Cass County, IA

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Population

13,327

0.789% decline

Median Age

44.6


Median Household Income

$45,637

0.369% growth

Poverty Rate

15.1%


Number of Employees

6,544

2.09% decline

Median Property Value

$93,600

2.18% growth

About

In 2017, Cass County, IA had a population of 13.3k people with a median age of 44.6 and a median household income of $45,637. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cass County, IA declined from 13,433 to 13,327, a -0.789% decrease and its median household income grew from $45,469 to $45,637, a 0.369% increase.

The population of Cass County, IA is 95.8% White Alone, 2.42% Hispanic or Latino, and 0.72% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Cass County, IA speak a non-English language, and 99.4% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Cass County, IA is $93,600, and the homeownership rate is 69.4%. Most people in Cass County, IA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Cass County, IA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Cass County, IA employs 6.54k people. The largest industries in Cass County, IA are Health Care & Social Assistance (989 people), Manufacturing (935 people), and Retail Trade (774 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($47,939), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($47,386), and Finance & Insurance ($46,369).

Median household income in Cass County, IA is $45,637. Males in Cass County, IA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,006. The income inequality in Cass County, IA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.443, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$45,637

2017 value

± $3,680

0.369%

1 Year Growth

± 9.8%

Households in Cass County, IA have a median annual income of $45,637, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,469 in 2016, which represents a 0.369% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Cass County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

$58,922

Average Male Salary

± $1,635

$44,006

Average Female Salary

± $1,197

In 2017, full-time male employees in Iowa made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $50,374 ± $7,648

  2. White

    $44,731 ± $967

  3. Black

    $32,234 ± $4,518

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Iowa workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Iowa by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cass County, IA is from Iowa.

0.443

2017 Wage GINI

0.445

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Iowa was 0.443 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.563% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Iowa was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Iowa in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Iowa across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 1902

  2. Census Tract 1903

  3. Census Tract 1901

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cass County, IA was Census Tract 1902 with a value of $53,155, followed by Census Tract 1903 and Census Tract 1901, with respective values of $52,315 and $51,623.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Cass County, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cass County, IA (1.97k out of 13.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Males < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,910 ± 241

  2. Hispanic

    75 ± 84

  3. Asian

    29 ± 82

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cass County, IA is White, followed by Hispanic and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

6.54k

2017 Value

± 402

-2.09%

1 Year decline

± 8.74%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cass County, IA declined at a rate of -2.09%, from 6.68k employees to 6.54k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cass County, IA, are Management Occupations (811 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (761 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (704 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cass County, IA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cass County, IA, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (811 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (761 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (704 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cass County, IA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.53 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.67 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.63 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cass County, IA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($79,844), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($65,714), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($52,083).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

6.54k

2017 Value

± 402

-2.09%

1 Year decline

± 8.74%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cass County, IA declined at a rate of -2.09%, from 6.68k employees to 6.54k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cass County, IA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (989 people), Manufacturing (935 people), and Retail Trade (774 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cass County, IA, though some of these residents may live in Cass County, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cass County, IA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (989 people), Manufacturing (935 people), and Retail Trade (774 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cass County, IA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (7.14 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.41 times), and Construction (1.38 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cass County, IA, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($47,939), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($47,386), and Finance & Insurance ($46,369).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.8B

  2. $18.8B

  3. $18.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $24.8B, followed by Machinery ($18.8B) and Other ag prods. ($18.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Iowa products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Iowa state.

$245B

2015 Value

$363B

Projected 2045 Value

47.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Iowa trade was $245B. This is expected to increase 47.9% to $363B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Iowa trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.2B

  2. $16.1B

  3. $11.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Iowa domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $26.2B, followed by Minnesota with $16.1B and Nebraska and $11.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Iowa shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.5% of the population of Cass County, IA has health coverage, with 41.2% on employee plans, 19.1% on Medicaid, 16.6% on Medicare, 17.4% on non-group plans, and 1.18% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Cass County, IA was $8,200 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,806).

Primary care physicians in Cass County, IA see 1678 patients per year on average, which represents a 12.3% increase from the previous year (1494 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1316 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 299 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.3%). Additionally, Union County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,678 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Cass County, IA see an average of 1,678 patients per year. This represents a 12.3% increase from the previous year (1,494 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cass County, IA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

$8,200

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,076

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,702

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,317

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Iowa (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,806 to $8,200.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.52%

Uninsured

41.2%

Employer Coverage

19.1%

Medicaid

16.6%

Medicare

17.4%

Non-Group

1.18%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cass County, IA declined by 14.7% from 5.3% to 4.52%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cass County, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.3% prevalence

  2. 12.6% prevalence

  3. 12.1% prevalence

Appanoose County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Iowa, at 13.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Iowa by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cass County, IA is home to a population of 13.3k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.4% of Cass County, IA residents were born outside of the country (187 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Cass County, IA is composed of 12.8k White Alone residents (95.8%), 322 Hispanic or Latino residents (2.42%), 96 Two or More Races residents (0.72%), 71 Asian Alone residents (0.533%), 38 Black or African American Alone residents (0.285%), 21 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.158%), 16 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.12%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cass County, IA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

45

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cass County, IA was 44.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 45, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Cass County, IA are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Cass County, IA residents was 45.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.4%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

187 people

1.27%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

170 people

As of 2017, 1.4% of Cass County, IA residents (187 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cass County, IA was 1.27%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cass County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    41,844 ± 4,988 people

  2. China

    10,526 ± 2,515 people

  3. India

    10,455 ± 2,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Iowa was Mexico, the natal country of 41,844 Iowa residents, followed by China with 10,526 and India with 10,455.

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Citizenship

99.4%

2017 Citizenship

99.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.4% of Cass County, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cass County, IA was 99.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cass County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    12.8k ± 15

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    322 ± 81.8

  3. Two or More Races

    96 ± 38.1

In 2017, there were 39.6 times more White Alone residents (12.8k people) in Cass County, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 322 Hispanic or Latino and 96 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Cass County, IA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Cass County, IA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Cass County, IA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Cass County, IA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    349 ± 67

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    187 ± 86

  3. Korea

    156 ± 49

Cass County, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.87 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cass County, IA was $93,600 in 2017, which is 0.43 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $91,600 to $93,600, a 2.18% increase. The homeownership rate in Cass County, IA is 69.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cass County, IA have an average commute time of 17.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cass County, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$45,637

Median Household Income

± $3,680

6.05k

Number of Households

± 383

In 2017, the median household income of the 6.05k households in Cass County, IA grew to $45,637 from the previous year's value of $45,469.

The following chart displays the households in Cass County, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$93,600

2017 Median

± $3,771

$91,600

2016 Median

± $2,993

In 2017, the median property value in Cass County, IA grew to to $93,600 from the previous year's value of $91,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cass County, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cass County, IA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cass County, IA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cass County, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

69.4%

2017 Homeownership

70.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 69.4% of the housing units in Cass County, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 70.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cass County, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cass County, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cass County, IA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

17.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cass County, IA have a shorter commute time (17.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.48% of the workforce in Cass County, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cass County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78%

  2. Carpooled

    10.9%

  3. Walked

    4.78%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cass County, IA was Drove Alone (78%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.9%) and those who Walked (4.78%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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