Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY

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Population

99,110

0.262% decline

Median Age

31


Median Household Income

$29,747

1.35% growth

Poverty Rate

34.1%


Number of Employees

37,683

1.53% growth

Median Property Value

$75,100

2.04% growth

About

In 2017, Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY had a population of 99.1k people with a median age of 31 and a median household income of $29,747. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY declined from 99,370 to 99,110, a -0.262% decrease and its median household income grew from $29,350 to $29,747, a 1.35% increase.

The population of Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY is 44.7% Black or African American Alone, 33.5% White Alone, and 13.2% Hispanic or Latino. 15.6% of the people in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY speak a non-English language, and 94.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY are University of Rochester (3,577 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY is $75,100, and the homeownership rate is 36.8%. Most people in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY is 1 car per household.

About the photo: Skyline

Economy

The economy of Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY employs 37.7k people. The largest industries in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY are Hospitals (4,158 people), Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (3,189 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (2,793 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional & commercial equipment & supplies merchant wholesalers ($141,990), Banking & related activities ($133,970), and Beauty salons ($109,518).

Median household income in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY is $29,747. Males in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY have an average income that is 1.18 times higher than the average income of females, which is $37,780. The income inequality in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.446, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$29,747

2017 value

± $1,221

1.35%

1 Year Growth

± 5.59%

Households in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY have a median annual income of $29,747, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $29,350 in 2016, which represents a 1.35% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$44,567

Average Male Salary

± $12,118

$37,780

Average Female Salary

± $7,597

In 2017, full-time male employees in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY made 1.18 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $38,717 ± $10,236

  2. Asian

    $31,557 ± $27,936

  3. Black

    $28,075 ± $5,728

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY workers was White. These workers were paid 1.23 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.446

2017 Wage GINI

0.438

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY was 0.446 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.77% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY was Battery Park City, Greenwich Village & Soho PUMA, NY with a value of $144,878, followed by Hempstead Town (East Central) PUMA, NY and Westchester County (Northeast) PUMA, NY, with respective values of $137,183 and $135,118.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

34.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY (31.6k out of 92.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    17,203 ± 883

  2. White

    9,470 ± 712

  3. Hispanic

    5,222 ± 538

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

37.7k

2017 Value

1.53%

1 Year growth

± 1.53%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY grew at a rate of 1.53%, from 37.1k employees to 37.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY, are Nursing, psychiatric, & home health aides (2,123 people), Cashiers (1,480 people), and Customer service representatives (1,347 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY, by number of employees, are Nursing, psychiatric, & home health aides (2,123 people), Cashiers (1,480 people), and Customer service representatives (1,347 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Social & human service assistants (7.48 times higher than expected), Residential advisors (7.32 times), and Bakers (4.63 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($112,330), Chief executives & legislators ($109,836), and Elementary & middle school teachers ($85,989).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

37.7k

2017 Value

1.53%

1 Year growth

± 1.53%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY grew at a rate of 1.53%, from 37.1k employees to 37.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY, are Hospitals (4,158 people), Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (3,189 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (2,793 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY, though some of these residents may live in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY, by number of employees, are Hospitals (4,158 people), Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (3,189 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (2,793 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY has an unusually high number of Commercial & service industry machinery manufacturing (14.7 times higher than expected), Fruit & vegetable preserving & specialty food manufacturing (3.97 times), and Bus service & urban transit (3.27 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY, by average salary, are Professional & commercial equipment & supplies merchant wholesalers ($141,990), Banking & related activities ($133,970), and Beauty salons ($109,518).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $67.6B

  2. $47.2B

  3. $45.3B

In 2015, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $67.6B, followed by Electronics ($47.2B) and Misc. mfg. prods. ($45.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York state.

$570B

2015 Value

$854B

Projected 2045 Value

49.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound New York trade was $570B. This is expected to increase 49.9% to $854B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $34.6B

  2. $29.6B

  3. $18.8B

In 2015, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $34.6B, followed by Pennsylvania with $29.6B and Connecticut and $18.8B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.5% of the population of Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY has health coverage, with 33.2% on employee plans, 39.3% on Medicaid, 7.72% on Medicare, 11.6% on non-group plans, and 0.567% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY see 1202 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.25% increase from the previous year (1199 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1240 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 393 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.2%). Additionally, Chemung County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

1,202 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in New York see an average of 1,202 patients per year. This represents a 0.25% increase from the previous year (1,199 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New York in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

$9,778

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,338

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,803

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,179

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.54%

Uninsured

33.2%

Employer Coverage

39.3%

Medicaid

7.72%

Medicare

11.6%

Non-Group

0.567%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 7.54%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.2% prevalence

  2. 12.2% prevalence

  3. 12% prevalence

Oswego County and Bronx County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 12.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY is home to a population of 99.1k people, from which 94.1% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY is composed of 44.3k Black or African American Alone residents (44.7%), 33.2k White Alone residents (33.5%), 13.1k Hispanic or Latino residents (13.2%), 4.54k Asian Alone residents (4.58%), 3.51k Two or More Races residents (3.54%), 300 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.303%), 215 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.217%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY are Spanish (8,046 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (998 speakers), and Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages (848 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

36

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY was 31. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

9.38%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

9.32k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY was 9.38%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Jamaica

    1,285 ± 874 people

  2. Bhutan

    828 ± 704 people

  3. China

    731 ± 661 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY was Jamaica, the natal country of 1,285 Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY residents, followed by Bhutan with 828 and China with 731.

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Citizenship

94.1%

2017 Citizenship

93.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.1% of Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY was 93.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    44.3k ± 1.42k

  2. White Alone

    33.2k ± 1.23k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    13.1k ± 1.24k

In 2017, there were 1.33 times more Black or African American Alone residents (44.3k people) in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 33.2k White Alone and 13.1k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    8,046 speakers (8.7%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    998 speakers (1.08%)

  3. Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages

    848 speakers (0.917%)

15.6% of Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY was Spanish. 8.7% of the overall population of Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY are native Spanish speakers. 1.08% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 0.917% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,184 ± 225

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    438 ± 148

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    380 ± 114

Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.7 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY awarded 3,577 degrees. The student population of Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY is skewed towards women, with 5,516 male students and 5,693 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY are White (1,731 and 65.3%), followed by Asian (279 and 10.5%), Unknown (240 and 9.05%), and Hispanic or Latino (165 and 6.22%).

The largest universities in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY by number of degrees awarded are University of Rochester (3,577 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY are General Business Administration & Management (350 and 9.78%), General Biological Sciences (222 and 6.21%), and Registered Nursing (214 and 5.98%).

The median tuition costs in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY are $49,260 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 152 degrees awarded

  2. 214 degrees awarded

  3. 203 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY was General Economics with 152 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

3,577 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$49,260

Median Private

In 2016, the Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Rochester with 3,577 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,717

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,860

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,717 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY, which is 0.923 times less than the 1,860 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,731 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    279 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    240 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY were to White students. These 1,731 degrees mean that there were 6.2 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 279 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY was $75,100 in 2017, which is 0.345 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $73,600 to $75,100, a 2.04% increase. The homeownership rate in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY is 36.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY have an average commute time of 19.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$29,747

Median Household Income

± $1,221

39.1k

Number of Households

± 1,342

In 2017, the median household income of the 39.1k households in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY grew to $29,747 from the previous year's value of $29,350.

The following chart displays the households in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$75,100

2017 Median

± $1,408

$73,600

2016 Median

± $1,525

In 2017, the median property value in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY grew to to $75,100 from the previous year's value of $73,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $60k - $70k range.

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Property Taxes

$2k - $3k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $2k - $3k range.

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Rent vs Own

36.8%

2017 Homeownership

36.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 36.8% of the housing units in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 36.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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Commute Time

19.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY have a shorter commute time (19.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.87% of the workforce in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    65.1%

  2. Carpooled

    10.4%

  3. Public Transit

    10.3%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Rochester City (West) PUMA, NY was Drove Alone (65.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.4%) and those who Public Transit (10.3%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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