Columbus, GA-AL

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Population

307,149

0.405% growth

Median Age

35.2


Median Household Income

$49,731

15.5% growth

Poverty Rate

19.8%


Number of Employees

120,353

3.98% growth

Median Property Value

$147,200

7.45% growth

About

In 2018, Columbus, GA-AL had a population of 307k people with a median age of 35.2 and a median household income of $49,731. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Columbus, GA-AL grew from 305,911 to 307,149, a 0.405% increase and its median household income grew from $43,051 to $49,731, a 15.5% increase.

The population of Columbus, GA-AL is 46.3% White Alone, 40.9% Black or African American Alone, and 7.07% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Columbus, GA-AL speak a non-English language, and 98.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Columbus, GA-AL are Columbus State University (1,853 degrees awarded in 2017), Columbus Technical College (1,452 degrees), and Chattahoochee Valley Community College (253 degrees).

The median property value in Columbus, GA-AL is $147,200, and the homeownership rate is 55.7%. Most people in Columbus, GA-AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbus, GA-AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: River Walk, Columbus, GA

Economy

The economy of Columbus, GA-AL employs 120k people. The largest industries in Columbus, GA-AL are Health Care & Social Assistance (17,317 people), Manufacturing (13,710 people), and Retail Trade (13,511 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($65,330), Finance & Insurance ($50,988), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($50,825).

Median household income in Columbus, GA-AL is $49,731. Males in Columbus, GA-AL have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,879. The income inequality in Columbus, GA-AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.475, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$49,731

2018 value

± $4,120

15.5%

1 Year Growth

± 8.95%

Households in Columbus, GA-AL have a median annual income of $49,731, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $43,051 in 2017, which represents a 15.5% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Columbus, GA-AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Georgia.

$67,446

Average Male Salary

± $1,225

$48,879

Average Female Salary

± $821

In 2018, full-time male employees in Georgia made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Georgia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Georgia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,571 ± $3,964

  2. White

    $57,866 ± $991

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $44,045 ± $24,311

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Georgia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Georgia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbus, GA-AL is from Georgia.

0.475

2018 Wage GINI

0.479

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Georgia was 0.475 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.859% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Georgia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Georgia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Georgia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbus, GA-AL was Forsyth County, GA with a value of $104,687, followed by Fayette County, GA and Cherokee County, GA, with respective values of $93,468 and $82,069.

The following map shows all of the counties in Columbus, GA-AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbus, GA-AL (58.8k out of 297k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    35,099 ± 1,374

  2. White

    17,930 ± 973

  3. Hispanic

    4,819 ± 583

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbus, GA-AL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

120k

2018 Value

± 6,461

3.98%

1 Year growth

± 7.21%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Columbus, GA-AL grew at a rate of 3.98%, from 116k employees to 120k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbus, GA-AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (15,939 people), Sales & Related Occupations (11,824 people), and Management Occupations (10,374 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbus, GA-AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbus, GA-AL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (15,939 people), Sales & Related Occupations (11,824 people), and Management Occupations (10,374 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Columbus, GA-AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.49 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.35 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.32 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbus, GA-AL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($108,152), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($72,540), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($71,483).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

120k

2018 Value

± 6,461

3.98%

1 Year growth

± 7.21%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Columbus, GA-AL grew at a rate of 3.98%, from 116k employees to 120k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbus, GA-AL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (17,317 people), Manufacturing (13,710 people), and Retail Trade (13,511 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbus, GA-AL, though some of these residents may live in Columbus, GA-AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbus, GA-AL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (17,317 people), Manufacturing (13,710 people), and Retail Trade (13,511 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Columbus, GA-AL has an unusually high number of Finance & Insurance (1.71 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.28 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.25 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbus, GA-AL, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($65,330), Finance & Insurance ($50,988), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($50,825).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $51.8B

  2. $36.9B

  3. $35.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Georgia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $51.8B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($36.9B) and Electronics ($35.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Georgia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Georgia state.

$465B

2020 Value

$628B

Projected 2045 Value

35.1% growth

In 2020, total outbound Georgia trade was $465B. This is expected to increase 35.1% to $628B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Georgia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Georgia to other states, or from other states to Georgia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $42.1B

  2. $27.8B

  3. $22.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Georgia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Florida with $42.1B, followed by South Carolina with $27.8B and North Carolina and $22.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Georgia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89% of the population of Columbus, GA-AL has health coverage, with 36.3% on employee plans, 19.4% on Medicaid, 8.44% on Medicare, 16.7% on non-group plans, and 8.1% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Columbus, GA-AL was $6,587 in 2014. This is a 5.41% increase from the previous year ($6,249).

Primary care physicians in Columbus, GA-AL see 1519 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.459% decrease from the previous year (1526 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1984 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 829 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Quitman County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.2%). Additionally, Rockdale County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (38.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.

1,519 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Georgia see an average of 1,519 patients per year. This represents a 0.459% decrease from the previous year (1,526 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Georgia in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Georgia.

$6,587

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,406

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,199

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,429

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Georgia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.41%, from $6,249 to $6,587.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11%

Uninsured

36.3%

Employer Coverage

19.4%

Medicaid

8.44%

Medicare

16.7%

Non-Group

8.1%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbus, GA-AL grew by 4.73% from 10.5% to 11%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbus, GA-AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18.2% prevalence

  2. 17.3% prevalence

  3. 16.9% prevalence

Quitman County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Georgia, at 18.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Georgia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Columbus, GA-AL is home to a population of 307k people, from which 98.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.82% of Columbus, GA-AL residents were born outside of the country (14.7k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Columbus, GA-AL is composed of 142k White Alone residents (46.3%), 126k Black or African American Alone residents (40.9%), 21.7k Hispanic or Latino residents (7.07%), 10.5k Two or More Races residents (3.41%), 5.6k Asian Alone residents (1.82%), 1.12k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.366%), 233 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0759%), and 214 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0697%).

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.7

In 2018, the median age of all people in Columbus, GA-AL was 35.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Columbus, GA-AL are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Columbus, GA-AL residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.82%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

14.7k people

4.71%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

14.5k people

As of 2017, 4.82% of Columbus, GA-AL residents (14.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbus, GA-AL was 4.71%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbus, GA-AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Georgia.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    237,281 ± 11,824 people

  2. India

    94,845 ± 7,527 people

  3. Jamaica

    45,320 ± 5,215 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Georgia was Mexico, the natal country of 237,281 Georgia residents, followed by India with 94,845 and Jamaica with 45,320.

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Citizenship

98.5%

2018 Citizenship

98.5%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 98.5% of Columbus, GA-AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Columbus, GA-AL was 98.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbus, GA-AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    142k ± 2.2k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    126k ± 3.28k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    21.7k ± 3.25k

In 2018, there were 1.13 times more White Alone residents (142k people) in Columbus, GA-AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 126k Black or African American Alone and 21.7k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Columbus, GA-AL as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    10,445 ± 2,404

  2. Vietnam

    8,254 ± 1,297

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    6,201 ± 1,364

Columbus, GA-AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.27 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Columbus, GA-AL awarded 4,101 degrees. The student population of Columbus, GA-AL is skewed towards women, with 5,296 male students and 8,977 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Columbus, GA-AL are White (2,022 and 49.8%), followed by Black or African American (1,617 and 39.8%), Hispanic or Latino (170 and 4.19%), and Unknown (97 and 2.39%).

The largest universities in Columbus, GA-AL by number of degrees awarded are Columbus State University (1,853 and 45.2%), Columbus Technical College (1,452 and 35.4%), and Chattahoochee Valley Community College (253 and 6.17%).

The most popular majors in Columbus, GA-AL are Criminal Justice - Safety Studies (352 and 8.58%), Registered Nursing (296 and 7.22%), and Other Mechanic & Repair Technologies (283 and 6.9%).

The median tuition costs in Columbus, GA-AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $4,264 and $15,050 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 101 degrees awarded

  2. 283 degrees awarded

  3. 105 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Columbus, GA-AL was Registered Nursing with 101 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Columbus, GA-AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,853 degrees awarded

  2. 1,452 degrees awarded

  3. 253 degrees awarded

$4,264

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Columbus, GA-AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Columbus State University with 1,853 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,476

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,625

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,476 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Columbus, GA-AL, which is 0.562 times less than the 2,625 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Columbus, GA-AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,022 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,617 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    170 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Columbus, GA-AL were to White students. These 2,022 degrees mean that there were 1.25 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,617 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbus, GA-AL was $147,200 in 2018, which is 0.641 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $137,000 to $147,200, a 7.45% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbus, GA-AL is 55.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Columbus, GA-AL have an average commute time of 21.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Columbus, GA-AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$147,200

2018 Median

± $7,238

$137,000

2017 Median

± $8,389

In 2018, the median property value in Columbus, GA-AL grew to to $147,200 from the previous year's value of $137,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbus, GA-AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbus, GA-AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$49,731

Median Household Income

± $4,120

115k

Number of Households

± 5,879

In 2018, the median household income of the 115k households in Columbus, GA-AL grew to $49,731 from the previous year's value of $43,051.

The following chart displays the households in Columbus, GA-AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbus, GA-AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbus, GA-AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

55.7%

2018 Homeownership

54.4%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 55.7% of the housing units in Columbus, GA-AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 54.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbus, GA-AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

21.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbus, GA-AL have a shorter commute time (21.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.07% of the workforce in Columbus, GA-AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbus, GA-AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80%

  2. Carpooled

    10.1%

  3. Walked

    3.91%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Columbus, GA-AL was Drove Alone (80%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.1%) and those who Walked (3.91%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbus, GA-AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbus, GA-AL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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