Battle Creek, MI

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Population

134,327

0.27% decline

Median Age

39.9


Median Household Income

$46,213

3.43% growth

Poverty Rate

17.4%


Number of Employees

58,179

0.397% growth

Median Property Value

$102,600

3.22% growth

About

In 2017, Battle Creek, MI had a population of 134k people with a median age of 39.9 and a median household income of $46,213. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Battle Creek, MI declined from 134,691 to 134,327, a -0.27% decrease and its median household income grew from $44,681 to $46,213, a 3.43% increase.

The population of Battle Creek, MI is 78.3% White Alone, 10.6% Black or African American Alone, and 4.99% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Battle Creek, MI speak a non-English language, and 97.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Battle Creek, MI are Kellogg Community College (1,016 degrees awarded in 2016), Albion College (310 degrees), and The Salon Spa Academy (32 degrees).

The median property value in Battle Creek, MI is $102,600, and the homeownership rate is 69.8%. Most people in Battle Creek, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Battle Creek, MI is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Battle Creek, MI employs 58.2k people. The largest industries in Battle Creek, MI are Manufacturing (13,937 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (8,084 people), and Retail Trade (7,242 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($172,583), Utilities ($72,941), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($53,125).

Median household income in Battle Creek, MI is $46,213. Males in Battle Creek, MI have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,762. The income inequality in Battle Creek, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$46,213

2017 value

± $1,008

3.43%

1 Year Growth

± 3.31%

Households in Battle Creek, MI have a median annual income of $46,213, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,681 in 2016, which represents a 3.43% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Battle Creek, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$63,869

Average Male Salary

± $1,109

$46,762

Average Female Salary

± $850

In 2017, full-time male employees in Michigan made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,263 ± $4,415

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $48,644 ± $58,127

  3. White

    $48,289 ± $702

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Michigan workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Michigan by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Battle Creek, MI is from Michigan.

0.476

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.107% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Battle Creek, MI was Livingston County, MI with a value of $80,733, followed by Oakland County, MI and Washtenaw County, MI, with respective values of $77,475 and $70,286.

The following map shows all of the counties in Battle Creek, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Battle Creek, MI (22.6k out of 130k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    15,133 ± 746

  2. Black

    5,238 ± 467

  3. Hispanic

    2,078 ± 288

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Battle Creek, MI is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

58.2k

2017 Value

± 1,461

0.397%

1 Year growth

± 3.52%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Battle Creek, MI grew at a rate of 0.397%, from 57.9k employees to 58.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Battle Creek, MI, are Production Occupations (8,980 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (6,758 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (5,665 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Battle Creek, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Battle Creek, MI, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (8,980 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (6,758 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (5,665 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Battle Creek, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.66 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.26 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.23 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Battle Creek, MI, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($67,097), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($66,820), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($66,087).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

58.2k

2017 Value

± 1,461

0.397%

1 Year growth

± 3.52%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Battle Creek, MI grew at a rate of 0.397%, from 57.9k employees to 58.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Battle Creek, MI, are Manufacturing (13,937 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (8,084 people), and Retail Trade (7,242 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Battle Creek, MI, though some of these residents may live in Battle Creek, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Battle Creek, MI, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (13,937 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (8,084 people), and Retail Trade (7,242 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Battle Creek, MI has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (2.37 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.22 times), and Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.22 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Battle Creek, MI, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($172,583), Utilities ($72,941), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($53,125).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight ($35.4B) and Machinery ($31.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.1% of the population of Battle Creek, MI has health coverage, with 47.4% on employee plans, 19.9% on Medicaid, 12.9% on Medicare, 11.2% on non-group plans, and 1.64% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Battle Creek, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Battle Creek, MI see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1385 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 431 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

1,254 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.91%

Uninsured

47.4%

Employer Coverage

19.9%

Medicaid

12.9%

Medicare

11.2%

Non-Group

1.64%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Battle Creek, MI declined by 17.2% from 8.35% to 6.91%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Battle Creek, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Battle Creek, MI is home to a population of 134k people, from which 97.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.56% of Battle Creek, MI residents were born outside of the country (4.78k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Battle Creek, MI is composed of 105k White Alone residents (78.3%), 14.2k Black or African American Alone residents (10.6%), 6.71k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.99%), 4.48k Two or More Races residents (3.34%), 2.84k Asian Alone residents (2.11%), 811 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.604%), 105 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0782%), and 49 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0365%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Battle Creek, MI are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Battle Creek, MI was 39.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Battle Creek, MI are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Battle Creek, MI residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.56%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.78k people

3.59%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

4.83k people

As of 2017, 3.56% of Battle Creek, MI residents (4.78k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Battle Creek, MI was 3.59%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Battle Creek, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    76,763 ± 6,776 people

  2. India

    66,881 ± 6,328 people

  3. Iraq

    54,355 ± 5,708 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 76,763 Michigan residents, followed by India with 66,881 and Iraq with 54,355.

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Citizenship

97.8%

2017 Citizenship

97.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.8% of Battle Creek, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Battle Creek, MI was 97.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Battle Creek, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    105k ± 83

  2. Black or African American Alone

    14.2k ± 378

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    6.71k ± 597

In 2017, there were 7.41 times more White Alone residents (105k people) in Battle Creek, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 14.2k Black or African American Alone and 6.71k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Battle Creek, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Battle Creek, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Battle Creek, MI was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Battle Creek, MI are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,928 ± 261

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,460 ± 259

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,135 ± 208

Battle Creek, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.69 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Battle Creek, MI awarded 1,384 degrees. The student population of Battle Creek, MI is skewed towards women, with 2,278 male students and 4,072 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Battle Creek, MI are White (1,078 and 79.3%), followed by Black or African American (104 and 7.65%), Unknown (75 and 5.52%), and Hispanic or Latino (47 and 3.46%).

The largest universities in Battle Creek, MI by number of degrees awarded are Kellogg Community College (1,016 and 73.4%), Albion College (310 and 22.4%), and The Salon Spa Academy (32 and 2.31%).

The most popular majors in Battle Creek, MI are General Studies (245 and 17.7%), Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (150 and 10.8%), and Registered Nursing (143 and 10.3%).

The median tuition costs in Battle Creek, MI are $40,570 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 245 degrees awarded

  2. 143 degrees awarded

  3. 100 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Battle Creek, MI was General Studies with 245 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Battle Creek, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,016 degrees awarded

  2. 310 degrees awarded

  3. 32 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$40,570

Median Private

In 2016, the Battle Creek, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Kellogg Community College with 1,016 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

473

Degrees Awarded to Men

911

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 473 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Battle Creek, MI, which is 0.519 times less than the 911 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Battle Creek, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,078 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    104 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    75 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Battle Creek, MI were to White students. These 1,078 degrees mean that there were 10.4 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 104 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Battle Creek, MI was $102,600 in 2017, which is 0.472 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $99,400 to $102,600, a 3.22% increase. The homeownership rate in Battle Creek, MI is 69.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Battle Creek, MI have an average commute time of 19.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Battle Creek, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$46,213

Median Household Income

± $1,008

53.5k

Number of Households

± 1,293

In 2017, the median household income of the 53.5k households in Battle Creek, MI grew to $46,213 from the previous year's value of $44,681.

The following chart displays the households in Battle Creek, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$102,600

2017 Median

± $2,823

$99,400

2016 Median

± $2,102

In 2017, the median property value in Battle Creek, MI grew to to $102,600 from the previous year's value of $99,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Battle Creek, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Battle Creek, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Battle Creek, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Battle Creek, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

69.8%

2017 Homeownership

69.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 69.8% of the housing units in Battle Creek, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Battle Creek, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Battle Creek, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Battle Creek, MI have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

19.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Battle Creek, MI have a shorter commute time (19.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.31% of the workforce in Battle Creek, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Battle Creek, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.2%

  2. Carpooled

    9.75%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.23%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Battle Creek, MI was Drove Alone (82.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.75%) and those who Worked At Home (3.23%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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