Custer County, SD

County

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2019 Population
8,719
1.7% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Thune
Republican Party
US Senator
Mike Rounds
Republican Party
US Representative
Dusty Johnson
Republican Party
2019 Median Age
54.8
0.921% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
13.8%
5.61% 1-year increase
2019 Median Household Income
$58,522
5.5% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$214,400
1.11% 1-year decline
2019 Employed Population
3,997
1.76% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Custer County, SD had a population of 8.72k people with a median age of 54.8 and a median household income of $58,522. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Custer County, SD grew from 8,573 to 8,719, a 1.7% increase and its median household income grew from $55,472 to $58,522, a 5.5% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Custer County, SD are White (Non-Hispanic) (89.8%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (3.82%), White (Hispanic) (3.43%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.9%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.344%). 0% of the households in Custer County, SD speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

98.3% of the residents in Custer County, SD are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Custer County, SD was $214,400, and the homeownership rate was 84%. Most people in Custer County, SD drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 24.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Custer County, SD was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Custer County, SD is home to a population of 8.72k people, from which 98.3% are citizens. As of 2019, 3.19% of Custer County, SD residents were born outside of the country (278 people).

In 2019, there were 23.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (7.83k people) in Custer County, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 333 American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) and 299 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Custer County, SD
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    7.83k ± 14
  2. American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic)
    333 ± 102
  3. White (Hispanic)
    299 ± 38
3.85%
Hispanic Population
336 people

In 2019, there were 23.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (7.83k people) in Custer County, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 333 American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) and 299 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.85% of the people in Custer County, SD are hispanic (336 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Custer County, SD as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.19%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
278 people
2.5%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
214 people

As of 2019, 3.19% of Custer County, SD residents (278 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Custer County, SD was 2.5%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Custer County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

55
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.7
42
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 19.7

In 2019, the median age of all people in Custer County, SD was 54.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 55, were generally older than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Custer County, SD are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Custer County, SD residents was 54.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    3,277 ± 1,403 people
  2. Ethiopia
    2,274 ± 1,169 people
  3. Guatemala
    2,232 ± 1,158 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Dakota was Mexico, the natal country of 3,277 South Dakota residents, followed by Ethiopia with 2,274 and Guatemala with 2,232.

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Citizenship

98.3%
2019 Citizenship
98.6%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 98.3% of Custer County, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Custer County, SD was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Custer County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    544 ± 112
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    205 ± 115
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    163 ± 81

Custer County, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.65 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for South Dakota. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in South Dakota, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in South Dakota (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in South Dakota. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in South Dakota.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of South Dakota across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Custer County, SD is $58,522. In 2019, the tract with the highest median household income in Custer County, SD was Census Tract 9651 with a value of $59,237, followed by Census Tract 9652 and N/A, with respective values of $56,208 and N/A.

Males in South Dakota have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $43,005. The income inequality in South Dakota (measured using the Gini index) is 0.432, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Custer County, SD employs 4k people. The largest industries in Custer County, SD are Health Care & Social Assistance (599 people), Construction (486 people), and Retail Trade (391 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($105,139), Wholesale Trade ($93,229), and Transportation & Warehousing ($71,250).

Wages

Median Household Income

$58,522
2019 value
± $6,143
5.5%
1 Year Growth
± 14.3%

Households in Custer County, SD have a median annual income of $58,522, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $55,472 in 2018, which represents a 5.5% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Custer County, SD compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.
$56,959
Average Male Salary in South Dakota
± $3,037
$43,005
Average Female Salary in South Dakota
± $2,581

In 2019, full-time male employees in South Dakota made 1.32 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in South Dakota
  1. White
    $45,335 ± $1,926
  2. Asian
    $37,346 ± $16,599
  3. Black
    $30,863 ± $6,636

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of South Dakota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in South Dakota.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Custer County, SD is from South Dakota.
0.432
2019 Wage GINI in South Dakota
0.432
2018 Wage GINI in South Dakota

In 2019, the income inequality in South Dakota was 0.432 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.1% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for South Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9651
  2. Census Tract 9652
  3. N/A

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Custer County, SD was Census Tract 9651 with a value of $59,237, followed by Census Tract 9652 and N/A, with respective values of $56,208 and N/A.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Custer County, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Custer County, SD (1.16k out of 8.44k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 12 - 14.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    995 ± 201
  2. Hispanic
    183 ± 107
  3. Native American
    111 ± 145

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Custer County, SD is White, followed by Hispanic and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

4k
2019 Value
± 405
1.76%
1 Year growth
± 14.1%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Custer County, SD grew at a rate of 1.76%, from 3.93k employees to 4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Custer County, SD, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (609 people), Management Occupations (482 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (480 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Custer County, SD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Custer County, SD, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (609 people), Management Occupations (482 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (480 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Custer County, SD has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.15 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.08 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.95 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Custer County, SD, by median earnings, are Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors ($80,208), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($73,750), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($65,391).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

4k
2019 Value
± 405
1.76%
1 Year growth
± 14.1%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Custer County, SD grew at a rate of 1.76%, from 3.93k employees to 4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Custer County, SD, are Health Care & Social Assistance (599 people), Construction (486 people), and Retail Trade (391 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Custer County, SD, though some of these residents may live in Custer County, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Custer County, SD, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (599 people), Construction (486 people), and Retail Trade (391 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Custer County, SD has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.62 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (3.65 times), and Construction (1.86 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Custer County, SD, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($105,139), Wholesale Trade ($93,229), and Transportation & Warehousing ($71,250).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $13B
  2. $5.96B
  3. $4.05B

In 2018, the top outbound South Dakota product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $13B, followed by Other ag prods. ($5.96B) and Live animals/fish ($4.05B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Dakota.
$63B
2018 Value in South Dakota
$98.3B
Projected 2045 Value in South Dakota
56.2% growth

In 2018, total outbound South Dakota trade was $63B. This is expected to increase 56.2% to $98.3B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $7.1B
  2. $2.35B
  3. $2.24B

In 2018, the top outbound South Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $7.1B, followed by Iowa with $2.35B and Illinois and $2.24B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Custer County, SD went to Donald J. Trump with 69.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (23.7%), followed by Other (6.5%). The most partisan county was Harding County, SD with 90.3% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

John Thune and Mike Rounds are the senators currently representing the state of South Dakota. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Custer County, SD is currently represented by Dusty Johnson in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of South Dakota.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Custer County, SD
69.8% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in South Dakota
  1. 90.3% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 89.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 86.4% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in South Dakota was Harding County, SD with 90.3% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in South Dakota colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from South Dakota

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
John Thune
Senator from South Dakota3
Assumed office on January 3, 2005
Mike Rounds
Senator from South Dakota2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

John Thune and Mike Rounds are the senators currently representing South Dakota.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in South Dakota over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Custer County, SD

Dusty Johnson
South Dakota at-large Representative
Republican Party

Custer County, SD is currently represented by Dusty Johnson (Republican Party).

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the member for Custer County, SD have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Custer County, SD was $214,400 in 2019, which is 0.891 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $216,800 to $214,400, a 1.11% decrease. The homeownership rate in Custer County, SD is 84%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Custer County, SD have an average commute time of 24.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Custer County, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$214,400
2019 Median
± $15,528
$216,800
2018 Median
± $17,706

In 2019, the median property value in Custer County, SD declined from to $214,400 from the previous year's value of $216,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Custer County, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Custer County, SD the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$58,522
Median Household Income
± $6,143
3.88k
Number of Households
± 371

In 2019, the median household income of the 3.88k households in Custer County, SD grew to $58,522 from the previous year's value of $55,472.

The following chart displays the households in Custer County, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Custer County, SD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Custer County, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

84%
2019 Homeownership
82.4%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 84% of the housing units in Custer County, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 82.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Custer County, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

24.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Custer County, SD have a shorter commute time (24.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 3.96% of the workforce in Custer County, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Custer County, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (74.3%)
  2. Carpooled (10%)
  3. Walked (8.4%)

In 2019, 74.3% of workers in Custer County, SD drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10%) and those who walked to work (8.4%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Custer County, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Custer County, SD have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

90.7% of the population of Custer County, SD has health coverage, with 37.4% on employee plans, 9.51% on Medicaid, 18.7% on Medicare, 22% on non-group plans, and 3.1% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in South Dakota was $8,933 in 2014. This is a 4.52% increase from the previous year ($8,547).

Primary care physicians in Custer County, SD see 2182 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.414% increase from the previous year (2173 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 8972 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1794 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Aurora County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.3%). Additionally, Ziebach County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (52.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,182 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Custer County, SD

Primary care physicians in Custer County, SD see an average of 2,182 patients per year. This represents a 0.414% increase from the previous year (2,173 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Custer County, SD in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
$8,933
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in South Dakota
$4,335
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,056
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$9,315
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.52%, from $8,547 to $8,933.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.31%
Uninsured
37.4%
Employer Coverage
9.51%
Medicaid
18.7%
Medicare
22%
Non-Group
3.1%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Custer County, SD declined by 11.4% from 10.5% to 9.31%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Custer County, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 21.3% prevalence
  2. 19.9% prevalence
  3. 19% prevalence

Aurora County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota, at 21.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota by county over multiple years.

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