Blair County, PA

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Population

124,736

0.938% decline

Median Age

43.1


Median Household Income

$45,664

3.7% growth

Poverty Rate

15.2%


Number of Employees

56,657

0.595% decline

Median Property Value

$117,300

4.17% growth

About

In 2017, Blair County, PA had a population of 125k people with a median age of 43.1 and a median household income of $45,664. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Blair County, PA declined from 125,917 to 124,736, a -0.938% decrease and its median household income grew from $44,033 to $45,664, a 3.7% increase.

The population of Blair County, PA is 94.8% White Alone, 1.69% Two or More Races, and 1.48% Black or African American Alone. 2.65% of the people in Blair County, PA speak a non-English language, and 99.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Blair County, PA are Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Altoona (448 degrees awarded in 2016), Greater Altoona Career & Technology Center (159 degrees), and YTI Career Institute-Altoona (152 degrees).

The median property value in Blair County, PA is $117,300, and the homeownership rate is 70.1%. Most people in Blair County, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Blair County, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Farm, hills and grasslands in rural Pennsylvania.

Economy

The economy of Blair County, PA employs 56.7k people. The largest industries in Blair County, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (9,867 people), Retail Trade (8,333 people), and Manufacturing (6,385 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing ($49,383), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($49,212), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($48,875).

Median household income in Blair County, PA is $45,664. Males in Blair County, PA have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,502. The income inequality in Blair County, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$45,664

2017 value

± $1,034

3.7%

1 Year Growth

± 3.39%

Households in Blair County, PA have a median annual income of $45,664, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,033 in 2016, which represents a 3.7% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Blair County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Pennsylvania.

$67,039

Average Male Salary

± $1,040

$49,502

Average Female Salary

± $757

In 2017, full-time male employees in Blair County, PA made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Blair County, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,450 ± $4,076

  2. White

    $51,412 ± $642

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $38,644 ± $21,965

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Blair County, PA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Blair County, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Blair County, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.469

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.19% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 109

  2. Census Tract 105

  3. Census Tract 104.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Blair County, PA was Census Tract 109 with a value of $68,036, followed by Census Tract 105 and Census Tract 104.02, with respective values of $63,803 and $63,110.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Blair County, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Blair County, PA (18.5k out of 122k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    16,455 ± 812

  2. Black

    877 ± 222

  3. Two Or More

    865 ± 196

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Blair County, PA is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

56.7k

2017 Value

± 1,460

-0.595%

1 Year decline

± 3.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Blair County, PA declined at a rate of -0.595%, from 57k employees to 56.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Blair County, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,772 people), Sales & Related Occupations (6,568 people), and Management Occupations (4,666 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Blair County, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Blair County, PA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,772 people), Sales & Related Occupations (6,568 people), and Management Occupations (4,666 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Blair County, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (1.73 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.62 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.34 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Blair County, PA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($62,768), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($59,488), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($55,114).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

56.7k

2017 Value

± 1,460

-0.595%

1 Year decline

± 3.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Blair County, PA declined at a rate of -0.595%, from 57k employees to 56.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Blair County, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (9,867 people), Retail Trade (8,333 people), and Manufacturing (6,385 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Blair County, PA, though some of these residents may live in Blair County, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Blair County, PA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (9,867 people), Retail Trade (8,333 people), and Manufacturing (6,385 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Blair County, PA has an unusually high number of Transportation & Warehousing (1.42 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.34 times), and Retail Trade (1.29 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Blair County, PA, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing ($49,383), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($49,212), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($48,875).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. with $50.6B and Pharmaceuticals and $49.7B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.8% of the population of Blair County, PA has health coverage, with 46.4% on employee plans, 17.1% on Medicaid, 14.8% on Medicare, 14% on non-group plans, and 1.52% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Blair County, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Blair County, PA see 1163 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.96% decrease from the previous year (1211 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1781 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 481 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1163 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Blair County, PA see an average of 1163 patients per year. This represents a 3.96% decrease from the previous year (1211 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Blair County, PA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.22%

Uninsured

46.4%

Employer Coverage

17.1%

Medicaid

14.8%

Medicare

14%

Non-Group

1.52%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Blair County, PA declined by 13.7% from 7.22% to 6.22%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Blair County, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Blair County, PA is home to a population of 125k people, from which 99.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.18% of Blair County, PA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Blair County, PA is composed of 118k White Alone residents (94.8%), 2.11k Two or More Races residents (1.69%), 1.84k Black or African American Alone residents (1.48%), 1.47k Hispanic or Latino residents (1.18%), 849 Asian Alone residents (0.681%), 136 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.109%), 45 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0361%), and 22 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0176%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Blair County, PA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (998 speakers), Other West Germanic Languages (571 speakers), and German (321 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Blair County, PA was 43.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Blair County, PA are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Blair County, PA residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.18%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.15%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 1.18% of Blair County, PA residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Blair County, PA was 1.15%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Blair County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    81,562 ± 6,989 people

  2. China

    63,036 ± 6,149 people

  3. Mexico

    54,918 ± 5,741 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Blair County, PA was India, the natal country of 81,562 Blair County, PA residents, followed by China with 63,036 and Mexico with 54,918.

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Citizenship

99.6%

2017 Citizenship

99.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.6% of Blair County, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Blair County, PA was 99.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Blair County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    118k ± 135

  2. Two or More Races

    2.11k ± 243

  3. Black or African American Alone

    1.84k ± 211

In 2017, there were 56.1 times more White Alone residents (118k people) in Blair County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.11k Two or More Races and 1.84k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Blair County, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    998 speakers (0.836%)

  2. Other West Germanic Languages

    571 speakers (0.479%)

  3. German

    321 speakers (0.269%)

2.65% of Blair County, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Blair County, PA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 0.836% of the overall population of Blair County, PA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.479% speak Other West Germanic Languages and 0.269% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,697 ± 323

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,550 ± 310

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,376 ± 228

Blair County, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.39 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Blair County, PA awarded 831 degrees. The student population of Blair County, PA is skewed towards women, with 2,048 male students and 2,071 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Blair County, PA are White (750 and 90.4%), followed by Black or African American (38 and 4.58%), Hispanic or Latino (19 and 2.29%), and Two or More Races (11 and 1.33%).

The largest universities in Blair County, PA by number of degrees awarded are Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Altoona (448 and 53.9%), Greater Altoona Career & Technology Center (159 and 19.1%), and YTI Career Institute-Altoona (152 and 18.3%).

The most popular majors in Blair County, PA are Registered Nursing (99 and 11.9%), Electrical & Electronics Engineering (71 and 8.54%), and Dental Assisting (62 and 7.46%).

The median tuition costs in Blair County, PA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $13,868 and $21,874 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 71 degrees awarded

  2. 62 degrees awarded

  3. 44 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Blair County, PA was Electrical & Electronics Engineering with 71 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Blair County, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 448 degrees awarded

  2. 159 degrees awarded

  3. 152 degrees awarded

$13,868

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Blair County, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Altoona with 448 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

298

Degrees Awarded to Men

533

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 298 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Blair County, PA, which is 0.559 times less than the 533 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Blair County, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    750 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    38 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    19 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Blair County, PA were to White students. These 750 degrees mean that there were 19.7 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 38 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Blair County, PA was $117,300 in 2017, which is 0.539 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $112,600 to $117,300, a 4.17% increase. The homeownership rate in Blair County, PA is 70.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Blair County, PA have an average commute time of 19.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Blair County, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$45,664

Median Household Income

± $1,034

51.6k

Number of Households

± 1,336

In 2017, the median household income of the 51.6k households in Blair County, PA grew to $45,664 from the previous year's value of $44,033.

The following chart displays the households in Blair County, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$117,300

2017 Median

± $2,559

$112,600

2016 Median

± $2,264

In 2017, the median property value in Blair County, PA grew to to $117,300 from the previous year's value of $112,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Blair County, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Blair County, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Blair County, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Blair County, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

70.1%

2017 Homeownership

70.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70.1% of the housing units in Blair County, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 70.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Blair County, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Blair County, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Blair County, PA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

19.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Blair County, PA have a shorter commute time (19.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.76% of the workforce in Blair County, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Blair County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.5%

  2. Carpooled

    8.8%

  3. Walked

    3.74%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Blair County, PA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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