Cullman, AL

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Population

81,703

0.476% growth

Median Age

40.6


Median Household Income

$40,997

4.33% growth

Poverty Rate

16.4%


Number of Employees

32,072

0.496% decline

Median Property Value

$121,900

2.7% growth

About

In 2017, Cullman, AL had a population of 81.7k people with a median age of 40.6 and a median household income of $40,997. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cullman, AL grew from 81,316 to 81,703, a 0.476% increase and its median household income grew from $39,297 to $40,997, a 4.33% increase.

The population of Cullman, AL is 92.3% White Alone, 4.24% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.18% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Cullman, AL speak a non-English language, and 98.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cullman, AL are George C Wallace State Community College-Hanceville (1,531 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Cullman, AL is $121,900, and the homeownership rate is 74.8%. Most people in Cullman, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Cullman, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

Economy

The economy of Cullman, AL employs 32.1k people. The largest industries in Cullman, AL are Manufacturing (5,565 people), Retail Trade (4,723 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (4,444 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($104,196), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($47,625), and Public Administration ($46,406).

Median household income in Cullman, AL is $40,997. Males in Cullman, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Cullman, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$40,997

2017 value

± $1,715

4.33%

1 Year Growth

± 5.18%

Households in Cullman, AL have a median annual income of $40,997, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $39,297 in 2016, which represents a 4.33% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Cullman, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cullman, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cullman, AL was Shelby County, AL with a value of $73,031, followed by Madison County, AL and Elmore County, AL, with respective values of $62,312 and $60,558.

The following map shows all of the counties in Cullman, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 35 - 44

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cullman, AL (13.2k out of 80.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    12,236 ± 797

  2. Hispanic

    1,128 ± 262

  3. Two Or More

    355 ± 239

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cullman, AL is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

32.1k

2017 Value

± 1,292

-0.496%

1 Year decline

± 5.63%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cullman, AL declined at a rate of -0.496%, from 32.2k employees to 32.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cullman, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,848 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,663 people), and Production Occupations (2,972 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cullman, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cullman, AL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,848 people), Sales & Related Occupations (3,663 people), and Production Occupations (2,972 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Cullman, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (2.01 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.86 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.72 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cullman, AL, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($72,891), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($71,681), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($70,172).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

32.1k

2017 Value

± 1,292

-0.496%

1 Year decline

± 5.63%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cullman, AL declined at a rate of -0.496%, from 32.2k employees to 32.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cullman, AL, are Manufacturing (5,565 people), Retail Trade (4,723 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (4,444 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cullman, AL, though some of these residents may live in Cullman, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cullman, AL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (5,565 people), Retail Trade (4,723 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (4,444 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Cullman, AL has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.17 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.71 times), and Construction (1.53 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cullman, AL, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($104,196), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($47,625), and Public Administration ($46,406).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.6% of the population of Cullman, AL has health coverage, with 43.2% on employee plans, 15.9% on Medicaid, 14.1% on Medicare, 11.7% on non-group plans, and 1.68% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Cullman, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Cullman, AL see 1535 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1552 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2139 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

1,535 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,535 patients per year. This represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1,552 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.4%

Uninsured

43.2%

Employer Coverage

15.9%

Medicaid

14.1%

Medicare

11.7%

Non-Group

1.68%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cullman, AL declined by 7.65% from 14.5% to 13.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cullman, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cullman, AL is home to a population of 81.7k people, from which 98.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.78% of Cullman, AL residents were born outside of the country (2.27k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Cullman, AL is composed of 75.4k White Alone residents (92.3%), 3.47k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.24%), 962 Two or More Races residents (1.18%), 900 Black or African American Alone residents (1.1%), 528 Asian Alone residents (0.646%), 350 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.428%), 63 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0771%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cullman, AL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cullman, AL was 40.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Cullman, AL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Cullman, AL residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.78%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.27k people

2.83%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.3k people

As of 2017, 2.78% of Cullman, AL residents (2.27k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cullman, AL was 2.83%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cullman, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

98.2%

2017 Citizenship

98.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.2% of Cullman, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cullman, AL was 98.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cullman, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    75.4k ± 95

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    3.47k ± 457

  3. Two or More Races

    962 ± 232

In 2017, there were 21.8 times more White Alone residents (75.4k people) in Cullman, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.47k Hispanic or Latino and 962 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Cullman, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Cullman, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Cullman, AL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Cullman, AL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,965 ± 270

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    696 ± 195

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    533 ± 151

Cullman, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.82 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Cullman, AL awarded 1,531 degrees. The student population of Cullman, AL is skewed towards women, with 2,079 male students and 3,366 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cullman, AL are White (1,364 and 89.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (59 and 3.87%), Black or African American (53 and 3.48%), and Unknown (22 and 1.44%).

The largest universities in Cullman, AL by number of degrees awarded are George C Wallace State Community College-Hanceville (1,531 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Cullman, AL are Welding Technology (190 and 12.4%), General Studies (188 and 12.3%), and Registered Nursing (146 and 9.54%).

The median tuition costs in Cullman, AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 188 degrees awarded

  2. 146 degrees awarded

  3. 38 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Cullman, AL was General Studies with 188 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Cullman, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

1,531 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Cullman, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was George C Wallace State Community College-Hanceville with 1,531 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

776

Degrees Awarded to Men

755

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 776 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cullman, AL, which is 1.03 times more than the 755 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Cullman, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,364 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    59 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    53 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cullman, AL were to White students. These 1,364 degrees mean that there were 23.1 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 59 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cullman, AL was $121,900 in 2017, which is 0.56 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $118,700 to $121,900, a 2.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Cullman, AL is 74.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cullman, AL have an average commute time of 25.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cullman, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$40,997

Median Household Income

± $1,715

31.1k

Number of Households

± 1,196

In 2017, the median household income of the 31.1k households in Cullman, AL grew to $40,997 from the previous year's value of $39,297.

The following chart displays the households in Cullman, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$121,900

2017 Median

± $5,215

$118,700

2016 Median

± $4,782

In 2017, the median property value in Cullman, AL grew to to $121,900 from the previous year's value of $118,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cullman, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cullman, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cullman, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cullman, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

74.8%

2017 Homeownership

75.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 74.8% of the housing units in Cullman, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 75.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cullman, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cullman, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cullman, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

25.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cullman, AL have a longer commute time (25.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.59% of the workforce in Cullman, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cullman, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    88.3%

  2. Carpooled

    8.36%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.03%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cullman, AL was Drove Alone (88.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.36%) and those who Worked At Home (2.03%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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