Columbus, OH

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Population

2.11M

1.34% growth

Median Age

36.1


Median Household Income

$64,052

0.452% growth

Poverty Rate

14%


Number of Employees

1.07M

1.04% growth

Median Property Value

$196,700

7.9% growth

About

In 2018, Columbus, OH had a population of 2.11M people with a median age of 36.1 and a median household income of $64,052. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Columbus, OH grew from 2.08M to 2.11M, a 1.34% increase and its median household income grew from $63,764 to $64,052, a 0.452% increase.

The population of Columbus, OH is 72.2% White Alone, 15.5% Black or African American Alone, and 4.44% Asian Alone. 10.7% of the people in Columbus, OH speak a non-English language, and 95.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Columbus, OH are Ohio State University-Main Campus (15,731 degrees awarded in 2017), Columbus State Community College (5,977 degrees), and Franklin University (1,666 degrees).

The median property value in Columbus, OH is $196,700, and the homeownership rate is 61.9%. Most people in Columbus, OH commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbus, OH is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Columbus, OH employs 1.07M people. The largest industries in Columbus, OH are Health Care & Social Assistance (155,036 people), Retail Trade (127,344 people), and Educational Services (102,234 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($71,640), Finance & Insurance ($67,199), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($66,770).

Median household income in Columbus, OH is $64,052. Males in Columbus, OH have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,520. The income inequality in Columbus, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$64,052

2018 value

± $1,189

0.452%

1 Year Growth

± 2.95%

Households in Columbus, OH have a median annual income of $64,052, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $63,764 in 2017, which represents a 0.452% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Columbus, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

$65,155

Average Male Salary

± $1,041

$48,520

Average Female Salary

± $780

In 2018, full-time male employees in Ohio made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,444 ± $4,429

  2. White

    $51,160 ± $663

  3. Two or More Races

    $36,079 ± $3,030

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ohio workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbus, OH is from Ohio.

0.46

2018 Wage GINI

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.704% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbus, OH was Delaware County, OH with a value of $99,881, followed by Warren County, OH and Geauga County, OH, with respective values of $86,473 and $82,784.

The following map shows all of the counties in Columbus, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbus, OH (276k out of 1.97M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    159,719 ± 2,923

  2. Black

    84,093 ± 2,290

  3. Hispanic

    20,700 ± 1,078

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbus, OH is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.07M

2018 Value

± 17,531

1.04%

1 Year growth

± 2.28%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Columbus, OH grew at a rate of 1.04%, from 1.06M employees to 1.07M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbus, OH, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (128,920 people), Management Occupations (113,304 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (105,441 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbus, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbus, OH, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (128,920 people), Management Occupations (113,304 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (105,441 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Columbus, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (1.37 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.33 times), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.31 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbus, OH, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($77,103), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($75,219), and Legal Occupations ($74,207).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.07M

2018 Value

± 17,531

1.04%

1 Year growth

± 2.28%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Columbus, OH grew at a rate of 1.04%, from 1.06M employees to 1.07M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbus, OH, are Health Care & Social Assistance (155,036 people), Retail Trade (127,344 people), and Educational Services (102,234 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbus, OH, though some of these residents may live in Columbus, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbus, OH, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (155,036 people), Retail Trade (127,344 people), and Educational Services (102,234 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Columbus, OH has an unusually high number of Finance & Insurance (1.73 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.71 times), and Utilities (1.18 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbus, OH, by median earnings, are Utilities ($71,640), Finance & Insurance ($67,199), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($66,770).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $68.6B

  2. $67.9B

  3. $51B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $68.6B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($67.9B) and Machinery ($51B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio state.

$675B

2020 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

41.1% growth

In 2020, total outbound Ohio trade was $675B. This is expected to increase 41.1% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $49.2B

  2. $37.6B

  3. $35.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $49.2B, followed by Indiana with $37.6B and Pennsylvania and $35.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.4% of the population of Columbus, OH has health coverage, with 54.7% on employee plans, 17% on Medicaid, 9.83% on Medicare, 10.6% on non-group plans, and 1.2% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Columbus, OH was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Columbus, OH see 1307 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1300 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1656 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 561 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

1,307 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Ohio see an average of 1,307 patients per year. This represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1,300 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ohio in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.58%

Uninsured

54.7%

Employer Coverage

17%

Medicaid

9.83%

Medicare

10.6%

Non-Group

1.2%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbus, OH grew by 4.45% from 6.3% to 6.58%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbus, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Columbus, OH is home to a population of 2.11M people, from which 95.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.26% of Columbus, OH residents were born outside of the country (151k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Columbus, OH is composed of 1.52M White Alone residents (72.2%), 327k Black or African American Alone residents (15.5%), 93.6k Asian Alone residents (4.44%), 90.8k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.31%), 68.6k Two or More Races residents (3.26%), 4.69k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.222%), 2.1k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0995%), and 144 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00684%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Columbus, OH are Spanish (53,629 speakers), Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages (22,411 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (16,136 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.2

In 2018, the median age of all people in Columbus, OH was 36.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Columbus, OH are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Columbus, OH residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.26%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

151k people

7.09%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

145k people

As of 2017, 7.26% of Columbus, OH residents (151k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbus, OH was 7.09%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbus, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    62,221 ± 6,108 people

  2. Mexico

    44,382 ± 5,162 people

  3. China

    35,261 ± 4,603 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ohio was India, the natal country of 62,221 Ohio residents, followed by Mexico with 44,382 and China with 35,261.

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Citizenship

95.5%

2018 Citizenship

95.9%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 95.5% of Columbus, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Columbus, OH was 95.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbus, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    1.52M ± 2.03k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    327k ± 5.7k

  3. Asian Alone

    93.6k ± 3.11k

In 2018, there were 4.65 times more White Alone residents (1.52M people) in Columbus, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 327k Black or African American Alone and 93.6k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Columbus, OH as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    53,629 speakers (2.73%)

  2. Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages

    22,411 speakers (1.14%)

  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    16,136 speakers (0.821%)

10.7% of Columbus, OH citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Columbus, OH was Spanish. 2.73% of the overall population of Columbus, OH are native Spanish speakers. 1.14% speak Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages and 0.821% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    34,180 ± 2,333

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    24,263 ± 3,245

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    14,200 ± 1,670

Columbus, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.41 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Columbus, OH awarded 33,833 degrees. The student population of Columbus, OH is skewed towards women, with 57,870 male students and 69,156 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Columbus, OH are White (22,960 and 73%), followed by Black or African American (3,613 and 11.5%), Unknown (1,352 and 4.3%), and Asian (1,330 and 4.23%).

The largest universities in Columbus, OH by number of degrees awarded are Ohio State University-Main Campus (15,731 and 46.5%), Columbus State Community College (5,977 and 17.7%), and Franklin University (1,666 and 4.92%).

The most popular majors in Columbus, OH are General Business Administration & Management (2,106 and 6.22%), Registered Nursing (2,004 and 5.92%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,099 and 3.25%).

The median tuition costs in Columbus, OH are $30,962 for private four year colleges, and $6,912 and $26,016 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 965 degrees awarded

  2. 784 degrees awarded

  3. 594 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Columbus, OH was Registered Nursing with 965 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Columbus, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 15,731 degrees awarded

  2. 5,977 degrees awarded

  3. 1,666 degrees awarded

$6,912

Median In-State Public

$30,962

Median Private

In 2017, the Columbus, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was Ohio State University-Main Campus with 15,731 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

14,814

Degrees Awarded to Men

19,019

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 14,814 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Columbus, OH, which is 0.779 times less than the 19,019 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Columbus, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    22,960 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    3,613 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    1,352 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Columbus, OH were to White students. These 22,960 degrees mean that there were 6.35 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3,613 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbus, OH was $196,700 in 2018, which is 0.856 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $182,300 to $196,700, a 7.9% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbus, OH is 61.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Columbus, OH have an average commute time of 22.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Columbus, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$196,700

2018 Median

± $3,083

$182,300

2017 Median

± $2,723

In 2018, the median property value in Columbus, OH grew to to $196,700 from the previous year's value of $182,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbus, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbus, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$64,052

Median Household Income

± $1,189

802k

Number of Households

± 14,443

In 2018, the median household income of the 802k households in Columbus, OH grew to $64,052 from the previous year's value of $63,764.

The following chart displays the households in Columbus, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbus, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbus, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

61.9%

2018 Homeownership

61.8%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 61.9% of the housing units in Columbus, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 61.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbus, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbus, OH have a shorter commute time (22.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.22% of the workforce in Columbus, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbus, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.3%

  2. Carpooled

    8.19%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.5%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Columbus, OH was Drove Alone (81.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.19%) and those who Worked At Home (5.5%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbus, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbus, OH have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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