Beckley, WV

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Population

16,963

2.22% decline

Median Age

40.3


Median Household Income

$39,695

6.47% growth

Poverty Rate

20.2%


Number of Employees

7,543

1.9% decline

Median Property Value

$114,300

0.867% decline

About

In 2017, Beckley, WV had a population of 17k people with a median age of 40.3 and a median household income of $39,695. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Beckley, WV declined from 17,348 to 16,963, a -2.22% decrease and its median household income grew from $37,284 to $39,695, a 6.47% increase.

The population of Beckley, WV is 70.4% White Alone, 22.1% Black or African American Alone, and 2.9% Asian Alone. 5.75% of the people in Beckley, WV speak a non-English language, and 97.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Beckley, WV are Valley College-Beckley (230 degrees awarded in 2016) and Academy of Careers and Technology (98 degrees).

The median property value in Beckley, WV is $114,300, and the homeownership rate is 59.4%. Most people in Beckley, WV commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Beckley, WV is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Autumn sunrise scenery from the Bear Rocks area of the Dolly Sods Wilderness near Davis, West Virginia (USA). HDR composite from multiple exposures.

Economy

The economy of Beckley, WV employs 7.54k people. The largest industries in Beckley, WV are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,890 people), Accommodation & Food Services (1,060 people), and Retail Trade (879 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($84,464), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($83,036), and Wholesale Trade ($50,348).

Median household income in Beckley, WV is $39,695. Males in Beckley, WV have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,552. The income inequality in Beckley, WV (measured using the Gini index) is 0.444, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$39,695

2017 value

± $3,472

6.47%

1 Year Growth

± 10.8%

Households in Beckley, WV have a median annual income of $39,695, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $37,284 in 2016, which represents a 6.47% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Beckley, WV compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.

$55,526

Average Male Salary

± $2,063

$39,552

Average Female Salary

± $1,541

In 2017, full-time male employees in Beckley, WV made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Beckley, WV by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,277 ± $23,510

  2. American Indian

    $44,513 ± $30,224

  3. White

    $42,144 ± $1,238

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Beckley, WV workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.42 times more than American Indian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Beckley, WV by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Beckley, WV is from West Virginia.

0.444

2017 Wage GINI

0.444

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in West Virginia was 0.444 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.108% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for West Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in West Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in West Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 5

  2. Census Tract 7

  3. Census Tract 14

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Beckley, WV was Census Tract 5 with a value of $46,777, followed by Census Tract 7 and Census Tract 14, with respective values of $43,015 and $38,763.

The following map shows all of the places in Beckley, WV colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

20.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Beckley, WV (3.34k out of 16.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 25 - 34 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,000 ± 345

  2. Black

    1,184 ± 268

  3. Two Or More

    76 ± 95

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Beckley, WV is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

7.54k

2017 Value

± 600

-1.9%

1 Year decline

± 11.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Beckley, WV declined at a rate of -1.9%, from 7.69k employees to 7.54k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Beckley, WV, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,176 people), Sales & Related Occupations (789 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (607 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Beckley, WV.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Beckley, WV, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,176 people), Sales & Related Occupations (789 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (607 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Beckley, WV has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (2.4 times higher than expected), Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.81 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.72 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Beckley, WV, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($94,479), Legal Occupations ($73,359), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($62,963).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

7.54k

2017 Value

± 600

-1.9%

1 Year decline

± 11.6%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Beckley, WV declined at a rate of -1.9%, from 7.69k employees to 7.54k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Beckley, WV, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,890 people), Accommodation & Food Services (1,060 people), and Retail Trade (879 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Beckley, WV, though some of these residents may live in Beckley, WV and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Beckley, WV, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,890 people), Accommodation & Food Services (1,060 people), and Retail Trade (879 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Beckley, WV has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (6.7 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.85 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.81 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Beckley, WV, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($84,464), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($83,036), and Wholesale Trade ($50,348).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from West Virginia to other states, or from other states to West Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $17.4B

  2. $7.3B

  3. $6.62B

In 2015, the top outbound West Virginia product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $17.4B, followed by Coal with $7.3B and Pharmaceuticals and $6.62B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound West Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for West Virginia state.

$68B

2015 Value

$86.9B

Projected 2045 Value

27.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound West Virginia trade was $68B. This is expected to increase 27.7% to $86.9B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound West Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from West Virginia to other states, or from other states to West Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $10.5B

  2. $6.95B

  3. $6.94B

In 2015, the top outbound West Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Pennsylvania with $10.5B, followed by Ohio with $6.95B and Virginia and $6.94B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that West Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.9% of the population of Beckley, WV has health coverage, with 39.4% on employee plans, 25% on Medicaid, 13.3% on Medicare, 11% on non-group plans, and 2.22% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Beckley, WV was $9,462 in 2014. This is a 5.5% increase from the previous year ($8,969).

Primary care physicians in Beckley, WV see 1273 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.47% decrease from the previous year (1292 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1917 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 890 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, McDowell County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (19.7%). Additionally, McDowell County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for West Virginia.

1,273 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in West Virginia see an average of 1,273 patients per year. This represents a 1.47% decrease from the previous year (1,292 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in West Virginia in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for West Virginia.

$9,462

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,917

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,557

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,268

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in West Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.5%, from $8,969 to $9,462.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.12%

Uninsured

39.4%

Employer Coverage

25%

Medicaid

13.3%

Medicare

11%

Non-Group

2.22%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Beckley, WV declined by 27.1% from 12.5% to 9.12%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Beckley, WV changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 19.7% prevalence

  2. 19.1% prevalence

  3. 18.2% prevalence

McDowell County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in West Virginia, at 19.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in West Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Beckley, WV is home to a population of 17k people, from which 97.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.87% of Beckley, WV residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Beckley, WV is composed of 12k White Alone residents (70.4%), 3.75k Black or African American Alone residents (22.1%), 492 Asian Alone residents (2.9%), 382 Two or More Races residents (2.25%), 226 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.33%), 122 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.719%), 39 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.23%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Beckley, WV are Spanish or Spanish Creole (277 speakers), Other Indic Languages (245 speakers), and Chinese (99 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.8

35

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 15.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Beckley, WV was 40.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 35. But people in Beckley, WV are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Beckley, WV residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.87%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.48%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 3.87% of Beckley, WV residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Beckley, WV was 3.48%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Beckley, WV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,603 ± 1,252 people

  2. India

    2,547 ± 1,238 people

  3. China

    2,428 ± 1,209 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Beckley, WV was Mexico, the natal country of 2,603 Beckley, WV residents, followed by India with 2,547 and China with 2,428.

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Citizenship

97.6%

2017 Citizenship

97.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.6% of Beckley, WV residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Beckley, WV was 97.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Beckley, WV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    12k ± 615

  2. Black or African American Alone

    3.75k ± 493

  3. Asian Alone

    492 ± 190

In 2017, there were 3.18 times more White Alone residents (12k people) in Beckley, WV than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.75k Black or African American Alone and 492 Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Beckley, WV as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    277 speakers (1.7%)

  2. Other Indic Languages

    245 speakers (1.51%)

  3. Chinese

    99 speakers (0.609%)

5.75% of Beckley, WV citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Beckley, WV was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 1.7% of the overall population of Beckley, WV are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.51% speak Other Indic Languages and 0.609% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    398 ± 104

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    238 ± 111

  3. Korea

    179 ± 92

Beckley, WV has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.67 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Beckley, WV awarded 328 degrees. The student population of Beckley, WV is skewed towards women, with 172 male students and 390 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Beckley, WV are White (292 and 89%), followed by Black or African American (28 and 8.54%), Two or More Races (5 and 1.52%), and Asian (2 and 0.61%).

The largest universities in Beckley, WV by number of degrees awarded are Valley College-Beckley (230 and 70.1%) and Academy of Careers and Technology (98 and 29.9%).

The most popular majors in Beckley, WV are Medical Assistant (55 and 16.8%), Medical Insurance Specialist (51 and 15.5%), and HVAC Maintenance (46 and 14%).

The median tuition costs in Beckley, WV are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 55 degrees awarded

  2. 51 degrees awarded

  3. 46 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Beckley, WV was Medical Assistant with 55 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Beckley, WV according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 230 degrees awarded

  2. 98 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Beckley, WV institution with the largest number of graduating students was Valley College-Beckley with 230 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

91

Degrees Awarded to Men

237

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 91 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Beckley, WV, which is 0.384 times less than the 237 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Beckley, WV by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    292 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    28 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    5 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Beckley, WV were to White students. These 292 degrees mean that there were 10.4 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 28 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Beckley, WV was $114,300 in 2017, which is 0.525 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $115,300 to $114,300, a 0.867% decrease. The homeownership rate in Beckley, WV is 59.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Beckley, WV have an average commute time of 16.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Beckley, WV is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$39,695

Median Household Income

± $3,472

7.41k

Number of Households

± 559

In 2017, the median household income of the 7.41k households in Beckley, WV grew to $39,695 from the previous year's value of $37,284.

The following chart displays the households in Beckley, WV distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $10k - $15k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$114,300

2017 Median

± $7,730

$115,300

2016 Median

± $10,438

In 2017, the median property value in Beckley, WV declined from to $114,300 from the previous year's value of $115,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Beckley, WV compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Beckley, WV the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Beckley, WV distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Beckley, WV the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

59.4%

2017 Homeownership

56.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 59.4% of the housing units in Beckley, WV were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 56.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Beckley, WV compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Beckley, WV distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Beckley, WV have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

16.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Beckley, WV have a shorter commute time (16.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.01% of the workforce in Beckley, WV have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Beckley, WV compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.4%

  2. Carpooled

    7.6%

  3. Walked

    5.23%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Beckley, WV was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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