Custer County, MT

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Population

11,895

0.71% decline

Poverty Rate

9.82%


Median Age

41


Median Household Income

$53,050

5.79% growth

Number of Employees

6,417

1.45% growth

Median Property Value

$157,000

8.2% growth

About

In 2017, Custer County, MT had a population of 11.9k people with a median age of 41 and a median household income of $53,050. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Custer County, MT declined from 11,980 to 11,895, a -0.71% decrease and its median household income grew from $50,146 to $53,050, a 5.79% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Custer County, MT are White (Non-Hispanic) (92.4%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (2.23%), White (Hispanic) (2.03%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (1.33%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Hispanic) (0.605%). N/A% of the people in Custer County, MT speak a non-English language, and 99.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Custer County, MT are Miles Community College (126 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Custer County, MT is $157,000, and the homeownership rate is 70.3%. Most people in Custer County, MT commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 11.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Custer County, MT is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Montana. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Montana, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Montana.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Montana (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Montana. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Montana across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Custer County, MT employs 6.42k people. The largest industries in Custer County, MT are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,109 people), Retail Trade (986 people), and Construction (599 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($88,654), Information ($51,094), and Wholesale Trade ($47,396).

Median household income in Custer County, MT is $53,050. Males in Custer County, MT have an average income that is 1.42 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,968. The income inequality in Custer County, MT (measured using the Gini index) is 0.465, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$53,050

2017 value

± $8,518

5.79%

1 Year Growth

± 16.6%

Households in Custer County, MT have a median annual income of $53,050, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,146 in 2016, which represents a 5.79% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Custer County, MT compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Montana.

$56,921

Average Male Salary

± $3,007

$39,968

Average Female Salary

± $2,184

In 2017, full-time male employees in Montana made 1.42 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Montana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Montana.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,515 ± $1,780

  2. Other

    $39,395 ± $16,377

  3. Asian

    $33,231 ± $11,940

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Montana workers was White. These workers were paid 1.08 times more than Other workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Montana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Custer County, MT is from Montana.

0.465

2017 Wage GINI

0.462

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Montana was 0.465 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.554% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Montana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Montana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Montana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9613

  2. Census Tract 9616

  3. Census Tract 9619

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Custer County, MT was Census Tract 9613 with a value of $64,265, followed by Census Tract 9616 and Census Tract 9619, with respective values of $63,319 and $60,938.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Custer County, MT colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

9.82% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Custer County, MT (1.12k out of 11.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 25 - 34 and then Females 75+.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,011 ± 160

  2. Native American

    56 ± 84

  3. Black

    28 ± 132

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Custer County, MT is White, followed by Native American and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

6.42k

2017 Value

± 408

1.45%

1 Year growth

± 8.51%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Custer County, MT grew at a rate of 1.45%, from 6.33k employees to 6.42k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Custer County, MT, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,064 people), Management Occupations (802 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (710 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Custer County, MT.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Custer County, MT, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,064 people), Management Occupations (802 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (710 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Custer County, MT has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.67 times higher than expected), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.29 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.29 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Custer County, MT, by median earnings, are Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($56,875), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($56,083), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($54,524).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

6.42k

2017 Value

± 408

1.45%

1 Year growth

± 8.51%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Custer County, MT grew at a rate of 1.45%, from 6.33k employees to 6.42k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Custer County, MT, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,109 people), Retail Trade (986 people), and Construction (599 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Custer County, MT, though some of these residents may live in Custer County, MT and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Custer County, MT, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,109 people), Retail Trade (986 people), and Construction (599 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Custer County, MT has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (5.94 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (2.42 times), and Public Administration (1.64 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Custer County, MT, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($88,654), Information ($51,094), and Wholesale Trade ($47,396).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Montana to other states, or from other states to Montana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $7.36B

  2. $6.5B

  3. $6.26B

In 2015, the top outbound Montana product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $7.36B, followed by Gasoline ($6.5B) and Fuel oils ($6.26B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Montana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Montana state.

$47.3B

2020 Value

$53.9B

Projected 2045 Value

13.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound Montana trade was $47.3B. This is expected to increase 13.9% to $53.9B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Montana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Montana to other states, or from other states to Montana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $5.46B

  2. $3.06B

  3. $3.03B

In 2015, the top outbound Montana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was North Dakota with $5.46B, followed by Wyoming with $3.06B and Idaho and $3.03B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Montana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.6% of the population of Custer County, MT has health coverage, with 44.6% on employee plans, 12.6% on Medicaid, 13.4% on Medicare, 18.4% on non-group plans, and 2.58% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Custer County, MT was $8,221 in 2014. This is a 2.84% increase from the previous year ($7,994).

Primary care physicians in Custer County, MT see 1348 patients per year on average, which represents a 22.7% increase from the previous year (1099 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1987 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 306 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Glacier County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.8%). Additionally, Big Horn County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (37.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,348 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Custer County, MT see an average of 1,348 patients per year. This represents a 22.7% increase from the previous year (1,099 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Custer County, MT in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Montana.

$8,221

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,882

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,378

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,238

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Montana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 2.84%, from $7,994 to $8,221.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.36%

Uninsured

44.6%

Employer Coverage

12.6%

Medicaid

13.4%

Medicare

18.4%

Non-Group

2.58%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Custer County, MT declined by 12.5% from 9.56% to 8.36%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Custer County, MT changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.8% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 12.3% prevalence

Glacier County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Montana, at 14.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Montana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Custer County, MT is home to a population of 11.9k people, from which 99.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.41% of Custer County, MT residents were born outside of the country (168 people).

In 2017, there were 41.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (11k people) in Custer County, MT than any other race or ethnicity. There were 265 Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) and 241 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 22.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Custer County, MT was 41. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Custer County, MT are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Custer County, MT residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.41%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

168 people

1.34%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

161 people

As of 2017, 1.41% of Custer County, MT residents (168 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Custer County, MT was 1.34%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Custer County, MT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Montana.

Most Common Origin

  1. Canada

    4,272 ± 1,601 people

  2. Mexico

    2,817 ± 1,301 people

  3. Philippines

    2,040 ± 1,108 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Montana was Canada, the natal country of 4,272 Montana residents, followed by Mexico with 2,817 and Philippines with 2,040.

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Citizenship

99.3%

2017 Citizenship

99.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.3% of Custer County, MT residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Custer County, MT was 99.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Custer County, MT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Custer County, MT

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    11k ± 16

  2. Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic)

    265 ± 91.4

  3. White (Hispanic)

    241 ± 77

In 2017, there were 41.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (11k people) in Custer County, MT than any other race or ethnicity. There were 265 Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) and 241 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Custer County, MT as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    334 ± 68

  2. Korea

    146 ± 62

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    106 ± 60

Custer County, MT has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.29 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Custer County, MT awarded 126 degrees. The student population of Custer County, MT is skewed towards women, with 147 male students and 312 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Custer County, MT are White (102 and 87.2%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (6 and 5.13%), Asian (3 and 2.56%), and American Indian or Alaska Native (3 and 2.56%).

The largest universities in Custer County, MT by number of degrees awarded are Miles Community College (126 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Custer County, MT are General Studies (70 and 55.6%), Registered Nursing (24 and 19%), and Construction, Heavy, & Earth-Moving Equipment Operation (10 and 7.94%).

The median tuition costs in Custer County, MT are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 70 degrees awarded

  2. 24 degrees awarded

  3. 3 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Custer County, MT was General Studies with 70 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Custer County, MT according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

126 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Custer County, MT institution with the largest number of graduating students was Miles Community College with 126 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

47

Degrees Awarded to Men

79

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 47 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Custer County, MT, which is 0.595 times less than the 79 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Custer County, MT by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    102 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    6 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    3 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Custer County, MT were to White students. These 102 degrees mean that there were 17 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 6 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Custer County, MT was $157,000 in 2017, which is 0.684 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $145,100 to $157,000, a 8.2% increase. The homeownership rate in Custer County, MT is 70.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Custer County, MT have an average commute time of 11.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Custer County, MT is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$157,000

2017 Median

± $10,065

$145,100

2016 Median

± $10,108

In 2017, the median property value in Custer County, MT grew to to $157,000 from the previous year's value of $145,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Custer County, MT compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Custer County, MT the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$53,050

Median Household Income

± $8,518

4.88k

Number of Households

± 555

In 2017, the median household income of the 4.88k households in Custer County, MT grew to $53,050 from the previous year's value of $50,146.

The following chart displays the households in Custer County, MT distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Custer County, MT distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Custer County, MT the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

70.3%

2017 Homeownership

69.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70.3% of the housing units in Custer County, MT were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Custer County, MT compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

11.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Custer County, MT have a shorter commute time (11.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.66% of the workforce in Custer County, MT have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Custer County, MT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    77.1%

  2. Carpooled

    10%

  3. Worked At Home

    7.03%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Custer County, MT was Drove Alone (77.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (10%) and those who Worked At Home (7.03%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Custer County, MT distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Custer County, MT have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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