Custer County, CO

County

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2019 Population
4,776
2.93% 1-year growth
US Senator
Michael Bennet
Democratic Party
US Senator
John Hickenlooper
Democratic Party
2019 Median Age
59.7
2.23% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
12.7%
17% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$53,119
19% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$281,900
7.51% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
1,725
22.8% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Custer County, CO had a population of 4.78k people with a median age of 59.7 and a median household income of $53,119. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Custer County, CO grew from 4,640 to 4,776, a 2.93% increase and its median household income grew from $44,644 to $53,119, a 19% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Custer County, CO are White (Non-Hispanic) (85.2%), White (Hispanic) (7.83%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.89%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.82%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (0.921%). 0% of the households in Custer County, CO speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

99.5% of the residents in Custer County, CO are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Custer County, CO was $281,900, and the homeownership rate was 87.2%. Most people in Custer County, CO drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 25.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Custer County, CO was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Custer County, CO is home to a population of 4.78k people, from which 99.5% are citizens. As of 2019, 3.12% of Custer County, CO residents were born outside of the country (149 people).

In 2019, there were 10.9 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (4.07k people) in Custer County, CO than any other race or ethnicity. There were 374 White (Hispanic) and 138 Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Custer County, CO
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    4.07k ± 310
  2. White (Hispanic)
    374 ± 328
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    138 ± 43
9.21%
Hispanic Population
440 people

In 2019, there were 10.9 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (4.07k people) in Custer County, CO than any other race or ethnicity. There were 374 White (Hispanic) and 138 Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

9.21% of the people in Custer County, CO are hispanic (440 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Custer County, CO as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.12%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
149 people
2.59%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
120 people

As of 2019, 3.12% of Custer County, CO residents (149 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Custer County, CO was 2.59%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Custer County, CO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

60
Median Native-Born Age
± 2.9
61
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 50.9

In 2019, the median age of all people in Custer County, CO was 59.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 60, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 61. But people in Custer County, CO are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Custer County, CO residents was 58.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    223,913 ± 11,383 people
  2. India
    21,817 ± 3,619 people
  3. China
    18,194 ± 3,306 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Colorado was Mexico, the natal country of 223,913 Colorado residents, followed by India with 21,817 and China with 18,194.

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Citizenship

99.5%
2019 Citizenship
99.9%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 99.5% of Custer County, CO residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Custer County, CO was 99.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Custer County, CO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    372 ± 125
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    74 ± 42
  3. World War II
    21 ± 27

Custer County, CO has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 5.03 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Colorado. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Colorado, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Colorado (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Colorado. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Colorado.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Colorado across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Custer County, CO is $53,119. In 2019, the tract with the highest median household income in Custer County, CO was Census Tract 9701 with a value of $53,119, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

Males in Colorado have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,618. The income inequality in Colorado (measured using the Gini index) is 0.468, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Custer County, CO employs 1.73k people. The largest industries in Custer County, CO are Construction (308 people), Public Administration (205 people), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (184 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($100,909), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($100,795), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($55,461).

Wages

Median Household Income

$53,119
2019 value
± $7,591
19%
1 Year Growth
± 21.8%

Households in Custer County, CO have a median annual income of $53,119, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,644 in 2018, which represents a 19% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Custer County, CO compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.
$73,146
Average Male Salary in Colorado
± $1,595
$55,618
Average Female Salary in Colorado
± $1,298

In 2019, full-time male employees in Colorado made 1.32 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Colorado by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Colorado
  1. Asian
    $60,017 ± $5,643
  2. White
    $58,456 ± $1,040
  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $55,471 ± $28,746

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Colorado workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.03 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Colorado.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Colorado by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Custer County, CO is from Colorado.
0.468
2019 Wage GINI in Colorado
0.468
2018 Wage GINI in Colorado

In 2019, the income inequality in Colorado was 0.468 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0332% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Colorado was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Colorado in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Colorado across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9701
  2. N/A
  3. N/A

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Custer County, CO was Census Tract 9701 with a value of $53,119, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Custer County, CO colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 55 - 64
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Custer County, CO (601 out of 4.73k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 55 - 64, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    564 ± 170
  2. Two Or More
    35 ± 71
  3. Other
    2 ± 60

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Custer County, CO is White, followed by Two Or More and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.73k
2019 Value
± 312
22.8%
1 Year growth
± 21.1%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Custer County, CO grew at a rate of 22.8%, from 1.41k employees to 1.73k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Custer County, CO, are Management Occupations (362 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (261 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (123 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Custer County, CO.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Custer County, CO, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (362 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (261 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (123 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Custer County, CO has an unusually high number of residents working as Construction & Extraction Occupations (3 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.37 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (2.28 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Custer County, CO, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($79,141), Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($78,047), and Management Occupations ($54,133).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.73k
2019 Value
± 312
22.8%
1 Year growth
± 21.1%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Custer County, CO grew at a rate of 22.8%, from 1.41k employees to 1.73k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Custer County, CO, are Construction (308 people), Public Administration (205 people), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (184 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Custer County, CO, though some of these residents may live in Custer County, CO and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Custer County, CO, by number of employees, are Construction (308 people), Public Administration (205 people), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (184 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Custer County, CO has an unusually high number of Utilities (3.03 times higher than expected), Construction (2.74 times), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.65 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Custer County, CO, by median earnings, are Utilities ($100,909), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($100,795), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($55,461).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Colorado to other states, or from other states to Colorado.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $23.5B
  2. $22.6B
  3. $17.6B

In 2018, the top outbound Colorado product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $23.5B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($22.6B) and Electronics ($17.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Colorado products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Colorado.
$213B
2018 Value in Colorado
$360B
Projected 2045 Value in Colorado
68.9% growth

In 2018, total outbound Colorado trade was $213B. This is expected to increase 68.9% to $360B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Colorado trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Colorado to other states, or from other states to Colorado.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $11.6B
  2. $9.48B
  3. $8.88B

In 2018, the top outbound Colorado domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wyoming with $11.6B, followed by California with $9.48B and Texas and $8.88B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Colorado shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Custer County, CO went to Donald J. Trump with 67.2% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (26%), followed by Other (6.78%). The most partisan county was Kiowa County, CO with 85.1% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Michael Bennet and John Hickenlooper are the senators currently representing the state of Colorado. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Colorado is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Colorado.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Custer County, CO
67.2% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Colorado
  1. 85.1% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 84.1% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 83.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Colorado was Kiowa County, CO with 85.1% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Colorado colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Colorado

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.
Michael Bennet
Senator from Colorado3
Assumed office on January 21, 2009
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Ken Salazar, who had become Secretary of the Interior.
John Hickenlooper
Senator from Colorado2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Michael Bennet and John Hickenlooper are the senators currently representing Colorado.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Colorado over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Colorado

Colorado is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Colorado have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Custer County, CO was $281,900 in 2019, which is 1.17 times larger than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $262,200 to $281,900, a 7.51% increase. The homeownership rate in Custer County, CO is 87.2%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Custer County, CO have an average commute time of 25.9 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Custer County, CO is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$281,900
2019 Median
± $54,447
$262,200
2018 Median
± $50,885

In 2019, the median property value in Custer County, CO grew to to $281,900 from the previous year's value of $262,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Custer County, CO compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Custer County, CO the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$53,119
Median Household Income
± $7,591
2.21k
Number of Households
± 325

In 2019, the median household income of the 2.21k households in Custer County, CO grew to $53,119 from the previous year's value of $44,644.

The following chart displays the households in Custer County, CO distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Custer County, CO distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Custer County, CO the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

87.2%
2019 Homeownership
85.3%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 87.2% of the housing units in Custer County, CO were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 85.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Custer County, CO compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Custer County, CO have a longer commute time (25.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 7.46% of the workforce in Custer County, CO have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Custer County, CO compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (74.3%)
  2. Worked At Home (17.2%)
  3. Walked (4.85%)

In 2019, 74.3% of workers in Custer County, CO drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (17.2%) and those who walked to work (4.85%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Custer County, CO distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Custer County, CO have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

83.8% of the population of Custer County, CO has health coverage, with 16.9% on employee plans, 15.2% on Medicaid, 28.1% on Medicare, 20.3% on non-group plans, and 3.38% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Colorado was $6,804 in 2014. This is a 5.13% increase from the previous year ($6,472).

Comparing across all counties in the state, Costilla County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.9%). Additionally, Logan County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (36%)

Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.
$6,804
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Colorado
$4,623
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,143
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$9,287
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Colorado (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.13%, from $6,472 to $6,804.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

16.2%
Uninsured
16.9%
Employer Coverage
15.2%
Medicaid
28.1%
Medicare
20.3%
Non-Group
3.38%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Custer County, CO grew by 4.9% from 15.5% to 16.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Custer County, CO changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 17.9% prevalence
  2. 13.8% prevalence
  3. 13.7% prevalence

Costilla County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Colorado, at 17.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Colorado by county over multiple years.

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