Congressional District 28, TX

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2019 Population
772,410
0.48% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
US Representative
Henry Cuellar
Democratic Party
2019 Median Age
31.2
1.58% 1-year decrease
2019 Poverty Rate
23.8%
3.68% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$53,597
13.7% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$140,900
18.1% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Congressional District 28, TX had a population of 772k people with a median age of 31.2 and a median household income of $53,597. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Congressional District 28, TX grew from 768,719 to 772,410, a 0.48% increase and its median household income grew from $47,134 to $53,597, a 13.7% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Congressional District 28, TX are White (Hispanic) (72%), White (Non-Hispanic) (15.7%), Other (Hispanic) (4.57%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (3.47%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (1.34%). 0% of the households in Congressional District 28, TX speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

86.7% of the residents in Congressional District 28, TX are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Congressional District 28, TX was $140,900, and the homeownership rate was 69.7%. Most people in Congressional District 28, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 24.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Congressional District 28, TX was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Congressional District 28, TX is home to a population of 772k people, from which 86.7% are citizens. As of 2019, 77% of Congressional District 28, TX residents were born outside of the country (595k people).

In 2019, there were 4.58 times more White (Hispanic) residents (556k people) in Congressional District 28, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 121k White (Non-Hispanic) and 35.3k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Congressional District 28, TX
  1. White (Hispanic)
    556k ± 14.3k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    121k ± 6.62k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    35.3k ± 6.31k
78.9%
Hispanic Population
609k people

In 2019, there were 4.58 times more White (Hispanic) residents (556k people) in Congressional District 28, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 121k White (Non-Hispanic) and 35.3k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

78.9% of the people in Congressional District 28, TX are hispanic (609k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Congressional District 28, TX as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

77%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
595k people
20.5%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
158k people

As of 2019, 77% of Congressional District 28, TX residents (595k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Congressional District 28, TX was 20.5%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Congressional District 28, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

26
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.6
48
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1.2

In 2019, the median age of all people in Congressional District 28, TX was 31.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 26, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Congressional District 28, TX are getting getting younger. In 2018, the average age of all Congressional District 28, TX residents was 32.

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Citizenship

86.7%
2019 Citizenship
86.4%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 86.7% of Congressional District 28, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Congressional District 28, TX was 86.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Congressional District 28, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    9,570 ± 1,442
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    8,940 ± 1,693
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    5,325 ± 1,042

Congressional District 28, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.07 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Congressional District 28, TX is $53,597. In 2019, the tract with the highest median household income in Congressional District 28, TX was Census Tract 76.04 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 133 and Census Tract 135, with respective values of $250,001 and $250,001.

The economy of Congressional District 28, TX employs 321k people. The largest industries in Congressional District 28, TX are Retail Trade (41,868 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (40,150 people), and Educational Services (35,508 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($60,463), Utilities ($58,095), and Public Administration ($53,924).

Wages

Median Household Income

$53,597
2019 value
± $2,291
13.7%
1 Year Growth
± 5.25%

Households in Congressional District 28, TX have a median annual income of $53,597, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,134 in 2018, which represents a 13.7% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Congressional District 28, TX compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 6 - 11
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

23.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Congressional District 28, TX (176k out of 742k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 6 - 11, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    160,856 ± 3,310
  2. Hispanic
    159,529 ± 3,309
  3. Other
    7,001 ± 654

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Congressional District 28, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

321k
2019 Value
± 11,669
4.72%
1 Year growth
± 4.78%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Congressional District 28, TX grew at a rate of 4.72%, from 306k employees to 321k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Congressional District 28, TX, are Sales & Related Occupations (35,246 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (34,960 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (27,008 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Congressional District 28, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Congressional District 28, TX, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (35,246 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (34,960 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (27,008 people).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Congressional District 28, TX, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($85,989), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($73,572), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,106).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

321k
2019 Value
± 11,669
4.72%
1 Year growth
± 4.78%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Congressional District 28, TX grew at a rate of 4.72%, from 306k employees to 321k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Congressional District 28, TX, are Retail Trade (41,868 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (40,150 people), and Educational Services (35,508 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Congressional District 28, TX, though some of these residents may live in Congressional District 28, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Congressional District 28, TX, by number of employees, are Retail Trade (41,868 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (40,150 people), and Educational Services (35,508 people).

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Congressional District 28, TX, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($60,463), Utilities ($58,095), and Public Administration ($53,924).

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Civics

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Congressional District 28, TX is currently represented by Henry Cuellar in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Congressional District 28, TX

Henry Cuellar
District 28 Representative
Democratic Party

Congressional District 28, TX is currently represented by Henry Cuellar (Democratic Party).

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the member for Congressional District 28, TX have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Congressional District 28, TX was $140,900 in 2019, which is 0.586 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $119,300 to $140,900, a 18.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Congressional District 28, TX is 69.7%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Congressional District 28, TX have an average commute time of 24.9 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Congressional District 28, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$140,900
2019 Median
± $6,432
$119,300
2018 Median
± $3,526

In 2019, the median property value in Congressional District 28, TX grew to to $140,900 from the previous year's value of $119,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Congressional District 28, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Congressional District 28, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$53,597
Median Household Income
± $2,291
221k
Number of Households
± 8,773

In 2019, the median household income of the 221k households in Congressional District 28, TX grew to $53,597 from the previous year's value of $47,134.

The following chart displays the households in Congressional District 28, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Congressional District 28, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Congressional District 28, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

69.7%
2019 Homeownership
67.9%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 69.7% of the housing units in Congressional District 28, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 67.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Congressional District 28, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

24.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Congressional District 28, TX have a shorter commute time (24.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (26 minutes). Additionally, 3.59% of the workforce in Congressional District 28, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Congressional District 28, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (80.3%)
  2. Carpooled (11.6%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.29%)

In 2019, 80.3% of workers in Congressional District 28, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11.6%) and those who worked at home (4.29%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Congressional District 28, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Congressional District 28, TX have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

Health Care Coverage

26.4%
Uninsured
33.4%
Employer Coverage
21.2%
Medicaid
6.9%
Medicare
9.8%
Non-Group
2.35%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Congressional District 28, TX grew by 5.84% from 25% to 26.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Congressional District 28, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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