Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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Population
178,887
0.822% 1-year growth
US Senator
Ben Cardin
Democratic Party
US Senator
Chris Van Hollen
Democratic Party
Median Age
35.9

Poverty Rate
6.12%

Median Household Income
$107,020
2.96% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$375,700
1.71% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
93,793
1.16% 1-year growth

About

In 2018, Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD had a population of 179k people with a median age of 35.9 and a median household income of $107,020. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD grew from 177,429 to 178,887, a 0.822% increase and its median household income grew from $103,946 to $107,020, a 2.96% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD are White (Non-Hispanic) (47.3%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (22.8%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (17.4%), White (Hispanic) (5.96%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.6%). 27.6% of the people in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD speak a non-English language, and 91% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Howard County (East)--Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD are Lincoln College of Technology-Columbia (351 degrees awarded in 2017), Paul Mitchell the School-Jessup (85 degrees), and University of Phoenix-Maryland (79 degrees).

The median property value in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD is $375,700, and the homeownership rate is 68.5%. Most people in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 28.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Maryland. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Maryland, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Maryland (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Maryland across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Maryland went to Hillary Rodham Clinton with 60.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (33.9%), followed by Gary Johnson (2.86%). The most partisan county was Prince George's County, MD with 88.1% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

Ben Cardin and Chris Van Hollen are the senators currently representing the state of Maryland. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Maryland.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Popular Vote for Maryland
60.3% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in Maryland
  1. 88.1% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  2. 84.7% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  3. 76.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Maryland was Prince George's County, MD with 88.1% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in Maryland colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Maryland

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Ben Cardin
Senator from Maryland1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
Chris Van Hollen
Senator from Maryland3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Ben Cardin and Chris Van Hollen are the senators currently representing Maryland.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Maryland over time, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Maryland

Maryland is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD is home to a population of 179k people, from which 91% are citizens. As of 2018, 22.2% of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD residents were born outside of the country (39.7k people).

In 2018, there were 2.07 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (84.5k people) in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 40.8k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 31.1k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD are Spanish (10,982 speakers), Korean (5,547 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (4,471 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    84.5k ± 1.23k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    40.8k ± 1.23k
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    31.1k ± 1.07k
8.22%
Hispanic Population
14.7k people

In 2018, there were 2.07 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (84.5k people) in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 40.8k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 31.1k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

8.22% of the people in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD are hispanic (14.7k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    10,982 speakers (6.6%)
  2. Korean
    5,547 speakers (3.34%)
  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    4,471 speakers (2.69%)

27.6% of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was Spanish. 6.6% of the overall population of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD are native Spanish speakers. 3.34% speak Korean and 2.69% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

22.2%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
39.7k people
21.7%
2016 Foreign-Born Population
37.7k people

As of 2018, 22.2% of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD residents (39.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was 21.7%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

32
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.5
43
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 0.8

In 2018, the median age of all people in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was 35.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD are getting staying the same age. In 2017, the average age of all Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD residents was 36.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. India
    5,618 ± 1,811 people
  2. Korea
    5,513 ± 1,794 people
  3. China
    2,767 ± 1,281 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was India, the natal country of 5,618 Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD residents, followed by Korea with 5,513 and China with 2,767.

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Citizenship

91%
2018 Citizenship
90.4%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 91% of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was 90.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    3,215 ± 400
  2. Vietnam
    2,425 ± 296
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,951 ± 321

Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.33 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD is $107,020. In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was Bethesda, Potomac & North Bethesda PUMA, MD with a value of $151,026, followed by Olney, Damascus, Clarksburg & Darnestown PUMA, MD and Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD, with respective values of $141,612 and $137,761.

Males in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $68,035. The income inequality in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.421, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD employs 93.8k people. The largest industries in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD are Elementary & secondary schools (6,279 people), Computer Systems Design (5,429 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (5,266 people), and the highest paying industries are Electronic component & product manufacturing, n.e.c. ($176,530), Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($174,347), and Software publishing ($132,763).

Wages

Median Household Income

$107,020
2018 value
± $1,744
2.96%
1 Year Growth
± 2.3%

Households in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD have a median annual income of $107,020, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $103,946 in 2017, which represents a 2.96% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$89,751
Average Male Salary in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD
± $8,479
$68,035
Average Female Salary in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD
± $6,179

In 2017, full-time male employees in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD made 1.32 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD
  1. Asian
    $74,034 ± $13,047
  2. White
    $74,020 ± $7,076
  3. Two or More Races
    $61,789 ± $28,426

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.421
2017 Wage GINI in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD
0.418
2016 Wage GINI in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD

In 2017, the income inequality in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was 0.421 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.837% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was Bethesda, Potomac & North Bethesda PUMA, MD with a value of $151,026, followed by Olney, Damascus, Clarksburg & Darnestown PUMA, MD and Columbia (West) & Ellicott City (Northwest) PUMA, MD, with respective values of $141,612 and $137,761.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

6.12% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD (10.9k out of 177k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Black
    4,019 ± 539
  2. White
    3,847 ± 503
  3. Asian
    2,192 ± 354

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD is Black, followed by White and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

93.8k
2017 Value
1.16%
1 Year growth
± 1.16%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD grew at a rate of 1.16%, from 92.7k employees to 93.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD, are Miscellaneous managers (4,862 people), Software developers, applications & systems software (3,165 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (3,062 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD, by number of employees, are Miscellaneous managers (4,862 people), Software developers, applications & systems software (3,165 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (3,062 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD has an unusually high number of residents working as Computer & information research scientists (15.4 times higher than expected), Astronomers & physicists (11.7 times), and Operations research analysts (9.24 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD, by average salary, are Credit counselors & loan officers ($213,592), Chief executives & legislators ($187,981), and Architectural & engineering managers ($177,324).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

93.8k
2017 Value
1.16%
1 Year growth
± 1.16%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD grew at a rate of 1.16%, from 92.7k employees to 93.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD, are Elementary & secondary schools (6,279 people), Computer Systems Design (5,429 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (5,266 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD, though some of these residents may live in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (6,279 people), Computer Systems Design (5,429 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (5,266 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD has an unusually high number of National security & international affairs (5.56 times higher than expected), Scientific research & development services (5.16 times), and Administration of economic programs & space research (4.46 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD, by average salary, are Electronic component & product manufacturing, n.e.c. ($176,530), Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($174,347), and Software publishing ($132,763).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $24.1B
  2. $17.7B
  3. $14.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Maryland product (by dollars) was Textiles/leather with $24.1B, followed by Mixed freight ($17.7B) and Electronics ($14.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Maryland products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Maryland.
$180B
2015 Value in Maryland
$243B
Projected 2045 Value in Maryland
35.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Maryland trade was $180B. This is expected to increase 35.1% to $243B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Maryland trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $24B
  2. $18.2B
  3. $6.71B

In 2015, the top outbound Maryland domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Virginia with $24B, followed by Pennsylvania with $18.2B and New York and $6.71B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Maryland shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Education

In 2017, universities in Howard County (East)--Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD awarded 515 degrees. The student population of Howard County (East)--Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD is skewed towards men, with 568 male students and 174 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Howard County (East)--Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD are Black or African American (241 and 47.1%), followed by White (119 and 23.2%), Hispanic or Latino (71 and 13.9%), and Unknown (37 and 7.23%).

The largest universities in Howard County (East)--Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD by number of degrees awarded are Lincoln College of Technology-Columbia (351 and 68.2%), Paul Mitchell the School-Jessup (85 and 16.5%), and University of Phoenix-Maryland (79 and 15.3%).

The most popular majors in Howard County (East)--Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD are Automobile Mechanics Technology (153 and 29.7%), HVAC & Refrigeration Engineering Technology (118 and 22.9%), and General Cosmetology (85 and 16.5%).

The median tuition costs in Howard County (East)--Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 106 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 85 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 118 degree-majorss awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Howard County (East)--Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was Automobile Mechanics Technology with 106 degree-majorss awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Howard County (East)--Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 351 degrees awarded
  2. 85 degrees awarded
  3. 79 degrees awarded
$N/A
Median In-State Public
$N/A
Median Private

In 2017, the Howard County (East)--Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD institution with the largest number of graduating students was Lincoln College of Technology-Columbia with 351 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

370
Degrees Awarded to Men
145
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 370 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Howard County (East)--Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD, which is 2.55 times more than the 145 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Howard County (East)--Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. Black or African American
    241 degrees awarded
  2. White
    119 degrees awarded
  3. Hispanic or Latino
    71 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Howard County (East)--Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD were to Black or African American students. These 241 degrees mean that there were 2.03 times more Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 119 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was $375,700 in 2018, which is 1.64 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $369,400 to $375,700, a 1.71% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD is 68.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD have an average commute time of 28.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$375,700
2018 Median
± $3,934
$369,400
2017 Median
± $3,916

In 2018, the median property value in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD grew to to $375,700 from the previous year's value of $369,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$107,020
Median Household Income
± $1,744
64.2k
Number of Households
± 1,715

In 2018, the median household income of the 64.2k households in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD grew to $107,020 from the previous year's value of $103,946.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

68.5%
2018 Homeownership
69.2%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 68.5% of the housing units in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 69.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

28.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD have a longer commute time (28.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 3.57% of the workforce in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    81.4%
  2. Carpooled
    7.32%
  3. Worked At Home
    4.97%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD was Drove Alone (81.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.32%) and those who Worked At Home (4.97%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

95.7% of the population of Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD has health coverage, with 63.4% on employee plans, 11.1% on Medicaid, 7.14% on Medicare, 12.3% on non-group plans, and 1.77% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Maryland was $8,602 in 2014. This is a 4.27% increase from the previous year ($8,250).

Primary care physicians in Maryland see 1137 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.977% increase from the previous year (1126 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1321 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 463 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.8%). Additionally, Somerset County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
1,137 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Maryland

Primary care physicians in Maryland see an average of 1,137 patients per year. This represents a 0.977% increase from the previous year (1,126 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Maryland in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
$8,602
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Maryland
$4,343
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,677
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$12,000
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Maryland (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.27%, from $8,250 to $8,602.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.32%
Uninsured
63.4%
Employer Coverage
11.1%
Medicaid
7.14%
Medicare
12.3%
Non-Group
1.77%
Military or VA

Between N/A and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD N/A by N/A from N/A% to 4.32%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia (East), Ellicott City (Southeast) & Elkridge PUMA, MD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 15.8% prevalence
  2. 13.7% prevalence
  3. 13.4% prevalence

Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Maryland, at 15.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Maryland by county over multiple years.

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