Carbondale, IL

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Population

26,196

0.499% growth

Median Age

23.8


Median Household Income

$20,873

6.96% growth

Poverty Rate

45.4%


Number of Employees

11,119

2.37% decline

Median Property Value

$117,600

1.34% decline

About

In 2017, Carbondale, IL had a population of 26.2k people with a median age of 23.8 and a median household income of $20,873. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Carbondale, IL grew from 26,066 to 26,196, a 0.499% increase and its median household income grew from $19,515 to $20,873, a 6.96% increase.

The population of Carbondale, IL is 57.4% White Alone, 25.3% Black or African American Alone, and 6.91% Hispanic or Latino. 14.9% of the people in Carbondale, IL speak a non-English language, and 92.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Carbondale, IL are Southern Illinois University-Carbondale (4,737 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Carbondale, IL is $117,600, and the homeownership rate is 30.3%. Most people in Carbondale, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 13.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Carbondale, IL is 1 car per household.

Economy

The economy of Carbondale, IL employs 11.1k people. The largest industries in Carbondale, IL are Educational Services (3,948 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,421 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (1,376 people), and the highest paying industries are Construction ($75,662), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($41,250), and Public Administration ($33,224).

Median household income in Carbondale, IL is $20,873. Males in Carbondale, IL have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,403. The income inequality in Carbondale, IL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$20,873

2017 value

± $2,440

6.96%

1 Year Growth

± 14.7%

Households in Carbondale, IL have a median annual income of $20,873, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $19,515 in 2016, which represents a 6.96% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Carbondale, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

$71,579

Average Male Salary

± $1,160

$52,403

Average Female Salary

± $852

In 2017, full-time male employees in Carbondale, IL made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Carbondale, IL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Illinois.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,613 ± $3,132

  2. White

    $56,297 ± $776

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $46,947 ± $14,340

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Carbondale, IL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Carbondale, IL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Carbondale, IL is from Illinois.

0.483

2017 Wage GINI

0.481

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.351% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 116

  2. Census Tract 110

  3. Census Tract 109

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Carbondale, IL was Census Tract 116 with a value of $65,568, followed by Census Tract 110 and Census Tract 109, with respective values of $59,556 and $37,298.

The following map shows all of the places in Carbondale, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

45.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Carbondale, IL (10.1k out of 22.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,333 ± 508

  2. Black

    3,557 ± 390

  3. Hispanic

    754 ± 219

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Carbondale, IL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

11.1k

2017 Value

± 796

-2.37%

1 Year decline

± 10.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Carbondale, IL declined at a rate of -2.37%, from 11.4k employees to 11.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Carbondale, IL, are Education, Training, & Library Occupations (2,215 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,648 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,091 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Carbondale, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Carbondale, IL, by number of employees, are Education, Training, & Library Occupations (2,215 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,648 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,091 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Carbondale, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (3.84 times higher than expected), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (3.29 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.56 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Carbondale, IL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($76,486), Construction & Extraction Occupations ($69,250), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($58,571).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

11.1k

2017 Value

± 796

-2.37%

1 Year decline

± 10.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Carbondale, IL declined at a rate of -2.37%, from 11.4k employees to 11.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Carbondale, IL, are Educational Services (3,948 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,421 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (1,376 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Carbondale, IL, though some of these residents may live in Carbondale, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Carbondale, IL, by number of employees, are Educational Services (3,948 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,421 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (1,376 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Carbondale, IL has an unusually high number of Educational Services (3.83 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.63 times), and Retail Trade (1.04 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Carbondale, IL, by median earnings, are Construction ($75,662), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($41,250), and Public Administration ($33,224).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $76.6B

  2. $75B

  3. $66.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $76.6B, followed by Gasoline with $75B and Pharmaceuticals and $66.8B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois state.

$871B

2015 Value

$1.31T

Projected 2045 Value

50.5% growth

In 2015, total outbound Illinois trade was $871B. This is expected to increase 50.5% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $63.2B

  2. $48.1B

  3. $32.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $63.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $48.1B and Michigan and $32.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.4% of the population of Carbondale, IL has health coverage, with 44.9% on employee plans, 18% on Medicaid, 7.06% on Medicare, 20.8% on non-group plans, and 1.55% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Carbondale, IL was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Carbondale, IL see 1240 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.322% decrease from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1332 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 526 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

1,240 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Illinois see an average of 1,240 patients per year. This represents a 0.322% decrease from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Illinois in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

$8,262

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,875

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$4,959

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,116

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.64%

Uninsured

44.9%

Employer Coverage

18%

Medicaid

7.06%

Medicare

20.8%

Non-Group

1.55%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Carbondale, IL declined by 1.18% from 7.73% to 7.64%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Carbondale, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.7% prevalence

  2. 12.7% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Carbondale, IL is home to a population of 26.2k people, from which 92.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 9.78% of Carbondale, IL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Carbondale, IL is composed of 15k White Alone residents (57.4%), 6.62k Black or African American Alone residents (25.3%), 1.81k Hispanic or Latino residents (6.91%), 1.52k Asian Alone residents (5.8%), 1.02k Two or More Races residents (3.9%), 138 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.527%), 41 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.157%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Carbondale, IL are Spanish or Spanish Creole (1,047 speakers), Arabic (464 speakers), and Chinese (423 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

23

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

31

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Carbondale, IL was 23.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 23, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 31. But people in Carbondale, IL are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Carbondale, IL residents was 24.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9.78%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

10.9%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 9.78% of Carbondale, IL residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Carbondale, IL was 10.9%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Carbondale, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    669,904 ± 19,564 people

  2. India

    147,732 ± 9,382 people

  3. Poland

    136,910 ± 9,036 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Carbondale, IL was Mexico, the natal country of 669,904 Carbondale, IL residents, followed by India with 147,732 and Poland with 136,910.

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Citizenship

92.6%

2017 Citizenship

91.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 92.6% of Carbondale, IL residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Carbondale, IL was 91.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Carbondale, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    15k ± 479

  2. Black or African American Alone

    6.62k ± 436

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1.81k ± 374

In 2017, there were 2.27 times more White Alone residents (15k people) in Carbondale, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.62k Black or African American Alone and 1.81k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Carbondale, IL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    1,047 speakers (4.21%)

  2. Arabic

    464 speakers (1.87%)

  3. Chinese

    423 speakers (1.7%)

14.9% of Carbondale, IL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Carbondale, IL was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 4.21% of the overall population of Carbondale, IL are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.87% speak Arabic and 1.7% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    275 ± 138

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    224 ± 75

  3. Vietnam

    125 ± 69

Carbondale, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.23 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Carbondale, IL awarded 4,737 degrees. The student population of Carbondale, IL is skewed towards men, with 8,583 male students and 7,404 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Carbondale, IL are White (3,075 and 72.4%), followed by Black or African American (642 and 15.1%), Hispanic or Latino (288 and 6.78%), and Asian (97 and 2.29%).

The largest universities in Carbondale, IL by number of degrees awarded are Southern Illinois University-Carbondale (4,737 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Carbondale, IL are Trade & Industrial Teacher Education (357 and 7.54%), General Psychology (145 and 3.06%), and Social Work (140 and 2.96%).

The median tuition costs in Carbondale, IL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $8,691 and $21,728 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 115 degrees awarded

  2. 115 degrees awarded

  3. 325 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Carbondale, IL was Airway Management & Operations with 115 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Carbondale, IL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

4,737 degrees awarded

$8,691

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Carbondale, IL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southern Illinois University-Carbondale with 4,737 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,620

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,117

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 2,620 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Carbondale, IL, which is 1.24 times more than the 2,117 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Carbondale, IL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,075 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    642 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    288 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Carbondale, IL were to White students. These 3,075 degrees mean that there were 4.79 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 642 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Carbondale, IL was $117,600 in 2017, which is 0.54 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $119,200 to $117,600, a 1.34% decrease. The homeownership rate in Carbondale, IL is 30.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Carbondale, IL have an average commute time of 13.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Carbondale, IL is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$20,873

Median Household Income

± $2,440

10.2k

Number of Households

± 733

In 2017, the median household income of the 10.2k households in Carbondale, IL grew to $20,873 from the previous year's value of $19,515.

The following chart displays the households in Carbondale, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$117,600

2017 Median

± $10,085

$119,200

2016 Median

± $10,192

In 2017, the median property value in Carbondale, IL declined from to $117,600 from the previous year's value of $119,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Carbondale, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Carbondale, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the $125k - $150k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Carbondale, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Carbondale, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

30.3%

2017 Homeownership

27.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 30.3% of the housing units in Carbondale, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 27.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Carbondale, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Carbondale, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Carbondale, IL have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

13.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Carbondale, IL have a shorter commute time (13.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.916% of the workforce in Carbondale, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Carbondale, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    71.5%

  2. Walked

    11.8%

  3. Carpooled

    8.58%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Carbondale, IL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Walked and those who Carpooled.

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