Cleveland County, NC

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Population

97,038

0.0772% decline

Median Age

41.7


Median Household Income

$40,002

2.22% growth

Poverty Rate

19.9%


Number of Employees

40,429

0.612% growth

Median Property Value

$110,500

2.22% growth

About

In 2017, Cleveland County, NC had a population of 97k people with a median age of 41.7 and a median household income of $40,002. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cleveland County, NC declined from 97,113 to 97,038, a -0.0772% decrease and its median household income grew from $39,134 to $40,002, a 2.22% increase.

The population of Cleveland County, NC is 73.4% White Alone, 20.7% Black or African American Alone, and 3.31% Hispanic or Latino. 4.01% of the people in Cleveland County, NC speak a non-English language, and 98.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cleveland County, NC are Gardner-Webb University (1,231 degrees awarded in 2016) and Cleveland Community College (709 degrees).

The median property value in Cleveland County, NC is $110,500, and the homeownership rate is 67.4%. Most people in Cleveland County, NC commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Cleveland County, NC is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Cleveland County, NC employs 40.4k people. The largest industries in Cleveland County, NC are Manufacturing (7,914 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (6,184 people), and Retail Trade (5,166 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($57,545), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($41,483), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($40,221).

Median household income in Cleveland County, NC is $40,002. Males in Cleveland County, NC have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,729. The income inequality in Cleveland County, NC (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$40,002

2017 value

± $1,561

2.22%

1 Year Growth

± 6.08%

Households in Cleveland County, NC have a median annual income of $40,002, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $39,134 in 2016, which represents a 2.22% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Cleveland County, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

$59,982

Average Male Salary

± $1,136

$44,729

Average Female Salary

± $812

In 2017, full-time male employees in Cleveland County, NC made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Cleveland County, NC by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for North Carolina.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $59,267 ± $4,472

  2. White

    $49,962 ± $811

  3. Two or More Races

    $36,539 ± $3,942

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Cleveland County, NC workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Cleveland County, NC by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cleveland County, NC is from North Carolina.

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.471

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in North Carolina was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.39% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for North Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9515.03

  2. Census Tract 9515.02

  3. Census Tract 9515.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cleveland County, NC was Census Tract 9515.03 with a value of $53,239, followed by Census Tract 9515.02 and Census Tract 9515.01, with respective values of $51,645 and $51,433.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Cleveland County, NC colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cleveland County, NC (19k out of 95.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    12,132 ± 784

  2. Black

    5,942 ± 572

  3. Hispanic

    998 ± 253

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cleveland County, NC is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

40.4k

2017 Value

± 1,372

0.612%

1 Year growth

± 4.83%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cleveland County, NC grew at a rate of 0.612%, from 40.2k employees to 40.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cleveland County, NC, are Production Occupations (5,351 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,094 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (3,823 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cleveland County, NC.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cleveland County, NC, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (5,351 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,094 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (3,823 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cleveland County, NC has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.28 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.64 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.62 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cleveland County, NC, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($60,938), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($54,667), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($51,715).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

40.4k

2017 Value

± 1,372

0.612%

1 Year growth

± 4.83%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cleveland County, NC grew at a rate of 0.612%, from 40.2k employees to 40.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cleveland County, NC, are Manufacturing (7,914 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (6,184 people), and Retail Trade (5,166 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cleveland County, NC, though some of these residents may live in Cleveland County, NC and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cleveland County, NC, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (7,914 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (6,184 people), and Retail Trade (5,166 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cleveland County, NC has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.93 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.57 times), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.13 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cleveland County, NC, by median earnings, are Utilities ($57,545), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($41,483), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($40,221).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $50.4B

  2. $35.3B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $50.4B, followed by Pharmaceuticals with $35.3B and Machinery and $34.5B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Carolina products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for North Carolina state.

$407B

2015 Value

$632B

Projected 2045 Value

55.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound North Carolina trade was $407B. This is expected to increase 55.4% to $632B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.6B

  2. $25.4B

  3. $25.2B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was South Carolina with $25.6B, followed by Georgia with $25.4B and Virginia and $25.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87% of the population of Cleveland County, NC has health coverage, with 41.6% on employee plans, 19.7% on Medicaid, 13.4% on Medicare, 10.6% on non-group plans, and 1.73% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Cleveland County, NC was $7,264 in 2014. This is a 3.37% increase from the previous year ($7,027).

Primary care physicians in Cleveland County, NC see 1938 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.17% decrease from the previous year (1981 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2698 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 883 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.2%). Additionally, Hertford County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,938 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Cleveland County, NC see an average of 1,938 patients per year. This represents a 2.17% decrease from the previous year (1,981 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cleveland County, NC in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for North Carolina.

$7,264

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,859

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,225

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,260

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.37%, from $7,027 to $7,264.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13%

Uninsured

41.6%

Employer Coverage

19.7%

Medicaid

13.4%

Medicare

10.6%

Non-Group

1.73%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cleveland County, NC declined by 9.16% from 14.3% to 13%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cleveland County, NC changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.2% prevalence

  2. 16.1% prevalence

  3. 16% prevalence

Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina, at 16.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cleveland County, NC is home to a population of 97k people, from which 98.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.65% of Cleveland County, NC residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Cleveland County, NC is composed of 71.2k White Alone residents (73.4%), 20.1k Black or African American Alone residents (20.7%), 3.22k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.31%), 1.28k Two or More Races residents (1.32%), 931 Asian Alone residents (0.959%), 194 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.2%), 114 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.117%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cleveland County, NC are Spanish or Spanish Creole (2,392 speakers), Laotian (295 speakers), and Arabic (153 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

42

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cleveland County, NC was 41.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Cleveland County, NC are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Cleveland County, NC residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.65%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.72%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 2.65% of Cleveland County, NC residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cleveland County, NC was 2.72%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cleveland County, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    242,756 ± 11,950 people

  2. India

    60,392 ± 6,015 people

  3. Honduras

    34,513 ± 4,553 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Cleveland County, NC was Mexico, the natal country of 242,756 Cleveland County, NC residents, followed by India with 60,392 and Honduras with 34,513.

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Citizenship

98.4%

2017 Citizenship

98.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.4% of Cleveland County, NC residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cleveland County, NC was 98.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cleveland County, NC compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    71.2k ± 123

  2. Black or African American Alone

    20.1k ± 237

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    3.22k ± 607

In 2017, there were 3.55 times more White Alone residents (71.2k people) in Cleveland County, NC than any other race or ethnicity. There were 20.1k Black or African American Alone and 3.22k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Cleveland County, NC as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    2,392 speakers (2.61%)

  2. Laotian

    295 speakers (0.321%)

  3. Arabic

    153 speakers (0.167%)

4.01% of Cleveland County, NC citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Cleveland County, NC was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 2.61% of the overall population of Cleveland County, NC are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.321% speak Laotian and 0.167% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,392 ± 285

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    878 ± 233

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    642 ± 174

Cleveland County, NC has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.72 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Cleveland County, NC awarded 1,940 degrees. The student population of Cleveland County, NC is skewed towards women, with 2,410 male students and 4,337 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cleveland County, NC are White (1,420 and 73.2%), followed by Black or African American (341 and 17.6%), Hispanic or Latino (64 and 3.3%), and Unknown (61 and 3.14%).

The largest universities in Cleveland County, NC by number of degrees awarded are Gardner-Webb University (1,231 and 63.5%) and Cleveland Community College (709 and 36.5%).

The most popular majors in Cleveland County, NC are Registered Nursing (228 and 11.8%), General Educational Leadership & Administration (204 and 10.5%), and General Business Administration & Management (153 and 7.89%).

The median tuition costs in Cleveland County, NC are $29,420 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 120 degrees awarded

  2. 94 degrees awarded

  3. 70 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cleveland County, NC was Registered Nursing with 120 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cleveland County, NC according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,231 degrees awarded

  2. 709 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$29,420

Median Private

In 2016, the Cleveland County, NC institution with the largest number of graduating students was Gardner-Webb University with 1,231 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

715

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,225

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 715 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cleveland County, NC, which is 0.584 times less than the 1,225 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Cleveland County, NC by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,420 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    341 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    64 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cleveland County, NC were to White students. These 1,420 degrees mean that there were 4.16 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 341 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cleveland County, NC was $110,500 in 2017, which is 0.508 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $108,100 to $110,500, a 2.22% increase. The homeownership rate in Cleveland County, NC is 67.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cleveland County, NC have an average commute time of 23.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cleveland County, NC is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$40,002

Median Household Income

± $1,561

37.8k

Number of Households

± 1,274

In 2017, the median household income of the 37.8k households in Cleveland County, NC grew to $40,002 from the previous year's value of $39,134.

The following chart displays the households in Cleveland County, NC distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$110,500

2017 Median

± $2,861

$108,100

2016 Median

± $2,902

In 2017, the median property value in Cleveland County, NC grew to to $110,500 from the previous year's value of $108,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cleveland County, NC compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cleveland County, NC the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cleveland County, NC distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cleveland County, NC the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

67.4%

2017 Homeownership

67.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 67.4% of the housing units in Cleveland County, NC were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 67.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cleveland County, NC compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cleveland County, NC distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cleveland County, NC have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cleveland County, NC have a shorter commute time (23.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.55% of the workforce in Cleveland County, NC have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cleveland County, NC compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85%

  2. Carpooled

    10%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.24%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cleveland County, NC was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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