Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL

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Population

103,384

0.261% growth

Median Household Income

$33,763

3.65% growth

Number of Employees

45,467

3.12% growth

Median Property Value

$104,700

1.06% growth

About

In 2017, Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL had a population of 103k people with a median age of N/A and a median household income of $33,763. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL grew from 103,115 to 103,384, a 0.261% increase and its median household income grew from $32,575 to $33,763, a 3.65% increase.

The population of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL is 57.5% Black or African American Alone, 34.7% White Alone, and 5.08% Hispanic or Latino. 6.3% of the people in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL speak a non-English language, and 96.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL are University of Alabama at Birmingham (4,519 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL is $104,700, and the homeownership rate is 44.8%. Most people in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL commute by N/A, and the average commute time is 25.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL is N/A per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

Economy

The economy of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL employs 45.5k people. The largest industries in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL are Restaurants & Food Services (4,536 people), Hospitals (3,891 people), and Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (2,333 people), and the highest paying industries are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($104,100), Legal services ($100,450), and Scientific research & development services ($95,262).

Median household income in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL is $33,763. Males in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,165. The income inequality in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.475, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$33,763

2017 value

± $1,707

3.65%

1 Year Growth

± 6.93%

Households in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL have a median annual income of $33,763, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $32,575 in 2016, which represents a 3.65% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$50,547

Average Male Salary

± $9,890

$40,165

Average Female Salary

± $7,354

In 2017, full-time male employees in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $49,134 ± $9,695

  2. Asian

    $43,709 ± $32,309

  3. Black

    $29,191 ± $5,244

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL workers was White. These workers were paid 1.12 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.475

2017 Wage GINI

0.475

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was 0.475 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.104% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. N/A

  2. N/A

  3. N/A

In 2016, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was N/A with a value of N/A, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

N/A N/A

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

N/A% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL (N/A out of N/A people) live below the poverty line, a number that is approximately the same as the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are N/A N/A, followed by N/A N/A and then N/A N/A.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL is false, followed by false and false.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

45.5k

2017 Value

3.12%

1 Year growth

± 3.12%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL grew at a rate of 3.12%, from 44.1k employees to 45.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL, are Cashiers (1,365 people), Retail salespersons (1,279 people), and Secretaries & administrative assistants (1,120 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL, by number of employees, are Cashiers (1,365 people), Retail salespersons (1,279 people), and Secretaries & administrative assistants (1,120 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Refuse & recyclable material collectors (8.75 times higher than expected), Medical scientists, & life scientists, all other (4.72 times), and Residential advisors (4.63 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL, by average salary, are Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($148,214), Firstline supervisors of nonretail sales workers ($128,869), and Physicians & surgeons ($114,908).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

45.5k

2017 Value

3.12%

1 Year growth

± 3.12%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL grew at a rate of 3.12%, from 44.1k employees to 45.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,536 people), Hospitals (3,891 people), and Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (2,333 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL, though some of these residents may live in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,536 people), Hospitals (3,891 people), and Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (2,333 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL has an unusually high number of Foundries (5.5 times higher than expected), Advertising, public relations & related services (3.18 times), and Resin, synthetic rubber, & fibers & filaments manufacturing (3.14 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL, by average salary, are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($104,100), Legal services ($100,450), and Scientific research & development services ($95,262).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight with $28B and Coal-n.e.c. and $21.5B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

N/A% of the population of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL has health coverage, with N/A% on employee plans, N/A% on Medicaid, N/A% on Medicare, N/A% on non-group plans, and N/A% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL see 1535 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1552 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2139 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

1535 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1535 patients per year. This represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1552 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

N/A%

Uninsured

N/A%

Employer Coverage

N/A%

Medicaid

N/A%

Medicare

N/A%

Non-Group

N/A%

Military or VA

Between N/A and N/A, the percent of uninsured citizens in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL N/A by N/A from N/A% to N/A%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL is home to a population of 103k people, from which 96.3% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL is composed of 59.2k Black or African American Alone residents (57.5%), 35.7k White Alone residents (34.7%), 5.24k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.08%), 1.33k Asian Alone residents (1.29%), 939 Two or More Races residents (0.911%), 321 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.311%), 211 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.205%), and 96 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0931%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL are Spanish or Spanish Creole (3,861 speakers), French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) (224 speakers), and Chinese (205 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

N/A

Median Native-Born Age

± N/A

N/A

Median Foreign-Born Age

± N/A

In N/A, the median age of all people in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was N/A. Native-born citizens, with a median age of N/A, were generally N/A than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of N/A. But people in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL are getting N/A. In N/A, the average age of all Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL residents was N/A.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.77%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, N/A% of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL residents were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was 4.77%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    1,708 ± 1,006 people

  2. Guatemala

    573 ± 586 people

  3. India

    304 ± 427 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was Mexico, the natal country of 1,708 Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL residents, followed by Guatemala with 573 and India with 304.

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Citizenship

96.3%

2017 Citizenship

96.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.3% of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was 96.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    59.2k ± 1.51k

  2. White Alone

    35.7k ± 1.36k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    5.24k ± 872

In 2016, there were 1.66 times more Black or African American Alone residents (59.2k people) in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 35.7k White Alone and 5.24k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    3,861 speakers (3.96%)

  2. French (Incl. Patois, Cajun)

    224 speakers (0.23%)

  3. Chinese

    205 speakers (0.21%)

6.3% of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 3.96% of the overall population of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.23% speak French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) and 0.21% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. false

    0 ± 0

  2. false

    0 ± 0

  3. false

    0 ± 0

Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in false, N/A times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL awarded 4,519 degrees. The student population of Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL is skewed towards women, with 7,590 male students and 11,945 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL are White (3,019 and 69.4%), followed by Black or African American (789 and 18.1%), Asian (217 and 4.99%), and Two or More Races (131 and 3.01%).

The largest universities in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL by number of degrees awarded are University of Alabama at Birmingham (4,519 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL are Registered Nursing (740 and 16.4%), General Business Administration & Management (258 and 5.71%), and Accounting (194 and 4.29%).

The median tuition costs in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $8,040 and $18,368 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 127 degrees awarded

  2. 322 degrees awarded

  3. 173 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was General Biological Sciences with 127 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

4,519 degrees awarded

$8,040

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Alabama at Birmingham with 4,519 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,717

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,802

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,717 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL, which is 0.613 times less than the 2,802 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,019 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    789 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    217 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL were to White students. These 3,019 degrees mean that there were 3.83 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 789 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was $104,700 in 2017, which is 0.481 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $103,600 to $104,700, a 1.06% increase. The homeownership rate in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL is 44.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL have an average commute time of 25.1 minutes, and they commute by N/A. Car ownership in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of N/A per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$33,763

Median Household Income

± $1,707

N/A

Number of Households

± N/A

In 2017, the median household income of the N/A households in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL grew to $33,763 from the previous year's value of $32,575.

The following chart displays the households in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the N/A range.

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Housing

Property Value

$104,700

2017 Median

± $6,560

$103,600

2016 Median

± $4,938

In 2017, the median property value in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL grew to to $104,700 from the previous year's value of $103,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

44.8%

2017 Homeownership

44.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 44.8% of the housing units in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 44.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

N/A

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL have N/A, followed by N/A.

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Commute Time

25.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL have a similar commute time (25.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, N/A% of the workforce in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

In N/A, the most common method of travel for workers in Birmingham City (East) PUMA, AL was N/A, followed by those who N/A and those who N/A.

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