Bell County, KY

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Population

27,469

0.748% decline

Median Age

41.6


Median Household Income

$23,558

4.23% growth

Poverty Rate

38%


Number of Employees

7,559

0.513% decline

Median Property Value

$59,400

0.669% decline

About

In 2017, Bell County, KY had a population of 27.5k people with a median age of 41.6 and a median household income of $23,558. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Bell County, KY declined from 27,676 to 27,469, a -0.748% decrease and its median household income grew from $22,603 to $23,558, a 4.23% increase.

The population of Bell County, KY is 94.5% White Alone, 3.31% Black or African American Alone, and 1.51% Two or More Races. 1.27% of the people in Bell County, KY speak a non-English language, and 99.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Bell County, KY are Clear Creek Baptist Bible College (18 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Bell County, KY is $59,400, and the homeownership rate is 65%. Most people in Bell County, KY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20 minutes. The average car ownership in Bell County, KY is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Bell County, KY employs 7.56k people. The largest industries in Bell County, KY are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,208 people), Retail Trade (1,190 people), and Manufacturing (958 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($52,850), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($47,149), and Utilities ($35,114).

Median household income in Bell County, KY is $23,558. Males in Bell County, KY have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,451. The income inequality in Bell County, KY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.457, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$23,558

2017 value

± $2,343

4.23%

1 Year Growth

± 12%

Households in Bell County, KY have a median annual income of $23,558, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $22,603 in 2016, which represents a 4.23% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Bell County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

$56,557

Average Male Salary

± $1,518

$41,451

Average Female Salary

± $1,092

In 2017, full-time male employees in Bell County, KY made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Bell County, KY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,164 ± $10,370

  2. White

    $43,856 ± $923

  3. American Indian

    $34,557 ± $13,648

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Bell County, KY workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Bell County, KY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Bell County, KY is from Kentucky.

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

0.455

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.329% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9603

  2. Census Tract 9604

  3. Census Tract 9607

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Bell County, KY was Census Tract 9603 with a value of $36,808, followed by Census Tract 9604 and Census Tract 9607, with respective values of $30,724 and $28,925.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Bell County, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

38% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Bell County, KY (10.1k out of 26.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    9,497 ± 528

  2. Black

    398 ± 187

  3. Two Or More

    189 ± 133

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Bell County, KY is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

7.56k

2017 Value

± 554

-0.513%

1 Year decline

± 10.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Bell County, KY declined at a rate of -0.513%, from 7.6k employees to 7.56k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Bell County, KY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (980 people), Production Occupations (737 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (716 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Bell County, KY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Bell County, KY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (980 people), Production Occupations (737 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (716 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Bell County, KY has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (2.16 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.84 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.75 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Bell County, KY, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($54,900), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($53,500), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($49,688).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

7.56k

2017 Value

± 554

-0.513%

1 Year decline

± 10.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Bell County, KY declined at a rate of -0.513%, from 7.6k employees to 7.56k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Bell County, KY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,208 people), Retail Trade (1,190 people), and Manufacturing (958 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Bell County, KY, though some of these residents may live in Bell County, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Bell County, KY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,208 people), Retail Trade (1,190 people), and Manufacturing (958 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Bell County, KY has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (9.84 times higher than expected), Retail Trade (1.38 times), and Manufacturing (1.25 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Bell County, KY, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($52,850), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($47,149), and Utilities ($35,114).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $71.4B

  2. $17.1B

  3. $17.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $71.4B, followed by Base metals with $17.1B and Gasoline and $17.1B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky state.

$282B

2015 Value

$398B

Projected 2045 Value

41.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Kentucky trade was $282B. This is expected to increase 41.4% to $398B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $22.9B

  2. $19.1B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $22.9B, followed by Indiana with $19.1B and Tennessee and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.6% of the population of Bell County, KY has health coverage, with 25% on employee plans, 42.4% on Medicaid, 14.8% on Medicare, 8.06% on non-group plans, and 1.4% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Bell County, KY was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in Bell County, KY see 2485 patients per year on average, which represents a 7.34% increase from the previous year (2315 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1937 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 5423 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18%). Additionally, Leslie County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,485 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Bell County, KY see an average of 2,485 patients per year. This represents a 7.34% increase from the previous year (2,315 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Bell County, KY in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

$8,004

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,551

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,016

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,368

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.41%

Uninsured

25%

Employer Coverage

42.4%

Medicaid

14.8%

Medicare

8.06%

Non-Group

1.4%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Bell County, KY declined by 23.9% from 11.1% to 8.41%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Bell County, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18% prevalence

  2. 17.9% prevalence

  3. 17.8% prevalence

Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 18%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Bell County, KY is home to a population of 27.5k people, from which 99.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 0.44% of Bell County, KY residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Bell County, KY is composed of 26k White Alone residents (94.5%), 908 Black or African American Alone residents (3.31%), 416 Two or More Races residents (1.51%), 80 Hispanic or Latino residents (0.291%), 55 Asian Alone residents (0.2%), 39 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.142%), 20 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0728%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Bell County, KY are Spanish or Spanish Creole (131 speakers), German (122 speakers), and Vietnamese (50 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

42

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

59

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 48.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Bell County, KY was 41.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 59. But people in Bell County, KY are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Bell County, KY residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.44%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

0.462%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 0.44% of Bell County, KY residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Bell County, KY was 0.462%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Bell County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    32,622 ± 4,418 people

  2. India

    10,932 ± 2,564 people

  3. Cuba

    8,780 ± 2,298 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Bell County, KY was Mexico, the natal country of 32,622 Bell County, KY residents, followed by India with 10,932 and Cuba with 8,780.

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Citizenship

99.8%

2017 Citizenship

99.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.8% of Bell County, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Bell County, KY was 99.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Bell County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    26k ± 21

  2. Black or African American Alone

    908 ± 229

  3. Two or More Races

    416 ± 207

In 2017, there were 28.6 times more White Alone residents (26k people) in Bell County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 908 Black or African American Alone and 416 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Bell County, KY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    131 speakers (0.499%)

  2. German

    122 speakers (0.464%)

  3. Vietnamese

    50 speakers (0.19%)

1.27% of Bell County, KY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Bell County, KY was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 0.499% of the overall population of Bell County, KY are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.464% speak German and 0.19% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    738 ± 174

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    136 ± 71

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    109 ± 73

Bell County, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 5.43 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Bell County, KY awarded 18 degrees. The student population of Bell County, KY is skewed towards men, with 102 male students and 26 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Bell County, KY are White (18 and 100%), followed by Asian (0 and 0%), Black or African American (0 and 0%), and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanders (0 and 0%).

The largest universities in Bell County, KY by number of degrees awarded are Clear Creek Baptist Bible College (18 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Bell County, KY are Biblical Studies (18 and 100%).

The median tuition costs in Bell County, KY are $6,480 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 18 degrees awarded

  2. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

  3. N/A

    N/A degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Bell County, KY was Biblical Studies with 18 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Bell County, KY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

18 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$6,480

Median Private

In 2016, the Bell County, KY institution with the largest number of graduating students was Clear Creek Baptist Bible College with 18 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

13

Degrees Awarded to Men

5

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 13 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Bell County, KY, which is 2.6 times more than the 5 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Bell County, KY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    18 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    0 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    0 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Bell County, KY were to White students. These 18 degrees mean that there were N/A times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 0 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Bell County, KY was $59,400 in 2017, which is 0.273 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $59,800 to $59,400, a 0.669% decrease. The homeownership rate in Bell County, KY is 65%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Bell County, KY have an average commute time of 20 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Bell County, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$23,558

Median Household Income

± $2,343

11.1k

Number of Households

± 673

In 2017, the median household income of the 11.1k households in Bell County, KY grew to $23,558 from the previous year's value of $22,603.

The following chart displays the households in Bell County, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$59,400

2017 Median

± $4,852

$59,800

2016 Median

± $4,318

In 2017, the median property value in Bell County, KY declined from to $59,400 from the previous year's value of $59,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Bell County, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Bell County, KY the largest share of households have a property value in the $50k - $60k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Bell County, KY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Bell County, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

65%

2017 Homeownership

65.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 65% of the housing units in Bell County, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 65.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Bell County, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Bell County, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Bell County, KY have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

20 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Bell County, KY have a shorter commute time (20 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.87% of the workforce in Bell County, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Bell County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    75.8%

  2. Carpooled

    15.6%

  3. Walked

    2.94%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Bell County, KY was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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