Cumberland, MD-WV

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Population

100,012

0.65% decline

Poverty Rate

16.2%


Median Age

42.1


Median Household Income

$42,169

4.63% growth

Number of Employees

39,933

0.822% decline

Median Property Value

$122,400

1.07% growth

About

In 2017, Cumberland, MD-WV had a population of 100k people with a median age of 42.1 and a median household income of $42,169. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cumberland, MD-WV declined from 100,666 to 100,012, a -0.65% decrease and its median household income grew from $40,302 to $42,169, a 4.63% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Cumberland, MD-WV are White (Non-Hispanic) (89.2%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (6.69%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (1.65%), White (Hispanic) (0.964%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.686%). N/A% of the people in Cumberland, MD-WV speak a non-English language, and 98.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cumberland, MD-WV are Frostburg State University (1,380 degrees awarded in 2017), Allegany College of Maryland (673 degrees), and Potomac State College of West Virginia University (288 degrees).

The median property value in Cumberland, MD-WV is $122,400, and the homeownership rate is 68.2%. Most people in Cumberland, MD-WV commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Cumberland, MD-WV is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Autumn sunrise scenery from the Bear Rocks area of the Dolly Sods Wilderness near Davis, West Virginia (USA). HDR composite from multiple exposures.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Maryland. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Maryland, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Maryland (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Maryland. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Maryland across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Cumberland, MD-WV employs 39.9k people. The largest industries in Cumberland, MD-WV are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,913 people), Retail Trade (4,719 people), and Manufacturing (4,271 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($55,119), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($47,283), and Public Administration ($44,951).

Median household income in Cumberland, MD-WV is $42,169. Males in Cumberland, MD-WV have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $61,332. The income inequality in Cumberland, MD-WV (measured using the Gini index) is 0.461, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$42,169

2017 value

± $1,091

4.63%

1 Year Growth

± 3.85%

Households in Cumberland, MD-WV have a median annual income of $42,169, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $40,302 in 2016, which represents a 4.63% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Cumberland, MD-WV compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Maryland.

$77,536

Average Male Salary

± $1,629

$61,332

Average Female Salary

± $1,200

In 2017, full-time male employees in Maryland made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Maryland by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Maryland.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Alaska Native

    $90,993 ± $115,433

  2. Asian

    $68,448 ± $4,004

  3. White

    $67,584 ± $1,364

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Maryland workers was Alaska Native. These workers were paid 1.33 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Maryland by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cumberland, MD-WV is from Maryland.

0.461

2017 Wage GINI

0.459

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Maryland was 0.461 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.363% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Maryland was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Maryland in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Maryland across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cumberland, MD-WV was Howard County, MD with a value of $116,984, followed by Montgomery County, MD and Calvert County, MD, with respective values of $108,188 and $107,884.

The following map shows all of the counties in Cumberland, MD-WV colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cumberland, MD-WV (14.8k out of 91.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    13,211 ± 730

  2. Black

    981 ± 245

  3. Two Or More

    386 ± 142

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cumberland, MD-WV is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

39.9k

2017 Value

± 1,279

-0.822%

1 Year decline

± 4.55%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cumberland, MD-WV declined at a rate of -0.822%, from 40.3k employees to 39.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cumberland, MD-WV, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,424 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,006 people), and Production Occupations (3,126 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cumberland, MD-WV.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cumberland, MD-WV, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,424 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,006 people), and Production Occupations (3,126 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Cumberland, MD-WV has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (3.14 times higher than expected), Community & Social Service Occupations (1.47 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.4 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cumberland, MD-WV, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($78,188), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($60,709), and Legal Occupations ($59,167).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

39.9k

2017 Value

± 1,279

-0.822%

1 Year decline

± 4.55%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cumberland, MD-WV declined at a rate of -0.822%, from 40.3k employees to 39.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cumberland, MD-WV, are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,913 people), Retail Trade (4,719 people), and Manufacturing (4,271 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cumberland, MD-WV, though some of these residents may live in Cumberland, MD-WV and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cumberland, MD-WV, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,913 people), Retail Trade (4,719 people), and Manufacturing (4,271 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Cumberland, MD-WV has an unusually high number of Public Administration (1.76 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.26 times), and Utilities (1.25 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cumberland, MD-WV, by median earnings, are Utilities ($55,119), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($47,283), and Public Administration ($44,951).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $21.7B

  2. $19B

  3. $16.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Maryland product (by dollars) was Textiles/leather with $21.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($19B) and Electronics ($16.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Maryland products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Maryland state.

$190B

2020 Value

$243B

Projected 2045 Value

27.8% growth

In 2020, total outbound Maryland trade was $190B. This is expected to increase 27.8% to $243B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Maryland trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $24.4B

  2. $19.5B

  3. $7.24B

In 2015, the top outbound Maryland domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Virginia with $24.4B, followed by Pennsylvania with $19.5B and New York and $7.24B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Maryland shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.2% of the population of Cumberland, MD-WV has health coverage, with 45.5% on employee plans, 19.9% on Medicaid, 14.4% on Medicare, 11.2% on non-group plans, and 2.18% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Cumberland, MD-WV was $8,602 in 2014. This is a 4.27% increase from the previous year ($8,250).

Primary care physicians in Cumberland, MD-WV see 1137 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.977% increase from the previous year (1126 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1321 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 463 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.8%). Additionally, Somerset County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.

1,137 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Maryland see an average of 1,137 patients per year. This represents a 0.977% increase from the previous year (1,126 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Maryland in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.

$8,602

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,343

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,000

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Maryland (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.27%, from $8,250 to $8,602.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.76%

Uninsured

45.5%

Employer Coverage

19.9%

Medicaid

14.4%

Medicare

11.2%

Non-Group

2.18%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cumberland, MD-WV declined by 18.3% from 8.28% to 6.76%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cumberland, MD-WV changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.8% prevalence

  2. 13.7% prevalence

  3. 13.4% prevalence

Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Maryland, at 15.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Maryland by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cumberland, MD-WV is home to a population of 100k people, from which 98.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.81% of Cumberland, MD-WV residents were born outside of the country (1.81k people).

In 2017, there were 13.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (89.2k people) in Cumberland, MD-WV than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.69k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.65k Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

42

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cumberland, MD-WV was 42.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Cumberland, MD-WV are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Cumberland, MD-WV residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.81%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.81k people

1.78%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.79k people

As of 2017, 1.81% of Cumberland, MD-WV residents (1.81k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cumberland, MD-WV was 1.78%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cumberland, MD-WV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Maryland.

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    107,722 ± 7,985 people

  2. India

    58,285 ± 5,898 people

  3. China

    42,414 ± 5,038 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Maryland was El Salvador, the natal country of 107,722 Maryland residents, followed by India with 58,285 and China with 42,414.

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Citizenship

98.9%

2017 Citizenship

98.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.9% of Cumberland, MD-WV residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cumberland, MD-WV was 98.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cumberland, MD-WV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Cumberland, MD-WV

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    89.2k ± 35

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    6.69k ± 269

  3. Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic)

    1.65k ± 316

In 2017, there were 13.3 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (89.2k people) in Cumberland, MD-WV than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.69k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.65k Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Cumberland, MD-WV as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,673 ± 256

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,355 ± 253

  3. Korea

    897 ± 142

Cumberland, MD-WV has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.97 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Cumberland, MD-WV awarded 2,352 degrees. The student population of Cumberland, MD-WV is skewed towards women, with 4,068 male students and 5,480 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cumberland, MD-WV are White (1,697 and 75.4%), followed by Black or African American (348 and 15.5%), Hispanic or Latino (78 and 3.46%), and Two or More Races (62 and 2.75%).

The largest universities in Cumberland, MD-WV by number of degrees awarded are Frostburg State University (1,380 and 58.7%), Allegany College of Maryland (673 and 28.6%), and Potomac State College of West Virginia University (288 and 12.2%).

The most popular majors in Cumberland, MD-WV are Liberal Arts & Sciences (297 and 12.6%), Registered Nursing (265 and 11.3%), and General Business Administration & Management (206 and 8.76%).

The median tuition costs in Cumberland, MD-WV are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $5,358 and $15,284 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 80 degrees awarded

  2. 155 degrees awarded

  3. 101 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cumberland, MD-WV was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 80 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cumberland, MD-WV according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,380 degrees awarded

  2. 673 degrees awarded

  3. 288 degrees awarded

$5,358

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Cumberland, MD-WV institution with the largest number of graduating students was Frostburg State University with 1,380 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

924

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,428

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 924 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cumberland, MD-WV, which is 0.647 times less than the 1,428 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Cumberland, MD-WV by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,697 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    348 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    78 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cumberland, MD-WV were to White students. These 1,697 degrees mean that there were 4.88 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 348 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cumberland, MD-WV was $122,400 in 2017, which is 0.533 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $121,100 to $122,400, a 1.07% increase. The homeownership rate in Cumberland, MD-WV is 68.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cumberland, MD-WV have an average commute time of 22.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cumberland, MD-WV is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$122,400

2017 Median

± $3,575

$121,100

2016 Median

± $3,609

In 2017, the median property value in Cumberland, MD-WV grew to to $122,400 from the previous year's value of $121,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cumberland, MD-WV compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland, MD-WV the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$42,169

Median Household Income

± $1,091

39k

Number of Households

± 1,148

In 2017, the median household income of the 39k households in Cumberland, MD-WV grew to $42,169 from the previous year's value of $40,302.

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland, MD-WV distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cumberland, MD-WV distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland, MD-WV the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

68.2%

2017 Homeownership

66.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 68.2% of the housing units in Cumberland, MD-WV were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cumberland, MD-WV compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cumberland, MD-WV have a shorter commute time (22.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.11% of the workforce in Cumberland, MD-WV have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cumberland, MD-WV compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.4%

  2. Carpooled

    10.5%

  3. Walked

    3.78%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cumberland, MD-WV was Drove Alone (82.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.5%) and those who Walked (3.78%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland, MD-WV distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cumberland, MD-WV have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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