Bay County, MI

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Population

105,350

0.713% decline

Median Age

42.9


Median Household Income

$45,983

0.288% growth

Poverty Rate

16.3%


Number of Employees

46,195

0.102% decline

Median Property Value

$96,800

2.43% growth

About

In 2017, Bay County, MI had a population of 105k people with a median age of 42.9 and a median household income of $45,983. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Bay County, MI declined from 106,107 to 105,350, a -0.713% decrease and its median household income grew from $45,851 to $45,983, a 0.288% increase.

The population of Bay County, MI is 90.4% White Alone, 5.15% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.11% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Bay County, MI speak a non-English language, and 99.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Bay County, MI are Delta College (1,724 degrees awarded in 2016) and Bayshire Academy of Beauty Craft Inc (59 degrees).

The median property value in Bay County, MI is $96,800, and the homeownership rate is 78.1%. Most people in Bay County, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Bay County, MI is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Bay County, MI employs 46.2k people. The largest industries in Bay County, MI are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,625 people), Manufacturing (7,305 people), and Retail Trade (6,245 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($68,889), Public Administration ($51,704), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($46,875).

Median household income in Bay County, MI is $45,983. Males in Bay County, MI have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,762. The income inequality in Bay County, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$45,983

2017 value

± $1,430

0.288%

1 Year Growth

± 4.12%

Households in Bay County, MI have a median annual income of $45,983, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,851 in 2016, which represents a 0.288% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Bay County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$63,869

Average Male Salary

± $1,109

$46,762

Average Female Salary

± $850

In 2017, full-time male employees in Michigan made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,263 ± $4,415

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $48,644 ± $58,127

  3. White

    $48,289 ± $702

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Michigan workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Bay County, MI is from Michigan.

0.476

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.107% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 2854

  2. Census Tract 2855

  3. Census Tract 2860

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Bay County, MI was Census Tract 2854 with a value of $73,068, followed by Census Tract 2855 and Census Tract 2860, with respective values of $62,649 and $61,646.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Bay County, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Bay County, MI (17k out of 104k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 25 - 34 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    15,207 ± 811

  2. Hispanic

    1,493 ± 226

  3. Two Or More

    839 ± 194

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Bay County, MI is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

46.2k

2017 Value

± 1,321

-0.102%

1 Year decline

± 3.98%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Bay County, MI declined at a rate of -0.102%, from 46.2k employees to 46.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Bay County, MI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (6,302 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,251 people), and Production Occupations (4,215 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Bay County, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Bay County, MI, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (6,302 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,251 people), and Production Occupations (4,215 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Bay County, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Healthcare Support Occupations (1.7 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.57 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.48 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Bay County, MI, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($71,534), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($60,391), and Legal Occupations ($59,773).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

46.2k

2017 Value

± 1,321

-0.102%

1 Year decline

± 3.98%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Bay County, MI declined at a rate of -0.102%, from 46.2k employees to 46.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Bay County, MI, are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,625 people), Manufacturing (7,305 people), and Retail Trade (6,245 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Bay County, MI, though some of these residents may live in Bay County, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Bay County, MI, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,625 people), Manufacturing (7,305 people), and Retail Trade (6,245 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Bay County, MI has an unusually high number of Utilities (1.65 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.56 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.35 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Bay County, MI, by median earnings, are Utilities ($68,889), Public Administration ($51,704), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($46,875).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight ($35.4B) and Machinery ($31.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.6% of the population of Bay County, MI has health coverage, with 45.8% on employee plans, 20.1% on Medicaid, 14.3% on Medicare, 12% on non-group plans, and 1.33% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Bay County, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Bay County, MI see 2201 patients per year on average, which represents a 16.1% increase from the previous year (1896 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1475 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 444 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,201 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Bay County, MI see an average of 2,201 patients per year. This represents a 16.1% increase from the previous year (1,896 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Bay County, MI in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.42%

Uninsured

45.8%

Employer Coverage

20.1%

Medicaid

14.3%

Medicare

12%

Non-Group

1.33%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Bay County, MI declined by 13.5% from 7.42% to 6.42%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Bay County, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Bay County, MI is home to a population of 105k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.5% of Bay County, MI residents were born outside of the country (1.58k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Bay County, MI is composed of 95.2k White Alone residents (90.4%), 5.43k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.15%), 2.22k Two or More Races residents (2.11%), 1.62k Black or African American Alone residents (1.54%), 597 Asian Alone residents (0.567%), 254 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.241%), 41 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0389%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Bay County, MI are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

48

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Bay County, MI was 42.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Bay County, MI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Bay County, MI residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.5%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.58k people

1.45%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.54k people

As of 2017, 1.5% of Bay County, MI residents (1.58k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Bay County, MI was 1.45%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Bay County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    76,763 ± 6,776 people

  2. India

    66,881 ± 6,328 people

  3. Iraq

    54,355 ± 5,708 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 76,763 Michigan residents, followed by India with 66,881 and Iraq with 54,355.

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Citizenship

99.4%

2017 Citizenship

99.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.4% of Bay County, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Bay County, MI was 99.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Bay County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    95.2k ± 45

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    5.43k ± 351

  3. Two or More Races

    2.22k ± 301

In 2017, there were 17.5 times more White Alone residents (95.2k people) in Bay County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.43k Hispanic or Latino and 2.22k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Bay County, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Bay County, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Bay County, MI was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Bay County, MI are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,911 ± 284

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,000 ± 271

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    842 ± 206

Bay County, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.91 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Bay County, MI awarded 1,783 degrees. The student population of Bay County, MI is skewed towards women, with 4,084 male students and 5,086 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Bay County, MI are White (1,478 and 82.9%), followed by Black or African American (127 and 7.13%), Hispanic or Latino (113 and 6.34%), and Two or More Races (27 and 1.52%).

The largest universities in Bay County, MI by number of degrees awarded are Delta College (1,724 and 96.7%) and Bayshire Academy of Beauty Craft Inc (59 and 3.31%).

The most popular majors in Bay County, MI are Liberal Arts & Sciences (512 and 28.7%), General Studies (194 and 10.9%), and Registered Nursing (122 and 6.84%).

The median tuition costs in Bay County, MI are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 194 degrees awarded

  2. 122 degrees awarded

  3. 410 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Bay County, MI was General Studies with 194 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Bay County, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,724 degrees awarded

  2. 59 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Bay County, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Delta College with 1,724 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

691

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,092

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 691 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Bay County, MI, which is 0.633 times less than the 1,092 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Bay County, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,478 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    127 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    113 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Bay County, MI were to White students. These 1,478 degrees mean that there were 11.6 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 127 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Bay County, MI was $96,800 in 2017, which is 0.445 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $94,500 to $96,800, a 2.43% increase. The homeownership rate in Bay County, MI is 78.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Bay County, MI have an average commute time of 21.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Bay County, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$45,983

Median Household Income

± $1,430

44.1k

Number of Households

± 1,235

In 2017, the median household income of the 44.1k households in Bay County, MI grew to $45,983 from the previous year's value of $45,851.

The following chart displays the households in Bay County, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$96,800

2017 Median

± $2,697

$94,500

2016 Median

± $2,071

In 2017, the median property value in Bay County, MI grew to to $96,800 from the previous year's value of $94,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Bay County, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Bay County, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Bay County, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Bay County, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

78.1%

2017 Homeownership

77.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 78.1% of the housing units in Bay County, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 77.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Bay County, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Bay County, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Bay County, MI have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

21.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Bay County, MI have a shorter commute time (21.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.44% of the workforce in Bay County, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Bay County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.2%

  2. Carpooled

    7.63%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.23%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Bay County, MI was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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