Richmond City PUMA, VA

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Population

220,892

1.9% growth

Median Age

33.5


Median Household Income

$42,356

2.84% growth

Poverty Rate

25.2%


Number of Employees

106,004

2.1% growth

Median Property Value

$209,200

4.97% growth

About

In 2017, Richmond City PUMA, VA had a population of 221k people with a median age of 33.5 and a median household income of $42,356. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Richmond City PUMA, VA grew from 216,773 to 220,892, a 1.9% increase and its median household income grew from $41,187 to $42,356, a 2.84% increase.

The population of Richmond City PUMA, VA is 47.9% Black or African American Alone, 40% White Alone, and 6.49% Hispanic or Latino. 9.79% of the people in Richmond City PUMA, VA speak a non-English language, and 95.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Richmond City PUMA, VA are Virginia Commonwealth University (7,912 degrees awarded in 2016), University of Richmond (1,312 degrees), and Virginia Union University (359 degrees).

The median property value in Richmond City PUMA, VA is $209,200, and the homeownership rate is 41.7%. Most people in Richmond City PUMA, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Richmond City PUMA, VA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Aerial of Richmond - Facing West

Economy

The economy of Richmond City PUMA, VA employs 106k people. The largest industries in Richmond City PUMA, VA are Restaurants & Food Services (8,656 people), Elementary & secondary schools (6,806 people), and Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (6,133 people), and the highest paying industries are Machinery, equipment, & supplies merchant wholesalers ($147,311), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($142,074), and Pharmaceutical & medicine manufacturing ($136,483).

Median household income in Richmond City PUMA, VA is $42,356. Males in Richmond City PUMA, VA have an average income that is 1.22 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,963. The income inequality in Richmond City PUMA, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.495, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$42,356

2017 value

± $832

2.84%

1 Year Growth

± 2.58%

Households in Richmond City PUMA, VA have a median annual income of $42,356, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $41,187 in 2016, which represents a 2.84% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Richmond City PUMA, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$59,873

Average Male Salary

± $8,611

$48,963

Average Female Salary

± $5,808

In 2017, full-time male employees in Richmond City PUMA, VA made 1.22 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Richmond City PUMA, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $59,613 ± $51,033

  2. White

    $56,977 ± $7,147

  3. Two or More Races

    $32,224 ± $12,670

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Richmond City PUMA, VA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.05 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Richmond City PUMA, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.495

2017 Wage GINI

0.49

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Richmond City PUMA, VA was 0.495 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.994% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Richmond City PUMA, VA was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Richmond City PUMA, VA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Richmond City PUMA, VA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Richmond City PUMA, VA was Ashburn (Southwest/Belmont Ridge) & Dulles Airport PUMA, VA with a value of $154,628, followed by McLean & Idylwood PUMA, VA and Arlington County (North) PUMA, VA, with respective values of $153,934 and $136,088.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Richmond City PUMA, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Richmond City PUMA, VA (52.9k out of 210k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    34,872 ± 1,293

  2. White

    13,979 ± 789

  3. Hispanic

    4,017 ± 428

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Richmond City PUMA, VA is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

106k

2017 Value

2.1%

1 Year growth

± 2.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Richmond City PUMA, VA grew at a rate of 2.1%, from 104k employees to 106k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Richmond City PUMA, VA, are Elementary & middle school teachers (2,907 people), Cashiers (2,875 people), and Cooks (2,692 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Richmond City PUMA, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Richmond City PUMA, VA, by number of employees, are Elementary & middle school teachers (2,907 people), Cashiers (2,875 people), and Cooks (2,692 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Richmond City PUMA, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Archivists, curators, & museum technicians (7.75 times higher than expected), Fundraisers (6.55 times), and Photographic process workers & processing machine operators (6.46 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Richmond City PUMA, VA, by average salary, are Personal financial advisors ($196,321), Physicians & surgeons ($174,545), and Chief executives & legislators ($160,898).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

106k

2017 Value

2.1%

1 Year growth

± 2.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Richmond City PUMA, VA grew at a rate of 2.1%, from 104k employees to 106k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Richmond City PUMA, VA, are Restaurants & Food Services (8,656 people), Elementary & secondary schools (6,806 people), and Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (6,133 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Richmond City PUMA, VA, though some of these residents may live in Richmond City PUMA, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Richmond City PUMA, VA, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (8,656 people), Elementary & secondary schools (6,806 people), and Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (6,133 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Richmond City PUMA, VA has an unusually high number of Tobacco manufacturing (23.8 times higher than expected), U. S. Armed Forces: Branch Not Specified (7.03 times), and Retail florists (4.13 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Richmond City PUMA, VA, by average salary, are Machinery, equipment, & supplies merchant wholesalers ($147,311), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($142,074), and Pharmaceutical & medicine manufacturing ($136,483).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.5B

  2. $26B

  3. $22.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.5B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $26B and Electronics and $22.4B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$254B

2015 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

46.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Virginia trade was $254B. This is expected to increase 46.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.4B

  2. $12.9B

  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $23.4B, followed by North Carolina with $12.9B and Pennsylvania and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

N/A% of the population of Richmond City PUMA, VA has health coverage, with N/A% on employee plans, N/A% on Medicaid, N/A% on Medicare, N/A% on non-group plans, and N/A% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Richmond City PUMA, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Richmond City PUMA, VA see 1316 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.0759% decrease from the previous year (1317 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1494 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 684 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

1,316 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Virginia see an average of 1,316 patients per year. This represents a 0.0759% decrease from the previous year (1,317 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Virginia in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

N/A%

Uninsured

N/A%

Employer Coverage

N/A%

Medicaid

N/A%

Medicare

N/A%

Non-Group

N/A%

Military or VA

Between N/A and N/A, the percent of uninsured citizens in Richmond City PUMA, VA N/A by N/A from N/A% to N/A%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Richmond City PUMA, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Richmond City PUMA, VA is home to a population of 221k people, from which 95.6% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Richmond City PUMA, VA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Richmond City PUMA, VA is composed of 106k Black or African American Alone residents (47.9%), 88.3k White Alone residents (40%), 14.3k Hispanic or Latino residents (6.49%), 6.89k Two or More Races residents (3.12%), 4.55k Asian Alone residents (2.06%), 518 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.235%), 356 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.161%), and 32 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0145%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Richmond City PUMA, VA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (11,111 speakers), French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) (1,147 speakers), and African Languages (910 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

36

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Richmond City PUMA, VA was 33.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in Richmond City PUMA, VA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Richmond City PUMA, VA residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

6.5%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, N/A% of Richmond City PUMA, VA residents were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Richmond City PUMA, VA was 6.5%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Richmond City PUMA, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Guatemala

    2,077 ± 1,114 people

  2. Mexico

    1,972 ± 1,085 people

  3. El Salvador

    1,314 ± 887 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Richmond City PUMA, VA was Guatemala, the natal country of 2,077 Richmond City PUMA, VA residents, followed by Mexico with 1,972 and El Salvador with 1,314.

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Citizenship

95.6%

2017 Citizenship

95.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.6% of Richmond City PUMA, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Richmond City PUMA, VA was 95.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Richmond City PUMA, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    106k ± 757

  2. White Alone

    88.3k ± 190

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    14.3k ± 1.01k

In 2017, there were 1.2 times more Black or African American Alone residents (106k people) in Richmond City PUMA, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 88.3k White Alone and 14.3k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Richmond City PUMA, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    11,111 speakers (5.55%)

  2. French (Incl. Patois, Cajun)

    1,147 speakers (0.573%)

  3. African Languages

    910 speakers (0.454%)

9.79% of Richmond City PUMA, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Richmond City PUMA, VA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 5.55% of the overall population of Richmond City PUMA, VA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.573% speak French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) and 0.454% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,723 ± 361

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,188 ± 361

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,099 ± 363

Richmond City PUMA, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.7 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Richmond City PUMA, VA awarded 9,633 degrees. The student population of Richmond City PUMA, VA is skewed towards women, with 15,394 male students and 21,587 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Richmond City PUMA, VA are White (5,277 and 57.4%), followed by Black or African American (1,619 and 17.6%), Asian (1,004 and 10.9%), and Hispanic or Latino (633 and 6.89%).

The largest universities in Richmond City PUMA, VA by number of degrees awarded are Virginia Commonwealth University (7,912 and 82.1%), University of Richmond (1,312 and 13.6%), and Virginia Union University (359 and 3.73%).

The most popular majors in Richmond City PUMA, VA are General Psychology (622 and 6.46%), General Business (537 and 5.57%), and General Biological Sciences (484 and 5.02%).

The median tuition costs in Richmond City PUMA, VA are $32,286 for private four year colleges, and $10,846 and $29,378 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 351 degrees awarded

  2. 599 degrees awarded

  3. 470 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Richmond City PUMA, VA was Mass Communication & Media Studies with 351 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Richmond City PUMA, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 7,912 degrees awarded

  2. 1,312 degrees awarded

  3. 359 degrees awarded

$10,846

Median In-State Public

$32,286

Median Private

In 2016, the Richmond City PUMA, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Virginia Commonwealth University with 7,912 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,807

Degrees Awarded to Men

5,826

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 3,807 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Richmond City PUMA, VA, which is 0.653 times less than the 5,826 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Richmond City PUMA, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    5,277 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,619 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    1,004 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Richmond City PUMA, VA were to White students. These 5,277 degrees mean that there were 3.26 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,619 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Richmond City PUMA, VA was $209,200 in 2017, which is 0.961 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $199,300 to $209,200, a 4.97% increase. The homeownership rate in Richmond City PUMA, VA is 41.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Richmond City PUMA, VA have an average commute time of 20.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Richmond City PUMA, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$42,356

Median Household Income

± $832

89.2k

Number of Households

± 1,881

In 2017, the median household income of the 89.2k households in Richmond City PUMA, VA grew to $42,356 from the previous year's value of $41,187.

The following chart displays the households in Richmond City PUMA, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$209,200

2017 Median

± $5,361

$199,300

2016 Median

± $6,329

In 2017, the median property value in Richmond City PUMA, VA grew to to $209,200 from the previous year's value of $199,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Richmond City PUMA, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Richmond City PUMA, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Richmond City PUMA, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Richmond City PUMA, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

41.7%

2017 Homeownership

41.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 41.7% of the housing units in Richmond City PUMA, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 41.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Richmond City PUMA, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Richmond City PUMA, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Richmond City PUMA, VA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

20.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Richmond City PUMA, VA have a shorter commute time (20.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.2% of the workforce in Richmond City PUMA, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Richmond City PUMA, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    70.7%

  2. Carpooled

    10.4%

  3. Walked

    5.73%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Richmond City PUMA, VA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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