Alpena, MI

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Population

28,730

0.688% decline

Median Age

47.6


Median Household Income

$40,954

2.82% growth

Poverty Rate

15%


Number of Employees

12,665

1.65% growth

Median Property Value

$94,000

1.4% growth

About

In 2017, Alpena, MI had a population of 28.7k people with a median age of 47.6 and a median household income of $40,954. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Alpena, MI declined from 28,929 to 28,730, a -0.688% decrease and its median household income grew from $39,832 to $40,954, a 2.82% increase.

The population of Alpena, MI is 96% White Alone, 1.29% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.17% Two or More Races. 3.11% of the people in Alpena, MI speak a non-English language, and 99.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Alpena, MI are Alpena Community College (439 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Alpena, MI is $94,000, and the homeownership rate is 77%. Most people in Alpena, MI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Alpena, MI is 2 cars per household.

Alpena, MI borders .

Economy

The economy of Alpena, MI employs 12.7k people. The largest industries in Alpena, MI are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,808 people), Retail Trade (1,897 people), and Manufacturing (1,490 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($67,500), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($51,250), and Manufacturing ($45,139).

Median household income in Alpena, MI is $40,954. Males in Alpena, MI have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,762. The income inequality in Alpena, MI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$40,954

2017 value

± $1,521

2.82%

1 Year Growth

± 5.18%

Households in Alpena, MI have a median annual income of $40,954, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $39,832 in 2016, which represents a 2.82% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Alpena, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

$63,869

Average Male Salary

± $1,109

$46,762

Average Female Salary

± $850

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alpena, MI made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alpena, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Michigan.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,263 ± $4,415

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $48,644 ± $58,127

  3. White

    $48,289 ± $702

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alpena, MI workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.28 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alpena, MI by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Alpena, MI is from Michigan.

0.476

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.107% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Alpena, MI was Livingston County, MI with a value of $80,733, followed by Oakland County, MI and Washtenaw County, MI, with respective values of $77,475 and $70,286.

The following map shows all of the counties in Alpena, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 55 - 64

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Alpena, MI (4.21k out of 28.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Males 55 - 64 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    3,988 ± 316

  2. Black

    83 ± 83

  3. Two Or More

    75 ± 71

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Alpena, MI is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

12.7k

2017 Value

± 564

1.65%

1 Year growth

± 5.97%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Alpena, MI grew at a rate of 1.65%, from 12.5k employees to 12.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Alpena, MI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,716 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,593 people), and Management Occupations (1,049 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Alpena, MI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Alpena, MI, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,716 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,593 people), and Management Occupations (1,049 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Alpena, MI has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.75 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.69 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.58 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Alpena, MI, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($61,597), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($60,455), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($51,906).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

12.7k

2017 Value

± 564

1.65%

1 Year growth

± 5.97%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Alpena, MI grew at a rate of 1.65%, from 12.5k employees to 12.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Alpena, MI, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,808 people), Retail Trade (1,897 people), and Manufacturing (1,490 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Alpena, MI, though some of these residents may live in Alpena, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Alpena, MI, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,808 people), Retail Trade (1,897 people), and Manufacturing (1,490 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Alpena, MI has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.78 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.6 times), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.49 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Alpena, MI, by median earnings, are Utilities ($67,500), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($51,250), and Manufacturing ($45,139).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $135B

  2. $35.4B

  3. $31.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $135B, followed by Mixed freight with $35.4B and Machinery and $31.3B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan state.

$448B

2015 Value

$623B

Projected 2045 Value

39.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Michigan trade was $448B. This is expected to increase 39.1% to $623B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $35.1B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $20.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Indiana with $25.1B and Illinois and $20.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.4% of the population of Alpena, MI has health coverage, with 40.8% on employee plans, 18.4% on Medicaid, 16.4% on Medicare, 14.2% on non-group plans, and 2.56% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Alpena, MI was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Alpena, MI see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1244 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1385 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 431 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.5%). Additionally, Saginaw County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

1,254 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 0.804% increase from the previous year (1,244 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

$8,055

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,950

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,915

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,318

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Michigan (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,745 to $8,055.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.58%

Uninsured

40.8%

Employer Coverage

18.4%

Medicaid

16.4%

Medicare

14.2%

Non-Group

2.56%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Alpena, MI declined by 23.6% from 9.92% to 7.58%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Alpena, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.5% prevalence

  2. 14.1% prevalence

  3. 14.1% prevalence

Gladwin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Michigan, at 14.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Michigan by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Alpena, MI is home to a population of 28.7k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.26% of Alpena, MI residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Alpena, MI is composed of 27.6k White Alone residents (96%), 372 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.29%), 337 Two or More Races residents (1.17%), 156 Black or African American Alone residents (0.543%), 128 Asian Alone residents (0.446%), 120 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.418%), 27 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.094%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Alpena, MI are Spanish or Spanish Creole (352 speakers), German (128 speakers), and Chinese (98 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

47

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

54

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 13.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Alpena, MI was 47.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 47, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 54. But people in Alpena, MI are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Alpena, MI residents was 47.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.26%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.16%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 1.26% of Alpena, MI residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Alpena, MI was 1.16%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Alpena, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    76,763 ± 6,776 people

  2. India

    66,881 ± 6,328 people

  3. Iraq

    54,355 ± 5,708 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alpena, MI was Mexico, the natal country of 76,763 Alpena, MI residents, followed by India with 66,881 and Iraq with 54,355.

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Citizenship

99.4%

2017 Citizenship

99.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.4% of Alpena, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Alpena, MI was 99.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Alpena, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    27.6k ± 11

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    372 ± 81.7

  3. Two or More Races

    337 ± 80.8

In 2017, there were 74.2 times more White Alone residents (27.6k people) in Alpena, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 372 Hispanic or Latino and 337 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Alpena, MI as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    352 speakers (1.27%)

  2. German

    128 speakers (0.462%)

  3. Chinese

    98 speakers (0.354%)

3.11% of Alpena, MI citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Alpena, MI was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 1.27% of the overall population of Alpena, MI are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.462% speak German and 0.354% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    943 ± 126

  2. Korea

    318 ± 54

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    298 ± 109

Alpena, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.97 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Alpena, MI awarded 439 degrees. The student population of Alpena, MI is skewed towards women, with 747 male students and 789 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Alpena, MI are White (414 and 94.3%), followed by American Indian or Alaska Native (9 and 2.05%), Black or African American (8 and 1.82%), and Asian (3 and 0.683%).

The largest universities in Alpena, MI by number of degrees awarded are Alpena Community College (439 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Alpena, MI are Lineworker (69 and 15.7%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (34 and 7.74%), and Registered Nursing (26 and 5.92%).

The median tuition costs in Alpena, MI are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $6,855 and $6,855 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 25 degrees awarded

  2. 34 degrees awarded

  3. 26 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Alpena, MI was General Studies with 25 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Alpena, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

439 degrees awarded

$6,855

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Alpena, MI institution with the largest number of graduating students was Alpena Community College with 439 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

248

Degrees Awarded to Men

191

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 248 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Alpena, MI, which is 1.3 times more than the 191 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Alpena, MI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    414 degrees awarded

  2. American Indian or Alaska Native

    9 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    8 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Alpena, MI were to White students. These 414 degrees mean that there were 46 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, American Indian or Alaska Native, with 9 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Alpena, MI was $94,000 in 2017, which is 0.432 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $92,700 to $94,000, a 1.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Alpena, MI is 77%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Alpena, MI have an average commute time of 16.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Alpena, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$40,954

Median Household Income

± $1,521

12.8k

Number of Households

± 522

In 2017, the median household income of the 12.8k households in Alpena, MI grew to $40,954 from the previous year's value of $39,832.

The following chart displays the households in Alpena, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$94,000

2017 Median

± $2,875

$92,700

2016 Median

± $3,056

In 2017, the median property value in Alpena, MI grew to to $94,000 from the previous year's value of $92,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Alpena, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Alpena, MI the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Alpena, MI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Alpena, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

77%

2017 Homeownership

76.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 77% of the housing units in Alpena, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 76.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Alpena, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Alpena, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Alpena, MI have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

16.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Alpena, MI have a shorter commute time (16.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.65% of the workforce in Alpena, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Alpena, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.9%

  2. Carpooled

    8.44%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.91%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Alpena, MI was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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