Projected 2045 Value

51.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound South Dakota trade was $60.8B. This is expected to increase 51.7% to $92.2B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $7.37B

  2. $2.21B

  3. $1.95B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $7.37B, followed by Iowa with $2.21B and Nebraska and $1.95B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.6% of the population of Custer County, SD has health coverage, with 37.5% on employee plans, 9.23% on Medicaid, 18.9% on Medicare, 20.9% on non-group plans, and 3.01% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Custer County, SD was $8,933 in 2014. This is a 4.52% increase from the previous year ($8,547).

Primary care physicians in Custer County, SD see 2112 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.0474% increase from the previous year (2111 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 4298 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2149 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.1%). Additionally, Ziebach County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,112 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Custer County, SD see an average of 2,112 patients per year. This represents a 0.0474% increase from the previous year (2,111 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Custer County, SD in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

$8,933

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,335

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,056

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,315

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.52%, from $8,547 to $8,933.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.4%

Uninsured

37.5%

Employer Coverage

9.23%

Medicaid

18.9%

Medicare

20.9%

Non-Group

3.01%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Custer County, SD declined by 10.5% from 11.6% to 10.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Custer County, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.1% prevalence

  2. 16.6% prevalence

  3. 16.4% prevalence

Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota, at 17.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Custer County, SD is home to a population of 8.52k people, from which 98.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.05% of Custer County, SD residents were born outside of the country (260 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Custer County, SD is composed of 7.72k White Alone residents (90.6%), 303 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (3.56%), 259 Hispanic or Latino residents (3.04%), 183 Two or More Races residents (2.15%), 35 Asian Alone residents (0.411%), 17 Black or African American Alone residents (0.2%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Custer County, SD are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

54

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 22.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Custer County, SD was 53.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 54, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Custer County, SD are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Custer County, SD residents was 53.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.05%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

260 people

2.27%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

192 people

As of 2017, 3.05% of Custer County, SD residents (260 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Custer County, SD was 2.27%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Custer County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    3,093 ± 1,363 people

  2. Ethiopia

    2,119 ± 1,129 people

  3. China

    1,741 ± 1,023 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Dakota was Mexico, the natal country of 3,093 South Dakota residents, followed by Ethiopia with 2,119 and China with 1,741.

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Citizenship

98.4%

2017 Citizenship

99%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.4% of Custer County, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Custer County, SD was 99%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Custer County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    7.72k ± 13

  2. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    303 ± 76

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    259 ± 74

In 2017, there were 25.5 times more White Alone residents (7.72k people) in Custer County, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 303 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone and 259 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Custer County, SD as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Custer County, SD citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Custer County, SD was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Custer County, SD are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    402 ± 86

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    186 ± 84

  3. Korea

    115 ± 56

Custer County, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.16 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Custer County, SD was $202,600 in 2017, which is 0.931 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $202,000 to $202,600, a 0.297% increase. The homeownership rate in Custer County, SD is 82.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Custer County, SD have an average commute time of 24 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Custer County, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$56,449

Median Household Income

± $5,055

3.9k

Number of Households

± 350

In 2017, the median household income of the 3.9k households in Custer County, SD grew to $56,449 from the previous year's value of $52,891.

The following chart displays the households in Custer County, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$202,600

2017 Median

± $22,363

$202,000

2016 Median

± $22,750

In 2017, the median property value in Custer County, SD grew to to $202,600 from the previous year's value of $202,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Custer County, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Custer County, SD the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Custer County, SD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Custer County, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

82.8%

2017 Homeownership

82.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 82.8% of the housing units in Custer County, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 82.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Custer County, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Custer County, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Custer County, SD have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

24 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Custer County, SD have a shorter commute time (24 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.23% of the workforce in Custer County, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Custer County, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    69.4%

  2. Carpooled

    12.1%

  3. Worked At Home

    7.99%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Custer County, SD was Drove Alone (69.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (12.1%) and those who Worked At Home (7.99%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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