Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2019 Population
138,386
1.43% 1-year growth
US Senator
Ben Cardin
Democratic Party
US Senator
Chris Van Hollen
Democratic Party
2019 Median Age
43
0.467% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
4.18%
5.19% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$143,159
2.89% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$578,100
2.23% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
71,431
0.905% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD had a population of 138k people with a median age of 43 and a median household income of $143,159. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD grew from 136,440 to 138,386, a 1.43% increase and its median household income grew from $139,144 to $143,159, a 2.89% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD are White (Non-Hispanic) (58.9%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (18.3%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (12.8%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.08%), and White (Hispanic) (3.69%). 22.3% of the households in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 93.4% of the residents in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD are Howard Community College (1,427 degrees awarded in 2019) and Maryland University of Integrative Health (413 degrees).

In 2019, the median property value in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was $578,100, and the homeownership rate was 79.2%. Most people in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 30.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Maryland. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Maryland, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Maryland (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Start Year
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Maryland. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Maryland.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Maryland across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Diversity

Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD is home to a population of 138k people, from which 93.4% are citizens. As of 2019, 27.6% of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD residents were born outside of the country (38.1k people).

In 2019, there were 3.21 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (81.5k people) in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 25.4k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 17.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD are Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (5,193 speakers), Korean (4,523 speakers), and Spanish (4,163 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    81.5k ± 1.35k
  2. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    25.4k ± 1.06k
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    17.7k ± 1.25k
5.08%
Hispanic Population
7.03k people

In 2019, there were 3.21 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (81.5k people) in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 25.4k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 17.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

5.08% of the people in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD are hispanic (7.03k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    5,193 speakers (3.94%)
  2. Korean
    4,523 speakers (3.43%)
  3. Spanish
    4,163 speakers (3.16%)

22.3% of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 22%.

In 2019, the most common non-English language spoken in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese). 3.94% of the overall population of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD are native Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) speakers. 3.43% speak Korean and 3.16% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

27.6%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
38.1k people
19.7%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
26.9k people

As of 2019, 27.6% of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD residents (38.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was 19.7%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

40
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.8
48
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1

In 2019, the median age of all people in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was 43. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD residents was 43.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. India
    5,380 ± 1,765 people
  2. China
    3,490 ± 1,432 people
  3. Korea
    3,449 ± 1,424 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was India, the natal country of 5,380 Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD residents, followed by China with 3,490 and Korea with 3,449.

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Citizenship

93.4%
2019 Citizenship
92.6%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 93.4% of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was 92.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,373 ± 269
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,776 ± 322
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,317 ± 263

Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.34 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD is $143,159. In 2019, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was Bethesda, Potomac & North Bethesda PUMA, MD with a value of $159,588, followed by Olney, Damascus, Clarksburg & Darnestown PUMA, MD and Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD, with respective values of $145,617 and $141,258.

Males in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD have an average income that is 1.48 times higher than the average income of females, which is $88,517. The income inequality in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD employs 71.4k people. The largest industries in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD are Elementary & secondary schools (4,589 people), Computer Systems Design (4,438 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (3,720 people), and the highest paying industries are Miscellaneous nondurable goods merchant wholesalers ($235,018), Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($226,565), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($196,389).

Wages

Median Household Income

$143,159
2019 value
± $3,265
2.89%
1 Year Growth
± 3.4%

Households in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD have a median annual income of $143,159, which is more than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $139,144 in 2018, which represents a 2.89% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$131,168
Average Male Salary in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD
± $15,392
$88,517
Average Female Salary in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD
± $11,176

In 2019, full-time male employees in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD made 1.48 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD
  1. Asian
    $105,455 ± $23,181
  2. White
    $102,420 ± $11,667
  3. Black
    $70,525 ± $18,347

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.03 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.466
2019 Wage GINI in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD
0.464
2018 Wage GINI in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD

In 2019, the income inequality in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.419% growth from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2019, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was Bethesda, Potomac & North Bethesda PUMA, MD with a value of $159,588, followed by Olney, Damascus, Clarksburg & Darnestown PUMA, MD and Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD, with respective values of $145,617 and $141,258.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

4.18% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD (5.75k out of 138k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    2,387 ± 355
  2. Black
    2,142 ± 457
  3. Asian
    810 ± 238

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD is White, followed by Black and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

71.4k
2019 Value
0.905%
1 Year growth
± 0.905%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD grew at a rate of 0.905%, from 70.8k employees to 71.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD, are Other managers (3,572 people), Software developers (2,686 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,847 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD, by number of employees, are Other managers (3,572 people), Software developers (2,686 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,847 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD has an unusually high number of residents working as Computer and information research scientists (19.7 times higher than expected), Astronomers & physicists (13.7 times), and Miscellaneous mathematical science occupations, including mathematicians & statisticians (7.04 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD, by average salary, are Surgeons ($314,852), Chief executives & legislators ($286,622), and Physicians ($239,668).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

71.4k
2019 Value
0.905%
1 Year growth
± 0.905%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD grew at a rate of 0.905%, from 70.8k employees to 71.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,589 people), Computer Systems Design (4,438 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (3,720 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD, though some of these residents may live in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,589 people), Computer Systems Design (4,438 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (3,720 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD has an unusually high number of Scientific research & development services (7.49 times higher than expected), Administration of economic programs & space research (6.51 times), and National security & international affairs (5 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD, by average salary, are Miscellaneous nondurable goods merchant wholesalers ($235,018), Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($226,565), and Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($196,389).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $25.4B
  2. $20.9B
  3. $20.6B

In 2018, the top outbound Maryland product (by dollars) was Textiles/leather with $25.4B, followed by Mixed freight ($20.9B) and Motorized vehicles ($20.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Maryland products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Maryland.
$231B
2018 Value in Maryland
$419B
Projected 2045 Value in Maryland
81.8% growth

In 2018, total outbound Maryland trade was $231B. This is expected to increase 81.8% to $419B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Maryland trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $24B
  2. $23.6B
  3. $9.87B

In 2018, the top outbound Maryland domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Virginia with $24B, followed by Pennsylvania with $23.6B and New York and $9.87B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Maryland shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Maryland went to Hillary Rodham Clinton with 60.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (33.9%), followed by Gary Johnson (2.86%). The most partisan county was Prince George's County, MD with 88.1% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

Ben Cardin and Chris Van Hollen are the senators currently representing the state of Maryland. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Maryland is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Maryland.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Popular Vote for Maryland
60.3% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in Maryland
  1. 88.1% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  2. 84.7% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  3. 76.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Maryland was Prince George's County, MD with 88.1% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in Maryland colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Maryland

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Ben Cardin
Senator from Maryland1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
Chris Van Hollen
Senator from Maryland3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Ben Cardin and Chris Van Hollen are the senators currently representing Maryland.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Maryland over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Maryland

Maryland is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Maryland have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2019, universities in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD awarded 1,840 degrees. The student population of Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD is skewed towards women, with 3,881 male students and 6,120 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD are White (793 and 46.6%), followed by Black or African American (445 and 26.1%), Asian (173 and 10.2%), and Hispanic or Latino (143 and 8.4%).

The largest universities in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD by number of degrees awarded are Howard Community College (1,427 and 77.6%) and Maryland University of Integrative Health (413 and 22.4%).

The most popular majors in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD are General Studies (596 and 32.4%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (225 and 12.2%), and Others Dietetics & Clinical Nutrition Services (166 and 9.02%).

The median tuition costs in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 596 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 225 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 144 degree-majorss awarded

In 2018, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was General Studies with 596 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,427 degrees awarded
  2. 413 degrees awarded
$N/A
Median In-State Public
$N/A
Median Private

In 2019, the Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD institution with the largest number of graduating students was Howard Community College with 1,427 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

620
Degrees Awarded to Men
1,220
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 620 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD, which is 0.508 times less than the 1,220 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    793 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    445 degrees awarded
  3. Asian
    173 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was White students. These 793 degrees mean that there were 1.78 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 445 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was $578,100 in 2019, which is 2.4 times larger than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $565,500 to $578,100, a 2.23% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD is 79.2%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD have an average commute time of 30.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$578,100
2019 Median
± $6,298
$565,500
2018 Median
± $6,224

In 2019, the median property value in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD grew to to $578,100 from the previous year's value of $565,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$143,159
Median Household Income
± $3,265
49.3k
Number of Households
± 1,340

In 2019, the median household income of the 49.3k households in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD grew to $143,159 from the previous year's value of $139,144.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

79.2%
2019 Homeownership
79.3%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 79.2% of the housing units in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 79.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

30.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD have a longer commute time (30.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 3.81% of the workforce in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (80.5%)
  2. Worked At Home (7.27%)
  3. Carpooled (6.78%)

In 2019, 80.5% of workers in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (7.27%) and those who carpooled to work (6.78%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

97.1% of the population of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD has health coverage, with 66.3% on employee plans, 5.47% on Medicaid, 11.2% on Medicare, 12.8% on non-group plans, and 1.35% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Maryland was $8,602 in 2014. This is a 4.27% increase from the previous year ($8,250).

Primary care physicians in Maryland see 1129 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.05% decrease from the previous year (1141 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1259 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 364 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.9%). Additionally, Somerset County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (41.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
1,129 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Maryland

Primary care physicians in Maryland see an average of 1,129 patients per year. This represents a 1.05% decrease from the previous year (1,141 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Maryland in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
$8,602
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Maryland
$4,343
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,677
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$12,000
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Maryland (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.27%, from $8,250 to $8,602.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

2.92%
Uninsured
66.3%
Employer Coverage
5.47%
Medicaid
11.2%
Medicare
12.8%
Non-Group
1.35%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD declined by 18% from 3.56% to 2.92%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 18.9% prevalence
  2. 15.9% prevalence
  3. 14.5% prevalence

Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Maryland, at 18.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Maryland by county over multiple years.

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