Mitchell, SD

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Population

15,566

0.282% decline

Median Age

36


Median Household Income

$45,264

2.91% growth

Poverty Rate

13.9%


Number of Employees

8,281

0.291% growth

Median Property Value

$133,900

2.53% growth

About

In 2017, Mitchell, SD had a population of 15.6k people with a median age of 36 and a median household income of $45,264. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Mitchell, SD declined from 15,610 to 15,566, a -0.282% decrease and its median household income grew from $43,983 to $45,264, a 2.91% increase.

The population of Mitchell, SD is 90.3% White Alone, 3.62% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone, and 2.92% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Mitchell, SD speak a non-English language, and 98.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Mitchell, SD are Mitchell Technical Institute (453 degrees awarded in 2016) and Dakota Wesleyan University (331 degrees).

The median property value in Mitchell, SD is $133,900, and the homeownership rate is 54.4%. Most people in Mitchell, SD commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 10.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Mitchell, SD is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: An old school no longer in operation, at the junction of SD Highways 26 & 45, north of Miller, SD

Economy

The economy of Mitchell, SD employs 8.28k people. The largest industries in Mitchell, SD are Manufacturing (1,269 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,131 people), and Retail Trade (1,058 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing ($86,406), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($79,632), and Information ($60,543).

Median household income in Mitchell, SD is $45,264. Males in Mitchell, SD have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,572. The income inequality in Mitchell, SD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.435, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$45,264

2017 value

± $4,908

2.91%

1 Year Growth

± 14.9%

Households in Mitchell, SD have a median annual income of $45,264, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $43,983 in 2016, which represents a 2.91% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Mitchell, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

$53,488

Average Male Salary

± $2,938

$39,572

Average Female Salary

± $2,295

In 2017, full-time male employees in South Dakota made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,150 ± $1,819

  2. Asian

    $33,786 ± $14,642

  3. Black

    $29,266 ± $9,870

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of South Dakota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Mitchell, SD is from South Dakota.

0.435

2017 Wage GINI

0.433

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in South Dakota was 0.435 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.439% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for South Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9629

  2. Census Tract 9627

  3. Census Tract 9628

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Mitchell, SD was Census Tract 9629 with a value of $53,381, followed by Census Tract 9627 and Census Tract 9628, with respective values of $45,862 and $45,202.

The following map shows all of the places in Mitchell, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Mitchell, SD (2.06k out of 14.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,915 ± 388

  2. Two Or More

    106 ± 108

  3. Native American

    39 ± 83

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Mitchell, SD is White, followed by Two Or More and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

8.28k

2017 Value

± 700

0.291%

1 Year growth

± 11.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Mitchell, SD grew at a rate of 0.291%, from 8.26k employees to 8.28k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Mitchell, SD, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (990 people), Sales & Related Occupations (844 people), and Production Occupations (824 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Mitchell, SD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Mitchell, SD, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (990 people), Sales & Related Occupations (844 people), and Production Occupations (824 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Mitchell, SD has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.54 times higher than expected), Community & Social Service Occupations (1.92 times), and Production Occupations (1.72 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Mitchell, SD, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($68,690), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($58,352), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($58,324).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

8.28k

2017 Value

± 700

0.291%

1 Year growth

± 11.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Mitchell, SD grew at a rate of 0.291%, from 8.26k employees to 8.28k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Mitchell, SD, are Manufacturing (1,269 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,131 people), and Retail Trade (1,058 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Mitchell, SD, though some of these residents may live in Mitchell, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Mitchell, SD, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,269 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,131 people), and Retail Trade (1,058 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Mitchell, SD has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.17 times higher than expected), Construction (1.98 times), and Manufacturing (1.51 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Mitchell, SD, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing ($86,406), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($79,632), and Information ($60,543).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $11.7B

  2. $4.44B

  3. $4.29B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $11.7B, followed by Other ag prods. ($4.44B) and Live animals/fish ($4.29B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Dakota state.

$60.8B

2015 Value

$92.2B

Projected 2045 Value

51.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound South Dakota trade was $60.8B. This is expected to increase 51.7% to $92.2B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $7.37B

  2. $2.21B

  3. $1.95B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $7.37B, followed by Iowa with $2.21B and Nebraska and $1.95B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.8% of the population of Mitchell, SD has health coverage, with 52.4% on employee plans, 8.66% on Medicaid, 11.7% on Medicare, 16.9% on non-group plans, and 2.08% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Mitchell, SD was $8,933 in 2014. This is a 4.52% increase from the previous year ($8,547).

Primary care physicians in Mitchell, SD see 1293 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.85% decrease from the previous year (1331 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1714 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 610 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.1%). Additionally, Ziebach County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

1,293 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in South Dakota see an average of 1,293 patients per year. This represents a 2.85% decrease from the previous year (1,331 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in South Dakota in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

$8,933

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,335

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,056

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,315

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.52%, from $8,547 to $8,933.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.24%

Uninsured

52.4%

Employer Coverage

8.66%

Medicaid

11.7%

Medicare

16.9%

Non-Group

2.08%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Mitchell, SD declined by 1.79% from 8.39% to 8.24%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Mitchell, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.1% prevalence

  2. 16.6% prevalence

  3. 16.4% prevalence

Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota, at 17.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Mitchell, SD is home to a population of 15.6k people, from which 98.4% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Mitchell, SD residents were born outside of the country (355 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Mitchell, SD is composed of 14.1k White Alone residents (90.3%), 563 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (3.62%), 454 Hispanic or Latino residents (2.92%), 310 Two or More Races residents (1.99%), 118 Black or African American Alone residents (0.758%), 49 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.315%), 18 Asian Alone residents (0.116%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Mitchell, SD are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.3

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Mitchell, SD was 36. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Mitchell, SD are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Mitchell, SD residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    355 people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Mitchell, SD residents (355 people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Mitchell, SD was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Mitchell, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    3,093 ± 1,363 people

  2. Ethiopia

    2,119 ± 1,129 people

  3. China

    1,741 ± 1,023 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Dakota was Mexico, the natal country of 3,093 South Dakota residents, followed by Ethiopia with 2,119 and China with 1,741.

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Citizenship

98.4%

2017 Citizenship

98.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.4% of Mitchell, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Mitchell, SD was 98.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Mitchell, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    14.1k ± 129

  2. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    563 ± 195

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    454 ± 242

In 2017, there were 25 times more White Alone residents (14.1k people) in Mitchell, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 563 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone and 454 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Mitchell, SD as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Mitchell, SD citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Mitchell, SD was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Mitchell, SD are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    421 ± 170

  2. Vietnam

    217 ± 100

  3. Korea

    202 ± 98

Mitchell, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.94 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Mitchell, SD awarded 784 degrees. The student population of Mitchell, SD is skewed towards men, with 1,271 male students and 978 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Mitchell, SD are White (730 and 93.4%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (18 and 2.3%), American Indian or Alaska Native (17 and 2.17%), and Black or African American (9 and 1.15%).

The largest universities in Mitchell, SD by number of degrees awarded are Mitchell Technical Institute (453 and 57.8%) and Dakota Wesleyan University (331 and 42.2%).

The most popular majors in Mitchell, SD are Registered Nursing (147 and 18.8%), Lineworker (76 and 9.69%), and General Agricultural Production Operations (34 and 4.34%).

The median tuition costs in Mitchell, SD are $25,750 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 34 degrees awarded

  2. 59 degrees awarded

  3. 34 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Mitchell, SD was General Agricultural Production Operations with 34 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Mitchell, SD according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 453 degrees awarded

  2. 331 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$25,750

Median Private

In 2016, the Mitchell, SD institution with the largest number of graduating students was Mitchell Technical Institute with 453 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

430

Degrees Awarded to Men

354

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 430 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Mitchell, SD, which is 1.21 times more than the 354 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Mitchell, SD by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    730 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    18 degrees awarded

  3. American Indian or Alaska Native

    17 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Mitchell, SD were to White students. These 730 degrees mean that there were 40.6 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 18 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Mitchell, SD was $133,900 in 2017, which is 0.615 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $130,600 to $133,900, a 2.53% increase. The homeownership rate in Mitchell, SD is 54.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Mitchell, SD have an average commute time of 10.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Mitchell, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$45,264

Median Household Income

± $4,908

7.04k

Number of Households

± 618

In 2017, the median household income of the 7.04k households in Mitchell, SD grew to $45,264 from the previous year's value of $43,983.

The following chart displays the households in Mitchell, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$133,900

2017 Median

± $8,356

$130,600

2016 Median

± $8,137

In 2017, the median property value in Mitchell, SD grew to to $133,900 from the previous year's value of $130,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Mitchell, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mitchell, SD the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$1,500 - $2k

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Mitchell, SD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mitchell, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $1,500 - $2k range.

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Rent vs Own

54.4%

2017 Homeownership

53.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 54.4% of the housing units in Mitchell, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 53.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Mitchell, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Mitchell, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Mitchell, SD have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

10.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Mitchell, SD have a shorter commute time (10.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.41% of the workforce in Mitchell, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Mitchell, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.7%

  2. Carpooled

    9.42%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.16%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Mitchell, SD was Drove Alone (81.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.42%) and those who Worked At Home (3.16%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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