Columbia Borough PUMA, PA

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Population

130,884

0.494% growth

Median Age

41.5


Median Household Income

$68,041

4.23% growth

Poverty Rate

8.24%


Number of Employees

64,771

1.21% growth

Median Property Value

$202,100

1.46% growth

About

In 2017, Columbia Borough PUMA, PA had a population of 131k people with a median age of 41.5 and a median household income of $68,041. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Columbia Borough PUMA, PA grew from 130,241 to 130,884, a 0.494% increase and its median household income grew from $65,278 to $68,041, a 4.23% increase.

The population of Columbia Borough PUMA, PA is 84.4% White Alone, 7.31% Hispanic or Latino, and 3.41% Black or African American Alone. 9.49% of the people in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA speak a non-English language, and 97.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA are Millersville University of Pennsylvania (1,755 degrees awarded in 2016), Lancaster Bible College (447 degrees), and Empire Beauty School-Lancaster (49 degrees).

The median property value in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA is $202,100, and the homeownership rate is 72.6%. Most people in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Farm, hills and grasslands in rural Pennsylvania.

Economy

The economy of Columbia Borough PUMA, PA employs 64.8k people. The largest industries in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA are Elementary & secondary schools (4,868 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,806 people), and Construction (3,486 people), and the highest paying industries are Machinery manufacturing, n.e.c. or not specified ($138,279), Plastics product manufacturing ($132,495), and Legal services ($122,783).

Median household income in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA is $68,041. Males in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA have an average income that is 1.5 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,411. The income inequality in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$68,041

2017 value

± $1,759

4.23%

1 Year Growth

± 3.9%

Households in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA have a median annual income of $68,041, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $65,278 in 2016, which represents a 4.23% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$73,957

Average Male Salary

± $10,478

$49,411

Average Female Salary

± $6,444

In 2017, full-time male employees in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA made 1.5 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,159 ± $35,289

  2. White

    $52,599 ± $5,926

  3. Two or More Races

    $46,274 ± $23,190

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Columbia Borough PUMA, PA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.473

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.767% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was Broomall & Ardmore (West) PUMA, PA with a value of $107,007, followed by Bucks County (Central) PUMA, PA and King of Prussia & Ardmore (East) PUMA, PA, with respective values of $104,302 and $103,802.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

8.24% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA (10.5k out of 127k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA is false, followed by false and false.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

64.8k

2017 Value

1.21%

1 Year growth

± 1.21%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA grew at a rate of 1.21%, from 64k employees to 64.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA, are Elementary & middle school teachers (2,119 people), Retail salespersons (1,821 people), and Registered nurses (1,620 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia Borough PUMA, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbia Borough PUMA, PA, by number of employees, are Elementary & middle school teachers (2,119 people), Retail salespersons (1,821 people), and Registered nurses (1,620 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Columbia Borough PUMA, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Print binding & finishing workers (18.8 times higher than expected), Brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, & reinforcing iron & rebar workers (5.27 times), and Food processing workers, all other (4.7 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbia Borough PUMA, PA, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($267,739), Chief executives & legislators ($197,519), and Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($171,133).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

64.8k

2017 Value

1.21%

1 Year growth

± 1.21%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA grew at a rate of 1.21%, from 64k employees to 64.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,868 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,806 people), and Construction (3,486 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia Borough PUMA, PA, though some of these residents may live in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,868 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,806 people), and Construction (3,486 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Columbia Borough PUMA, PA has an unusually high number of Aluminum production & processing (11.1 times higher than expected), Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing (9.76 times), and Mail-order houses (9.02 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA, by average salary, are Machinery manufacturing, n.e.c. or not specified ($138,279), Plastics product manufacturing ($132,495), and Legal services ($122,783).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($50.6B) and Pharmaceuticals ($49.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

N/A% of the population of Columbia Borough PUMA, PA has health coverage, with N/A% on employee plans, N/A% on Medicaid, N/A% on Medicare, N/A% on non-group plans, and N/A% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA see 1232 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1228 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1481 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 559 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

1,232 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,232 patients per year. This represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1,228 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

N/A%

Uninsured

N/A%

Employer Coverage

N/A%

Medicaid

N/A%

Medicare

N/A%

Non-Group

N/A%

Military or VA

Between N/A and N/A, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA N/A by N/A from N/A% to N/A%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Columbia Borough PUMA, PA is home to a population of 131k people, from which 97.8% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Columbia Borough PUMA, PA residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Columbia Borough PUMA, PA is composed of 110k White Alone residents (84.4%), 9.57k Hispanic or Latino residents (7.31%), 4.46k Black or African American Alone residents (3.41%), 3.93k Asian Alone residents (3%), 2.11k Two or More Races residents (1.61%), 195 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.149%), 179 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.137%), and 9 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00688%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA are Spanish (5,524 speakers), Vietnamese (1,040 speakers), and Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages (522 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was 41.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Columbia Borough PUMA, PA residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

5.08%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

6.61k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Columbia Borough PUMA, PA residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was 5.08%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Vietnam

    946 ± 752 people

  2. India

    542 ± 570 people

  3. Kenya

    482 ± 538 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was Vietnam, the natal country of 946 Columbia Borough PUMA, PA residents, followed by India with 542 and Kenya with 482.

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Citizenship

97.8%

2017 Citizenship

98.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.8% of Columbia Borough PUMA, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was 98.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    110k ± 1.19k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    9.57k ± 1.36k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    4.46k ± 763

In 2017, there were 11.5 times more White Alone residents (110k people) in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.57k Hispanic or Latino and 4.46k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    5,524 speakers (4.48%)

  2. Vietnamese

    1,040 speakers (0.843%)

  3. Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages

    522 speakers (0.423%)

9.49% of Columbia Borough PUMA, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was Spanish. 4.48% of the overall population of Columbia Borough PUMA, PA are native Spanish speakers. 0.843% speak Vietnamese and 0.423% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,857 ± 329

  2. Korea

    1,143 ± 195

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,103 ± 267

Columbia Borough PUMA, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.5 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA awarded 2,286 degrees. The student population of Columbia Borough PUMA, PA is skewed towards women, with 4,338 male students and 5,682 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA are White (1,679 and 73.9%), followed by Black or African American (307 and 13.5%), Hispanic or Latino (156 and 6.87%), and Asian (61 and 2.68%).

The largest universities in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA by number of degrees awarded are Millersville University of Pennsylvania (1,755 and 76.8%), Lancaster Bible College (447 and 19.6%), and Empire Beauty School-Lancaster (49 and 2.14%).

The most popular majors in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA are Biblical Studies (241 and 10.5%), General Business Administration & Management (209 and 9.14%), and Social Work (189 and 8.27%).

The median tuition costs in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA are $20,320 for private four year colleges, and $8,970 and $18,096 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 125 degrees awarded

  2. 202 degrees awarded

  3. 177 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was Speech Communication & Rhetoric with 125 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,755 degrees awarded

  2. 447 degrees awarded

  3. 49 degrees awarded

$8,970

Median In-State Public

$20,320

Median Private

In 2016, the Columbia Borough PUMA, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Millersville University of Pennsylvania with 1,755 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

937

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,349

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 937 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA, which is 0.695 times less than the 1,349 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,679 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    307 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    156 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA were to White students. These 1,679 degrees mean that there were 5.47 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 307 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was $202,100 in 2017, which is 0.929 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $199,200 to $202,100, a 1.46% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA is 72.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA have an average commute time of 22 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$68,041

Median Household Income

± $1,759

51.2k

Number of Households

± 1,451

In 2017, the median household income of the 51.2k households in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA grew to $68,041 from the previous year's value of $65,278.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$202,100

2017 Median

± $3,351

$199,200

2016 Median

± $3,217

In 2017, the median property value in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA grew to to $202,100 from the previous year's value of $199,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia Borough PUMA, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia Borough PUMA, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

72.6%

2017 Homeownership

73.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 72.6% of the housing units in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 73.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA have a shorter commute time (22 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.1% of the workforce in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.9%

  2. Carpooled

    6.7%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.74%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Columbia Borough PUMA, PA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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