Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL

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Population

137,493

0.877% decline

Median Household Income

$32,843

3.14% growth

Number of Employees

41,350

1.75% decline

Median Property Value

$85,900

3.12% growth

About

In 2017, Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL had a population of 137k people with a median age of N/A and a median household income of $32,843. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL declined from 138,709 to 137,493, a -0.877% decrease and its median household income grew from $31,844 to $32,843, a 3.14% increase.

The population of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is 54.9% White Alone, 40.8% Black or African American Alone, and 2.11% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone. 1.44% of the people in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL speak a non-English language, and 99.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are Alabama Southern Community College (310 degrees awarded in 2016), Jefferson Davis Community College (266 degrees), and Reid State Technical College (159 degrees).

The median property value in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is $85,900, and the homeownership rate is 70.9%. Most people in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL commute by N/A, and the average commute time is 25.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is N/A per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

Economy

The economy of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL employs 41.4k people. The largest industries in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are Construction (3,320 people), Elementary & secondary schools (2,610 people), and Pulp, paper, & paperboard mills (2,286 people), and the highest paying industries are Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($106,667), Architectural, engineering & related services ($105,492), and National security & international affairs ($88,232).

Median household income in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is $32,843. Males in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL have an average income that is 1.47 times higher than the average income of females, which is $35,219. The income inequality in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.432, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$32,843

2017 value

± $1,334

3.14%

1 Year Growth

± 5.11%

Households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL have a median annual income of $32,843, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $31,844 in 2016, which represents a 3.14% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$51,596

Average Male Salary

± $8,176

$35,219

Average Female Salary

± $6,524

In 2017, full-time male employees in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL made 1.47 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. American Indian

    $61,794 ± $50,492

  2. Asian

    $51,262 ± $168,208

  3. White

    $45,275 ± $6,914

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL workers was American Indian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.432

2017 Wage GINI

0.426

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was 0.432 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.43% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. N/A

  2. N/A

  3. N/A

In 2016, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was N/A with a value of N/A, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

N/A N/A

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

N/A% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL (N/A out of N/A people) live below the poverty line, a number that is approximately the same as the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are N/A N/A, followed by N/A N/A and then N/A N/A.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is false, followed by false and false.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

41.4k

2017 Value

-1.75%

1 Year decline

± -1.75%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL declined at a rate of -1.75%, from 42.1k employees to 41.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,583 people), Cashiers (1,297 people), and Cooks (1,219 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,583 people), Cashiers (1,297 people), and Cooks (1,219 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Paper goods machine setters, operators, & tenders (33.8 times higher than expected), Logging workers (29.9 times), and Sawing machine setters, operators, & tenders, wood (19 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, by average salary, are Chief executives & legislators ($173,859), Pharmacists ($140,971), and Painters & paperhangers ($90,720).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

41.4k

2017 Value

-1.75%

1 Year decline

± -1.75%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL declined at a rate of -1.75%, from 42.1k employees to 41.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, are Construction (3,320 people), Elementary & secondary schools (2,610 people), and Pulp, paper, & paperboard mills (2,286 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, though some of these residents may live in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, by number of employees, are Construction (3,320 people), Elementary & secondary schools (2,610 people), and Pulp, paper, & paperboard mills (2,286 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL has an unusually high number of Logging (53.9 times higher than expected), Pulp, paper, & paperboard mills (39.6 times), and Veneer, plywood, & engineered wood products (29.1 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, by average salary, are Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($106,667), Architectural, engineering & related services ($105,492), and National security & international affairs ($88,232).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

N/A% of the population of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL has health coverage, with N/A% on employee plans, N/A% on Medicaid, N/A% on Medicare, N/A% on non-group plans, and N/A% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL see 1535 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1552 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2139 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

1,535 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,535 patients per year. This represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1,552 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

N/A%

Uninsured

N/A%

Employer Coverage

N/A%

Medicaid

N/A%

Medicare

N/A%

Non-Group

N/A%

Military or VA

Between N/A and N/A, the percent of uninsured citizens in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL N/A by N/A from N/A% to N/A%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is home to a population of 137k people, from which 99.7% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is composed of 76.1k White Alone residents (54.9%), 56.5k Black or African American Alone residents (40.8%), 2.92k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (2.11%), 1.54k Hispanic or Latino residents (1.11%), 1.11k Two or More Races residents (0.802%), 334 Asian Alone residents (0.241%), 100 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0721%), and 30 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0216%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are Spanish (1,095 speakers), Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages (168 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (164 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

N/A

Median Native-Born Age

± N/A

N/A

Median Foreign-Born Age

± N/A

In N/A, the median age of all people in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was N/A. Native-born citizens, with a median age of N/A, were generally N/A than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of N/A. But people in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are getting N/A. In N/A, the average age of all Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL residents was N/A.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

0.536%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

743 people

As of 2017, N/A% of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was 0.536%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. China

    131 ± 281 people

  2. Philippines

    107 ± 254 people

  3. Mexico

    96 ± 240 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was China, the natal country of 131 Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL residents, followed by Philippines with 107 and Mexico with 96.

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Citizenship

99.7%

2017 Citizenship

99.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.7% of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was 99.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    76.1k ± 35

  2. Black or African American Alone

    56.5k ± 328

  3. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    2.92k ± 178

In 2016, there were 1.35 times more White Alone residents (76.1k people) in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 56.5k Black or African American Alone and 2.92k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    1,095 speakers (0.842%)

  2. Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages

    168 speakers (0.129%)

  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    164 speakers (0.126%)

1.44% of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was Spanish. 0.842% of the overall population of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are native Spanish speakers. 0.129% speak Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages and 0.126% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. false

    0 ± 0

  2. false

    0 ± 0

  3. false

    0 ± 0

Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in false, N/A times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL awarded 746 degrees. The student population of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is skewed towards women, with 1,257 male students and 1,611 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are White (452 and 60.7%), followed by Black or African American (243 and 32.6%), Unknown (18 and 2.42%), and American Indian or Alaska Native (14 and 1.88%).

The largest universities in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL by number of degrees awarded are Alabama Southern Community College (310 and 41.6%), Jefferson Davis Community College (266 and 35.7%), and Reid State Technical College (159 and 21.3%).

The most popular majors in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are General Studies (148 and 19.8%), Welding Technology (89 and 11.9%), and Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (84 and 11.3%).

The median tuition costs in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 148 degrees awarded

  2. 82 degrees awarded

  3. 43 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was General Studies with 148 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 310 degrees awarded

  2. 266 degrees awarded

  3. 159 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Alabama Southern Community College with 310 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

324

Degrees Awarded to Men

422

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 324 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, which is 0.768 times less than the 422 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    452 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    243 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    18 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL were to White students. These 452 degrees mean that there were 1.86 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 243 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was $85,900 in 2017, which is 0.395 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $83,300 to $85,900, a 3.12% increase. The homeownership rate in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is 70.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL have an average commute time of 25.1 minutes, and they commute by N/A. Car ownership in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of N/A per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$32,843

Median Household Income

± $1,334

N/A

Number of Households

± N/A

In 2017, the median household income of the N/A households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL grew to $32,843 from the previous year's value of $31,844.

The following chart displays the households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the N/A range.

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Housing

Property Value

$85,900

2017 Median

± $2,091

$83,300

2016 Median

± $2,004

In 2017, the median property value in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL grew to to $85,900 from the previous year's value of $83,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

70.9%

2017 Homeownership

71.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70.9% of the housing units in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 71.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

N/A

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL have N/A, followed by N/A.

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Commute Time

25.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL have a similar commute time (25.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, N/A% of the workforce in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

In N/A, the most common method of travel for workers in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was N/A, followed by those who N/A and those who N/A.

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