Billings, MT

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Population

167,545

0.68% growth

Median Age

39


Median Household Income

$57,812

5.37% growth

Poverty Rate

10.2%


Number of Employees

85,716

0.891% growth

Median Property Value

$211,200

4.45% growth

About

In 2017, Billings, MT had a population of 168k people with a median age of 39 and a median household income of $57,812. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Billings, MT grew from 166,414 to 167,545, a 0.68% increase and its median household income grew from $54,867 to $57,812, a 5.37% increase.

The population of Billings, MT is 87.4% White Alone, 5.18% Hispanic or Latino, and 3.78% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone. N/A% of the people in Billings, MT speak a non-English language, and 99.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Billings, MT are Montana State University-Billings (981 degrees awarded in 2016), Rocky Mountain College (235 degrees), and Bold Beauty Academy (86 degrees).

The median property value in Billings, MT is $211,200, and the homeownership rate is 68.8%. Most people in Billings, MT commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18 minutes. The average car ownership in Billings, MT is 2 cars per household.

Billings, MT borders .

Economy

The economy of Billings, MT employs 85.7k people. The largest industries in Billings, MT are Health Care & Social Assistance (13,888 people), Retail Trade (10,830 people), and Construction (7,564 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($84,831), Utilities ($59,625), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($59,306).

Median household income in Billings, MT is $57,812. Males in Billings, MT have an average income that is 1.42 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,968. The income inequality in Billings, MT (measured using the Gini index) is 0.465, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$57,812

2017 value

± $1,118

5.37%

1 Year Growth

± 3.12%

Households in Billings, MT have a median annual income of $57,812, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $54,867 in 2016, which represents a 5.37% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Billings, MT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Montana.

$56,921

Average Male Salary

± $3,007

$39,968

Average Female Salary

± $2,184

In 2017, full-time male employees in Montana made 1.42 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Montana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Montana.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,515 ± $1,780

  2. Other

    $39,395 ± $16,377

  3. Asian

    $33,231 ± $11,940

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Montana workers was White. These workers were paid 1.08 times more than Other workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Montana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Billings, MT is from Montana.

0.465

2017 Wage GINI

0.462

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Montana was 0.465 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.554% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Montana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Montana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Montana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Billings, MT was Gallatin County, MT with a value of $60,901, followed by Lewis and Clark County, MT and Flathead County, MT, with respective values of $60,404 and $59,735.

The following map shows all of the counties in Billings, MT colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Billings, MT (16.6k out of 163k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    13,808 ± 816

  2. Native American

    1,712 ± 277

  3. Hispanic

    1,132 ± 267

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Billings, MT is White, followed by Native American and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

85.7k

2017 Value

± 1,878

0.891%

1 Year growth

± 3.07%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Billings, MT grew at a rate of 0.891%, from 85k employees to 85.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Billings, MT, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,730 people), Sales & Related Occupations (9,118 people), and Management Occupations (8,548 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Billings, MT.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Billings, MT, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,730 people), Sales & Related Occupations (9,118 people), and Management Occupations (8,548 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Billings, MT has an unusually high number of residents working as Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.54 times higher than expected), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.37 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.35 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Billings, MT, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($69,408), Legal Occupations ($68,077), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($61,840).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

85.7k

2017 Value

± 1,878

0.891%

1 Year growth

± 3.07%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Billings, MT grew at a rate of 0.891%, from 85k employees to 85.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Billings, MT, are Health Care & Social Assistance (13,888 people), Retail Trade (10,830 people), and Construction (7,564 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Billings, MT, though some of these residents may live in Billings, MT and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Billings, MT, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (13,888 people), Retail Trade (10,830 people), and Construction (7,564 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Billings, MT has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (3.8 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.57 times), and Construction (1.41 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Billings, MT, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($84,831), Utilities ($59,625), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($59,306).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Montana to other states, or from other states to Montana.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $6.47B

  2. $6.17B

  3. $5.98B

In 2015, the top outbound Montana product (by dollars) was Gasoline with $6.47B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($6.17B) and Fuel oils ($5.98B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Montana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Montana state.

$44.7B

2015 Value

$53.9B

Projected 2045 Value

20.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Montana trade was $44.7B. This is expected to increase 20.7% to $53.9B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Montana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Montana to other states, or from other states to Montana.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $4.59B

  2. $2.98B

  3. $2.88B

In 2015, the top outbound Montana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was North Dakota with $4.59B, followed by Wyoming with $2.98B and Idaho and $2.88B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Montana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.6% of the population of Billings, MT has health coverage, with 50.8% on employee plans, 11.9% on Medicaid, 11.8% on Medicare, 13.2% on non-group plans, and 1.86% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Billings, MT was $8,221 in 2014. This is a 2.84% increase from the previous year ($7,994).

Primary care physicians in Billings, MT see 1308 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.305% decrease from the previous year (1312 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1416 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 378 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Glacier County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.8%). Additionally, Big Horn County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (37.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Montana.

1,308 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Montana see an average of 1,308 patients per year. This represents a 0.305% decrease from the previous year (1,312 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Montana in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Montana.

$8,221

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,882

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,378

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,238

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Montana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 2.84%, from $7,994 to $8,221.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.4%

Uninsured

50.8%

Employer Coverage

11.9%

Medicaid

11.8%

Medicare

13.2%

Non-Group

1.86%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Billings, MT declined by 12.6% from 11.9% to 10.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Billings, MT changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.8% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 12.3% prevalence

Glacier County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Montana, at 14.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Montana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Billings, MT is home to a population of 168k people, from which 99.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.06% of Billings, MT residents were born outside of the country (3.45k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Billings, MT is composed of 147k White Alone residents (87.4%), 8.67k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.18%), 6.34k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (3.78%), 3.86k Two or More Races residents (2.31%), 962 Asian Alone residents (0.574%), 925 Black or African American Alone residents (0.552%), 147 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0877%), and 128 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0764%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Billings, MT are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Billings, MT was 39. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Billings, MT are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Billings, MT residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.06%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.45k people

1.84%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

3.06k people

As of 2017, 2.06% of Billings, MT residents (3.45k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Billings, MT was 1.84%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Billings, MT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Montana.

Most Common Origin

  1. Canada

    4,272 ± 1,601 people

  2. Mexico

    2,817 ± 1,301 people

  3. Philippines

    2,040 ± 1,108 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Montana was Canada, the natal country of 4,272 Montana residents, followed by Mexico with 2,817 and Philippines with 2,040.

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Citizenship

99.1%

2017 Citizenship

99.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.1% of Billings, MT residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Billings, MT was 99.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Billings, MT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    147k ± 148

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    8.67k ± 728

  3. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    6.34k ± 430

In 2017, there were 16.9 times more White Alone residents (147k people) in Billings, MT than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.67k Hispanic or Latino and 6.34k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Billings, MT as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Billings, MT citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Billings, MT was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Billings, MT are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,757 ± 344

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,042 ± 292

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,832 ± 261

Billings, MT has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.33 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Billings, MT awarded 1,302 degrees. The student population of Billings, MT is skewed towards women, with 2,140 male students and 3,347 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Billings, MT are White (1,093 and 87%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (50 and 3.98%), American Indian or Alaska Native (32 and 2.55%), and Unknown (29 and 2.31%).

The largest universities in Billings, MT by number of degrees awarded are Montana State University-Billings (981 and 75.3%), Rocky Mountain College (235 and 18%), and Bold Beauty Academy (86 and 6.61%).

The most popular majors in Billings, MT are General Business (163 and 12.5%), Elementary Education & Teaching (79 and 6.07%), and General Cosmetology (45 and 3.46%).

The median tuition costs in Billings, MT are $26,136 for private four year colleges, and $4,397 and $16,662 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 163 degrees awarded

  2. 79 degrees awarded

  3. 39 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Billings, MT was General Business with 163 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Billings, MT according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 981 degrees awarded

  2. 235 degrees awarded

  3. 86 degrees awarded

$4,397

Median In-State Public

$26,136

Median Private

In 2016, the Billings, MT institution with the largest number of graduating students was Montana State University-Billings with 981 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

442

Degrees Awarded to Men

860

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 442 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Billings, MT, which is 0.514 times less than the 860 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Billings, MT by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,093 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    50 degrees awarded

  3. American Indian or Alaska Native

    32 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Billings, MT were to White students. These 1,093 degrees mean that there were 21.9 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 50 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Billings, MT was $211,200 in 2017, which is 0.971 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $202,200 to $211,200, a 4.45% increase. The homeownership rate in Billings, MT is 68.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Billings, MT have an average commute time of 18 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Billings, MT is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$57,812

Median Household Income

± $1,118

68.9k

Number of Households

± 1,662

In 2017, the median household income of the 68.9k households in Billings, MT grew to $57,812 from the previous year's value of $54,867.

The following chart displays the households in Billings, MT distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$211,200

2017 Median

± $3,129

$202,200

2016 Median

± $3,183

In 2017, the median property value in Billings, MT grew to to $211,200 from the previous year's value of $202,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Billings, MT compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Billings, MT the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Billings, MT distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Billings, MT the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

68.8%

2017 Homeownership

68.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 68.8% of the housing units in Billings, MT were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 68.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Billings, MT compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Billings, MT distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Billings, MT have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

18 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Billings, MT have a shorter commute time (18 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.55% of the workforce in Billings, MT have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Billings, MT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.4%

  2. Carpooled

    9.87%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.62%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Billings, MT was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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