Altoona City PUMA, PA

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Population

170,422

0.78% decline

Median Age

43


Median Household Income

$45,984

3.5% growth

Number of Employees

71,740

0.786% decline

Median Property Value

$118,500

3.22% growth

About

In 2017, Altoona City PUMA, PA had a population of 170k people with a median age of 43 and a median household income of $45,984. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Altoona City PUMA, PA declined from 171,761 to 170,422, a -0.78% decrease and its median household income grew from $44,428 to $45,984, a 3.5% increase.

The population of Altoona City PUMA, PA is 93.8% White Alone, 2.43% Black or African American Alone, and 1.66% Two or More Races. 2.53% of the people in Altoona City PUMA, PA speak a non-English language, and 99.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Altoona City PUMA, PA are Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Altoona (448 degrees awarded in 2016), Juniata College (368 degrees), and Greater Altoona Career & Technology Center (159 degrees).

The median property value in Altoona City PUMA, PA is $118,500, and the homeownership rate is 71.3%. Most people in Altoona City PUMA, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Altoona City PUMA, PA is N/A per household.

About the photo: Farm, hills and grasslands in rural Pennsylvania.

Economy

The economy of Altoona City PUMA, PA employs 71.7k people. The largest industries in Altoona City PUMA, PA are Restaurants & Food Services (4,709 people), Construction (4,593 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (3,943 people), and the highest paying industries are Used merchandise stores ($150,591), Aircraft & parts manufacturing ($108,248), and Nonmetallic mineral mining & quarrying ($103,179).

Median household income in Altoona City PUMA, PA is $45,984. Males in Altoona City PUMA, PA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,312. The income inequality in Altoona City PUMA, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.419, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$45,984

2017 value

± $798

3.5%

1 Year Growth

± 2.56%

Households in Altoona City PUMA, PA have a median annual income of $45,984, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,428 in 2016, which represents a 3.5% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Altoona City PUMA, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$49,717

Average Male Salary

± $5,774

$39,312

Average Female Salary

± $4,776

In 2017, full-time male employees in Altoona City PUMA, PA made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Altoona City PUMA, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Two or More Races

    $48,350 ± $33,921

  2. White

    $37,698 ± $3,458

  3. Other

    $33,721 ± $51,907

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Altoona City PUMA, PA workers was Two or More Races. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Altoona City PUMA, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.419

2017 Wage GINI

0.427

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Altoona City PUMA, PA was 0.419 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.94% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Altoona City PUMA, PA was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Altoona City PUMA, PA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Altoona City PUMA, PA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Altoona City PUMA, PA was Broomall & Ardmore (West) PUMA, PA with a value of $107,007, followed by Bucks County (Central) PUMA, PA and King of Prussia & Ardmore (East) PUMA, PA, with respective values of $104,302 and $103,802.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Altoona City PUMA, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

N/A N/A

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

N/A% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Altoona City PUMA, PA (N/A out of N/A people) live below the poverty line, a number that is approximately the same as the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are N/A N/A, followed by N/A N/A and then N/A N/A.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Altoona City PUMA, PA is false, followed by false and false.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

71.7k

2017 Value

-0.786%

1 Year decline

± -0.786%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Altoona City PUMA, PA declined at a rate of -0.786%, from 72.3k employees to 71.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Altoona City PUMA, PA, are Secretaries & administrative assistants (2,557 people), Laborers & freight, stock, & material movers, hand (2,553 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,202 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Altoona City PUMA, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Altoona City PUMA, PA, by number of employees, are Secretaries & administrative assistants (2,557 people), Laborers & freight, stock, & material movers, hand (2,553 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,202 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Altoona City PUMA, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Extruding, forming, pressing, & compacting machine setters, operators, & tenders (4.78 times higher than expected), Logging workers (3.71 times), and Personal care & service workers, all other (3.42 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Altoona City PUMA, PA, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($189,547), Chief executives & legislators ($138,853), and Pharmacists ($120,547).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

71.7k

2017 Value

-0.786%

1 Year decline

± -0.786%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Altoona City PUMA, PA declined at a rate of -0.786%, from 72.3k employees to 71.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Altoona City PUMA, PA, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,709 people), Construction (4,593 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (3,943 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Altoona City PUMA, PA, though some of these residents may live in Altoona City PUMA, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Altoona City PUMA, PA, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,709 people), Construction (4,593 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (3,943 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Altoona City PUMA, PA has an unusually high number of Footwear manufacturing (14.5 times higher than expected), Miscellaneous paper & pulp products (8.85 times), and Rail transportation (8.76 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Altoona City PUMA, PA, by average salary, are Used merchandise stores ($150,591), Aircraft & parts manufacturing ($108,248), and Nonmetallic mineral mining & quarrying ($103,179).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($50.6B) and Pharmaceuticals ($49.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.7% of the population of Altoona City PUMA, PA has health coverage, with 46.8% on employee plans, 16.1% on Medicaid, 14.6% on Medicare, 13.8% on non-group plans, and 1.41% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Altoona City PUMA, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Altoona City PUMA, PA see 1232 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1228 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1481 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 559 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

1,232 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,232 patients per year. This represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1,228 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.32%

Uninsured

46.8%

Employer Coverage

16.1%

Medicaid

14.6%

Medicare

13.8%

Non-Group

1.41%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Altoona City PUMA, PA stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 7.32%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Altoona City PUMA, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Altoona City PUMA, PA is home to a population of 170k people, from which 99.5% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Altoona City PUMA, PA residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Altoona City PUMA, PA is composed of 160k White Alone residents (93.8%), 4.14k Black or African American Alone residents (2.43%), 2.83k Two or More Races residents (1.66%), 2.32k Hispanic or Latino residents (1.36%), 1.08k Asian Alone residents (0.636%), 151 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0886%), 52 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0305%), and 45 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0264%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Altoona City PUMA, PA are Spanish (1,180 speakers), Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages (729 speakers), and German (530 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

N/A

Median Native-Born Age

± N/A

N/A

Median Foreign-Born Age

± N/A

In 2017, the median age of all people in Altoona City PUMA, PA was 43. Native-born citizens, with a median age of N/A, were generally N/A than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of N/A. But people in Altoona City PUMA, PA are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Altoona City PUMA, PA residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

1.12%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.92k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Altoona City PUMA, PA residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Altoona City PUMA, PA was 1.12%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Altoona City PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Vietnam

    217 ± 361 people

  2. China

    208 ± 354 people

  3. Korea

    204 ± 350 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Altoona City PUMA, PA was Vietnam, the natal country of 217 Altoona City PUMA, PA residents, followed by China with 208 and Korea with 204.

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Citizenship

99.5%

2017 Citizenship

99.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.5% of Altoona City PUMA, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Altoona City PUMA, PA was 99.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Altoona City PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    160k ± 143

  2. Black or African American Alone

    4.14k ± 234

  3. Two or More Races

    2.83k ± 252

In 2017, there were 38.6 times more White Alone residents (160k people) in Altoona City PUMA, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 4.14k Black or African American Alone and 2.83k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Altoona City PUMA, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    1,180 speakers (0.731%)

  2. Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages

    729 speakers (0.452%)

  3. German

    530 speakers (0.328%)

2.53% of Altoona City PUMA, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Altoona City PUMA, PA was Spanish. 0.731% of the overall population of Altoona City PUMA, PA are native Spanish speakers. 0.452% speak Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages and 0.328% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. false

    0 ± 0

  2. false

    0 ± 0

  3. false

    0 ± 0

Altoona City PUMA, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in false, N/A times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Altoona City PUMA, PA awarded 1,210 degrees. The student population of Altoona City PUMA, PA is skewed towards women, with 2,740 male students and 2,982 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Altoona City PUMA, PA are White (1,049 and 88.5%), followed by Black or African American (51 and 4.3%), Hispanic or Latino (33 and 2.78%), and Two or More Races (20 and 1.69%).

The largest universities in Altoona City PUMA, PA by number of degrees awarded are Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Altoona (448 and 37%), Juniata College (368 and 30.4%), and Greater Altoona Career & Technology Center (159 and 13.1%).

The most popular majors in Altoona City PUMA, PA are Registered Nursing (99 and 8.18%), Electrical & Electronics Engineering (71 and 5.87%), and General Biological Sciences (70 and 5.79%).

The median tuition costs in Altoona City PUMA, PA are $41,390 for private four year colleges, and $13,868 and $21,874 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 70 degrees awarded

  2. 62 degrees awarded

  3. 71 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Altoona City PUMA, PA was General Biological Sciences with 70 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Altoona City PUMA, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 448 degrees awarded

  2. 368 degrees awarded

  3. 159 degrees awarded

$13,868

Median In-State Public

$41,390

Median Private

In 2016, the Altoona City PUMA, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Altoona with 448 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

459

Degrees Awarded to Men

751

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 459 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Altoona City PUMA, PA, which is 0.611 times less than the 751 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Altoona City PUMA, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,049 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    51 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    33 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Altoona City PUMA, PA were to White students. These 1,049 degrees mean that there were 20.6 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 51 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Altoona City PUMA, PA was $118,500 in 2017, which is 0.545 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $114,800 to $118,500, a 3.22% increase. The homeownership rate in Altoona City PUMA, PA is 71.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Altoona City PUMA, PA have an average commute time of 21.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Altoona City PUMA, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of N/A per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$45,984

Median Household Income

± $798

N/A

Number of Households

± N/A

In 2017, the median household income of the N/A households in Altoona City PUMA, PA grew to $45,984 from the previous year's value of $44,428.

The following chart displays the households in Altoona City PUMA, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the N/A range.

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Housing

Property Value

$118,500

2017 Median

± $1,984

$114,800

2016 Median

± $1,855

In 2017, the median property value in Altoona City PUMA, PA grew to to $118,500 from the previous year's value of $114,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Altoona City PUMA, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Altoona City PUMA, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Altoona City PUMA, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Altoona City PUMA, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

71.3%

2017 Homeownership

71.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 71.3% of the housing units in Altoona City PUMA, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 71.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Altoona City PUMA, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

N/A

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Altoona City PUMA, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Altoona City PUMA, PA have N/A, followed by N/A.

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Commute Time

21.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Altoona City PUMA, PA have a shorter commute time (21.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.77% of the workforce in Altoona City PUMA, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Altoona City PUMA, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.1%

  2. Carpooled

    9.43%

  3. Walked

    4.36%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Altoona City PUMA, PA was Drove Alone (81.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.43%) and those who Walked (4.36%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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