Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2019 Population
104,587
0.276% 1-year growth
US Senator
Richard Shelby
Republican Party
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
2019 Median Age
35.8
0.562% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
27.6%
4.16% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$38,560
6.9% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$117,400
5.77% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
46,119
1.19% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL had a population of 105k people with a median age of 35.8 and a median household income of $38,560. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL grew from 104,299 to 104,587, a 0.276% increase and its median household income grew from $36,070 to $38,560, a 6.9% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (55.8%), White (Non-Hispanic) (36.2%), White (Hispanic) (2.54%), Other (Hispanic) (1.91%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.4%). 6.36% of the households in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

96.4% of the residents in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL are University of Alabama at Birmingham (5,656 degrees awarded in 2019).

In 2019, the median property value in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was $117,400, and the homeownership rate was 45.1%. Most people in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 19.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL is home to a population of 105k people, from which 96.4% are citizens. As of 2019, 12% of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL residents were born outside of the country (12.6k people).

In 2019, there were 1.54 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (58.3k people) in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 37.8k White (Non-Hispanic) and 2.65k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL are Spanish (4,027 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (419 speakers), and Arabic (255 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    58.3k ± 1.81k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    37.8k ± 1.36k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    2.65k ± 987
5.02%
Hispanic Population
5.25k people

In 2019, there were 1.54 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (58.3k people) in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 37.8k White (Non-Hispanic) and 2.65k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

5.02% of the people in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL are hispanic (5.25k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    4,027 speakers (4.08%)
  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    419 speakers (0.425%)
  3. Arabic
    255 speakers (0.259%)

6.36% of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 22%.

In 2019, the most common non-English language spoken in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was Spanish. 4.08% of the overall population of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL are native Spanish speakers. 0.425% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 0.259% speak Arabic, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

12%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
12.6k people
4.74%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
4.94k people

As of 2019, 12% of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL residents (12.6k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was 4.74%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

36
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.9
33
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 2.3

In 2019, the median age of all people in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was 35.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally older than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 33. But people in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL residents was 36.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    1,837 ± 1,043 people
  2. China
    319 ± 438 people
  3. India
    260 ± 395 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was Mexico, the natal country of 1,837 Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL residents, followed by China with 319 and India with 260.

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Citizenship

96.4%
2019 Citizenship
96.3%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 96.4% of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was 96.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,916 ± 283
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    792 ± 269
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    766 ± 197

Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.42 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Alabama. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Alabama, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Alabama. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Alabama across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL is $38,560. In 2019, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL with a value of $91,027, followed by Shelby County PUMA, AL and Huntsville City (Far West & Southwest) PUMA, AL, with respective values of $75,614 and $74,518.

Males in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,722. The income inequality in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.467, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL employs 46.1k people. The largest industries in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL are General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,202 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,991 people), and Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (2,884 people), and the highest paying industries are Agencies, brokerages, and other insurance related activities ($108,736), Accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping & payroll services ($99,096), and Legal services ($96,063).

Wages

Median Household Income

$38,560
2019 value
± $2,142
6.9%
1 Year Growth
± 6.49%

Households in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL have a median annual income of $38,560, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $36,070 in 2018, which represents a 6.9% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$57,286
Average Male Salary in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL
± $11,043
$42,722
Average Female Salary in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL
± $7,587

In 2019, full-time male employees in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL
  1. White
    $54,818 ± $10,359
  2. Asian
    $41,950 ± $26,451
  3. Black
    $31,657 ± $5,493

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL workers was White. These workers were paid 1.31 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.467
2019 Wage GINI in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL
0.469
2018 Wage GINI in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL

In 2019, the income inequality in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was 0.467 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.485% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2019, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL with a value of $91,027, followed by Shelby County PUMA, AL and Huntsville City (Far West & Southwest) PUMA, AL, with respective values of $75,614 and $74,518.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

27.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL (27.6k out of 99.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Black
    19,399 ± 1,069
  2. White
    6,379 ± 630
  3. Hispanic
    1,612 ± 324

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

46.1k
2019 Value
1.19%
1 Year growth
± 1.19%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL grew at a rate of 1.19%, from 45.6k employees to 46.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL, are Retail salespersons (1,553 people), Cashiers (1,178 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,143 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL, by number of employees, are Retail salespersons (1,553 people), Cashiers (1,178 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,143 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Medical scientists, & life scientists, all other (5.19 times higher than expected), Wholesale & retail buyers, except farm products (4.19 times), and Photographers (4.14 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL, by average salary, are Chief executives & legislators ($177,288), Physicians ($140,068), and Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($131,032).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

46.1k
2019 Value
1.19%
1 Year growth
± 1.19%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL grew at a rate of 1.19%, from 45.6k employees to 46.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL, are General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,202 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,991 people), and Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (2,884 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL, though some of these residents may live in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL, by number of employees, are General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,202 people), Restaurants & Food Services (3,991 people), and Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (2,884 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other PUMAs, Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL has an unusually high number of Spectator sports (6.64 times higher than expected), Foundries (5.72 times), and Iron & steel mills & steel product manufacturing (3.97 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL, by average salary, are Agencies, brokerages, and other insurance related activities ($108,736), Accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping & payroll services ($99,096), and Legal services ($96,063).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $52.4B
  2. $29.3B
  3. $21.2B

In 2018, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $52.4B, followed by Mixed freight ($29.3B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama.
$280B
2018 Value in Alabama
$481B
Projected 2045 Value in Alabama
71.8% growth

In 2018, total outbound Alabama trade was $280B. This is expected to increase 71.8% to $481B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $31.8B
  2. $17.8B
  3. $14.7B

In 2018, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $31.8B, followed by Florida with $17.8B and Tennessee and $14.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Alabama went to Donald J. Trump with 62.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (34.4%), followed by Gary Johnson (2.09%). The most partisan county was Winston County, AL with 89.5% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Richard Shelby and Tommy Tuberville are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Alabama.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Alabama
62.1% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Alabama
  1. 89.5% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 89.3% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 87.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Alabama was Winston County, AL with 89.5% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Alabama colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Richard Shelby
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 1987
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Richard Shelby and Tommy Tuberville are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2019, universities in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL awarded 5,656 degrees. The student population of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL is skewed towards women, with 8,218 male students and 13,862 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL are White (3,520 and 65.6%), followed by Black or African American (1,027 and 19.1%), Asian (318 and 5.92%), and Hispanic or Latino (219 and 4.08%).

The largest universities in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL by number of degrees awarded are University of Alabama at Birmingham (5,656 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL are Registered Nursing (950 and 16.8%), General Business Administration & Management (314 and 5.55%), and General Public Health (263 and 4.65%).

The median tuition cost in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL for a public four year colleges is $8,568 for in-state students and $20,400 for out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 113 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 346 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 176 degree-majorss awarded

In 2019, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was Physical Education Teaching & Coaching with 113 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
5,656 degrees awarded
$8,568
Median In-State Public

In 2019, the Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Alabama at Birmingham with 5,656 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,119
Degrees Awarded to Men
3,537
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 2,119 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL, which is 0.599 times less than the 3,537 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    3,520 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    1,027 degrees awarded
  3. Asian
    318 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was White students. These 3,520 degrees mean that there were 3.43 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,027 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was $117,400 in 2019, which is 0.488 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $111,000 to $117,400, a 5.77% increase. The homeownership rate in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL is 45.1%, which is lower than the national average of 64.1%. People in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL have an average commute time of 19.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$117,400
2019 Median
± $7,205
$111,000
2018 Median
± $6,036

In 2019, the median property value in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL grew to to $117,400 from the previous year's value of $111,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$38,560
Median Household Income
± $2,142
44.3k
Number of Households
± 1,467

In 2019, the median household income of the 44.3k households in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL grew to $38,560 from the previous year's value of $36,070.

The following chart displays the households in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

45.1%
2019 Homeownership
45.5%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 45.1% of the housing units in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 45.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL have a shorter commute time (19.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.11% of the workforce in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (79.2%)
  2. Carpooled (9.24%)
  3. Walked (4.31%)

In 2019, 79.2% of workers in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.24%) and those who walked to work (4.31%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

86.9% of the population of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL has health coverage, with 39.5% on employee plans, 23.1% on Medicaid, 9.92% on Medicare, 12.7% on non-group plans, and 1.64% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Alabama was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Alabama see 1534 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.583% decrease from the previous year (1543 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2005 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 923 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Bullock County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (29.5%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (50.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
1,534 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Alabama

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,534 patients per year. This represents a 0.583% decrease from the previous year (1,543 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
$7,281
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Alabama
$3,641
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,042
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,267
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.1%
Uninsured
39.5%
Employer Coverage
23.1%
Medicaid
9.92%
Medicare
12.7%
Non-Group
1.64%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL declined by 5.59% from 13.9% to 13.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 29.5% prevalence
  2. 25.6% prevalence
  3. 24.8% prevalence

Bullock County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 29.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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