Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2019 Population
143,714
0.692% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2019 Median Age
31.4
0.946% 1-year decrease
2019 Poverty Rate
31.4%
5.99% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$36,145
8.24% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$88,100
3.65% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
51,006
3.54% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX had a population of 144k people with a median age of 31.4 and a median household income of $36,145. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX grew from 142,727 to 143,714, a 0.692% increase and its median household income grew from $33,394 to $36,145, a 8.24% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX are White (Hispanic) (90.7%), White (Non-Hispanic) (4.82%), Other (Hispanic) (2.48%), Two+ (Hispanic) (0.528%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.46%). 86.5% of the households in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

81% of the residents in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cameron County (South)--Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX are Texas Southmost College (788 degrees awarded in 2019), Southern Careers Institute-Brownsville (330 degrees), and South Texas Vocational Technical Institute-Brownsville (241 degrees).

In 2019, the median property value in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX was $88,100, and the homeownership rate was 57.6%. Most people in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 18.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX was 2 cars per household.

Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX borders Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX.

Diversity

Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX is home to a population of 144k people, from which 81% are citizens. As of 2019, 29.4% of Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX residents were born outside of the country (42.3k people).

In 2019, there were 18.8 times more White (Hispanic) residents (130k people) in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.93k White (Non-Hispanic) and 3.56k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX are Spanish (113,076 speakers), Arabic (296 speakers), and Vietnamese (283 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX
  1. White (Hispanic)
    130k ± 2.09k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    6.93k ± 764
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    3.56k ± 753
94%
Hispanic Population
135k people

In 2019, there were 18.8 times more White (Hispanic) residents (130k people) in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 6.93k White (Non-Hispanic) and 3.56k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

94% of the people in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX are hispanic (135k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    113,076 speakers (85.6%)
  2. Arabic
    296 speakers (0.224%)
  3. Vietnamese
    283 speakers (0.214%)

86.5% of Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 22%.

In 2019, the most common non-English language spoken in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX was Spanish. 85.6% of the overall population of Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX are native Spanish speakers. 0.224% speak Arabic and 0.214% speak Vietnamese, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

29.4%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
42.3k people
30.2%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
43.1k people

As of 2019, 29.4% of Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX residents (42.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX was 30.2%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

22
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.6
51
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 0.9

In 2019, the median age of all people in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX was 31.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 22, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 51. But people in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX are getting getting younger. In 2018, the average age of all Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX residents was 32.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    40,315 ± 4,181 people
  2. Guatemala
    560 ± 580 people
  3. Philippines
    350 ± 459 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX was Mexico, the natal country of 40,315 Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX residents, followed by Guatemala with 560 and Philippines with 350.

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Citizenship

81%
2019 Citizenship
80.3%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 81% of Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX was 80.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,141 ± 207
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    590 ± 181
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    476 ± 180

Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.93 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Texas. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Texas, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Texas. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Texas across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX is $36,145. In 2019, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX was Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX with a value of $145,445, followed by Austin City (Northwest) PUMA, TX and Grapevine, Southlake & Colleyville Cities PUMA, TX, with respective values of $134,211 and $128,192.

Males in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX have an average income that is 1.23 times higher than the average income of females, which is $33,702. The income inequality in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.433, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX employs 51k people. The largest industries in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX are Elementary & secondary schools (6,889 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,434 people), and Home health care services (3,122 people), and the highest paying industries are National security & international affairs ($84,819), Couriers & messengers ($78,737), and Computer Systems Design ($68,759).

Wages

Median Household Income

$36,145
2019 value
± $1,706
8.24%
1 Year Growth
± 6.95%

Households in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX have a median annual income of $36,145, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $33,394 in 2018, which represents a 8.24% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$41,466
Average Male Salary in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX
± $6,585
$33,702
Average Female Salary in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX
± $4,775

In 2019, full-time male employees in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX made 1.23 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX
  1. Two or More Races
    $58,807 ± $192,278
  2. Asian
    $46,138 ± $70,757
  3. White
    $31,805 ± $3,497

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX workers was Two or More Races. These workers were paid 1.27 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.433
2019 Wage GINI in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX
0.429
2018 Wage GINI in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX

In 2019, the income inequality in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX was 0.433 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.03% growth from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2019, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX was Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX with a value of $145,445, followed by Austin City (Northwest) PUMA, TX and Grapevine, Southlake & Colleyville Cities PUMA, TX, with respective values of $134,211 and $128,192.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

31.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX (44.6k out of 142k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Hispanic
    43,439 ± 1,562
  2. White
    43,110 ± 1,550
  3. Other
    896 ± 180

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

51k
2019 Value
3.54%
1 Year growth
± 3.54%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 3.54%, from 49.3k employees to 51k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX, are Elementary & middle school teachers (2,360 people), Retail salespersons (1,888 people), and Personal care aides (1,854 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX, by number of employees, are Elementary & middle school teachers (2,360 people), Retail salespersons (1,888 people), and Personal care aides (1,854 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Home health aides (4.29 times higher than expected), Personal care aides (4.05 times), and Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance (2.92 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX, by average salary, are Physicians ($299,656), Chief executives & legislators ($161,914), and General & operations managers ($91,180).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

51k
2019 Value
3.54%
1 Year growth
± 3.54%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 3.54%, from 49.3k employees to 51k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX, are Elementary & secondary schools (6,889 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,434 people), and Home health care services (3,122 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX, though some of these residents may live in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (6,889 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,434 people), and Home health care services (3,122 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX has an unusually high number of Fishing, hunting & trapping (9.88 times higher than expected), Community food & housing, & emergency services (9.08 times), and Home health care services (6.74 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX, by average salary, are National security & international affairs ($84,819), Couriers & messengers ($78,737), and Computer Systems Design ($68,759).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $358B
  2. $332B
  3. $284B

In 2018, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $358B, followed by Crude petroleum ($332B) and Gasoline ($284B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas.
$2.8T
2018 Value in Texas
$5.07T
Projected 2045 Value in Texas
81.2% growth

In 2018, total outbound Texas trade was $2.8T. This is expected to increase 81.2% to $5.07T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $97.6B
  2. $67.7B
  3. $60.2B

In 2018, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $97.6B, followed by Michigan with $67.7B and California and $60.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Texas went to Donald J. Trump with 52.2% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (43.2%), followed by Gary Johnson (3.16%). The most partisan county was Roberts County, TX with 94.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Texas.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Texas
52.2% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Texas
  1. 94.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 93.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 92% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Texas was Roberts County, TX with 94.6% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Texas colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 36 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2019, universities in Cameron County (South)--Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX awarded 1,400 degrees. The student population of Cameron County (South)--Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX is skewed towards women, with 3,863 male students and 5,338 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cameron County (South)--Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX are Hispanic or Latino (1,188 and 85.2%), followed by White (122 and 8.75%), Unknown (74 and 5.3%), and Black or African American (4 and 0.287%).

The largest universities in Cameron County (South)--Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX by number of degrees awarded are Texas Southmost College (788 and 56.3%), Southern Careers Institute-Brownsville (330 and 23.6%), and South Texas Vocational Technical Institute-Brownsville (241 and 17.2%).

The most popular majors in Cameron County (South)--Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX are Medical Assistant (281 and 20.1%), General Studies (193 and 13.8%), and General Cosmetology (81 and 5.79%).

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 193 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 74 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 54 degree-majorss awarded

In 2019, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Cameron County (South)--Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX was General Studies with 193 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Cameron County (South)--Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 788 degrees awarded
  2. 330 degrees awarded
  3. 241 degrees awarded

In 2019, the Cameron County (South)--Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX institution with the largest number of graduating students was Texas Southmost College with 788 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

543
Degrees Awarded to Men
857
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 543 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cameron County (South)--Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX, which is 0.634 times less than the 857 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Cameron County (South)--Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. Hispanic or Latino
    1,188 degrees awarded
  2. White
    122 degrees awarded
  3. Unknown
    74 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Cameron County (South)--Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX was Hispanic or Latino students. These 1,188 degrees mean that there were 9.74 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 122 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX was $88,100 in 2019, which is 0.366 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $85,000 to $88,100, a 3.65% increase. The homeownership rate in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX is 57.6%, which is lower than the national average of 64.1%. People in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX have an average commute time of 18.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$88,100
2019 Median
± $2,206
$85,000
2018 Median
± $2,083

In 2019, the median property value in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX grew to to $88,100 from the previous year's value of $85,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$36,145
Median Household Income
± $1,706
42.4k
Number of Households
± 1,432

In 2019, the median household income of the 42.4k households in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX grew to $36,145 from the previous year's value of $33,394.

The following chart displays the households in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

57.6%
2019 Homeownership
57.9%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 57.6% of the housing units in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 57.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

18.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX have a shorter commute time (18.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 0.953% of the workforce in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (81.9%)
  2. Carpooled (10.4%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.69%)

In 2019, 81.9% of workers in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.4%) and those who worked at home (3.69%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

70.1% of the population of Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX has health coverage, with 26.5% on employee plans, 27.9% on Medicaid, 7.32% on Medicare, 7.33% on non-group plans, and 1% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Texas was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Texas see 1642 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1642 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1677 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 827 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Trinity County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (23.2%). Additionally, Burleson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
1,642 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Texas

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,642 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1,642 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
$6,998
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Texas
$4,696
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,273
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,895
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

29.9%
Uninsured
26.5%
Employer Coverage
27.9%
Medicaid
7.32%
Medicare
7.33%
Non-Group
1%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX declined by 1.36% from 30.4% to 29.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Brownsville City (Central) PUMA, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 23.2% prevalence
  2. 22.7% prevalence
  3. 22.5% prevalence

Trinity County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 23.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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