Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY

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Population

110,951

0.367% decline

Median Age

40.1


Median Household Income

$34,552

5.37% growth

Poverty Rate

27.7%


Number of Employees

36,726

0.6% growth

Median Property Value

$85,900

2.87% growth

About

In 2017, Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY had a population of 111k people with a median age of 40.1 and a median household income of $34,552. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY declined from 111,360 to 110,951, a -0.367% decrease and its median household income grew from $32,790 to $34,552, a 5.37% increase.

The population of Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY is 96% White Alone, 1.42% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.05% Black or African American Alone. 1.34% of the people in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY speak a non-English language, and 99.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY are Tri-State Institute of Hair Design (25 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY is $85,900, and the homeownership rate is 71.3%. Most people in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY employs 36.7k people. The largest industries in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY are Elementary & secondary schools (3,345 people), Restaurants & Food Services (2,236 people), and Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (1,959 people), and the highest paying industries are Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($106,279), Architectural, engineering & related services ($96,118), and Rail transportation ($95,937).

Median household income in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY is $34,552. Males in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY have an average income that is 1.42 times higher than the average income of females, which is $32,709. The income inequality in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.409, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$34,552

2017 value

± $1,418

5.37%

1 Year Growth

± 5.52%

Households in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY have a median annual income of $34,552, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $32,790 in 2016, which represents a 5.37% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$46,528

Average Male Salary

± $8,722

$32,709

Average Female Salary

± $5,577

In 2017, full-time male employees in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY made 1.42 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $86,878 ± $237,303

  2. White

    $35,437 ± $4,768

  3. Black

    $28,257 ± $38,342

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY workers was Asian. These workers were paid 2.45 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.409

2017 Wage GINI

0.414

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY was 0.409 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.26% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY was Louisville/Jefferson County (Northeast) PUMA, KY with a value of $82,185, followed by Boone County PUMA, KY and Louisville/Jefferson County (Southeast) PUMA, KY, with respective values of $78,415 and $73,653.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

27.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY (29.9k out of 108k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    29,090 ± 1,137

  2. Hispanic

    338 ± 198

  3. Black

    256 ± 142

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

36.7k

2017 Value

0.6%

1 Year growth

± 0.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY grew at a rate of 0.6%, from 36.5k employees to 36.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,907 people), Customer service representatives (1,569 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,084 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,907 people), Customer service representatives (1,569 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,084 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY has an unusually high number of residents working as Data entry keyers (7.18 times higher than expected), Food processing workers, all other (5.99 times), and Water & wastewater treatment plant & system operators (5.25 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY, by average salary, are Pharmacists ($145,853), Heavy vehicle & mobile equipment service technicians & mechanics ($88,584), and Miscellaneous managers ($84,922).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

36.7k

2017 Value

0.6%

1 Year growth

± 0.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY grew at a rate of 0.6%, from 36.5k employees to 36.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY, are Elementary & secondary schools (3,345 people), Restaurants & Food Services (2,236 people), and Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (1,959 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY, though some of these residents may live in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (3,345 people), Restaurants & Food Services (2,236 people), and Motor vehicles & motor vehicle equipment manufacturing (1,959 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY has an unusually high number of Bakeries & tortilla manufacturing, except retail bakeries (22 times higher than expected), Data processing, hosting & related services (15.1 times), and Coal mining (11.5 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY, by average salary, are Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($106,279), Architectural, engineering & related services ($96,118), and Rail transportation ($95,937).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $71.4B

  2. $17.1B

  3. $17.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $71.4B, followed by Base metals ($17.1B) and Gasoline ($17.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky state.

$282B

2015 Value

$398B

Projected 2045 Value

41.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Kentucky trade was $282B. This is expected to increase 41.4% to $398B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $22.9B

  2. $19.1B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $22.9B, followed by Indiana with $19.1B and Tennessee and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.1% of the population of Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY has health coverage, with 34.9% on employee plans, 30.4% on Medicaid, 11.8% on Medicare, 9.86% on non-group plans, and 2.07% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY see 1507 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.803% increase from the previous year (1495 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1561 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 525 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18%). Additionally, Leslie County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

1,507 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Kentucky see an average of 1,507 patients per year. This represents a 0.803% increase from the previous year (1,495 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Kentucky in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

$8,004

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,551

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,016

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,368

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.9%

Uninsured

34.9%

Employer Coverage

30.4%

Medicaid

11.8%

Medicare

9.86%

Non-Group

2.07%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 10.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18% prevalence

  2. 17.9% prevalence

  3. 17.8% prevalence

Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 18%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY is home to a population of 111k people, from which 99.8% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY is composed of 106k White Alone residents (96%), 1.58k Hispanic or Latino residents (1.42%), 1.17k Black or African American Alone residents (1.05%), 840 Two or More Races residents (0.757%), 533 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.48%), 335 Asian Alone residents (0.302%), 18 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0162%), and 10 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.00901%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY are Spanish (867 speakers), German (117 speakers), and Vietnamese (110 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 14.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY was 40.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

0.788%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

878 people

As of 2017, N/A% of Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY was 0.788%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    209 ± 355 people

  2. Philippines

    93 ± 237 people

  3. Canada

    91 ± 234 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY was Mexico, the natal country of 209 Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY residents, followed by Philippines with 93 and Canada with 91.

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Citizenship

99.8%

2017 Citizenship

99.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.8% of Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY was 99.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    106k ± 64

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1.58k ± 262

  3. Black or African American Alone

    1.17k ± 190

In 2017, there were 67.4 times more White Alone residents (106k people) in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.58k Hispanic or Latino and 1.17k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    867 speakers (0.831%)

  2. German

    117 speakers (0.112%)

  3. Vietnamese

    110 speakers (0.105%)

1.34% of Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY was Spanish. 0.831% of the overall population of Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY are native Spanish speakers. 0.112% speak German and 0.105% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,344 ± 277

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    653 ± 191

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    647 ± 169

Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.59 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY awarded 25 degrees. The student population of Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY is skewed towards women, with 20 male students and 21 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY are White (24 and 96%), followed by Black or African American (1 and 4%), Asian (0 and 0%), and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanders (0 and 0%).

The largest universities in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY by number of degrees awarded are Tri-State Institute of Hair Design (25 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY are Barbering (25 and 100%).

The median tuition costs in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 25 degrees awarded

  2. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

  3. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY was Barbering with 25 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

25 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY institution with the largest number of graduating students was Tri-State Institute of Hair Design with 25 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

14

Degrees Awarded to Men

11

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 14 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY, which is 1.27 times more than the 11 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    24 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    0 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY were to White students. These 24 degrees mean that there were 24 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY was $85,900 in 2017, which is 0.395 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $83,500 to $85,900, a 2.87% increase. The homeownership rate in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY is 71.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY have an average commute time of 22.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$34,552

Median Household Income

± $1,418

42.7k

Number of Households

± 1,442

In 2017, the median household income of the 42.7k households in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY grew to $34,552 from the previous year's value of $32,790.

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$85,900

2017 Median

± $3,016

$83,500

2016 Median

± $2,709

In 2017, the median property value in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY grew to to $85,900 from the previous year's value of $83,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

71.3%

2017 Homeownership

71.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 71.3% of the housing units in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 71.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY have a shorter commute time (22.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.82% of the workforce in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.2%

  2. Carpooled

    10%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.46%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cumberland Valley Area Development District (North) PUMA, KY was Drove Alone (84.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (10%) and those who Worked At Home (2.46%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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