Costilla County, CO

County

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2020 Population
3,810
1.74% 1-year growth
US Senator
Michael Bennet
Democratic Party
US Senator
John Hickenlooper
Democratic Party
2020 Median Age
49.6
4.43% 1-year decrease
2020 Poverty Rate
26.6%
2.76% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$34,732
12.2% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$123,600
9.38% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
1,324
5.02% 1-year decline

About

In 2020, Costilla County, CO had a population of 3.81k people with a median age of 49.6 and a median household income of $34,732. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Costilla County, CO grew from 3,745 to 3,810, a 1.74% increase and its median household income grew from $30,965 to $34,732, a 12.2% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Costilla County, CO are White (Hispanic) (43.1%), White (Non-Hispanic) (33.6%), Two+ (Hispanic) (12%), Other (Hispanic) (4.28%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.44%).

None of the households in Costilla County, CO reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.1% of the residents in Costilla County, CO are U.S. citizens.

In 2020, the median property value in Costilla County, CO was $123,600, and the homeownership rate was 73.6%. Most people in Costilla County, CO drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Costilla County, CO was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Costilla County, CO is home to a population of 3.81k people, from which 96.1% are citizens. As of 2020, 6.22% of Costilla County, CO residents were born outside of the country (237 people).

In 2020, there were 1.28 times more White (Hispanic) residents (1.64k people) in Costilla County, CO than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.28k White (Non-Hispanic) and 458 Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Costilla County, CO
  1. White (Hispanic)
    1.64k ± 206
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    1.28k ± 12
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    458 ± 201
61.4%
Hispanic Population
2.34k people

In 2020, there were 1.28 times more White (Hispanic) residents (1.64k people) in Costilla County, CO than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.28k White (Non-Hispanic) and 458 Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

61.4% of the people in Costilla County, CO are hispanic (2.34k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Costilla County, CO as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.22%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
237 people
9.21%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
345 people

As of 2020, 6.22% of Costilla County, CO residents (237 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Costilla County, CO was 9.21%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Costilla County, CO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

50
Median Native-Born Age
± 2.5
46
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 9.5

In 2020, the median age of all people in Costilla County, CO was 49.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 50, were generally older than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Costilla County, CO are getting getting younger. In 2019, the average age of all Costilla County, CO residents was 52.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    216,688 ± 11,209 people
  2. India
    20,857 ± 3,539 people
  3. China
    19,477 ± 3,421 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Colorado was Mexico, the natal country of 216,688 Colorado residents, followed by India with 20,857 and China with 19,477.

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Citizenship

96.1%
2020 Citizenship
94.7%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 96.1% of Costilla County, CO residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Costilla County, CO was 94.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Costilla County, CO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    152 ± 53
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    80 ± 48
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    29 ± 22

Costilla County, CO has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.9 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Colorado. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Colorado, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Colorado (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Colorado. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Colorado.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Colorado across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Males in Colorado have an average income that is 1.3 times higher than the average income of females, which is $57,644. The income inequality in Colorado (measured using the Gini index) is 0.467, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Costilla County, CO employs 1.32k people. The largest industries in Costilla County, CO are Retail Trade (177 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (169 people), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (161 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($60,893), Health Care & Social Assistance ($50,529), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($46,618).

Wages

Median Household Income

$34,732
2020 value
± $5,824
12.2%
1 Year Growth
± 19.2%

Households in Costilla County, CO have a median annual income of $34,732, which is less than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $30,965 in 2019, which represents a 12.2% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Costilla County, CO compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.
$74,881
Average Male Salary in Colorado
± $1,620
$57,644
Average Female Salary in Colorado
± $1,321

In 2020, full-time male employees in Colorado made 1.3 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Colorado by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Colorado.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Colorado
  1. Asian
    $63,078 ± $5,813
  2. White
    $60,521 ± $1,078
  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $55,928 ± $29,600

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Colorado workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Colorado.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Colorado by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Costilla County, CO is from Colorado.
0.467
2020 Wage GINI in Colorado
0.468
2019 Wage GINI in Colorado

In 2020, the income inequality in Colorado was 0.467 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.264% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Colorado was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Colorado in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Colorado across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9726
  2. Census Tract 9727

The following map shows all of the tracts in Costilla County, CO colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 45 - 54
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

26.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Costilla County, CO (1.01k out of 3.81k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 45 - 54, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Males 65 - 74.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    702 ± 139
  2. Hispanic
    493 ± 119
  3. Two Or More
    202 ± 110

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Costilla County, CO is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.32k
2020 Value
± 187
−5.02%
1 Year decline
± 20.4%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Costilla County, CO declined at a rate of −5.02%, from 1.39k employees to 1.32k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Costilla County, CO, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (245 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (122 people), and Management Occupations (120 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Costilla County, CO.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Costilla County, CO, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (245 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (122 people), and Management Occupations (120 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Costilla County, CO has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (12.7 times higher than expected), Community & Social Service Occupations (1.91 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.83 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Costilla County, CO, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($103,281), Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($103,151), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations ($80,417).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.32k
2020 Value
± 187
−5.02%
1 Year decline
± 20.4%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Costilla County, CO declined at a rate of −5.02%, from 1.39k employees to 1.32k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Costilla County, CO, are Retail Trade (177 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (169 people), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (161 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Costilla County, CO, though some of these residents may live in Costilla County, CO and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Costilla County, CO, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (177 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (169 people), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (161 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Costilla County, CO has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (9.91 times higher than expected), Utilities (5.77 times), and Public Administration (1.85 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Costilla County, CO, by median earnings, are Information ($60,893), Health Care & Social Assistance ($50,529), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($46,618).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Colorado to other states, or from other states to Colorado.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $23.8B
  2. $20.7B
  3. $16.3B

In 2020, the top outbound Colorado product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $23.8B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($20.7B) and Machinery ($16.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Colorado products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Colorado.
$221B
2020 Value in Colorado
$434B
Projected 2050 Value in Colorado
96.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound Colorado trade was $221B. This is expected to increase 96.6% to $434B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Colorado trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Colorado to other states, or from other states to Colorado.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $10.3B
  2. $10.2B
  3. $9.13B

In 2020, the top outbound Colorado domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was California with $10.3B, followed by Texas with $10.2B and Wyoming and $9.13B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Colorado shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Costilla County, CO went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 62.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (35.4%), followed by Other (1.29%). The most partisan county was Kiowa County, CO with 88% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Michael Bennet and John Hickenlooper are the senators currently representing the state of Colorado. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Colorado is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Colorado.
Joseph R Biden Jr.
Popular Vote for Costilla County, CO
62.6% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in Colorado
  1. 88% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 87.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 86.3% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in Colorado was Kiowa County, CO with 88% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Colorado colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Colorado

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.
Michael Bennet
Senator from Colorado3
Assumed office on January 21, 2009
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Ken Salazar, who had become Secretary of the Interior.
John Hickenlooper
Senator from Colorado2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Michael Bennet and John Hickenlooper are the senators currently representing Colorado.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Colorado over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Colorado

Colorado is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Colorado have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Costilla County, CO was $123,600 in 2020, which is 0.538 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $113,000 to $123,600, a 9.38% increase. The homeownership rate in Costilla County, CO is 73.6%, which is higher than the national average of 64.4%. People in Costilla County, CO have an average commute time of 23.9 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Costilla County, CO is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$123,600
2020 Median
± $28,654
$113,000
2019 Median
± $10,467

In 2020, the median property value in Costilla County, CO grew to to $123,600 from the previous year's value of $113,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Costilla County, CO compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Costilla County, CO the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$34,732
Median Household Income
± $5,824
1.62k
Number of Households
± 184

In 2020, the median household income of the 1.62k households in Costilla County, CO grew to $34,732 from the previous year's value of $30,965.

The following chart displays the households in Costilla County, CO distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Costilla County, CO distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Costilla County, CO the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

73.6%
2020 Homeownership
69%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 73.6% of the housing units in Costilla County, CO were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Costilla County, CO compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Costilla County, CO have a shorter commute time (23.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 3.47% of the workforce in Costilla County, CO have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Costilla County, CO compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (65.7%)
  2. Carpooled (23.5%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.19%)

In 2020, 65.7% of workers in Costilla County, CO drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (23.5%) and those who worked at home (6.19%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Costilla County, CO distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Costilla County, CO have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

88.8% of the population of Costilla County, CO has health coverage, with 16.6% on employee plans, 38.4% on Medicaid, 18% on Medicare, 13.8% on non-group plans, and 1.97% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Colorado was $6,804 in 2014. This is a 5.13% increase from the previous year ($6,472).

Comparing across all counties in the state, Costilla County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.9%). Additionally, Logan County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (36%)

Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.
$6,804
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Colorado
$4,623
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,143
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$9,287
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Colorado (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.13%, from $6,472 to $6,804.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.2%
Uninsured
16.6%
Employer Coverage
38.4%
Medicaid
18%
Medicare
13.8%
Non-Group
1.97%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Costilla County, CO declined by 2.85% from 11.5% to 11.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Costilla County, CO changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 17.9% prevalence
  2. 13.8% prevalence
  3. 13.7% prevalence

Costilla County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Colorado, at 17.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Colorado by county over multiple years.

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