Spearfish, SD

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Population

11,300

1.11% growth

Median Age

32.5


Median Household Income

$43,692

1.44% decline

Poverty Rate

15.6%


Number of Employees

6,125

1.71% growth

Median Property Value

$206,100

1.53% growth

About

In 2017, Spearfish, SD had a population of 11.3k people with a median age of 32.5 and a median household income of $43,692. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Spearfish, SD grew from 11,176 to 11,300, a 1.11% increase and its median household income declined from $44,330 to $43,692, a -1.44% decrease.

The population of Spearfish, SD is 91.9% White Alone, 3.23% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.31% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone. N/A% of the people in Spearfish, SD speak a non-English language, and 98.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Spearfish, SD are Black Hills State University (634 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Spearfish, SD is $206,100, and the homeownership rate is 50.7%. Most people in Spearfish, SD commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Spearfish, SD is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: An old school no longer in operation, at the junction of SD Highways 26 & 45, north of Miller, SD

Economy

The economy of Spearfish, SD employs 6.13k people. The largest industries in Spearfish, SD are Health Care & Social Assistance (904 people), Accommodation & Food Services (831 people), and Educational Services (787 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($82,813), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($71,932), and Public Administration ($53,333).

Median household income in Spearfish, SD is $43,692. Males in Spearfish, SD have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,572. The income inequality in Spearfish, SD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.435, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,692

2017 value

± $3,691

-1.44%

1 Year Growth

± 15.7%

Households in Spearfish, SD have a median annual income of $43,692, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $44,330 in 2016, which represents a -1.44% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Spearfish, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

$53,488

Average Male Salary

± $2,938

$39,572

Average Female Salary

± $2,295

In 2017, full-time male employees in South Dakota made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,150 ± $1,819

  2. Asian

    $33,786 ± $14,642

  3. Black

    $29,266 ± $9,870

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of South Dakota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Spearfish, SD is from South Dakota.

0.435

2017 Wage GINI

0.433

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in South Dakota was 0.435 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.439% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for South Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9661

  2. Census Tract 9663.02

  3. Census Tract 9663.01

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Spearfish, SD was Census Tract 9661 with a value of $68,050, followed by Census Tract 9663.02 and Census Tract 9663.01, with respective values of $52,965 and $49,410.

The following map shows all of the places in Spearfish, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Spearfish, SD (1.62k out of 10.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 75+.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,382 ± 290

  2. Native American

    146 ± 110

  3. Two Or More

    67 ± 88

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Spearfish, SD is White, followed by Native American and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

6.13k

2017 Value

± 544

1.71%

1 Year growth

± 12.5%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Spearfish, SD grew at a rate of 1.71%, from 6.02k employees to 6.13k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Spearfish, SD, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (978 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (666 people), and Management Occupations (621 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Spearfish, SD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Spearfish, SD, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (978 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (666 people), and Management Occupations (621 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Spearfish, SD has an unusually high number of residents working as Community & Social Service Occupations (1.91 times higher than expected), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.86 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.3 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Spearfish, SD, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($67,250), Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($53,712), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($51,141).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

6.13k

2017 Value

± 544

1.71%

1 Year growth

± 12.5%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Spearfish, SD grew at a rate of 1.71%, from 6.02k employees to 6.13k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Spearfish, SD, are Health Care & Social Assistance (904 people), Accommodation & Food Services (831 people), and Educational Services (787 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Spearfish, SD, though some of these residents may live in Spearfish, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Spearfish, SD, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (904 people), Accommodation & Food Services (831 people), and Educational Services (787 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Spearfish, SD has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (6.04 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.86 times), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.25 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Spearfish, SD, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($82,813), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($71,932), and Public Administration ($53,333).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $11.8B

  2. $4.58B

  3. $4.53B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $11.8B, followed by Live animals/fish ($4.58B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($4.53B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Dakota state.

$66.6B

2020 Value

$92.2B

Projected 2045 Value

38.4% growth

In 2020, total outbound South Dakota trade was $66.6B. This is expected to increase 38.4% to $92.2B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $8.77B

  2. $2.47B

  3. $2.17B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $8.77B, followed by Iowa with $2.47B and Nebraska and $2.17B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.7% of the population of Spearfish, SD has health coverage, with 48.5% on employee plans, 7.07% on Medicaid, 12.6% on Medicare, 20.3% on non-group plans, and 2.26% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Spearfish, SD was $8,933 in 2014. This is a 4.52% increase from the previous year ($8,547).

Primary care physicians in Spearfish, SD see 1293 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.85% decrease from the previous year (1331 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1714 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 610 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.1%). Additionally, Ziebach County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

1,293 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in South Dakota see an average of 1,293 patients per year. This represents a 2.85% decrease from the previous year (1,331 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in South Dakota in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

$8,933

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,335

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,056

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,315

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.52%, from $8,547 to $8,933.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.26%

Uninsured

48.5%

Employer Coverage

7.07%

Medicaid

12.6%

Medicare

20.3%

Non-Group

2.26%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Spearfish, SD declined by 21% from 11.7% to 9.26%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Spearfish, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.1% prevalence

  2. 16.6% prevalence

  3. 16.4% prevalence

Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota, at 17.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Spearfish, SD is home to a population of 11.3k people, from which 98.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.35% of Spearfish, SD residents were born outside of the country (266 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Spearfish, SD is composed of 10.4k White Alone residents (91.9%), 365 Hispanic or Latino residents (3.23%), 261 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (2.31%), 114 Two or More Races residents (1.01%), 90 Asian Alone residents (0.796%), 70 Black or African American Alone residents (0.619%), 17 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.15%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.6

34

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 13.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Spearfish, SD was 32.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 34. But people in Spearfish, SD are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Spearfish, SD residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.35%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

266 people

2.71%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

303 people

As of 2017, 2.35% of Spearfish, SD residents (266 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Spearfish, SD was 2.71%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Spearfish, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    3,093 ± 1,363 people

  2. Ethiopia

    2,119 ± 1,129 people

  3. China

    1,741 ± 1,023 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Dakota was Mexico, the natal country of 3,093 South Dakota residents, followed by Ethiopia with 2,119 and China with 1,741.

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Citizenship

98.4%

2017 Citizenship

98.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.4% of Spearfish, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Spearfish, SD was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Spearfish, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    10.4k ± 195

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    365 ± 153

  3. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    261 ± 113

In 2017, there were 28.4 times more White Alone residents (10.4k people) in Spearfish, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 365 Hispanic or Latino and 261 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Spearfish, SD as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    229 ± 91

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    136 ± 76

  3. Korea

    133 ± 79

Spearfish, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.68 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Spearfish, SD awarded 634 degrees. The student population of Spearfish, SD is skewed towards women, with 1,531 male students and 2,647 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Spearfish, SD are White (543 and 87.3%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (28 and 4.5%), Two or More Races (18 and 2.89%), and American Indian or Alaska Native (18 and 2.89%).

The largest universities in Spearfish, SD by number of degrees awarded are Black Hills State University (634 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Spearfish, SD are General Business Administration & Management (84 and 13.2%), Elementary Education & Teaching (71 and 11.2%), and General Biological Sciences (48 and 7.57%).

The median tuition costs in Spearfish, SD are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $7,514 and $10,514 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Spearfish, SD was General Business Administration & Management with 76 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Spearfish, SD according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

634 degrees awarded

$7,514

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Spearfish, SD institution with the largest number of graduating students was Black Hills State University with 634 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

204

Degrees Awarded to Men

430

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 204 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Spearfish, SD, which is 0.474 times less than the 430 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Spearfish, SD by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    543 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    28 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    18 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Spearfish, SD were to White students. These 543 degrees mean that there were 19.4 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 28 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Spearfish, SD was $206,100 in 2017, which is 0.897 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $203,000 to $206,100, a 1.53% increase. The homeownership rate in Spearfish, SD is 50.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Spearfish, SD have an average commute time of 16.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Spearfish, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$206,100

2017 Median

± $11,620

$203,000

2016 Median

± $16,344

In 2017, the median property value in Spearfish, SD grew to to $206,100 from the previous year's value of $203,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Spearfish, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Spearfish, SD the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,692

Median Household Income

± $3,691

4.85k

Number of Households

± 469

In 2017, the median household income of the 4.85k households in Spearfish, SD declined from $43,692 from the previous year's value of $44,330.

The following chart displays the households in Spearfish, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Spearfish, SD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Spearfish, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

50.7%

2017 Homeownership

50%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 50.7% of the housing units in Spearfish, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 50%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Spearfish, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

16.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Spearfish, SD have a shorter commute time (16.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.44% of the workforce in Spearfish, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Spearfish, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    75%

  2. Carpooled

    11.4%

  3. Walked

    8.64%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Spearfish, SD was Drove Alone (75%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.4%) and those who Walked (8.64%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Spearfish, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Spearfish, SD have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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