Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX

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Population

128,452

0.655% growth

Median Age

30.2


Median Household Income

$38,904

6.49% growth

Poverty Rate

29.9%


Number of Employees

43,265

3.75% growth

Median Property Value

$85,500

3.64% growth

About

In 2017, Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX had a population of 128k people with a median age of 30.2 and a median household income of $38,904. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX grew from 127,616 to 128,452, a 0.655% increase and its median household income grew from $36,534 to $38,904, a 6.49% increase.

The population of Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX is 88.1% Hispanic or Latino, 10.9% White Alone, and 0.657% Asian Alone. 75.1% of the people in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX speak a non-English language, and 80.1% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX is $85,500, and the homeownership rate is 76.8%. Most people in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Austin at Sunset

Economy

The economy of Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX employs 43.3k people. The largest industries in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX are Elementary & secondary schools (4,727 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,453 people), and Construction (2,872 people), and the highest paying industries are Machinery manufacturing, n.e.c. or not specified ($84,773), Offices of physicians ($68,896), and Hospitals ($68,672).

Median household income in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX is $38,904. Males in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $33,452. The income inequality in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX (measured using the Gini index) is 0.444, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$38,904

2017 value

± $1,823

6.49%

1 Year Growth

± 6.64%

Households in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX have a median annual income of $38,904, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $36,534 in 2016, which represents a 6.49% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$44,010

Average Male Salary

± $8,637

$33,452

Average Female Salary

± $5,803

In 2017, full-time male employees in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX made 1.32 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Two or More Races

    $74,677 ± $76,184

  2. Asian

    $64,563 ± $110,020

  3. White

    $33,981 ± $4,562

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX workers was Two or More Races. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.444

2017 Wage GINI

0.437

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX was 0.444 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.49% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX was Flower Mound Town & Highland Village City PUMA, TX with a value of $131,600, followed by Austin City (Northwest) PUMA, TX and Grapevine, Southlake & Colleyville Cities PUMA, TX, with respective values of $116,092 and $115,108.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

29.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX (38.1k out of 128k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    36,789 ± 1,571

  2. Hispanic

    36,178 ± 1,552

  3. Asian

    62 ± 177

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

43.3k

2017 Value

3.75%

1 Year growth

± 3.75%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 3.75%, from 41.7k employees to 43.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX, are Elementary & middle school teachers (2,003 people), Cashiers (1,850 people), and Nursing, psychiatric, & home health aides (1,796 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX, by number of employees, are Elementary & middle school teachers (2,003 people), Cashiers (1,850 people), and Nursing, psychiatric, & home health aides (1,796 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX has an unusually high number of residents working as Fishing & hunting workers (34.8 times higher than expected), Probation officers & correctional treatment specialists (6.08 times), and Personal care aides (4.6 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($295,284), Chief executives & legislators ($185,315), and Computer & information systems managers ($114,905).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

43.3k

2017 Value

3.75%

1 Year growth

± 3.75%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX grew at a rate of 3.75%, from 41.7k employees to 43.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,727 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,453 people), and Construction (2,872 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX, though some of these residents may live in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (4,727 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,453 people), and Construction (2,872 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX has an unusually high number of Fishing, hunting & trapping (31.1 times higher than expected), Home health care services (6.55 times), and Recyclable material merchant wholesalers (5.24 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX, by average salary, are Machinery manufacturing, n.e.c. or not specified ($84,773), Offices of physicians ($68,896), and Hospitals ($68,672).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $282B

  2. $216B

  3. $159B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas product (by dollars) was Fuel oils with $282B, followed by Gasoline ($216B) and Mixed freight ($159B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Texas products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Texas state.

$1.97T

2015 Value

$2.8T

Projected 2045 Value

42.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Texas trade was $1.97T. This is expected to increase 42.1% to $2.8T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Texas trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Texas to other states, or from other states to Texas.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $85.7B

  2. $53.4B

  3. $34.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Texas domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Louisiana with $85.7B, followed by Oklahoma with $53.4B and California and $34.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Texas shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

66.3% of the population of Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX has health coverage, with 22.9% on employee plans, 28% on Medicaid, 7.24% on Medicare, 7.08% on non-group plans, and 1.05% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX was $6,998 in 2014. This is a 5.06% increase from the previous year ($6,661).

Primary care physicians in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX see 1670 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1672 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1790 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1012 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Angelina County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

1,670 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,670 patients per year. This represents a 0.12% decrease from the previous year (1,672 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.

$6,998

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,696

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,273

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,895

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Texas (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.06%, from $6,661 to $6,998.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

33.7%

Uninsured

22.9%

Employer Coverage

28%

Medicaid

7.24%

Medicare

7.08%

Non-Group

1.05%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 33.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.4% prevalence

  3. 14.3% prevalence

Cass County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Texas, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Texas by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX is home to a population of 128k people, from which 80.1% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX is composed of 113k Hispanic or Latino residents (88.1%), 14k White Alone residents (10.9%), 844 Asian Alone residents (0.657%), 219 Two or More Races residents (0.17%), 149 Black or African American Alone residents (0.116%), 107 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0833%), 32 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0249%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX are Spanish (87,545 speakers), Vietnamese (251 speakers), and Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages (112 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

22

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.8

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX was 30.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 22, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX residents was 30.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

26.8%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

34.2k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX was 26.8%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    32,044 ± 3,807 people

  2. Honduras

    487 ± 541 people

  3. Canada

    367 ± 470 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX was Mexico, the natal country of 32,044 Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX residents, followed by Honduras with 487 and Canada with 367.

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Citizenship

80.1%

2017 Citizenship

79.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 80.1% of Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX was 79.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    113k ± 2.69k

  2. White Alone

    14k ± 930

  3. Asian Alone

    844 ± 286

In 2017, there were 8.1 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (113k people) in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 14k White Alone and 844 Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    87,545 speakers (74.3%)

  2. Vietnamese

    251 speakers (0.213%)

  3. Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages

    112 speakers (0.0951%)

75.1% of Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX was Spanish. 74.3% of the overall population of Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX are native Spanish speakers. 0.213% speak Vietnamese and 0.0951% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,299 ± 214

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    598 ± 220

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    446 ± 193

Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.17 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX was $85,500 in 2017, which is 0.393 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $82,500 to $85,500, a 3.64% increase. The homeownership rate in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX is 76.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX have an average commute time of 21.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$38,904

Median Household Income

± $1,823

35.2k

Number of Households

± 1,380

In 2017, the median household income of the 35.2k households in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX grew to $38,904 from the previous year's value of $36,534.

The following chart displays the households in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$85,500

2017 Median

± $2,327

$82,500

2016 Median

± $2,094

In 2017, the median property value in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX grew to to $85,500 from the previous year's value of $82,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX the largest share of households have a property value in the $80k - $90k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

76.8%

2017 Homeownership

76.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 76.8% of the housing units in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 76.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

21.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX have a shorter commute time (21.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1% of the workforce in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.4%

  2. Carpooled

    7.9%

  3. Other

    2.07%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Brownsville City (North) PUMA, TX was Drove Alone (86.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.9%) and those who Other (2.07%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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