Columbia County, NY

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Population

61,481

0.613% decline

Median Age

47.4


Median Household Income

$61,093

1.96% growth

Poverty Rate

11.4%


Number of Employees

30,164

0.0663% decline

Median Property Value

$224,600

1.03% growth

About

In 2017, Columbia County, NY had a population of 61.5k people with a median age of 47.4 and a median household income of $61,093. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Columbia County, NY declined from 61,860 to 61,481, a -0.613% decrease and its median household income grew from $59,916 to $61,093, a 1.96% increase.

The population of Columbia County, NY is 86.9% White Alone, 4.53% Hispanic or Latino, and 4.26% Black or African American Alone. 6.64% of the people in Columbia County, NY speak a non-English language, and 96.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Columbia County, NY are Columbia-Greene Community College (311 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Columbia County, NY is $224,600, and the homeownership rate is 72.4%. Most people in Columbia County, NY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia County, NY is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Columbia County, NY employs 30.2k people. The largest industries in Columbia County, NY are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,537 people), Educational Services (3,222 people), and Retail Trade (2,872 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($92,778), Information ($62,534), and Public Administration ($60,552).

Median household income in Columbia County, NY is $61,093. Males in Columbia County, NY have an average income that is 1.3 times higher than the average income of females, which is $59,246. The income inequality in Columbia County, NY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.499, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$61,093

2017 value

± $1,999

1.96%

1 Year Growth

± 5.47%

Households in Columbia County, NY have a median annual income of $61,093, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $59,916 in 2016, which represents a 1.96% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Columbia County, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

$76,804

Average Male Salary

± $1,164

$59,246

Average Female Salary

± $829

In 2017, full-time male employees in Columbia County, NY made 1.3 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Columbia County, NY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $65,105 ± $849

  2. Asian

    $62,456 ± $2,350

  3. Two or More Races

    $46,207 ± $3,026

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Columbia County, NY workers was White. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Columbia County, NY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbia County, NY is from New York.

0.499

2017 Wage GINI

0.497

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New York was 0.499 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.362% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 4.02

  2. Census Tract 4.01

  3. Census Tract 2

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbia County, NY was Census Tract 4.02 with a value of $85,000, followed by Census Tract 4.01 and Census Tract 2, with respective values of $77,344 and $76,055.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Columbia County, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia County, NY (6.81k out of 59.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,479 ± 459

  2. Hispanic

    548 ± 156

  3. Black

    468 ± 158

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia County, NY is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

30.2k

2017 Value

± 1,027

-0.0663%

1 Year decline

± 4.87%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbia County, NY declined at a rate of -0.0663%, from 30.2k employees to 30.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia County, NY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,704 people), Management Occupations (3,686 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,293 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia County, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbia County, NY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,704 people), Management Occupations (3,686 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,293 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Columbia County, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (3.05 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.99 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.85 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbia County, NY, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($92,920), Legal Occupations ($92,063), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($77,975).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

30.2k

2017 Value

± 1,027

-0.0663%

1 Year decline

± 4.87%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbia County, NY declined at a rate of -0.0663%, from 30.2k employees to 30.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia County, NY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,537 people), Educational Services (3,222 people), and Retail Trade (2,872 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia County, NY, though some of these residents may live in Columbia County, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbia County, NY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,537 people), Educational Services (3,222 people), and Retail Trade (2,872 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Columbia County, NY has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.48 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.77 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.32 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbia County, NY, by median earnings, are Utilities ($92,778), Information ($62,534), and Public Administration ($60,552).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $67.6B

  2. $47.2B

  3. $45.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $67.6B, followed by Electronics with $47.2B and Misc. mfg. prods. and $45.3B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York state.

$570B

2015 Value

$854B

Projected 2045 Value

49.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound New York trade was $570B. This is expected to increase 49.9% to $854B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $34.6B

  2. $29.6B

  3. $18.8B

In 2015, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $34.6B, followed by Pennsylvania with $29.6B and Connecticut and $18.8B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.8% of the population of Columbia County, NY has health coverage, with 50.1% on employee plans, 16.1% on Medicaid, 16.4% on Medicare, 11.4% on non-group plans, and 0.866% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Columbia County, NY was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Columbia County, NY see 1984 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.22% increase from the previous year (1941 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2259 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 622 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.2%). Additionally, Chemung County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,984 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Columbia County, NY see an average of 1,984 patients per year. This represents a 2.22% increase from the previous year (1,941 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Columbia County, NY in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

$9,778

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,338

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,803

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,179

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.19%

Uninsured

50.1%

Employer Coverage

16.1%

Medicaid

16.4%

Medicare

11.4%

Non-Group

0.866%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia County, NY declined by 14.6% from 6.07% to 5.19%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia County, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.2% prevalence

  2. 12.2% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 12.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Columbia County, NY is home to a population of 61.5k people, from which 96.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.81% of Columbia County, NY residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Columbia County, NY is composed of 53.4k White Alone residents (86.9%), 2.79k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.53%), 2.62k Black or African American Alone residents (4.26%), 1.55k Two or More Races residents (2.52%), 1.04k Asian Alone residents (1.69%), 28 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0455%), 21 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0342%), and 15 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0244%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Columbia County, NY are Spanish or Spanish Creole (1,555 speakers), Other Indic Languages (432 speakers), and German (408 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

47

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

48

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Columbia County, NY was 47.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 47, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Columbia County, NY are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Columbia County, NY residents was 47.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.81%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

6.66%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 6.81% of Columbia County, NY residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia County, NY was 6.66%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    505,406 ± 17,230 people

  2. China

    402,542 ± 15,418 people

  3. Jamaica

    239,917 ± 11,952 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Columbia County, NY was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 505,406 Columbia County, NY residents, followed by China with 402,542 and Jamaica with 239,917.

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Citizenship

96.8%

2017 Citizenship

96.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.8% of Columbia County, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia County, NY was 96.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    53.4k ± 74

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    2.79k ± 364

  3. Black or African American Alone

    2.62k ± 200

In 2017, there were 19.2 times more White Alone residents (53.4k people) in Columbia County, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.79k Hispanic or Latino and 2.62k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Columbia County, NY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    1,555 speakers (2.62%)

  2. Other Indic Languages

    432 speakers (0.727%)

  3. German

    408 speakers (0.686%)

6.64% of Columbia County, NY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Columbia County, NY was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 2.62% of the overall population of Columbia County, NY are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.727% speak Other Indic Languages and 0.686% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,439 ± 169

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    504 ± 135

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    435 ± 152

Columbia County, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.86 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Columbia County, NY awarded 311 degrees. The student population of Columbia County, NY is skewed towards women, with 607 male students and 1,036 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Columbia County, NY are White (252 and 81.3%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (20 and 6.45%), Black or African American (17 and 5.48%), and Two or More Races (10 and 3.23%).

The largest universities in Columbia County, NY by number of degrees awarded are Columbia-Greene Community College (311 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Columbia County, NY are General Studies (108 and 34.7%), Registered Nursing (62 and 19.9%), and Criminal Justice - Law Enforcement Administration (30 and 9.65%).

The median tuition costs in Columbia County, NY are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 108 degrees awarded

  2. 62 degrees awarded

  3. 30 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Columbia County, NY was General Studies with 108 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Columbia County, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

311 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Columbia County, NY institution with the largest number of graduating students was Columbia-Greene Community College with 311 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

110

Degrees Awarded to Men

201

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 110 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Columbia County, NY, which is 0.547 times less than the 201 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Columbia County, NY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    252 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    20 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    17 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Columbia County, NY were to White students. These 252 degrees mean that there were 12.6 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 20 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbia County, NY was $224,600 in 2017, which is 1.03 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $222,300 to $224,600, a 1.03% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbia County, NY is 72.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Columbia County, NY have an average commute time of 24.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Columbia County, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$61,093

Median Household Income

± $1,999

25.5k

Number of Households

± 878

In 2017, the median household income of the 25.5k households in Columbia County, NY grew to $61,093 from the previous year's value of $59,916.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$224,600

2017 Median

± $5,217

$222,300

2016 Median

± $5,518

In 2017, the median property value in Columbia County, NY grew to to $224,600 from the previous year's value of $222,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbia County, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia County, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbia County, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia County, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

72.4%

2017 Homeownership

72.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 72.4% of the housing units in Columbia County, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 72.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbia County, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia County, NY have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

24.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia County, NY have a shorter commute time (24.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.11% of the workforce in Columbia County, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia County, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.9%

  2. Carpooled

    8.76%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.28%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Columbia County, NY was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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