Congressional District 5, TX

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2019 Population
759,749
1.33% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
US Representative
Lance Gooden
Republican Party
2019 Median Age
36.4
1.39% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
14.7%
6.82% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$57,026
9.7% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$171,600
13.5% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Congressional District 5, TX had a population of 760k people with a median age of 36.4 and a median household income of $57,026. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Congressional District 5, TX grew from 749,808 to 759,749, a 1.33% increase and its median household income grew from $51,984 to $57,026, a 9.7% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Congressional District 5, TX are White (Non-Hispanic) (50.3%), White (Hispanic) (25.1%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (14.9%), Other (Hispanic) (4.01%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.74%). 0% of the households in Congressional District 5, TX speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 88.7% of the residents in Congressional District 5, TX are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Congressional District 5, TX was $171,600, and the homeownership rate was 64.6%. Most people in Congressional District 5, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 31 minutes. The average car ownership in Congressional District 5, TX was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Congressional District 5, TX is home to a population of 760k people, from which 88.7% are citizens. As of 2019, 47.9% of Congressional District 5, TX residents were born outside of the country (364k people).

In 2019, there were 2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (382k people) in Congressional District 5, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 191k White (Hispanic) and 114k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Congressional District 5, TX
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    382k ± 7.08k
  2. White (Hispanic)
    191k ± 11.9k
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    114k ± 10.2k
30.1%
Hispanic Population
228k people

In 2019, there were 2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (382k people) in Congressional District 5, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 191k White (Hispanic) and 114k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

30.1% of the people in Congressional District 5, TX are hispanic (228k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Congressional District 5, TX as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

47.9%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
364k people
14.5%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
109k people

As of 2019, 47.9% of Congressional District 5, TX residents (364k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Congressional District 5, TX was 14.5%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Congressional District 5, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

35
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.8
40
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1.5

In 2019, the median age of all people in Congressional District 5, TX was 36.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Congressional District 5, TX are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Congressional District 5, TX residents was 36.

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Citizenship

88.7%
2019 Citizenship
89.5%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 88.7% of Congressional District 5, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Congressional District 5, TX was 89.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Congressional District 5, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    12,405 ± 1,870
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    8,985 ± 2,065
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    3,948 ± 1,015

Congressional District 5, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.38 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Congressional District 5, TX is $57,026. In 2019, the congressional district with the highest Median Household Income in Congressional District 5, TX was Congressional District 22, TX with a value of $101,658, followed by Congressional District 26, TX and Congressional District 3, TX, with respective values of $96,307 and $95,619.

The economy of Congressional District 5, TX employs 354k people. The largest industries in Congressional District 5, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (44,325 people), Construction (43,049 people), and Retail Trade (38,030 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($76,743), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($65,337), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($55,816).

Wages

Median Household Income

$57,026
2019 value
± $2,093
9.7%
1 Year Growth
± 4.16%

Households in Congressional District 5, TX have a median annual income of $57,026, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $51,984 in 2018, which represents a 9.7% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Congressional District 5, TX compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2019, the congressional district with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Congressional District 5, TX was Congressional District 22, TX with a value of $101,658, followed by Congressional District 26, TX and Congressional District 3, TX, with respective values of $96,307 and $95,619.

The following map shows all of the congressional districts in Congressional District 5, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Congressional District 5, TX (107k out of 726k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    73,636 ± 2,196
  2. Hispanic
    41,488 ± 1,845
  3. Black
    21,556 ± 1,349

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Congressional District 5, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

354k
2019 Value
± 12,018
5.57%
1 Year growth
± 4.46%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Congressional District 5, TX grew at a rate of 5.57%, from 335k employees to 354k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Congressional District 5, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (42,236 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (34,634 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (32,389 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Congressional District 5, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Congressional District 5, TX, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (42,236 people), Construction & Extraction Occupations (34,634 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (32,389 people).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Congressional District 5, TX, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($72,470), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,201), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($66,792).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

354k
2019 Value
± 12,018
5.57%
1 Year growth
± 4.46%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Congressional District 5, TX grew at a rate of 5.57%, from 335k employees to 354k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Congressional District 5, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (44,325 people), Construction (43,049 people), and Retail Trade (38,030 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Congressional District 5, TX, though some of these residents may live in Congressional District 5, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Congressional District 5, TX, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (44,325 people), Construction (43,049 people), and Retail Trade (38,030 people).

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Congressional District 5, TX, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($76,743), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($65,337), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($55,816).

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Civics

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Congressional District 5, TX is currently represented by Lance Gooden in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Congressional District 5, TX

Lance Gooden
District 5 Representative
Republican Party

Congressional District 5, TX is currently represented by Lance Gooden (Republican Party).

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the member for Congressional District 5, TX have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Congressional District 5, TX was $171,600 in 2019, which is 0.714 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $151,200 to $171,600, a 13.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Congressional District 5, TX is 64.6%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Congressional District 5, TX have an average commute time of 31 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Congressional District 5, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$171,600
2019 Median
± $4,906
$151,200
2018 Median
± $5,771

In 2019, the median property value in Congressional District 5, TX grew to to $171,600 from the previous year's value of $151,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Congressional District 5, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Congressional District 5, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$57,026
Median Household Income
± $2,093
261k
Number of Households
± 9,390

In 2019, the median household income of the 261k households in Congressional District 5, TX grew to $57,026 from the previous year's value of $51,984.

The following chart displays the households in Congressional District 5, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Congressional District 5, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Congressional District 5, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

64.6%
2019 Homeownership
62.3%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 64.6% of the housing units in Congressional District 5, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 62.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Congressional District 5, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

31 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Congressional District 5, TX have a longer commute time (31 minutes) than the normal US worker (26 minutes). Additionally, 4.14% of the workforce in Congressional District 5, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Congressional District 5, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (79.5%)
  2. Carpooled (12.7%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.51%)

In 2019, 79.5% of workers in Congressional District 5, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (12.7%) and those who worked at home (4.51%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Congressional District 5, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Congressional District 5, TX have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

Health Care Coverage

21.7%
Uninsured
41%
Employer Coverage
14.8%
Medicaid
11.7%
Medicare
9.71%
Non-Group
1.15%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Congressional District 5, TX grew by 12.7% from 19.2% to 21.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Congressional District 5, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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