Charleston, WV

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Population

219,964

1.06% decline

Median Age

43.1


Median Household Income

$45,155

0.0465% decline

Poverty Rate

17.7%


Number of Employees

91,487

1.94% decline

Median Property Value

$105,100

3.24% growth

About

In 2017, Charleston, WV had a population of 220k people with a median age of 43.1 and a median household income of $45,155. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Charleston, WV declined from 222,314 to 219,964, a -1.06% decrease and its median household income declined from $45,176 to $45,155, a -0.0465% decrease.

The population of Charleston, WV is 89.3% White Alone, 5.98% Black or African American Alone, and 2.67% Two or More Races. 2% of the people in Charleston, WV speak a non-English language, and 99.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Charleston, WV are BridgeValley Community & Technical College (536 degrees awarded in 2016), University of Charleston (506 degrees), and West Virginia State University (439 degrees).

The median property value in Charleston, WV is $105,100, and the homeownership rate is 70.3%. Most people in Charleston, WV commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Charleston, WV is 2 cars per household.

Charleston, WV borders Beckley, WV, Logan, WV, and Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH.

About the photo: Autumn sunrise scenery from the Bear Rocks area of the Dolly Sods Wilderness near Davis, West Virginia (USA). HDR composite from multiple exposures.

Economy

The economy of Charleston, WV employs 91.5k people. The largest industries in Charleston, WV are Health Care & Social Assistance (16,971 people), Retail Trade (9,948 people), and Public Administration (8,572 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($95,489), Utilities ($63,077), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($62,288).

Median household income in Charleston, WV is $45,155. Males in Charleston, WV have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,552. The income inequality in Charleston, WV (measured using the Gini index) is 0.444, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$45,155

2017 value

± $1,244

-0.0465%

1 Year Growth

± 3.6%

Households in Charleston, WV have a median annual income of $45,155, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,176 in 2016, which represents a -0.0465% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Charleston, WV compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.

$55,526

Average Male Salary

± $2,063

$39,552

Average Female Salary

± $1,541

In 2017, full-time male employees in Charleston, WV made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Charleston, WV by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,277 ± $23,510

  2. American Indian

    $44,513 ± $30,224

  3. White

    $42,144 ± $1,238

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Charleston, WV workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.42 times more than American Indian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Charleston, WV by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Charleston, WV is from West Virginia.

0.444

2017 Wage GINI

0.444

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in West Virginia was 0.444 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.108% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for West Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in West Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in West Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Charleston, WV was Berkeley County, WV with a value of $59,142, followed by Harrison County, WV and Monongalia County, WV, with respective values of $58,082 and $50,888.

The following map shows all of the counties in Charleston, WV colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Charleston, WV (38.2k out of 216k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    32,390 ± 1,234

  2. Black

    3,797 ± 432

  3. Two Or More

    1,625 ± 282

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Charleston, WV is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

91.5k

2017 Value

± 2,071

-1.94%

1 Year decline

± 3.24%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Charleston, WV declined at a rate of -1.94%, from 93.3k employees to 91.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Charleston, WV, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (14,382 people), Sales & Related Occupations (9,681 people), and Management Occupations (7,255 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Charleston, WV.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Charleston, WV, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (14,382 people), Sales & Related Occupations (9,681 people), and Management Occupations (7,255 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Charleston, WV has an unusually high number of residents working as Legal Occupations (1.57 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.43 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.41 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Charleston, WV, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($73,153), Legal Occupations ($71,386), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($59,927).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

91.5k

2017 Value

± 2,071

-1.94%

1 Year decline

± 3.24%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Charleston, WV declined at a rate of -1.94%, from 93.3k employees to 91.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Charleston, WV, are Health Care & Social Assistance (16,971 people), Retail Trade (9,948 people), and Public Administration (8,572 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Charleston, WV, though some of these residents may live in Charleston, WV and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Charleston, WV, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (16,971 people), Retail Trade (9,948 people), and Public Administration (8,572 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Charleston, WV has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (6.38 times higher than expected), Public Administration (2.01 times), and Utilities (1.81 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Charleston, WV, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($95,489), Utilities ($63,077), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($62,288).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from West Virginia to other states, or from other states to West Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $17.4B

  2. $7.3B

  3. $6.62B

In 2015, the top outbound West Virginia product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $17.4B, followed by Coal with $7.3B and Pharmaceuticals and $6.62B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound West Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for West Virginia state.

$68B

2015 Value

$86.9B

Projected 2045 Value

27.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound West Virginia trade was $68B. This is expected to increase 27.7% to $86.9B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound West Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from West Virginia to other states, or from other states to West Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $10.5B

  2. $6.95B

  3. $6.94B

In 2015, the top outbound West Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Pennsylvania with $10.5B, followed by Ohio with $6.95B and Virginia and $6.94B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that West Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.6% of the population of Charleston, WV has health coverage, with 42.9% on employee plans, 22.8% on Medicaid, 15% on Medicare, 9.97% on non-group plans, and 1.81% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Charleston, WV was $9,462 in 2014. This is a 5.5% increase from the previous year ($8,969).

Primary care physicians in Charleston, WV see 1273 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.47% decrease from the previous year (1292 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1917 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 890 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, McDowell County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (19.7%). Additionally, McDowell County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for West Virginia.

1,273 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in West Virginia see an average of 1,273 patients per year. This represents a 1.47% decrease from the previous year (1,292 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in West Virginia in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for West Virginia.

$9,462

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,917

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,557

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,268

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in West Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.5%, from $8,969 to $9,462.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.44%

Uninsured

42.9%

Employer Coverage

22.8%

Medicaid

15%

Medicare

9.97%

Non-Group

1.81%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Charleston, WV declined by 16% from 8.85% to 7.44%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Charleston, WV changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 19.7% prevalence

  2. 19.1% prevalence

  3. 18.2% prevalence

McDowell County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in West Virginia, at 19.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in West Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Charleston, WV is home to a population of 220k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.55% of Charleston, WV residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Charleston, WV is composed of 196k White Alone residents (89.3%), 13.1k Black or African American Alone residents (5.98%), 5.88k Two or More Races residents (2.67%), 2.14k Hispanic or Latino residents (0.972%), 1.96k Asian Alone residents (0.889%), 228 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.104%), 208 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0946%), and 12 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00546%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Charleston, WV are Spanish or Spanish Creole (1,135 speakers), French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) (437 speakers), and Chinese (362 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Charleston, WV was 43.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Charleston, WV are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Charleston, WV residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.55%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.47%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 1.55% of Charleston, WV residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Charleston, WV was 1.47%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Charleston, WV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,603 ± 1,252 people

  2. India

    2,547 ± 1,238 people

  3. China

    2,428 ± 1,209 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Charleston, WV was Mexico, the natal country of 2,603 Charleston, WV residents, followed by India with 2,547 and China with 2,428.

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Citizenship

99.4%

2017 Citizenship

99.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.4% of Charleston, WV residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Charleston, WV was 99.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Charleston, WV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    196k ± 154

  2. Black or African American Alone

    13.1k ± 622

  3. Two or More Races

    5.88k ± 644

In 2017, there were 14.9 times more White Alone residents (196k people) in Charleston, WV than any other race or ethnicity. There were 13.1k Black or African American Alone and 5.88k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Charleston, WV as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    1,135 speakers (0.537%)

  2. French (Incl. Patois, Cajun)

    437 speakers (0.207%)

  3. Chinese

    362 speakers (0.171%)

2% of Charleston, WV citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Charleston, WV was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 0.537% of the overall population of Charleston, WV are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.207% speak French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) and 0.171% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    6,040 ± 437

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,395 ± 395

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,805 ± 329

Charleston, WV has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.52 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Charleston, WV awarded 2,016 degrees. The student population of Charleston, WV is skewed towards women, with 3,984 male students and 4,942 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Charleston, WV are White (1,578 and 79.6%), followed by Unknown (171 and 8.62%), Black or African American (164 and 8.27%), and Asian (24 and 1.21%).

The largest universities in Charleston, WV by number of degrees awarded are BridgeValley Community & Technical College (536 and 26.6%), University of Charleston (506 and 25.1%), and West Virginia State University (439 and 21.8%).

The most popular majors in Charleston, WV are General Studies (128 and 6.35%), Registered Nursing (86 and 4.27%), and General Business Administration & Management (83 and 4.12%).

The median tuition costs in Charleston, WV are $20,564 for private four year colleges, and $6,996 and $15,572 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 76 degrees awarded

  2. 72 degrees awarded

  3. 88 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Charleston, WV was Organizational Leadership with 76 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Charleston, WV according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 536 degrees awarded

  2. 506 degrees awarded

  3. 439 degrees awarded

$6,996

Median In-State Public

$20,564

Median Private

In 2016, the Charleston, WV institution with the largest number of graduating students was BridgeValley Community & Technical College with 536 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

823

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,193

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 823 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Charleston, WV, which is 0.69 times less than the 1,193 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Charleston, WV by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,578 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    171 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    164 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Charleston, WV were to White students. These 1,578 degrees mean that there were 9.23 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 171 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Charleston, WV was $105,100 in 2017, which is 0.483 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $101,800 to $105,100, a 3.24% increase. The homeownership rate in Charleston, WV is 70.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Charleston, WV have an average commute time of 21.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Charleston, WV is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$45,155

Median Household Income

± $1,244

92.9k

Number of Households

± 1,965

In 2017, the median household income of the 92.9k households in Charleston, WV declined from $45,155 from the previous year's value of $45,176.

The following chart displays the households in Charleston, WV distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$105,100

2017 Median

± $2,174

$101,800

2016 Median

± $2,405

In 2017, the median property value in Charleston, WV grew to to $105,100 from the previous year's value of $101,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Charleston, WV compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Charleston, WV the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Charleston, WV distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Charleston, WV the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

70.3%

2017 Homeownership

70.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70.3% of the housing units in Charleston, WV were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 70.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Charleston, WV compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Charleston, WV distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Charleston, WV have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

21.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Charleston, WV have a shorter commute time (21.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.94% of the workforce in Charleston, WV have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Charleston, WV compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.8%

  2. Carpooled

    9.63%

  3. Walked

    3.09%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Charleston, WV was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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