Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2020 Population
141,712
2.4% 1-year growth
US Senator
Ben Cardin
Democratic Party
US Senator
Chris Van Hollen
Democratic Party
2020 Median Age
42.3
1.63% 1-year decrease
2020 Poverty Rate
4.43%
5.98% 1-year increase
2020 Median Household Income
$145,528
1.65% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$586,400
1.44% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
72,584
1.61% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD had a population of 142k people with a median age of 42.3 and a median household income of $145,528. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD grew from 138,386 to 141,712, a 2.4% increase and its median household income grew from $143,159 to $145,528, a 1.65% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD are White (Non-Hispanic) (55.9%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (21%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (11.8%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.79%), and White (Hispanic) (3.35%).

25.4% of the households in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

93.1% of the residents in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD are Howard Community College (1,438 degrees awarded in 2020) and Maryland University of Integrative Health (358 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was $586,400, and the homeownership rate was 79.6%. Most people in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 32.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD is home to a population of 142k people, from which 93.1% are citizens. As of 2020, 20.9% of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD residents were born outside of the country (29.6k people).

In 2020, there were 2.67 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (79.3k people) in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 29.7k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 16.8k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD are Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (6,865 households), Korean (6,001 households), and Spanish (4,474 households).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    79.3k ± 1.98k
  2. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    29.7k ± 1.57k
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    16.8k ± 1.48k
5.77%
Hispanic Population
8.18k people

In 2020, there were 2.67 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (79.3k people) in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 29.7k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 16.8k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

5.77% of the people in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD are hispanic (8.18k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    6,865 households (5.09%)
  2. Korean
    6,001 households (4.45%)
  3. Spanish
    4,474 households (3.31%)

25.4% of the households in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2020, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese). 5.09% of the households in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD reported speaking Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

20.9%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
29.6k people
19.1%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
26.5k people

As of 2020, 20.9% of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD residents (29.6k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was 19.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

39
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.7
48
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1

In 2020, the median age of all people in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was 42.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD are getting getting younger. In 2019, the average age of all Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD residents was 43.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. India
    6,123 ± 1,879 people
  2. China
    4,297 ± 1,585 people
  3. Korea
    4,099 ± 1,549 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was India, the natal country of 6,123 Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD residents, followed by China with 4,297 and Korea with 4,099.

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Citizenship

93.1%
2020 Citizenship
93.4%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 93.1% of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was 93.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,102 ± 298
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,928 ± 384
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,366 ± 382

Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.09 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Maryland. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Maryland, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Maryland (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Maryland. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Maryland.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Maryland across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD is $145,528. In 2020, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was Bethesda, Potomac & North Bethesda PUMA, MD with a value of $157,809, followed by Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD and Olney, Damascus, Clarksburg & Darnestown PUMA, MD, with respective values of $145,528 and $144,058.

Males in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD have an average income that is 1.47 times higher than the average income of females, which is $91,218. The income inequality in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.459, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD employs 72.6k people. The largest industries in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD are Elementary & secondary schools (4,810 people), Computer Systems Design (4,770 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (3,537 people), and the highest paying industries are Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($221,350), Electronic component & product manufacturing, n.e.c. ($193,803), and Savings institutions, including credit unions ($188,896).

Wages

Median Household Income

$145,528
2020 value
± $3,654
1.65%
1 Year Growth
± 3.34%

Households in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD have a median annual income of $145,528, which is more than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $143,159 in 2019, which represents a 1.65% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

$133,842
Average Male Salary in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD
± $15,353
$91,218
Average Female Salary in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD
± $11,060

In 2020, full-time male employees in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD made 1.47 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD
  1. Asian
    $106,705 ± $20,627
  2. White
    $106,056 ± $11,989
  3. Two or More Races
    $93,976 ± $51,008

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.01 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.459
2020 Wage GINI in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD
0.466
2019 Wage GINI in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD

In 2020, the income inequality in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was 0.459 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.63% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2020, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was Bethesda, Potomac & North Bethesda PUMA, MD with a value of $157,809, followed by Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD and Olney, Damascus, Clarksburg & Darnestown PUMA, MD, with respective values of $145,528 and $144,058.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

4.43% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD (6.24k out of 141k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    2,483 ± 405
  2. Black
    2,001 ± 431
  3. Asian
    1,226 ± 355

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD is White, followed by Black and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

72.6k
2020 Value
1.61%
1 Year growth
± 1.61%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD grew at a rate of 1.61%, from 71.4k employees to 72.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD, are Other managers (3,644 people), Software developers (3,148 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,884 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD, by number of employees, are Other managers (3,644 people), Software developers (3,148 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,884 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD has an unusually high number of residents working as Computer and information research scientists (16.1 times higher than expected), Astronomers & physicists (13.5 times), and Operations research analysts (8.21 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD, by average salary, are Surgeons ($320,037), Chief executives & legislators ($291,925), and Sales managers ($250,480).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

72.6k
2020 Value
1.61%
1 Year growth
± 1.61%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD grew at a rate of 1.61%, from 71.4k employees to 72.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,810 people), Computer Systems Design (4,770 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (3,537 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD, though some of these residents may live in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,810 people), Computer Systems Design (4,770 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (3,537 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD has an unusually high number of Scientific research & development services (7.03 times higher than expected), Administration of economic programs & space research (6.14 times), and Administration of human resource programs (5.22 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD, by average salary, are Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($221,350), Electronic component & product manufacturing, n.e.c. ($193,803), and Savings institutions, including credit unions ($188,896).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $29.2B
  2. $23.2B
  3. $20.6B

In 2020, the top outbound Maryland product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $29.2B, followed by Mixed freight ($23.2B) and Electronics ($20.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Maryland products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Maryland.
$217B
2020 Value in Maryland
$445B
Projected 2050 Value in Maryland
105% growth

In 2020, total outbound Maryland trade was $217B. This is expected to increase 105% to $445B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Maryland trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $21.2B
  2. $18.1B
  3. $10.1B

In 2020, the top outbound Maryland domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Virginia with $21.2B, followed by Pennsylvania with $18.1B and New York and $10.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Maryland shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Maryland went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 65.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (32.2%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.1%). The most partisan county was Prince George's County, MD with 89.3% of the vote going to Joseph R Biden Jr. running for the Democratic Party.

Ben Cardin and Chris Van Hollen are the senators currently representing the state of Maryland. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Maryland is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Maryland.
Joseph R Biden Jr.
Popular Vote for Maryland
65.4% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in Maryland
  1. 89.3% for Joseph R Biden Jr. (Democratic Party)
  2. 87.3% for Joseph R Biden Jr. (Democratic Party)
  3. 78.6% for Joseph R Biden Jr. (Democratic Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in Maryland was Prince George's County, MD with 89.3% of the vote going to Joseph R Biden Jr. running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in Maryland colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Maryland

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Ben Cardin
Senator from Maryland1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
Chris Van Hollen
Senator from Maryland3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Ben Cardin and Chris Van Hollen are the senators currently representing Maryland.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Maryland over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Maryland

Maryland is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Maryland have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2020, universities in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD awarded 1,796 degrees. The student population of Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD is skewed towards women, with 3,978 male students and 6,403 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD are White (748 and 44.6%), followed by Black or African American (421 and 25.1%), Asian (181 and 10.8%), and Hispanic or Latino (170 and 10.1%).

The largest universities in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD by number of degrees awarded are Howard Community College (1,438 and 80.1%) and Maryland University of Integrative Health (358 and 19.9%).

The most popular majors in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD are General Studies (590 and 32.9%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (221 and 12.3%), and Registered Nursing (164 and 9.13%).

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 590 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 221 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 164 degree-majorss awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was General Studies with 590 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,438 degrees awarded
  2. 358 degrees awarded

In 2020, the Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD institution with the largest number of graduating students was Howard Community College with 1,438 degrees awarded.

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Student Sex for Common Institutions

590
Degrees Awarded to Men
1,206
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2020, 590 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD, which is 0.489 times less than the 1,206 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the sex disparity between the institutions in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    748 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    421 degrees awarded
  3. Asian
    181 degrees awarded

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Howard County (West)--Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was White students. These 748 degrees mean that there were 1.78 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 421 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD was $586,400 in 2020, which is 2.55 times larger than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $578,100 to $586,400, a 1.44% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD is 79.6%, which is higher than the national average of 64.4%. People in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD have an average commute time of 32.9 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$586,400
2020 Median
± $7,983
$578,100
2019 Median
± $6,298

In 2020, the median property value in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD grew to to $586,400 from the previous year's value of $578,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$145,528
Median Household Income
± $3,654
50.7k
Number of Households
± 1,674

In 2020, the median household income of the 50.7k households in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD grew to $145,528 from the previous year's value of $143,159.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

79.6%
2020 Homeownership
79.2%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 79.6% of the housing units in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 79.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

32.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD have a longer commute time (32.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 4.11% of the workforce in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (77.1%)
  2. Worked At Home (12%)
  3. Carpooled (6.11%)

In 2020, 77.1% of workers in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (12%) and those who carpooled to work (6.11%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

96.8% of the population of Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD has health coverage, with 66.4% on employee plans, 5.8% on Medicaid, 11% on Medicare, 12.3% on non-group plans, and 1.32% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Maryland was $8,602 in 2014. This is a 4.27% increase from the previous year ($8,250).

Primary care physicians in Maryland see 1129 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.05% decrease from the previous year (1141 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1259 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 364 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.9%). Additionally, Somerset County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (41.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
1,129 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Maryland

Primary care physicians in Maryland see an average of 1,129 patients per year. This represents a 1.05% decrease from the previous year (1,141 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Maryland in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
$8,602
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Maryland
$4,343
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,677
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$12,000
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Maryland (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.27%, from $8,250 to $8,602.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

3.19%
Uninsured
66.4%
Employer Coverage
5.8%
Medicaid
11%
Medicare
12.3%
Non-Group
1.32%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD grew by 9.42% from 2.92% to 3.19%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 18.9% prevalence
  2. 15.9% prevalence
  3. 14.5% prevalence

Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Maryland, at 18.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Maryland by county over multiple years.

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