Columbus, NE

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Population

22,834

0.732% growth

Median Age

36.6


Median Household Income

$54,822

1.79% growth

Poverty Rate

9.11%


Number of Employees

12,361

3.27% growth

Median Property Value

$132,000

4.18% growth

About

In 2017, Columbus, NE had a population of 22.8k people with a median age of 36.6 and a median household income of $54,822. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Columbus, NE grew from 22,668 to 22,834, a 0.732% increase and its median household income grew from $53,857 to $54,822, a 1.79% increase.

The population of Columbus, NE is 75.1% White Alone, 22.4% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.11% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Columbus, NE speak a non-English language, and 92.8% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Columbus, NE is $132,000, and the homeownership rate is 66%. Most people in Columbus, NE commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 12 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbus, NE is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Columbus, NE employs 12.4k people. The largest industries in Columbus, NE are Manufacturing (3,824 people), Retail Trade (1,322 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,167 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($86,250), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($58,833), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($42,174).

Median household income in Columbus, NE is $54,822. Males in Columbus, NE have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,865. The income inequality in Columbus, NE (measured using the Gini index) is 0.446, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$54,822

2017 value

± $4,498

1.79%

1 Year Growth

± 10.9%

Households in Columbus, NE have a median annual income of $54,822, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,857 in 2016, which represents a 1.79% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Columbus, NE compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Nebraska.

$58,849

Average Male Salary

± $2,084

$42,865

Average Female Salary

± $1,555

In 2017, full-time male employees in Nebraska made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Nebraska by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Nebraska.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $46,766 ± $9,518

  2. White

    $44,931 ± $1,266

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $34,147 ± $19,585

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Nebraska workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Nebraska by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbus, NE is from Nebraska.

0.446

2017 Wage GINI

0.447

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Nebraska was 0.446 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.189% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Nebraska was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Nebraska in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Nebraska across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9654

  2. Census Tract 9655

  3. Census Tract 9657

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbus, NE was Census Tract 9654 with a value of $68,693, followed by Census Tract 9655 and Census Tract 9657, with respective values of $58,388 and $52,012.

The following map shows all of the places in Columbus, NE colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 75+

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

9.11% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbus, NE (2.04k out of 22.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 75+, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,917 ± 316

  2. Hispanic

    942 ± 225

  3. Two Or More

    41 ± 86

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbus, NE is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

12.4k

2017 Value

± 704

3.27%

1 Year growth

± 7.75%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbus, NE grew at a rate of 3.27%, from 12k employees to 12.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbus, NE, are Production Occupations (2,496 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,498 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,072 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbus, NE.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbus, NE, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (2,496 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,498 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,072 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Columbus, NE has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (3.48 times higher than expected), Architecture & Engineering Occupations (2.16 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.83 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbus, NE, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($65,268), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($63,110), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($62,676).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

12.4k

2017 Value

± 704

3.27%

1 Year growth

± 7.75%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbus, NE grew at a rate of 3.27%, from 12k employees to 12.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbus, NE, are Manufacturing (3,824 people), Retail Trade (1,322 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,167 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbus, NE, though some of these residents may live in Columbus, NE and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbus, NE, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (3,824 people), Retail Trade (1,322 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,167 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Columbus, NE has an unusually high number of Utilities (4.43 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (3.06 times), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.89 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbus, NE, by median earnings, are Utilities ($86,250), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($58,833), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($42,174).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Nebraska to other states, or from other states to Nebraska.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.1B

  2. $20.7B

  3. $11.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Nebraska product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $24.1B, followed by Meat/seafood ($20.7B) and Live animals/fish ($11.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Nebraska products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Nebraska state.

$149B

2015 Value

$229B

Projected 2045 Value

53.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Nebraska trade was $149B. This is expected to increase 53.9% to $229B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Nebraska trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Nebraska to other states, or from other states to Nebraska.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $12.4B

  2. $9.12B

  3. $8.39B

In 2015, the top outbound Nebraska domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Iowa with $12.4B, followed by Kansas with $9.12B and California and $8.39B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Nebraska shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.4% of the population of Columbus, NE has health coverage, with 62.9% on employee plans, 6.73% on Medicaid, 11% on Medicare, 10.7% on non-group plans, and 0.936% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Columbus, NE was $8,412 in 2014. This is a 3.43% increase from the previous year ($8,133).

Primary care physicians in Columbus, NE see 1339 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.45% increase from the previous year (1333 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1358 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 421 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Thurston County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.5%). Additionally, Thurston County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Nebraska.

1,339 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Nebraska see an average of 1,339 patients per year. This represents a 0.45% increase from the previous year (1,333 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Nebraska in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Nebraska.

$8,412

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,536

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,964

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,956

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Nebraska (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.43%, from $8,133 to $8,412.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.64%

Uninsured

62.9%

Employer Coverage

6.73%

Medicaid

11%

Medicare

10.7%

Non-Group

0.936%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbus, NE declined by 13.3% from 8.81% to 7.64%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbus, NE changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.5% prevalence

  2. 14.8% prevalence

  3. 13.5% prevalence

Thurston County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Nebraska, at 16.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Nebraska by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Columbus, NE is home to a population of 22.8k people, from which 92.8% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Columbus, NE residents were born outside of the country (2.51k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Columbus, NE is composed of 17.1k White Alone residents (75.1%), 5.11k Hispanic or Latino residents (22.4%), 254 Two or More Races residents (1.11%), 126 Asian Alone residents (0.552%), 107 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.469%), 96 Black or African American Alone residents (0.42%), 6 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0263%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Columbus, NE are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.4

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Columbus, NE was 36.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Columbus, NE are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Columbus, NE residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    2.51k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Columbus, NE residents (2.51k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbus, NE was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbus, NE compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Nebraska.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    47,787 ± 5,299 people

  2. Guatemala

    8,331 ± 2,236 people

  3. Vietnam

    6,596 ± 1,990 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Nebraska was Mexico, the natal country of 47,787 Nebraska residents, followed by Guatemala with 8,331 and Vietnam with 6,596.

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Citizenship

92.8%

2017 Citizenship

91.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 92.8% of Columbus, NE residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Columbus, NE was 91.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbus, NE compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    17.1k ± 261

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    5.11k ± 564

  3. Two or More Races

    254 ± 120

In 2017, there were 3.36 times more White Alone residents (17.1k people) in Columbus, NE than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.11k Hispanic or Latino and 254 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Columbus, NE as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Columbus, NE citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Columbus, NE was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Columbus, NE are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    541 ± 107

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    196 ± 108

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    152 ± 82

Columbus, NE has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.76 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbus, NE was $132,000 in 2017, which is 0.607 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $126,700 to $132,000, a 4.18% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbus, NE is 66%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Columbus, NE have an average commute time of 12 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Columbus, NE is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$54,822

Median Household Income

± $4,498

9.22k

Number of Households

± 582

In 2017, the median household income of the 9.22k households in Columbus, NE grew to $54,822 from the previous year's value of $53,857.

The following chart displays the households in Columbus, NE distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$132,000

2017 Median

± $5,196

$126,700

2016 Median

± $5,225

In 2017, the median property value in Columbus, NE grew to to $132,000 from the previous year's value of $126,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbus, NE compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbus, NE the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbus, NE distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbus, NE the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

66%

2017 Homeownership

66.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 66% of the housing units in Columbus, NE were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 66.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbus, NE compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbus, NE distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbus, NE have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

12 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbus, NE have a shorter commute time (12 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.447% of the workforce in Columbus, NE have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbus, NE compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79%

  2. Carpooled

    14.6%

  3. Walked

    3.54%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Columbus, NE was Drove Alone (79%), followed by those who Carpooled (14.6%) and those who Walked (3.54%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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