Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA

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Population

152,090

0.991% growth

Median Age

41.4


Median Household Income

$70,042

4.36% growth

Number of Employees

73,269

1.11% growth

Median Property Value

$200,000

1.01% growth

About

In 2017, Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA had a population of 152k people with a median age of 41.4 and a median household income of $70,042. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA grew from 150,598 to 152,090, a 0.991% increase and its median household income grew from $67,115 to $70,042, a 4.36% increase.

The population of Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA is 85.2% White Alone, 5.57% Asian Alone, and 3.63% Black or African American Alone. 10.1% of the people in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA speak a non-English language, and 96.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA are Messiah College (859 degrees awarded in 2016) and Central Penn College (331 degrees).

The median property value in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA is $200,000, and the homeownership rate is 72.1%. Most people in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA commute by N/A, and the average commute time is 20 minutes. The average car ownership in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA is N/A per household.

About the photo: Farm, hills and grasslands in rural Pennsylvania.

Economy

The economy of Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA employs 73.3k people. The largest industries in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA are Elementary & secondary schools (4,245 people), Insurance carriers & related activities (4,107 people), and Hospitals (3,523 people), and the highest paying industries are Electronic component & product manufacturing, n.e.c. ($128,817), Machinery manufacturing, n.e.c. or not specified ($121,700), and Medical equipment & supplies manufacturing ($121,618).

Median household income in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA is $70,042. Males in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA have an average income that is 1.28 times higher than the average income of females, which is $54,552. The income inequality in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.434, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$70,042

2017 value

± $1,844

4.36%

1 Year Growth

± 4.17%

Households in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA have a median annual income of $70,042, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $67,115 in 2016, which represents a 4.36% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$69,557

Average Male Salary

± $8,101

$54,552

Average Female Salary

± $5,879

In 2017, full-time male employees in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA made 1.28 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,859 ± $23,668

  2. White

    $53,018 ± $4,859

  3. Two or More Races

    $36,043 ± $26,959

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.434

2017 Wage GINI

0.444

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA was 0.434 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.23% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA was Broomall & Ardmore (West) PUMA, PA with a value of $107,007, followed by Bucks County (Central) PUMA, PA and King of Prussia & Ardmore (East) PUMA, PA, with respective values of $104,302 and $103,802.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

N/A N/A

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

N/A% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA (N/A out of N/A people) live below the poverty line, a number that is approximately the same as the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are N/A N/A, followed by N/A N/A and then N/A N/A.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA is false, followed by false and false.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

73.3k

2017 Value

1.11%

1 Year growth

± 1.11%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA grew at a rate of 1.11%, from 72.5k employees to 73.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA, are Miscellaneous managers (2,609 people), Secretaries & administrative assistants (2,150 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (2,108 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA, by number of employees, are Miscellaneous managers (2,609 people), Secretaries & administrative assistants (2,150 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (2,108 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Directors, religious activities & education (6 times higher than expected), Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, & investigators (5.11 times), and Operations research analysts (4.16 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA, by average salary, are Personal financial advisors ($208,221), Physicians & surgeons ($189,050), and Chief executives & legislators ($180,145).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

73.3k

2017 Value

1.11%

1 Year growth

± 1.11%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA grew at a rate of 1.11%, from 72.5k employees to 73.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,245 people), Insurance carriers & related activities (4,107 people), and Hospitals (3,523 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA, though some of these residents may live in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,245 people), Insurance carriers & related activities (4,107 people), and Hospitals (3,523 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA has an unusually high number of Sugar & confectionery products (12.6 times higher than expected), Cutlery & hand tool manufacturing (5.91 times), and Savings institutions, including credit unions (3.96 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA, by average salary, are Electronic component & product manufacturing, n.e.c. ($128,817), Machinery manufacturing, n.e.c. or not specified ($121,700), and Medical equipment & supplies manufacturing ($121,618).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($50.6B) and Pharmaceuticals ($49.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

N/A% of the population of Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA has health coverage, with N/A% on employee plans, N/A% on Medicaid, N/A% on Medicare, N/A% on non-group plans, and N/A% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA see 1232 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1228 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1481 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 559 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

1,232 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,232 patients per year. This represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1,228 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

N/A%

Uninsured

N/A%

Employer Coverage

N/A%

Medicaid

N/A%

Medicare

N/A%

Non-Group

N/A%

Military or VA

Between N/A and N/A, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA N/A by N/A from N/A% to N/A%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA is home to a population of 152k people, from which 96.3% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA is composed of 130k White Alone residents (85.2%), 8.47k Asian Alone residents (5.57%), 5.53k Black or African American Alone residents (3.63%), 5.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.61%), 2.85k Two or More Races residents (1.87%), 125 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0822%), 75 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0493%), and 6 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00395%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA are Spanish (3,591 speakers), Telugu (858 speakers), and Vietnamese (823 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

N/A

Median Native-Born Age

± N/A

N/A

Median Foreign-Born Age

± N/A

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA was 41.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of N/A, were generally N/A than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of N/A. But people in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

6.9%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

10.4k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA was 6.9%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    2,439 ± 1,203 people

  2. Korea

    1,059 ± 796 people

  3. Morocco

    926 ± 745 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA was India, the natal country of 2,439 Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA residents, followed by Korea with 1,059 and Morocco with 926.

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Citizenship

96.3%

2017 Citizenship

96.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.3% of Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA was 96.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    130k ± 764

  2. Asian Alone

    8.47k ± 522

  3. Black or African American Alone

    5.53k ± 530

In 2017, there were 15.3 times more White Alone residents (130k people) in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.47k Asian Alone and 5.53k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    3,591 speakers (2.48%)

  2. Telugu

    858 speakers (0.593%)

  3. Vietnamese

    823 speakers (0.569%)

10.1% of Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA was Spanish. 2.48% of the overall population of Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA are native Spanish speakers. 0.593% speak Telugu and 0.569% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. false

    0 ± 0

  2. false

    0 ± 0

  3. false

    0 ± 0

Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in false, N/A times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA awarded 1,190 degrees. The student population of Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA is skewed towards women, with 1,716 male students and 2,959 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA are White (995 and 85%), followed by Black or African American (61 and 5.21%), Hispanic or Latino (48 and 4.1%), and Asian (30 and 2.56%).

The largest universities in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA by number of degrees awarded are Messiah College (859 and 72.2%) and Central Penn College (331 and 27.8%).

The most popular majors in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA are General Business Administration & Management (131 and 11%), Other Health Professions & Related Clinical Sciences (56 and 4.71%), and Criminal Justice - Safety Studies (53 and 4.45%).

The median tuition costs in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA are $32,350 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 48 degrees awarded

  2. 130 degrees awarded

  3. 48 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA was Registered Nursing with 48 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 859 degrees awarded

  2. 331 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$32,350

Median Private

In 2016, the Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Messiah College with 859 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

413

Degrees Awarded to Men

777

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 413 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA, which is 0.532 times less than the 777 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    995 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    61 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    48 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA were to White students. These 995 degrees mean that there were 16.3 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 61 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA was $200,000 in 2017, which is 0.919 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $198,000 to $200,000, a 1.01% increase. The homeownership rate in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA is 72.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA have an average commute time of 20 minutes, and they commute by N/A. Car ownership in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of N/A per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$70,042

Median Household Income

± $1,844

N/A

Number of Households

± N/A

In 2017, the median household income of the N/A households in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA grew to $70,042 from the previous year's value of $67,115.

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the N/A range.

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Housing

Property Value

$200,000

2017 Median

± $3,798

$198,000

2016 Median

± $2,755

In 2017, the median property value in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA grew to to $200,000 from the previous year's value of $198,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

72.1%

2017 Homeownership

71.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 72.1% of the housing units in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

N/A

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA have N/A, followed by N/A.

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Commute Time

20 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA have a shorter commute time (20 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.71% of the workforce in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

In N/A, the most common method of travel for workers in Cumberland County (East) PUMA, PA was N/A, followed by those who N/A and those who N/A.

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