Birmingham-Hoover, AL

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Population

1.15M

0.208% growth

Median Age

38.6


Median Household Income

$53,107

1.69% growth

Poverty Rate

15.7%


Number of Employees

515,451

0.45% decline

Median Property Value

$161,400

4.81% growth

About

In 2017, Birmingham-Hoover, AL had a population of 1.15M people with a median age of 38.6 and a median household income of $53,107. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Birmingham-Hoover, AL grew from 1.15M to 1.15M, a 0.208% increase and its median household income grew from $52,226 to $53,107, a 1.69% increase.

The population of Birmingham-Hoover, AL is 63.4% White Alone, 28.9% Black or African American Alone, and 4.3% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Birmingham-Hoover, AL speak a non-English language, and 97.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Birmingham-Hoover, AL are University of Alabama at Birmingham (4,519 degrees awarded in 2016), Samford University (1,492 degrees), and Jefferson State Community College (1,433 degrees).

The median property value in Birmingham-Hoover, AL is $161,400, and the homeownership rate is 68%. Most people in Birmingham-Hoover, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Birmingham-Hoover, AL is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Birmingham-Hoover, AL employs 515k people. The largest industries in Birmingham-Hoover, AL are Health Care & Social Assistance (78,082 people), Retail Trade (56,304 people), and Manufacturing (51,136 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($80,615), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($57,349), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($57,228).

Median household income in Birmingham-Hoover, AL is $53,107. Males in Birmingham-Hoover, AL have an average income that is 1.43 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,415. The income inequality in Birmingham-Hoover, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.459, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$53,107

2017 value

± $1,227

1.69%

1 Year Growth

± 2.94%

Households in Birmingham-Hoover, AL have a median annual income of $53,107, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $52,226 in 2016, which represents a 1.69% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Birmingham-Hoover, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the msa level, so we are showing data for the Alabama.

$59,128

Average Male Salary

± $1,487

$41,415

Average Female Salary

± $1,053

In 2017, full-time male employees in Birmingham-Hoover, AL made 1.43 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Birmingham-Hoover, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the msa level, so we are showing data for the Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,342 ± $9,359

  2. White

    $49,497 ± $1,108

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $40,310 ± $17,163

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Birmingham-Hoover, AL workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.12 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Birmingham-Hoover, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Birmingham-Hoover, AL is from Alabama.

0.459

2017 Wage GINI

0.463

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.459 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.912% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Birmingham-Hoover, AL was Shelby County, AL with a value of $73,031, followed by Madison County, AL and Elmore County, AL, with respective values of $62,312 and $60,558.

The following map shows all of the counties in Birmingham-Hoover, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Birmingham-Hoover, AL (176k out of 1.12M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    83,618 ± 2,057

  2. Black

    78,825 ± 2,006

  3. Hispanic

    16,055 ± 915

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Birmingham-Hoover, AL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

515k

2017 Value

± 12,799

-0.45%

1 Year decline

± 3.37%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Birmingham-Hoover, AL declined at a rate of -0.45%, from 518k employees to 515k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Birmingham-Hoover, AL, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (28,829 people), Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, & Distributing Workers (15,113 people), and Secretaries & Administrative Assistants (14,097 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Birmingham-Hoover, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Birmingham-Hoover, AL, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (28,829 people), Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, & Distributing Workers (15,113 people), and Secretaries & Administrative Assistants (14,097 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Birmingham-Hoover, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Extraction Workers (3.28 times higher than expected), First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Service, & Groundskeeping Workers (2.53 times), and Religious Workers (2.32 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Birmingham-Hoover, AL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,348), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($71,729), and Legal Occupations ($71,153).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

515k

2017 Value

± 12,799

-0.45%

1 Year decline

± 3.37%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Birmingham-Hoover, AL declined at a rate of -0.45%, from 518k employees to 515k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Birmingham-Hoover, AL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (78,082 people), Retail Trade (56,304 people), and Manufacturing (51,136 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Birmingham-Hoover, AL, though some of these residents may live in Birmingham-Hoover, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Birmingham-Hoover, AL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (78,082 people), Retail Trade (56,304 people), and Manufacturing (51,136 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Birmingham-Hoover, AL has an unusually high number of Utilities (2.56 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.88 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.33 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Birmingham-Hoover, AL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($80,615), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($57,349), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($57,228).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight with $28B and Coal-n.e.c. and $21.5B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.4% of the population of Birmingham-Hoover, AL has health coverage, with 49.5% on employee plans, 15.4% on Medicaid, 12.7% on Medicare, 12.3% on non-group plans, and 1.53% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Birmingham-Hoover, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Birmingham-Hoover, AL see 1535 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1552 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2139 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

1535 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1535 patients per year. This represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1552 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.57%

Uninsured

49.5%

Employer Coverage

15.4%

Medicaid

12.7%

Medicare

12.3%

Non-Group

1.53%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Birmingham-Hoover, AL grew by 5.11% from 8.16% to 8.57%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Birmingham-Hoover, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Birmingham-Hoover, AL is home to a population of 1.15M people, from which 97.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.91% of Birmingham-Hoover, AL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Birmingham-Hoover, AL is composed of 729k White Alone residents (63.4%), 332k Black or African American Alone residents (28.9%), 49.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.3%), 17.8k Two or More Races residents (1.54%), 16.1k Asian Alone residents (1.4%), 2.21k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.193%), 2.1k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.183%), and 439 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0382%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Birmingham-Hoover, AL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Birmingham-Hoover, AL was 38.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Birmingham-Hoover, AL are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Birmingham-Hoover, AL residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.91%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.9%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 3.91% of Birmingham-Hoover, AL residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Birmingham-Hoover, AL was 3.9%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Birmingham-Hoover, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    49,351 ± 5,426 people

  2. Guatemala

    13,867 ± 2,887 people

  3. Korea

    10,864 ± 2,556 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Birmingham-Hoover, AL was Mexico, the natal country of 49,351 Birmingham-Hoover, AL residents, followed by Guatemala with 13,867 and Korea with 10,864.

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Citizenship

97.7%

2017 Citizenship

97.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.7% of Birmingham-Hoover, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Birmingham-Hoover, AL was 97.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Birmingham-Hoover, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    729k ± 1k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    332k ± 3.02k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    49.5k ± 5.33k

In 2017, there were 2.19 times more White Alone residents (729k people) in Birmingham-Hoover, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 332k Black or African American Alone and 49.5k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Birmingham-Hoover, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Birmingham-Hoover, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Birmingham-Hoover, AL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Birmingham-Hoover, AL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    21,314 ± 2,051

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    11,585 ± 1,794

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    8,807 ± 1,830

Birmingham-Hoover, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.84 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Birmingham-Hoover, AL awarded 11,849 degrees. The student population of Birmingham-Hoover, AL is skewed towards women, with 19,496 male students and 31,804 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Birmingham-Hoover, AL are White (7,032 and 60.6%), followed by Black or African American (3,011 and 26%), Unknown (691 and 5.96%), and Asian (293 and 2.53%).

The largest universities in Birmingham-Hoover, AL by number of degrees awarded are University of Alabama at Birmingham (4,519 and 38.1%), Samford University (1,492 and 12.6%), and Jefferson State Community College (1,433 and 12.1%).

The most popular majors in Birmingham-Hoover, AL are Registered Nursing (1,323 and 11.2%), General Business Administration & Management (639 and 5.39%), and General Studies (378 and 3.19%).

The median tuition costs in Birmingham-Hoover, AL are $19,946 for private four year colleges, and $9,705 and $21,004 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 267 degrees awarded

  2. 414 degrees awarded

  3. 290 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Birmingham-Hoover, AL was General Psychology with 267 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Birmingham-Hoover, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,519 degrees awarded

  2. 1,492 degrees awarded

  3. 1,433 degrees awarded

$9,705

Median In-State Public

$19,946

Median Private

In 2016, the Birmingham-Hoover, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Alabama at Birmingham with 4,519 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

4,512

Degrees Awarded to Men

7,337

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 4,512 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Birmingham-Hoover, AL, which is 0.615 times less than the 7,337 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Birmingham-Hoover, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    7,032 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    3,011 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    691 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Birmingham-Hoover, AL were to White students. These 7,032 degrees mean that there were 2.34 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3,011 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Birmingham-Hoover, AL was $161,400 in 2017, which is 0.742 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $154,000 to $161,400, a 4.81% increase. The homeownership rate in Birmingham-Hoover, AL is 68%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Birmingham-Hoover, AL have an average commute time of 25.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Birmingham-Hoover, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$53,107

Median Household Income

± $1,227

440k

Number of Households

± 10,391

In 2017, the median household income of the 440k households in Birmingham-Hoover, AL grew to $53,107 from the previous year's value of $52,226.

The following chart displays the households in Birmingham-Hoover, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$161,400

2017 Median

± $3,200

$154,000

2016 Median

± $2,770

In 2017, the median property value in Birmingham-Hoover, AL grew to to $161,400 from the previous year's value of $154,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Birmingham-Hoover, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Birmingham-Hoover, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Birmingham-Hoover, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Birmingham-Hoover, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

68%

2017 Homeownership

69.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 68% of the housing units in Birmingham-Hoover, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 69.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Birmingham-Hoover, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Birmingham-Hoover, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Birmingham-Hoover, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

25.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Birmingham-Hoover, AL have a longer commute time (25.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.59% of the workforce in Birmingham-Hoover, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Birmingham-Hoover, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.3%

  2. Carpooled

    9.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.72%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Birmingham-Hoover, AL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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